Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)
Directions: In this section,there is a passage with ten blanks.You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of ch0ices given in a word bank following the passage.Read the passage through carefully before making your choices.Each choice in bank is identified by a letter.Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.
When Roberto Feliz came to the USA from the Dominican Republic, he knew only a few words of English.Education soon became a 47. “I couldn’t understand anything,” he said. He 48 from his teachers, came home in tears, and thought about dropping out.
Then Mrs. Malave, a bilingual educator, began to work with him while teaching him math and science in his 49 Spanish.“She helped me stay smart while teaching me English,”he said.Given the chance to demonstrate his ability, he 50 confidence and began to succeed in school.
Today, he is a 51 doctor, runs his own clinic,and works with several hospitals.Every day,he uses the language and academic skills he 52 through bilingual education to treat his patients.
Roberto’s story is just one of 53 success stories. Research has shown that bilingual education is the most 54 way both to teach children English and ensure that they succeed academically. In Arizona and Texas, bilingual students 55 outperform their peers in monolingual programs. Calexico, Calif., implemented bilingual education, and now has dropout rates that are less than half the state average and college 56 rates of more than 90%.In E1 Paso,bilingual education programs have helped raise student scores from the lowest in Texas to among the highest in the nation.
A) wonder I)hid
B) acquired J)prominent
C) consistently K)decent
D) regained L)countless
E) nightmare M)recalled
F) native N)breakthrough
G) acceptance O)automatically
Directions :There are 2passages in this section.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C),D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.
Question 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.
“Tear ’em apart!” “Kill the fool!” “Murder the referee(裁判) !”
These are common remarks one may hear at various sporting events. At the time they are made,they may seem innocent enough. But let’s not kid ourselves.They have been known to influence behavior in such a way as to lead to real bloodshed. Volumes have been written about the way word affect us. It has been shown that words having certain connotations (含义) may cause us to react in ways quite foreign to what we consider to be our usual humanistic behavior. I see the term “opponent” as one of those words.Perhaps the time has come to delete it from sports terms.
The dictionary meaning of the term “opponent” is “adversary”; “enemy” “one who opposes your interests. ”Thus, when a player meets an opponent,he or she may tend to every action no matter how gross,may be considered justifiable. I recall an incident in a handball game when a referee refused a player’s request for a time out for a glove change because he did not consider them wet enough.The player proceeded to rub his gloves across his wet T-shirt and then exclaimed, “Are they wet enough now?”
In the heat of battle, players have been observed to throw themselves across the court without considering the consequences the such a move might have on anyone in their way. I have also witnessed a player reacting to his opponent’s intentional and illegal blocking by deliberately hitting him with the ball as hard as he could during the course of play. Off the court, they are good friends. Does that make any sense? It certainly gives proof of a court attitude which departs from normal behavior.
Therefore, I believe it is time we elevated (提升) the game to the level where it belongs, thereby setting an example to the rest of the sporting world. Replacing the term “opponent” with “associate” could be an ideal way to start.
The dictionary meaning of the term “associate” is “colleague” ;“friend” ;“companion.” Reflect a moment! You may soon see and possibly feel the difference in your reaction to the term “associate” rather than “opponent”.
57. Which of the following statements best expresses the author’s view?
A) The words people use can influence their behavior.
B) Unpleasant words in sports are often used by foreign athletes.
C) Aggressive behavior in sports can have serious consequences.
D) Unfair judgments by referees will lead to violence on the sports field.
58. Harsh words are spoken during games because the players_______.
A) are too eager to win
B) treat their rivals as enemies
C) are usually short-tempered and easily offended
D) cannot afford to be polite in fierce competitions
59. What did the handball player do when he was not allowed a time out to change his gloves?
A) He angrily hit the referee with a ball.
B) He refused to continue the game.
C) He claimed that referee was unfair.
D) He wet his gloves by rubbing them across his T-shirt.
60. According to the passage, players in a game may______.
A) kick the ball across the court with force
B) lie down on the ground as an act of protest
C) deliberately throw the ball at anyone illegally blocking their way
D) keep on screaming and shouting throughout the game
61. The author hopes to have the current situation un sports improved by ________.
A) regulating the relationship between players and referees
B) calling on players to use clean language in the court
C) raising the referee’s sense of responsibility
D) changing the attitude of players on the sports field
Questions 62 to 66 are based in the following passage.
Is there enough oil beneath the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (保护区) (ANWR) to help secure America’s energy future? President Bush certainly thinks so. He has argued that tapping ANWR’ s oil would help ease California’s electricity crisis and provide a major boost to the country’s energy independence. But no one knows for sure how much crude oil lies buried beneath the frozen earth, with the last government survey, conducted in1998, projecting output anywhere from 3 billion to 16 billion barrels.
The oil industry goes with the high end of the range, which could equal as much as 10% of U.S. consumption for as long as six years. By pumping more than 1 million barrels a day from the reserve for the next two to three decades, lobbyists claim, the nation could cut back on imports equivalent to all shipments to the U.S. from Saudi Arabia. Sounds good. An oil boom would also mean a multibillion-dollar windfall (意外之财) in tax revenues, royalties (开采权使用费) and leasing fees for Alaska and the Federal Government. Best of all, advocates of drilling say, damage to the environment Would be insignificant. “We’ve never had a documented case of an oil rig chasing deer out onto the pack ice,” say Alaska State Representative Scott Ogan.
Not so fast, say environmentalists. Sticking to the low end of government estimates the National Resources Defends Council says there may be no more than 3.2 billion barrels of economically recoverable oil in the coastal plain of ANWR, a drop in the bucket that would do virtually nothing to ease America’s energy problems. And consumers would wait up to a decade to gain any benefits, because drilling could begin only after mush bargaining over leases, environmental permits and regulatory review.As for ANWR’s impact on the California power crisis, environmentalists point out that oil is responsible for only 1% of the Golden State’s electricity output ---and just 3% of the nation’s.
62. What does President Bush think of tapping oil in ANWR?
A) It will increase America’s energy consumption.
B) It will exhaust the nation’s oil reserves.
C) It will help reduce the nation’s oil imports.
D) It will help secure the future of ANWR.
63. We learn from the second paragraph that the American oil industry _________.
A) shows little interest tapping oil in ANWR
B) expect to stop oil imports from Saudi Arabia
C) tend to exaggerate America’s reliance on foreign oil
D) believes that drilling for ANWR will produce high yields
64. Those against oil drilling ANWR argue that ________.
A) it will drain the oil reserves in the Alaskan region
B) it can do little to solve U.S. energy problem
C) it can cause serious damage to the environment
D) it will not have much commercial value
65. What do the environmentalists mean by saying “Not so fast” (Line1, Psra.3)?
A) Don’t be too optimistic.
B) Don’t expect fast returns.
C) The oil drilling should be delayed.
D) Oil exploitation takes a long time.
66. It can be learned from the passage that oil exploitation beneath ANWR’s frozen earth
A) involves a lot of technological problems
B) remains a controversial issue
C) is expected to get under way soon
D)will enable the U.S. to be oil independent
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