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考研英语听力易混词语(二)

2005-11-18 14:32 夏日研研 

  26) give sb. a hand:帮助某人或参与某人做某事

  e.g. Give me a hand with the cleaning, please.

  give sb. one's hand:与某人握手

  e.g. She gave me her hand and wished me a good trip.

  27) go through:检查,搜查;通过,穿过

  e.g. They went through our luggage at the customs.

  It took us a whole week to go through the great forest.

  go through with:把……坚持到底

  e.g. We should go through with the experiment now we've started.

  28) good for:有益于

  e.g. This book is good for your English study.

  for good:永久地

  e.g. The lost money was gone for good.

  29) have a fancy for:爱好,喜爱

  e.g. She has a fancy for nice clothes.

  have a fancy that:猜想,认为

  e.g. I have a fancy that he will come tonight.

  30) head up:领头;领导

  e.g. A band headed up the parade.

  Mr. Jones will head up the new business.

  heads up:注意,小心

  e.g. Heads up, now! You can do better than that.

  31) in a way:在某种程度上

  e.g. In a way, it is an important book.

  in the way:妨碍,挡路

  I will visit you next weekend if there is nothing in the way.

  32) in black:穿黑色衣服

  e.g. Arabian women are always dressed in black clothes.

  in the black:赢利,赚钱

  New production methods put the company in the black.

  33) in charge of:负责

  e.g. Who is in charge of this work?

  in the charge of:照护

  e.g. The patients are in the charge of the nurse.

  34) in hand:控制

  e.g. There was a little rioting, but the police soon had the situation in hand.

  hand in:递交,交给

  e.g. He handed in his resignation in protest against it.

  35) in one's honor:向……表示敬意或感谢

  e.g. The day was kept as a holiday in honor of victory.

  on one's honor:用人格担保

  e.g. We were on our honor not to cheat on the exam.

  36) in possession of:占有

  e.g. He is in possession of this house.

  in the possession of:被占有

  e.g. The keys are in the possession of the door keeper.

  37) in spirit:在内心,在精神上

  e.g. In spirit, at least, these laws were very fair.

  in spirits:情绪或心情(好、坏等)

  e.g. He is in poor spirits because of his failing in the exam.

  38) keep up:继续,保持

  e.g. They entered into a correspondence which was kept up for almost ten years.

  keep up with:与……齐步前进,跟上

  e.g. With their help, he has kept up with the class.

  39) look about:环视

  e.g. He looked about him with great interest.

  look about for:四处寻找

  e.g. She was looking about for the key she had just lost.

  40) look up:向上看

  e.g. He looked up and nodded to me.

  look up to:尊敬

  e.g. It must be rewarding to be looked up to by so many people.

  41) make one's way:开路

  e.g. As soon as he saw us, the teacher made his way through the crowd to greet us.

  make one's way to:向……走去

  e.g. In the evening we made our way to the appointed meeting place.

  42) measure to:测量到某一精度

  e.g. Measure this part to mm.

  measure up to:够得上,可以匹敌

  e.g. The new techniques measure up to advanced world standard.

  43) more than:很,非常

  e.g. He was more than upset by the accident.

  more…than:比……更

  e.g. I regarded her more highly than me.

  44) much as:虽然

  e.g. Much as I should like to go, I can't go right now.

  as much:同样的或同样多少的

  e.g. You have always helped me and I will always do as much for you.

  45)  no less than:不亚于,竟达……之多

  e.g. There were no less than one hundred people at the meeting.

  not less than:不比……差,至少

  e.g. There were not less than one hundred people at the meeting.

  请大家注意区分以上两句的差别,第一句是指"竟达100人之多",第二句则是"至少有100人",要明白no less than是一种强调说法,它和not less than的区别在于事先假定的程度或是数量有所不同,no less than在某种意义上说来没有超过的意思,而not less than可能会超过,这种表达方式正好与no more than以及not more than相反。

  46) no more than:同样不;仅仅,只有

  e.g. This book is no more interesting than that one.

  It is no more than empty talk.

  not more than:不比……更,不如;至多

  e.g. He is not more clever than you are.

  There were not more than 5 factories in our city before liberation.

  47)  on sale:出售的;廉价出售

  e.g. Many new farm tools are on sale in this store.

  I got this book on sale; it was very cheap.

  for sale:出售的,上市的

  e.g. I shall put these goods up for sale.

  在作"出售的"的意思的时候,on sale和for sale还是有一些不同的,一般来说,for sale多指物主亲自或委托代理人经手出售,而on sale通常表示店里的货物是供出售的。

  48) once again:再一次

  e.g. I want to try this once again.

  once and again:一再

  e.g. I have told him once and again not to do that.

  49) out of question:毫无疑问,必定

  e.g. Out of question, this plan can be fulfilled ahead of time.

  out of the question:不可能的

  e.g. What you propose is out of the question.

  50) refer to:提及,涉及

  e.g. I would like to refer back to the first of my three points.

  refer to…as:称作,叫做

  e.g. Coal is often referred to as food for industry.

  51) search sb.:认真搜查某人身体

  e.g. They searched him but nothing was found on him.

  search for sb.:搜查某地为找到某人

  e.g. They searched for him everywhere but failed.

  52) settle down:落下;定居

  e.g. The dust slowly settled down.

  He has settled down in the countryside.

  settle down to:专心致力于;逐渐习惯于

  e.g. He settled down to his homework.

  They settled down to a new job.

  53) speak for itself:不言而喻

  e.g. One does not to be told that this fact speaks for itself.

  speak for oneself:发表本人的意见

  e.g. What others think I do not know, I can only speak for myself.

  54) submit to:屈服于

  e.g. He has to submit to an operation.

  submit…to:提交

  e.g. They must submit the case to the court.

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