Direction: You are going to read a text about the season for relief, followed by a list of examples. Choose the best example from the list A-F for each numbered subheading (41-45). There is one extra example which you do not need to use. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)
Winter's harsh weather, shorter hours of daylight and family demands can all aggravate feelings of stress. According to Dr. Paul Rosch, president of the American Institute of Stress, one Midwestern headache clinic reported that complaints of tension and migraine headaches increased 40 percent from Thanksgiving to Christmas, compared with other sixweek periods during the year.
Many physicians are now trained in techniques to relieve tension and stress. But which strategies do they themselves use? Here top health professionals reveal their favorite stressbusters. Six in all, they are:
(41) Soothe with food. When nutritional biochemist Judith Wurtman is stressed out, she does what a lot of people do this time of year: she reaches for food. But in her case, it's a healthy rice cake or two.
(42) Run from your problem. Dr. Kenneth H. Cooper handles his own stress with a daily afterwork run.
(43) Check your perspective. Driving in for a busy day as a MayoClinic stress-management expert, psychologist John Taylor saw the oil-maintenance light pop on in his minivan. He faced a nonstop schedule of patients and had to pick up his three-year-old after work. "I felt myself tense up," recalls Taylor, who then tried his quick stress-busting strategy. He asked himself, Is this a matter of life or death? No. The oil could safely be changed the next week.
(44) Look to the light side. On his way to the hospital where his father was to undergo surgery, author and educator Joel Goodman shared a hotel courtesy van with the anxious relatives of several patients. The driver began telling his stressed-out passengers a few jokes. "Then he did some magic tricks that had my mother and me laughing," Goodman says. "In that five-minute ride he taught us that humor can relieve our stress." The surgery was successful.
(45) Take a timeout. A major cause of anxiety is an overloaded schedule. It's one source of stress you can ward off by preparing ahead.
Say a little prayer. Psychologist and medical scientist Joan Bprysenko of Boulder, Colo., maintains that since most people spend too much time agonizing over the past or worrying about the future, the key to lessening stress is learning how to live emotionally in the present.
"It helps to have some ritual to do this," says Borysenko. For her the most relaxing ritual is "each morning when I pray." Prayer has been shown to reduce the impact of stress hormones such as noradrenaline and adrenaline.
But remember, says Borysenko, doctors can't turn on their patient' "internal healing system". That inner clam is up to you. So you're sick of stress, heal thyself.
[A] Williams counts himself among the 20 percent of adults whose susceptibility to anger is high enough to threaten their health. But everyone can try his approach to handling the stressors that set anger off - and it needn't be in a work environment.
[B] "Aerobic exercise is the best way to dissipate stress and make the transition into family time," says the expert. But, he cautions, don't let exercise itself become a stress. Even moderate activity - such as a daily 30 minute walk can improve health and mood. "That's why I tell my patients to be sure to walk their dog every day," he says with a chuckle, "even if they don't have one."
[C] "My research suggests that carbohydrates raise levels of the mood-regulating brain chemical serotonin, which exerts a calming effect on the entire body," says the M.I.T research scientist. "So symptoms of stress - such as anger, tension, irritability and inability to concentrate - are eased."
[D] He tells patients to do only those tasks that would have serious consequences if left undone. "Will you die if you don't do the laundry?" he asks. Taking at least half an hour a day to do something you enjoy, he notes, lets you recharge you batteries. Especially around the holidays, skip some routine chores to make time for family and friends.
[E] When cardiologist Ray Rosenman was associate chief of medicine at San Francisco's Mount Zion Hospital, he would block off half an hour a day on his schedule. "If an emergency came up, I moved patients into that slot," says Rosenman, co-author of Type A Behavior and Your Heart. "Or used that half-hour to return calls or go through my mail. You can't control everything, but you can control your schedule to create some breathing space for yourself."
[F] He was so moved by his experience that he researched laughter's power. "A good laugh relaxes muscles, lowers blood pressure, suppresses stress-related hormones and enhances the immune system," he says. In his workshops he tells clients to ask themselves how their favorite comedian would see this stressful situation.