New Zealand comprises two main islands and a number of smaller islands. The South Island is the largest land mass, and is divided along its length by the Southern Alps, the highest peak of which is Aoraki/Mount Cook, at 3754 metres. There are 18 peaks of more than 3000 metres in the South Island. The North Island is less mountainous than the South, but is marked by volcanism. The tallest North Island mountain, Mount Ruapehu, 2797 metres, is an active cone volcano.
The total land area of New Zealand is 268,680 km2, is somewhat less than that of Japan or of the British Isles, and slightly larger than Colorado in the USA. The country extends more than 1600 km along its main, north-north-east axis.
|Lake of Wanaka, one of most beautiful parts in the world|
The usual climate throughout the country is mild, mostly cool temperate to warm temperate, with temperatures rarely falling below 0°C or rising above 30°C. Conditions vary from wet and cold on the West Coast of the South Island to dry and continental in the Mackenzie Basin of inland Canterbury and subtropical in Northland.
In Wellington the average minimum temperature in winter is 5.9°C and the average maximum temperature in summer is 20.3°C. Of the main cities, Christchurch is the driest, receiving only some 500 millimetres of rain per year. Auckland, the wettest, receives a little less than three times that amount.
Aotearoa：意为长白云之乡（Land of the Long White Cloud），此为毛利语（Maori），是纽西兰第二官方语言。
Southern Alps：南阿尔卑斯山脉，贯穿纽西兰南岛（South Island)