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耶稣基督(中英双解)

2005-11-24 00:00wikipedia,连庆翻译

  Jesus, also known as Jesus of Nazareth or Jesus Christ, is the central figure of Christianity, most of the adherents of which worship him as the Messiah, son of God, and God incarnate. In Islam, Jesus (called Isa) is one of God's most beloved and important prophets.

  耶稣(希腊语:Ιησούς Χριστός,公元前6年至公元6年–约公元30年),也有人称他为拿撒勒人耶稣或是耶稣基督,是基督教教义的中心人物(在基督教中,也拼写为耶稣基督Iēsous Christos)。多数追随者将他敬为(圣经旧约中的)受膏者“默西亚/弥赛亚Mashiah”(Mashiah为希伯来文,圣经中通常是以希腊文Christos来代替希伯来文的Mashiah,而这些名称指的是将要来临的救世者。中文译名方面,罗马天主教根据希腊文译作“基利斯督”,而基督新教只取首末两个字),神之子和神的肉身。在伊斯兰教(也叫清真教)中,耶稣(被称作伊撒)是上帝最深爱和最重要的信徒。

  The main sources concerning the life and teachings of Jesus are the four canonical gospels from the New Testament, which depict Jesus as (among other things) a Galilean rabbi, healer, and performer of other miracles, who was often at odds with Jewish religious authorities, and was crucified outside of Jerusalem during the rule of the Roman prefect Pontius Pilate. The degree to which the gospels convey reliable historical information about Jesus is disputed, and all other known sources provide limited corroboration. Nevertheless, the majority of scholars do agree that Jesus did, at least, exist。

  关于耶稣一生和教义的主要原始资料是来自圣经·新约的四部规整的福音书,其中将耶稣描写成一位加利利的犹太大学者、医师和神迹制造者,经常与犹太宗教界的权威发生争执,被时任罗马长官本丟·彼拉多下命钉死于耶路撒冷城外的十字架上。对于福音书中关于耶稣的史实的可靠程度一直存有争议,而其他已知的资料只能提供有限的证据。但是无论如何,多数学者确确实实同意耶稣至少、的确、存在过。

  The chronology of Jesus' life is uncertain, as the gospels mainly describe the events immediately prior to his crucifixion and no dates are known. The Anno Domini system of reckoning years was originally based on setting year 1 as the first full year of Jesus' life. However, based on the mention of Herod the Great in the gospel of Matthew, more-recent estimates place Jesus' birth as early as 8 BC/BCE, and as late as 4 BC/BCE. Based on the years of Pilate's rule, Jesus' death is now estimated to have taken place between 26 AD/CE and 36 AD/CE.

  耶稣的生平年表不是非常确定,因为福音书只是描述了一些在他受刑之前的事件且没有提供日期。以耶稣纪元法(即公元)推算的基础是以公元1年作为耶稣生命中的第一个年头。总之,根据马太福音书大希律王章所提到的,最接近的估计耶稣诞生的年份是从早至公元前8年,晚至公元前4年中的一年。根据彼拉多统治的年代可知,耶稣之死估计发生在公元26年到36年之间。

  Beyond the historical information accepted by most secular scholars, the gospels make various additional claims about Jesus, for instance that he was the messiah prophesied in the Old Testament (or Hebrew Bible); that he was God, and the son of God; that his mother Mary was a virgin; and that after his crucifixion he rose from the dead, then ascended into heaven. Numerous miracles and other supernatural events are attested.

  除去长期来被多数学者接受的历史资料外,福音书还列举了许多关于耶稣的其他记载和主张,如说他是在旧约(或称希伯莱圣经)中预言的那个默西亚/弥赛亚;说他是神,是“神之子”;说他的母亲玛丽亚是个处女;还有他受难后的复活及其后的升天。而众多的神迹和其他超自然现象也被证明并非空穴来风。

  For Christians, Jesus is God who came to earth as a historical person to save mankind. His life and teachings are remembered by most Christians in church services, as well as through the Christian liturgical calendar (including holidays such as Christmas and Easter).

  对于基督徒来说,耶稣是上帝化身肉体作为一个历史性的人物来拯救人类。他的一生和教导被众多在教会中作礼拜的基督徒们牢记,同时也通过基督教的礼拜性质的节日来纪念(包括如圣诞节和复活节这样的公众假日)。

  For Muslims, Jesus is one of the major prophets of Islam, a bringer of divine scripture, and also the Messiah — although they attach a different meaning to this term than Christians, as they do not share the Christian belief in the divinity of Jesus (see Isa for further detail on the Islamic view of Jesus).

  对于穆斯林们来说,耶稣是伊斯兰教中最主要的一位先知,带来了神的圣经,同时也是弥赛亚——虽然他们对于这个词的理解不同于基督教徒,因为他们在基督徒认为耶稣是神的信仰上无法达成共识。

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