Read the following text carefully and then translate the underlined segments into Chinese. Your translation should be written neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (10 points)
Specialists in numerous fields, including library science and Web design, are now calling themselves information architects, but the roles they have assumed are diverse. (46)As with any newly developing profession, there is a need to refine and clarify the role of the information architect and the accompanying job description. I have a formal education in architecture, have worked with numerous architects as an architectural signage designer and am now working as an information and interaction designer.
(47)In the traditional profession, an architect's first responsibility on any building project is to meet with the client to determine the goals and requirements for the building, as well as the overall vision of the building. The architect works with the client to develop a set of requirements for the building called the program. The program spells out each major function and the detailed requirements for each function, such as size and access requirements, as well as the general overall requirements.
Similarly, an information architect is responsible for meeting with the client to help determine the overall goals of the project and what the client wishes to accomplish.(48) An example in website design might be determining that a site should include a product catalog, a calendar of events and a newsletter, that it must be accessible by all people with version 3.x browsers and above, and that it must be optimized for an 800x600 size screen. In some instances, a strategist might be hired as a consultant to assist in this development.
The reality is that all traditional architects must be competent in many different roles.(49) Some are better at the design aspects and may choose to concentrate their efforts there, while others are better at the coordination roles or the communication roles. However, traditional architects must pass a rigorous nine-part exam that proves competency in each of these roles in order to be called an architect.(50) Because of this broad range of expertise and the difficult nature of playing all of these roles, these architects have earned a certain respect in our society that we must be careful not to encroach on unfairly. As information specialists, we all know the power of language, and we must be careful how we use it. If we are to use the word architect in our job titles and the description of our profession, we must ensure that we are justified in doing so.