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PETS四级模拟试卷(四)

2005-11-22 00:00   我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

  Part B

  Read the following text carefully and then translate the underlined segments into Chinese. Your translation should be written clearly on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  That low moaning sound in the background just might be the Founding Fathers protesting from beyond the grave. They have been doing it ever since the Republicans announced a "religious war" in the name of "traditional values". It grew several decibels louder last week when George Bush, at a breakfast of religious leaders, attacked the Democrats for failing to mention God in their doctrines and declaimed that a President needs to believe in the Almighty. What about the constitutional ban on "religious tests". for public office? The Founding Fathers would want to know. (61) What about Tom Jefferson's conviction that it is possible for a nonbeliever to be a moral person, "find incitements to virtue in the comfort and pleasantness you feel in its exercise"? Even George Washington must shudder in his sleep to hear the constant emphasis on "Judeo-Christian values". (62) It was he who wrote, "We have abundant reason to rejoice that in this Land … every person may here worship God according to the dictates of his own heart." George Bush should know better than to encourage the theocratic ambitions of the Christian right. (63) He has claimed —— to much ironic scorn —— that when he was shot down during World War II and lay floating in the Pacific for four hours, he meditated on "God and faith and the separation of church and state". But there could be no better themes for a patriot to address in his final moments. (64) The "wall of separation" the Founding Fathers built between church and state is one of the best defenses freedom has ever had. Or have we already forgotten why the Founding fathers put it up? They had seen enough religious intolerance in the colonies: Quaker women were burned at the stake in Puritan Massachusetts; Virginians could be jailed for denying the Bible's authority. They knew Europe had terribly disfigured itself in a religious war recalled now only by its duration —— 30 years. (65) No wonder John Adams once described the Judeo-Christian tradition as "the most bloody religion that ever existed," and that the Founding fathers took such pains to keep the hand that holds the musket separate from the one that carries the cross.

  61、(本题分值:3分)【正确答案】

  汤姆.杰斐逊深信,不相信上帝的人也可以是道德无缺的人,"于道德行为中感受之快慰,即是道德之鞭策"。

  62、(本题分值:3分)【正确答案】

  看看华盛顿亲手写的这些话:"吾辈甚当称庆,于斯土中… 凡人皆可从心所欲,自由地崇拜神。"

  63、(本题分值:3分)【正确答案】

  他自己说过(这话也着实被人挖苦了一番),说他在第二次世界大战时飞机被击落,在太平洋漂了四小时,当时脑子里思索的是"神、信仰以及政教分离"。

  64、(本题分值:3分)【正确答案】

  开国元勋们在政治与宗教之间建起的"分离之墙"正是自由的最佳屏障。难道我们已经忘记当初筑起这道墙的动机?

  65、(本题分值:3分)【正确答案】

  无怪乎亚当斯曾把犹太-基督教传统称为"史上最血腥的宗教",也难怪先人们如此大费周章,把拿毛瑟枪的手和持十字架的手分隔清楚。

  Section IV Writing(30 points)

  Directions: In this part, you are to write an essay of about 200 words within 40 minutes. Your essay should be based on the information given in the outline below. Outline: 1. Importance of confidence 2. Reasons for lack of confidence 3. How to build up confidence

  66、(本题分值:30分)

  【参考答案】

  One possible version: Whatever one does, one should do it with confidence. If one has no confidence, there is little possibility that one can achieve anything when faced with hardships. This truth seems to be self-evident. In reality, however, we do see a lot of people who always complain that they lack the ability to do something or that their difficulties are too great to overcome. For some, this might be true. But for the others, this only shows that they have lost heart. Why do some people often feel frustrated even though they are capable of doing something? I think there are two main reasons. In the first place, these people don't have a proper evaluation of themselves. They tend to underestimate their capabilities. Secondly, it is possible that they exaggerate the difficulties. In my opinion, one can build up confidence by oneself as long as he has a right attitude towards his own abilities. We should neither underestimate nor overestimate our abilities. Try to find your advantages and that is OK. As a proverb says, "Where there is a will, there is a way." With confidence we can certainly cope with any task we are faced with.

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