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英剧作家捧走诺贝尔文学奖(三)

2005-10-19 00:00

  "The New World Order," billed as "a short satiric response to the Gulf War," was a 10-minute play whose title derives from a phrase used by then-President George Bush. In 2003, Pinter published a volume of anti-war poetry about the current Iraq conflict. He later joined a group of celebrities calling for the impeachment of Blair, who sent British troops to Iraq.

  Although a harsh critic of Britain, Pinter told the BBC in 2002 that he loved many things about it — the English countryside, cricket and "a fundamental decency in the country itself."

  In March 2005, Pinter announced his retirement as a playwright to concentrate on politics. But he created a radio play, "Voices," that was recently broadcast on BBC radio to mark his 75th birthday, and said Thursday that he would continue writing poetry.

  "And I'll certainly remain deeply engaged in the question of political structures in this world," he said.

  The Swedish Academy, founded in 1786 by King Gustav III to advance the Swedish language and its literature, has handed out the literature prize since 1901. To date 102 men and women have received the prize, including France's Jean-Paul Sartre, who declined the 1964 honor.

  Associated Press Writers Jill Lawless and Jenn Wiant in London, and Matt Moore in Stockholm, Sweden, contributed to this story.

  瑞典文学院13日宣布英国剧作家哈罗德·品特获2005年诺贝尔文学奖。

  品特是英国当代最杰出的剧作家之一,是英国荒诞派戏剧的代表人物。这位文坛巨匠多次直言不讳地批评英国首相布莱尔的政策,反对英国参加伊拉克战争。

  10日,品特刚刚度过自己75岁生日。

  在解释品特获奖原因时,瑞典文学院评价他是战后英国最重要的剧作家,他“在剧作品中揭示出隐藏在日常闲谈之下的危机,切入压抑的封闭空间”。

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