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2005-11-16 14:31 印建坤 

  四、大纲样题(Sample Three)


  You are going to read a text about the tips on resume writing, followed by a list of examples. Choose the best example from the list A-F for each numbered subheading (41-45). There is one extra example which you do not need to use. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

  The main purpose of a resume is to convince an employer to grant you an interview. There are two kinds. One is the familiar"tombstone"that lists where you went to school and where you've worked in chronological order. The other is what I call the "functional" resume-descriptive, fun to read, unique to you and much more likely to land you an interview.

  It's handy to have a "tombstone" for certain occasions. But prospective employers throw away most of those unrequested "tombstone" lists, preferring to interview the quick rather than the dead.

  What follows are tips on writing a functional resume that will get read-a resume that makes you come alive and look interesting to employers.

  41. Put yourself first:

  In order to write a resume others will read with enthusiasm, you have to feel important about yourself.

  42. Sell what you can do, not who you are:

  Practice translating your personality traits, character, accomplishments and achievements into skill areas. There are at least five thousand skill areas in the world of work.

  Toot your own horn!

  Many people clutch when asked to think about their abilities. Some think they have none at all! But everyone does, and one of yours may just be the ticket an employer would be glad to punch-if only you show it.

  43.Be specific, be concrete, and be brief!

  Remember that "brevity is the best policy."

  44.Turn bad news into good:

  Everybody has had disappointments in work. If you have to mention yours, look for the positive side.

  45.Never apologize:

  If you've returning to the work force after fifteen years as a parent, simply write a short paragraph(summary of background)in place of a chronology of experience. Don't apologize for working as being a mother; it's the hardest job of all. If you have no special training or higher education, just don't mention education.

  The secret is to think about the self before you start writing about yourself. Take four or five hours off, not necessarily consecutive, and simply write down every accomplishment in your life, on or off the job, that made you feel effective. Don't worry at first about what it all means. Study the list and try to spot patterns. As you study your list, you will come closer to the meaning: identifying your marketable skills. Once you discover patterns, give names to your cluster of accomplishments (leadership skills, budget management skills, child development skills etc.)Try to list at least three accomplishments under the same skills heading. Now start writing your resume as if you mattered. It may take four drafts or more, and several weeks, before you've ready to show it to a stranger (friends are usually too kind)for a reaction. When you've satisfied, send it to a printer; a printed resume is far superior to photocopies. It shows an employer that you regard job hunting as serious work, worth doing right.

  Isn't that the kind of person you'd want working for your?

  [A]A woman who lost her job as a teacher's aide due to a cutback in government funding wrote:"Principal of elementary school cited me as the only teacher's aide she would rehire if government funds became available."

  [B]One resume I received included the following: "invited by my superior to straighten out our organization's accounts receivable. Set up orderly repayment schedule, reconciled accounts weekly, and improved cash flow 100 per cent. Rewarded with raise and promotion." Notice how this woman focuses on results, specifies how she accomplished them, and mentions her reward-all in 34 words.

  [C]For example, if you have a flair for saving, managing and investing money, you have money management skills.

  [D]An acquaintance complained of being biased when losing an opportunity due to the statement"Ready to learn though not so well educated".

  [E]One of my former colleagues, for example, wrote resumes in three different styles in order to find out which was more preferred. The result is, of course, the one that highlights skills and education background.

  [F]A woman once told me about a cash-flow crisis her employer had faced. She'd agreed to work without pay for three months until business improved. Her reward was her back pay plus a 20 percent bonus. I asked why that marvelous story wasn't in her resume. She answered, "It wasn't important." What she was really saying of course was "I'm not important."




  第一点,"Put yourself first"。字面意思是把自己置于第一位。什么意思呢?下面的句子进行了解释,"要想让自己的简历使人读起来富有激情,那么你首先要对自己有自信"。再看选项中哪个例子能进一步说明这一点呢?从选项中可以发现,有些例子是成功的例子,有些是不成功的例子。那么就有可能从正反两方面举例了,[F]就是一个反例,证明了第一个观点。作者通过例子说明,不要认为自己做过的事情不值一提,瞧不起自己的人别人又怎么会重视呢?

  第二点,"Sell what you can do not who you are "。字面意思是给别人展示你能干什么,而不是你是什么样的人。要强调能力而不是性格。下面的解释是这样的:"要学会把自己的个性和成就转变限制到某个具体技能领域中,世界上有至少5000种技能领域"(意思是,这么多技能中,总有一种和你自己的经验相吻合)。再带着这个观点来看后面的选项,文后的例子中[C]项是这么说的:"例如,如果你有节约、投资、管理钱财的天分,那么你拥有理财的能力。"这就是把一般的个性特征和相关的技能领域结合起来的例子。

  第三点,"Be specific, be concrete, and be brief!"意思就是说要简洁、具体。可以推断,相关的例子应该是表现出简历具体、简洁的一面。哪个选项说明了这一点呢?[B]项描写一位女士仅用了34个词就把重点说明白了,这反映的是简洁这一特色。

  第四点,"Turn bad news into good"字面意思是将坏消息变成好消息。下面解释道:"每个人在工作中总有不尽如人意的地方。如果要提到这些事,那么从积极、正面的角度去看。"可以看出,这点就是要让应聘者把自己不利的方面换一种表达方式,变不利为有利。[A]选项描述了一个女助教因为政府缩减资金而被解雇,这本来是工作经历中不太好的一面,但是这位女士谈起此事时提到这么一句,"校长说了,如果政府的资金够的话,她第一个重聘的就是我",从而变不利为有利,使人看到她的优势。

  第五点,"Never apologize"字面意思是不要道歉。下面的文字举例说明了,不要为自己的弱势感到自卑,要看到弱势中的发光点;也不要提及严重影响求职的方面,可以适当避讳。个人简历不是进行道歉的地方。[D]项以一个失败的例子说明了这一点:作者的一位朋友在简历中写了"好学,但教育程度不高",这点正好和解释中的一点吻合:"如果你没有接受过专业训练或高等教育,就不要提及教育这个方面。"