• 站内搜索:

06考研英语新题型完全解析(五)

2005-11-16 14:31 印建坤 

  四、大纲样题(Sample Two)

  Directions:

  The following paragraphs are given in a wrong order. For Questions 41-45, you are required to reorganize these paragraphs into a coherent article by choosing from the list A-E to fill in each numbered box. The first and the last paragraphs have been placed for you in Boxes. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

  [A]I just don't know how to motivate them to do a better job. We're in a budget crunch and I have absolutely no financial rewards at my disposal. In fact, we'll probably have to lay some people off in the near future. It's hard for me to make the job interesting and challenging because it isn't-it's boring, routine paperwork, and there isn't much you can do about it.

  [B]Finally, I can't say to them that their promotions will hinge on the excellence of their paperwork. First of all, they know it's not true. If their performance is adequate, most are more likely to get promoted just by staying on the force a certain number of years than for some specific outstanding act. Second, they were trained to do the job they do out in the streets, not to fill out forms. All through their career it is the arrests and interventions that get noticed.

  [C]I've got a real problem with my officers. They come on the force as young, inexperienced men, and we send them out on the street, either in cars or on a beat, They seem to like the contact they have with the public, the action involved in crime prevention, and the apprehension of criminals. They also like helping people out at fires, accidents, and other emergencies.

  [D]"Some people have suggested a number of things like using conviction records as a performance criterion. However, we know that's not fair-too many other things are involved. Bad paperwork increases the chance that you lose in court, but good paperwork doesn't necessarily mean you'll win. We tried setting up team competitions based on the excellence of the reports, but the guys caught on to that pretty quickly. No one was getting any type of reward for winning the competition, and they figured why should they labor when there was no payoff."

  [E]The problem occurs when they get back to the station. They hate to do the paperwork, and because they dislike it, the job is frequently put off or done inadequately. This lack of attention hurts us later on when we get to court. We need clear, factual reports. They must be highly detailed and unambiguous. As soon as one part of a report is shown to be inadequate or incorrect, the rest of the report is suspect. Poor reporting probably causes us to lose more cases than any other factor.

  [F]So I just don't know What to do. I've been groping in the dark in a number of years. And I hope that this seminar will shed some light on this problem of mine and help me out in my future work.

  [G]A large metropolitan city government was putting on a number of seminars for administrators, managers and/or executives of various departments throughout the city. At one of these sessions the topic to be discussed was motivation-how we can get public servants motivated to do a good job. The difficulty of a police captain became the central focus of the discussion.

  Order:

  G→41→42→43→44→45→F

  [试题分析]

  样题中共有七个段落,其中已给出篇首和篇尾段落。首先我们看一下已知段落。首段说的是整个文章的背景,一个大都市的市政厅举行全市各部门管理、行政人员的研讨会,其中有一个研讨会的主题是如何发动公务员做好工作。这个研讨会上一个警察局警长的难题成了讨论的焦点。尾段是一个引语:"所以我不知道该怎么办。多年来我一直在黑暗中探索。我希望这次研讨会能给我的难题带来些启发,能帮我应对未来的工作。"然后我们再看一下其余的选项,发现都是引语,可以推断,除第一段外剩下的部分都是警长说的话。尾段似乎是一个结语,第一段是介绍背景,那么第二段应该是话语的开端。接着,我们将选项,即其余的五段都通读一遍。[A]大意是说警长不知道采取什么样的措施才能调动起警员的积极性,因为面临许多困难;[B]大意是为什么警长说警员不能因为报告写得不好而得不到提升;[C]大意是警长叙说起警员对实际工作的爱好;[D]是说将报告作为评判警员表现的标准不太合理,实施效果不明显;[E]大意是讲述警长碰到的具体难题是什么。

  那么我们首先来看第二段,已经推断出第二段是发言的开始,而由第一段可知是警长讲述难题,那么就需要在选项中辨别哪个关于这个问题发言的开始了。[C][E]都提到了problem这个词,但[E]一开始就讲警员回到警察局什么的,显得很突兀;而[C]感觉像一个娓娓道来的故事,比较切合。

  由第二段来推断第三段,第二段第一句是说警长的难题出在警员身上,而接下来讲述了警员们喜欢自己的工作,这是正面的表现;可以推断,真正问题应该在后面,选项中[E]就是讲的一个难题,而且开头和上文连接自然,"一回到警局问题就来了",正好形成一个转折。

  由第三段来推断第四段,第三段最后一句是"写得不好的报告给我们带来的损失最大"。[A][B][D]中[A]是针对这种情况采取的措施,比较符合逻辑关系。

  由第四段来推断第五段,第四段是说采取的措施,剩下的选项中[B]是解释无法实施解雇措施;[D]是说将撰写报告作为警员表现标准没有效果,可以看出,[B]和上段联系更为紧密,说了措施后马上就说出这种措施的不可实施的方面。

  剩下的[D]选项就是第六段了,再看[D]和最后一段的衔接如何。最后一段是警长向大家求助,而第六段是说措施无效。因为措施无效才会向别人求助,逻辑关系上成立。

  考生在做这样的题型时,如果没有把握,可以多列出几种可能的顺序,然后根据这些顺序重读文章,看是否思路顺畅。

  [答案]41.C42.E43.A44.B45.D

[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]
栏目相关课程表