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职称英语考试核心词汇推荐

2005-11-22 00:00   来源:       我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

  职称英语的词汇大纲中提供了约6000个词汇,在这里我们根据自己的经验向大家推荐3000左右应该掌握的和考试中容易考察的词汇,希望对大家最后的复习有所帮助。

  我们建议学员在这最后的时间里采用这样的词汇学习方法 - 知识点(考点)拓展复习法:举例如下:

  A

  A (an honest man, a university, a piece of paper/message/furniture), abandon = give up, ABC, abide by, ability to do sth, be able to do sth, abnormal -normal, go aboard, study abroad, abolish = cancel/do away with, talk about, sit about, above all, to put money above everything, abrupt = sudden/tough, absence =lack, be absent from, absent-minded, absolute = complete, be absorbed in, abstract / concrete, absurd = foolish, be abundant in = be rich in, academic, accelerate =speed up, accept, acceptable, gain/have access to, accessible = easily obtained/approached, by accident = by mistake, accomplish = finish/ complete, in accordance with, according to, account for, on account of = because of/due to, on no account = in no way, take into account/consideration, accurate, accuse…of ……= charge … with …, be accustomed to, ache = pain/ toothache, headache, get/catch a headache/ cold, achieve/ meet one‘s goals, achievement(s), acknowledge = admit, be acquainted with = be familiar with, acquire (knowledge, habit), go across, come across = meet unexpectedly, act upon, physical activities, actor/ actress, actually = in fact = in reality, acute / chronic, ad = advertisement, adapt/adopt, adapt…… to…… add up to, be addicted to, in addition to, additional = added, address the envelop/ address the audience, adequate = enough/ample, adhere to, administer = control/ manage, gain admission to, adopt (attitude), adult, adulthood, in advance, advance = promote, take advantage of ,adventure = risk, adverse = harmful, a piece of advice, advisable = wise, advise sb. to do sth, advocate = support, current affairs, affect/ effect, affirm =assert, afford sth, be afraid of =fear, look after sb., in the afternoon, afterwards, again and again, now and again = from time to time, lean against, vote against, at the age of, age = get older, agree to sb. agree with sth. agreeable = pleasing, agriculture, ahead of, aid, aim at, aim = goal/target, by air, in the open air, aircraft =plane =airplane, at the airport, alarm = frighten, alcohol, alert……to……, =warn …of/against …, alien = foreign, look alike, keep alive, above all, after all, all over, in all, allege = declare, state, alleviate = relieve, alliance = union, allied = united, allocate = distribute, allow = permit, almost = nearly, live alone, go along the street, talk aloud, not only…but also…, /(I like it, too./ I also like it.) , alter = change, although/though, at an altitude of/ at the height of, altogether = in all, always = often, amazing = surprising, ambiguous = doubtful, uncertain, ambition, ambitious, amend = improve, America, American, amid = in the middle of, amongst = among, a great amount of money, amplify = talk in detail, amuse = entertain, amusement/entertainment, analyze, analysis, ancestor, ancient, and, anger, angry, angle (from the angle of ), animal, animate/inspire, annoy, announce/declare, annual, another, answer( answer to the problem, answer for), anticipate/foresee, antique, anxious (be anxious about), any, anyone/anybody, anything, anywhere, apart (set apart, apart from), apartment, apologize, apparently, apparent, appeal( appeal to), appear/seem, appetite/stomach, apple, apply( apply for a job, apply… to……), appoint, appointment, appreciate, approach (+ to) = method, approval, approve, approximate, April, apt (be apt to do sth.), aptitude/ability, architecture, area, argue (argue for/against), arise, arm in arm/hand in hand, army, around (all around/all over), arouse, arrange(a meeting), arrest, arrival, arrive at/in, art, article, artist, as ( consider…as, look upon……as……, treat …as……, as/so…as……, as for/to…, as if/though), ascend/descend, ash, Asia, Asian, aside (aside from/apart from), ask (ask after, ask for, ask sb. to do sth,), asleep, aspect, assemble, assembly line, assert, assess, asset, assign(assign sb. to do sth.), assimilate, assist/aid, assistant, associate (associate sth. with sth., associate with),association/committee, assume/suppose, assure/insure/ensure/sure, astonish, astronaut, at( be good at, look at, at the age/speed/rate of, at home), atmosphere, attack, attach (be attached to), attempt, attend (a meeting/school/sb., attend to), attendance/presence, attention (pay attention to), attitude, attract, attractive, attribute (attribute…to …), audit, August, Australia, Australian, authentic/real/reliable, author, authority/power, automate, automatic, automobile, autumn/fall, available, avenue/street/road, average (on (an, the) average, to average three hours of work a day), avoid, await = wait for, awake =wake up (awake = sleepless), award, aware (be aware of……), away (put…… away, right away. ), awful/terrible, awkward (注意该词的几种词义)。

  B

  baby, back (back and forth, back up/support) , background, backwards, bacterium/bacteria, badly/very ( he was badly damaged.), balance, ban/bar, banana, band, bank, bankrupt, barely/hardly, bargain (a real bargain), base (be based on/upon), basic/fundamental, battery, battle, B.C. be, beach, beam ( a beam of), bear (注意该词的几种词义), bearing, beat, beautiful/beauty, because, become, go to bed, bee, beef, beer, before/after, beforehand/in advance, beg/bag, begin/start (+ doing/ to do sth. ), beginning, behalf ( on behalf of), behavior/conduct, behind/ in front of, belief, believe (believe in), belong (belong to), below/under/beneath, beneficial/favorable, benefit ( for the benefit of, benefit form), beside/besides = in addition, best (at best/ at least; at one‘s best, do/try one’s best, make the best of), better (be better off, had better do sth), between/among, beyond, bicycle, bid, big/great, bill (pay the bill), billion/million/trillion, biography, biological, bird, birth (give birth to, by birth), birthday, bit ( a bit of, bit by bit), bitter, black, blackboard, blame (blame sb. for sth.), blank, blanket, blend, blind, block ( a block of rock/ice/wood), blood, bloody, bloom, blue, board (on board), boat, body, boil (boil up), bold, bomb/blow up, bone, book (booking office), boom, boost/lift, border (border on/upon), boring/troublesome, born, borrow/lend, boss, both (both … and……), bother/trouble, bottle, bottom, bound (be bound for), boundary, box, boxing, boy, boyfriend, brain, branch/department, brand, brave, breach/break, bread, break (break away from, break down, break into, break out, break off, break through, break up), breakdown/ collapse, breakfast, breath (catch one‘s breath, hold one’s breath, out of breath), breathe, breed/ raise, bridge, brief ( in brief), briefly, bright/clever/ brilliant/intelligent, bring (bring about, bring forward, bring up), bring/take, Britain, British, broad, broadcast, brother, brush, budget, build, building, bulk/block, bullet, burden, burn (burn up), burst (burst into tears/laughter), bus, business, busy (be busy with), but/only ( but for), buy, by (by air/railway/sea/plane/bus; pass by, by the rule, a box five feet by six feet, by and by)

  C

  Cabin, cable, cafe, cake, calculate, calendar, call (call sb. call for, call off/cancel; call on sb.; call up), calm (calm down), calm/still, camera, campaign/champagne/champion, campus, can/container, Canada, Canadian, cancer, candidate, cap, capability/ability, capable (be capable of), capital, captain, car, carbon, card, cardinal/essential, care (care about, take care of), career, careful, careless, carrier, carry (carry on, carry out), cartoon, case ( in any case, in most cases, in case, in case of), cash, cast/throw, casual, cat, catch (catch up with, catch a cold, catch attention), cater (cater for ), cause, cautious/careful, cease/ stop, celebrate, cell, census, centennial, centigrade, central, center, century, certain, chain, chair/host, chairman, challenge, chance/opportunity (a chance to do sth.; by chance, take a/the chance), change, channel, character, characteristic (be characteristic of), charge ( in the charge of, take charge of, charge……with……), charming/attractive, cheap/expensive, cheat (cheat sb. of money), check (check in, check up), cheerful/pleasing, cheer (cheer up), chemical/physical, chemistry, cherish (hope/dreams/friendship), chief, child/children, childhood, childish, China/china, Chinese, choice, choose (choose sth. from/among sth. ), Christmas, chronic, church, cigarette, cinema, circle, circuit, circular/round, circulate, circumstance ( under/ in no circumstances), citizen, city, civil, claim, clash (clash with, a clash of views), class/category, classic/classical, classroom, classmate, clean, clear (clear away, clear up), clerk, clever, client, climate, climax/top, climb (climb up/down the hill), cling (cling to), clinic, clock, clockwise, close/open (close down, close season), cloth/clothes/clothing, cloud, cloudy, club, clue/hint, clumsy/awkward, coach, coal, coarse/rough, coast (along the coast), coat (coat the throat), code, coffee, coin, coincide (coincide with), cold (have/catch a cold), collar (white/blue/grey-collared), colleague, collect/gather, collective, college/university, colonial, color, colorful, column, combat/fight, combine/combination, come (come across, come out, come up, come up with ), comfort, comfortable, command/control, comment (comment on), commercial, commission, commit (mistakes/guilt), commitment, commodities/goods, common/average ( in common), communicate (communicate with), community, compact, companion, company/firm/concern/enterprise/corporation, comparative, compare (be compared with, be compared to), comparison (by comparison), compel/force, compensation, compensate, compete/contend (compete with/for), competence/ability, competition, complain (complain about), complaint, complex/complicated, complicate, comply (comply with), composition, component/part, comprehend/grasp, comprehension/understanding, comprehensive, comprise, compromise, compute/calculate, computer, comrade, conceal, conceive (an idea/a plan), concentrate (concentrate one‘s attention on……), concentration/focus, concept, concern (as far as …be concerned, be concerned about), concerning/about, concise/brief, conclude (the study concluded that…), condemn/blame( violence), condition (on condition that……), conference/meeting, confess, confident, confidential/secret, confine (be confined to), confirm, conflict/clash, conform (conform to/with) , confront (be confronted with/ be faced with), confuse, congress, connect (connect ……with……), conquer, conscious (be conscious of), consent (consent to/agree with), consequence/result (in consequence), consequently/therefore, conservative/conventional, consider…as…, considerable/considerate, consist (consist of, be made up of, be composed of), consistent, constant, constitute, constitution, construct, consult (consult ( with)…about…), consume, consumer/customer, consumption, contact (contact sb.; be in/out of contact with…), contain, contaminate, contemporary, contempt/look down on, contend/argue, content, continent, continue + doing, continuos, contract, contradict, contrary (contrary to, on the contrary), contrast (in contrast with, contrast with), contribute ( contribute to/lead to), control (out of control/under the control of), convenient, conversation, convert/change, convey/pass, convict (convict sb. of ……), convince (convince …of……, be convinced of……), cook, cool, cooperate, cope (cope with/handle/deal with), copy, corn, corner, correct, cost ( at the cost of), costly/expansive, cotton, could, count (count in/out), country, countryside, couple, courage, course (in the course of, of course), court, courteous/polite, cover (cover…with……), coverage, craft, crash/clash, crazy/mad, create (a bridge/a problem), creative, creature, credible/reliable, credit, crime, criminal, crisis, critic, critical/decisive/crucial, criticize, cross, crowd, crowded, cruel, cry, cultivate/plant, culture, cure, curious (be curious about), currency, current, curtain, custom (the Customs), cut (cut across, cut down, cut in, cut off, cut out), cycle.

  希望大家有时间能按照这个思路把重点的,基本的词汇进行展开复习,这样的复习一定会对我们最后的考试有所帮助(尤其是词汇题和完型填空题部分的解答)。

  以下是推荐的基本的,重点的单词。

  D

  Daily, damage, damp, dance, danger, dangerous, dare, dark, data/datum, date, daughter, day, dead (注意该词既可用作形容词,又可用作副词,且含义不同),deadline, deadly ((注意该词既可用作形容词,又可用作副词,且含义不同), deaf, deal, dean, dear, death, debate, debt, decade, deceit/cheat, December, decide, decision, decisive, declare, decrease, dedicate, deep/deeply, defeat, defect, defend, deficient, define, definite, defy, degree, delay, delete, deliberate, delicate, delicious, delighted, deliver, delivery, demand, demonstrate, dense, deny, department, departure, depend, dependent, depression, deprive, derive, descend, describe, desert (注意该词有两种词类,不同的词义),deserve, design, desire, desk, despite, destination, destroy, destruction, detail, detect, determine, develop, device, devise, devote, diagnose, diagnosis, dialogue, dictionary, die, diet, differ, difference, different, difficult, difficulty, dig, digest, digital, dilemma, diligent, dim, diminish, dinner, direct, direction, directly, director, dirt , dirty, disabled, disagree, disappear, disappointed, disaster, disc, discard, discipline, disclose, discourage, discover, discovery, discriminate, discuss, disease, dismiss, disorder, display, dispose, dispute, distance, distant, distinct, distinction, distinguish, distinguished, distract, distress, distribute, district, disturb, dive, diverse, divide, division, divorce, dizzy, do, doctor, document, dog, doll, dollar, domain, domestic, dominant, dominate, donate, door, dose, double, doubt, doubtful, down, downstairs, dozen, draft, drain, drainage, dramatic, draw, drawing, dreadful, dream, dress, drill, drink, drive, driver, drop, drought, drug, dry, due, dull, durable, during, dust, suty, dwell, dynamic

  E

  Each, eager, ear, early, earn, earnest, earnings, earth, earthquake, ease, easily, east, easy, eat, eccentric, economic/economical, economics, economy, edge, edit, educate, education, effect, effective, efficiency, efficient, effort, e.g., egg, Egypt, eight, eighteen, eighth, eighty, either, elaborate, elderly, election, electric, electrical, electricity, electronic, elegant, element, elementary, elephant, eleven, eligible, eliminate, else, elsewhere, e-mail, embarrass, embody, embrace, emerge, emergency, emotion, emphasis, emphasize, employ, employee, employer, employment, empty, enable, encounter, encourage, end, endanger, endeavor, endow, endure, enemy, energy, enforce, engage, engine, engineer, engineering, England, English, enhance, enjoy, enjoyable, enlarge, enlighten, enormous, enough, Enquirer/inquire, enrich, enroll, ensure, enter enterprise, entertain, enthusiasm, enthusiastic, entire, entitle, entrance, envelope, environment, equal, equally, equip, equipment, equivalent, erect, error, escape, especially, essay, essence, essential, establish, estate, esteem, estimate, eternal, Europe, European, evaluate, eve, even, evening, event, eventually, ever, every, everybody, everyday, everyone, everything, everywhere, evidence, evident, evil, evoke, evolve, exact, exactly, exam, examine, example, exceed, excellent, except, exception, exchange, excite, excited, exciting, exclude, excuse, executive, exercise, exert, exhaust, exhaustive, exhibit, exhibition, exist, existence, exit, expand, expansion, expect, expenditure, expensive, experience, experiment, expert, expire, explain, explode, exploit, exploitation, explosion, export, expose, express, expression, extend, extension, extensive, extent, external, extinct, extra, extract, extraordinary, extreme, extremely, eye

  F

  Fabric, face, facilitate, facility, fact, factor, factory, faculty, fail, failure, faint, fair, fairly, faith, faithful, fall, false, fame, familiar, family, famous, fan, fancy, fantastic, far, fare, farm, farmer, fascinate, fascinating, fashion, fashionable, fast, fasten, fat, fatal, father, fault, faulty, favor, favorable, favorite, fax, fear, feasible, feather, feature, February, federal, fee, feed, feel, feeling, fellow, female, fence, fertile, festival, fever, few, fiction, field, fierce, fifteen, fifty, fight, figure, file, fill, film, final, finally, financial, find, finding, fine (注意该词有两种词类,不同的词义), finger, fireman, firm, firmly, first, fish, fir, five, flat, flavor, flee, flexible, flight, float, flood, floor, flourish, flow, flower, flu, fluctuate, fluent, fluid, fly, focus, fog, follow, following, fond, food, foolish, foot, football, for, forbid, force, forecast, foreign, foreigner, foresee, forest, forever, forget, fork, form, formal, format, former, forth, fortunate, fortune, forty, forward, fossil, foster, found, foundation, four, fourteen, fourth, frame, France, frank, free, freedom, freely, freeze, French, frequency, frequent, fresh, Friday, fridge, friend, friendly, friendship, frighten, from, front, frontier, frown, fruit, frustrate, frustration, fuel, fulfill, full, fun, function, fund, fundamental, funny, fur, furious, furnish, furniture, further, furthermore, future.

  G

  Gain, game, gang, gap, garage, garden, gas, gasoline, gather, gay, gaze, gene, general, generally, generate, generation, generous, genius, gentle, genuine, gesture, get (注意该词的短语), giant, gift, give, glad, glance, glimpse, global, globe, go(注意该词的短语), goal, good, goods, gorgeous, govern, government, grace, graceful, gradual, graduate, grand, grant, grasp, grateful, grave, great, greedy, gross, ground, grow, growth, guard, guess, guidance, guilty, guilt

  H

  Habit, habitant, half, halt, hamper, hand (注意该词的短语), handful, handicap, handle, handsome, handy, happen, hard (注意该词的跨词类用法), hardly, hardship, harm, hardware, harness, harsh, harvest, hate, have, hazard, hazardous, head, heal, heath, healthy, hear, heart, heartily, heat, heavy, height, help, helpful, hence, here, hesitate, hide, high, highway, hinder, hint, hire, historic/historical, hit, hobby, hold (注意该词的短语), honest, honor, honorable, hopeful, horrible, horror, hospital, host, hostile, hot, housing, hour, how, however, huge, humid, humiliate, humorous, hunger, hungry, hunt, hurry, hurt

  I

  I, ice, idea, ideal, identical, identify, idle, if, ignorant, ignore, ill, illegal, illness, illustrate, image, imagination, imagine, immediate, immense, immigrate, immune, impact, impartial, impel, implicit, imply, import, importance, important, impossible, impression, improve, impress, impulse, in, incentive, incident, incline, include, income, increase, increasingly, incredible, indeed, independent, indicate, indication, indifferent, indirect, individual, indoors, induce, industrial, industrious, industry, inevitable, infancy, infect, infer, infinite, inflation, influence, inform, informal, information, ingredient, inhabitant, initial, injure, injury, inner, innocent, innovate, input, inquire, insect, inside, insight, insist, inspect, inspire, install, instance, instant, instead, instinct, instruction, instrument, insult, intelligence, intelligent, intend, intense, intensive, intention, interact, interest, interesting, interior, intermediate, internal, international, Internet, interrupt, interview, intimate, into, introduce, introduction, invade, invent, invest, investigation, investment, invite, involve, irritate, isolate, issue, Italian, Italy, item, itself, its.

  J

  Jack, jacket, jam, January, Japan, jet, job, joke, journal, journey, joy, judge, judgement, July, jump, June, junior, just ((注意该词的跨词类用法)), justice, justify

  K

  Keen, keep (注意该词的短语), key, keyboard, kick, kidney, kill, kind, kitchen, knife, knit, knock, know, knowledge

  L

  Lab, labor, lack, lag, land, landlord, landscape, language, large, largely, last, late, lately, later, latter, launch, law, lawful, lay, layer, lazy, lead, leader, leading, lean, learn, least, leave, lecture, left, legal, legend, leisure, lend, length, less, lesson, let (注意该词的短语), letter, level, liable, liberal, liberty, liberate, library, license, lie, life, lift, light, lighten, like, likelihood, likely, limitation, line, link, liquid, list, listen, literal, literally, literature, little, live (注意该词的短语), lively(注意该词是形容词), living, load, loan, local, located, lodge, logic, London, lonely, long, look (注意该词的短语), loose, lose, loss, lot, loud, love, lovely(注意该词是形容词), low, lower, loyal, lucky, luck, luggage, lunch, lung, luxury.

  M

  Machine, machinery, mad, magazine, magic, magical, magnetic, magnificent, mail, mainland, mainly, maintain, maintenance, major, majority, make(注意该词的短语), male, manage, management, manager, manipulate, mankind, manner, manual, manufacture, many, March, march, marginal, mark, market, marriage, marry, marvelous, mass, massive, master, match, material, mathematics, matter, mature, maximum, May, maybe, may, me, meal, mean, meaning, means, meantime, meanwhile, measure, mechanical, medical, medicine, medium, meet, meeting, member, memory, men, mend, mental, mention, menu, merchandise, mere, merely, merit, merge, mess, merry, message, metal, method, Mexican, mid, middle, might, mighty, migration, mild, mile, military, milk, million, mind, mineral, minimum, minor, minute, miracle, mirror, miserable, missing, mission, mistake, misunderstand, mix, mobile, mock, model, moderate, modern, modest, modify, moment, Monday, money, monitor, month, monthly, mood, moon, moral, more, moreover, morning, most, mostly, mother, motherland, motive, mount, mountain, mouth, move, movement, much, multiple, murder, muscle, museum, music, musical, must, mutual, myself, mysterious.

  N

  Naked, name, namely, narrow, nation, national, native, natural, naturally, nature, naughty, near, nearby, nearly, neat, necessarily, necessary, need, negative, neglect, neighbor, neither, nervous, net, network, never, nevertheless, new, news, newly, newspaper, nest, nice, night, no, nobody, noise, nosy, none, nor, normal, normally, north, notable, note, noted, nothing, notice, notify, noticeable, novel, November, now, nowadays, nuclear, number, numerous, nurse, nut.

  O

  Obey, object, objective, obligation, observe, obstacle, obtain, obvious, occasion, occasional, occupy, occupation, occur, ocean, October, odd, of, off, offend, offer, office, official, often, old, on, once, one, oneself, ongoing, only, open, openly, operate, operation, opinion, opportunity, opposite, optimistic, option, orange, order, ordinary, organ, organization, organize, origin, original, other, otherwise, ought, outcome, outer, outline, output, outlook, outside, outstanding, over, overall, overcome, overtime, owing, own, owner, oxygen.

  P

  Pacific, package, pack, page, pain, painful, paint, painting, pair, palace, pale, panic, paper, parcel, parent, park (注意该词的跨词类用法),part, participate, particle, particular, particularly, partly, party, pass, passenger, passion, passive, past, pastime, patience, patient, pattern, pave, pay(注意该词的短语), payment, peace, peak, people, per, perceive, percent, percentage. Perfect, perfectly, perform, perhaps, period, permanent, personal, personally, persuade, phrase, phenomenon, phone, phrase, physical, pick, picture, piece, pill, pilot, pipe, pity, place, plain, plan, planet, plant, play, plead, pleasant, pleasing, pleasure, plus, pocket, poem, point, poisonous, police, policy, polish, polite, politics, pollute, pollution, poor, pop, popular, population, port, portion, pose, position, positive, possess, possibility, possible, possibly, post, postpone, potential, pound, poverty, power, powerful, practical, practice, praise, precede, precious, precise, predict, prefer, preference, pregnant, prepare, prescribe, presence, present(注意该词的跨词类用法), presently, preserve, president, press, pressure, pretend, pretty (注意该词的跨词类用法), prevail, prevent, previous, price, pride, primary, prime, primitive, principle, print, prior, private, prize, probable, probably, probe, problem, proceed, process, produce, product, productive, profession, profit, profitable, profound, program, progress, project, prolong, promise, promising, promote, prompt, prone, pronounce, proof, proper, property, proportion, propose, proposal, prospect, protect, protection, protest, prove, protest, prove, provide, provoke, psychological, public, publicly, publish, pull (注意该词的短语) , punish, pure, purely, purpose, pursue, pursuit, push, put (注意该词的短语) , puzzle

  Q

  Qualify, quality, quantity, quarrel, quarter, question, quick, quickly, quiet, quietly, quit, quite, quote

  R

  Race, racial, radical, radio, rage, railway, rain, rainy, raise, ramble, random, range, ranger, rank, rape, rapid, rapidly, rarely, rate, rather, ratio, rational, raw, reach, react, reaction, read, readily, reading, ready, real, realistic, reality, realize, really, reason, reasonable, recall, receive, recent, recently, reckon, recognize, recommend, record, recorder, recover, recovery, recreation, recycle, red, reduce, reduction, redundant, refer, reference, reflect, reform, refuse, refusal, regain, refresh, regard, regardless, region, register, regret, regular, regularly, regulation, reinforce, reject, rejection, relate (注意该词的词义), relation, relative/related, relax, release, relevant, reliable, relief, relieve, religion, reluctant, rely, remain, remark, remarkable, remedy, remember, remind, remote, remove, render, renew, rent, repair, repeat, repeatedly, replace, replacement, reply, report, represent, representative, reputation, request, require, rescue, research, reserve, resemble, resident, resign, resist, resolve, resort, resource, respect, respective, respond, response, responsible, rest (注意该词的跨词类用法), restore, restrain, result, resume, retail, retain, retire, retirement, return, reveal, review, revive, revolution, reward, rewarding, rid, ride, ridiculous, right (注意该词的跨词类用法), right-handed, ring, rise, risk, risky, rival, river, rock (注意该词的跨词类用法), rocket, romantic, room (注意该词的词义), root, rope, rough, roughly, round, rubber, rubbish, rude, ruin, rule, run, rural, rush

  S

  Sacrifice, sad, safe, safeguard, safely, safety, sake, salary, sale, salt, same, sample, sand (注意该词单复数的词义差异), satellite, satisfactory, satisfy, satisfying, save, savings, say, saying, scale, scarcely/hardly/seldom/rarely, scatter, scene, scenery, schedule, scheme, scholarship, science, scientific, scold, score, Scotland, scream, screen, seal, search, season, seat, second, secondary, secondly, secretary, section, secure, see(注意该词的短语) , seek, seem, seize, select, self, selfish, send, senior, sense, sensible/ sensitive, sentence, separate, September, series, serious, seriously, serve, service, set (注意该词的短语), setback, settle, settlement, severe, severely, sexual, shake, shall, shallow, shame, shape, share, sharp, sharply, sheer, shift, shine, shock, shoot, shop, shopping, short, shortage, shortcoming, shorten, should, shout, show, shrink, shut, ,shy, sick, side, sight, sign, signal, significant, silence, silly, similar, similarly, simple, simple, since, sincere, Singapore, single, sink, sit, site, situation, size, skill, skilled, skillful, skin, sky, sleep, sleepy, slide, slight, slightly, slow, small, smart, smell, smile, smoke, smoker, smooth, smoothly, snake, snow, snowy, so, so-called, soccer, social, society, soft, soften, software, soil, sole, solid, solution, solve, some (注意该词的用法), somehow, something, sometime, sometimes, somewhere, song, soon, sorrow, sorry, sort, soul, sound(注意该词的跨词类用法), soup, source, south, space, spacious, Spain, Spanish, spare, speak, special, specialist, specially, species, specific, speculate, speech, speed, spend, spirit, spite, splendid, split, spoil (注意该词的用法), spoken, spokesman, sport, spot (注意该词的用法), spread, spring, spur, stable, staff, stage, stand(注意该词的短语), standard, stare, start, state (注意该词的用法), statement, status, stay, steady, steal, steam, steel, step, stick, stiff, still, stimulate, stir, stock, stop, storage, store, straight, strange, stranger, strategy, strength, strengthen, stress, strict, strictly, strike, striking, strong, strongly, structure, struggle, student, study, stuff, sturdy, stupid, style, subject, subjective, submit, substance, substantial, substitute, subtle, suburb, succeed, success, successful/successive, such, suffer, suffering, sufficient, suggest, suit, suitable, sum, summit, sunny, super, superior, supermarket, supervise, supply, support, suppose, sure, surface, surpass, surprising, surrounding, survey, survive, suspect, sweet, symbol, sympathetic, symptom, system.

  T

  take(注意该词的短语), takeover, talented, talk, target, task, taste, teach, teaching, team, tear(注意该词的跨词类用法), tease, technical, technology, telephone, tell, temperature, temporary, tempt, tend, tendency, tension, terrible, terrific, territory, textile, than, that, theft, theory, therefore, thick, thin, thing, think, thirsty, thorough, thought, threat, threaten, through, throw, thus, tidy, tight, tightly, time, timetable, tiny, tired, title, to, tolerant, top, topic, total, totally, touch, tough, tour, tourism, track, trade, traditional, traffic, train, transfer, transform, transport, travel, treasure, treat, treatment, trend, trip, trouble, true, truly, trust, try, turn (注意该词的短语), twice, twin, type.

  U

  Ugly, ultimate, unable, under, understand, undertake, undoubtedly, unexpectedly, unfair, union, unique, unite, universal, university, unless, unlike, unlikely, until, up, upset, urban, urgent, usage, use, used, useful, useless, usual, usually, utilize, utterly.

  V

  Vacant, vacation, vague, valid, vain, valuable, vanish, variety, various, vary, vast, vehicle, venture, verge, very, via, victim, victory, view, violate, violence, violent, virtually, virtue, virus, visible, visit, visual, voice, voluntary, vote

  W

  Wage, wait, wake, walk, wall, wander, want, warm, warn, warning, waste, watch, water, way, weak, wealthy, wear, weary, weather, weave, wedding, weakly, weight, welcome, well, what, whatever, when, where, whereas, wherever, whether, which, while, white, whole, wholly, whom, whose, why, wide, widen, widespread, wild, wildlife, will, willing, win, wind, windy, wipe, wise, wish, with, withdraw, within, without, witness, woman, wonder, wonderful, wood, wooden, word, work(注意该词单复数的词义差异) , world, worldwide, worry, worried, worse, worth, would, write, wrong

  X

  x-ray

  Y

  Yard, year, yellow, yesterday, yield, young, youngster, yours, yourth

  Z

  Zero, zone, zoo

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