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06职称英语模拟题卫生B 第一套

2005-12-09 00:00   来源:       我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

    第一部分:词汇选择(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)

    下面共有15个句子,每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    1. The room was furnished with the simplest essentials, a bed, a chair, and a table.

    A)supplied B) gathered

    C)grasped D)made

    2. The local government decided to merge the two firms into a big one.

    A)motivate B) combine

    C)compact D)nominate

    3. He emphasized a feasible plan which can be accepted by the both sides.

    A)favorable B) possible

    C)formal D)genuine

    4. When does the next train depart?

    A)pull up B) pull down

    C)pull out D)pull in

    5. Because administering the whole company, he sometimes has to work around the clock.

    A)adjusting B) evaluating

    C)engaging D)managing

    6.We have to ask them to quit talking in order that all people present could hear us clearly.

    A) decrease B)cease

    C) continue D)keep

    7.The Klondike was the scene of one of the biggest gold rushes the world has ever known.

    A) location B)view

    C) event D)landscape

    8. She has been the subject of massive media coverage.

    A) extensive B) negative

    C) expensive D)active

    9.The conference explored the possibility of closer trade links.

    A) rejected B) investigated

    C)proposed D)postponed

    10. The sea was calm and still.

    A) quite B)quiet

    C) yet D)rough

    11. In a bullfight, it is the movement, not the color, of objects that arouses the bull.

    A) confuses B)excites

    C) scares D)satisfies

    12. The committee comprises five persons.

    A) absorbs B)concerns

    A) excludes D)involves

    13. All the people assembled at Mary's house.

    A) collected B)fixed

    C) asserted D)assist

    14. We derive knowledge mainly from books

    A)deprive B) obtain

    C) descend D)trace

    15.We all consider him a man of dynamic personalities.

    A)dangerous B) doubtful

    C)active D)easy

    第二部分:阅读判断(每题1分,共七分)

    阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了七个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑

    Continuing Medical Education

    There is increasing recognition of the need for health workers to continue their education throughout their careers. Not only do health workers themselves wish to improve their own skills and competence, but the introduction of new techniques and equipment and the changes taking place in health needs and health care policies necessitate continued training. The phrase "health care" is intended to mean not just curative treatment for the sick but the whole range of provision for promoting health and preventing disease.

    In virtually every situation some response to this need has been made, so continuing education does take place -- even though it may in many instances be ineffective or insufficient. Continuing education may be initiated by the health workers themselves, by their supervisors, by the managers of the health system, or by other agencies such as professional associations, publishers, and drug companies The form of the continuing education may be written materials (journals, books, advertisements), meetings, courses, supervisory visits, or a variety of other methods.

    With this diversity of approach it is not surprising that the effectiveness of the continuing education should be variable. So it is natural that in many countries there is concern that more continuing education should be provided and that it should be more effective.

    The approach suggested that to achieve this aim is to develop a "system" of continuing education. This term needs some explanation as it is capable of being interpreted in many ways. A system is not the same thing as an organization that provides continuing education. It is much more than that. It is the sum of the educational activities, the organizational structure that supports and manages those activities, the management, and the external agencies involved in the provision of health care. The system should comprise a nationwide coordinated program in which technology and resources are optimally used.

    1. Health workers themselves are aware of the importance of continued training.

    A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

    2. Health needs and health care policies always remain constant

    A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

    3. The phrase "health care" means more than curative treatment for the sick.

    A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

    4. Continuing medical education is particularly ineffective in developing countries.

    A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

    5. Written materials constitute the best form of continuing medical education.

    A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

    6. More effective continuing medical education is called for in many countries.

    A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

    7. A "system" of continuing education functions in the same way as an organization that provides continuing education.

    A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

    第三部分:概括大意与完成句子 (每题1分,共8分)

    阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    Successful Language Learners

    Some people seem to have a knack for learning languages. They can pick up new vocabulary, master rules or grammar, and learn to write in the new language more quickly than others. They do not seem to be any more intelligent than others, so what makes language learning so much easier for them? Perhaps if we take a close look at these successful language learners, we may discover a few of the techniques that make language easier for them.

    First of all, successful language learners are independent learners. They do not depend on the book or the teacher; they discover their own way to learn the language. Instead of waiting for the teacher to explain, they try to find the patterns and the rules for themselves. They are good guessers who look for clues and form their own conclusions. When they guess wrong, they guess again. They try to learn from mistakes.

    Successful language learning is active learning. Therefore, successful learners do not wait for a chance to use the language; they look for such a chance. They find people who speak the language and they ask these people to correct them when they make a mistake. They will try anything to communicate. They are not afraid to repeat what they hear or to say strange things; they are willing to make mistakes and try again. When communication is difficult, they can accept information that is inexact or incomplete. It is more important for them to learn to think in the language than to know the meaning of every world.

    Finally, successful language learners are learners with a purpose. They want to learn the language because they are interested in the language and the people who speak it. It is necessary for them to learn the language in order to communicate with these people and to learn from them. They find it easy to practice using the language regularly because they want to learn with it.

    What kind of language learner are you? If you are a successful language learner, you have probably been learning independently, actively, and purposefully. On the other hand, if your language learning has been less than successful, you might as well try some of the techniques outlined above.

    Questions:

    1. Paragragh1_____________.

    2. Paragragh2_____________.

    3. Paragragh3_____________.

    4. Paragragh4_____________.

    A. Ways to learn a language Successfully

    B. Learning to Language Purposefully

    C. Learning a Language Actively

    D. Learning a Language Independently

    E. Learning from Mistakes

    F. Learning to Think in the Target Language

    5. Successful language learners derive conclusions _____________.

    6. Independent language learners relay on themselves _____________.

    7. Active language learners seize every opportunity _____________.

    8. The author wrote this text _____________.

    A. to discover sentence patterns and grammatical rules

    B. to expand vocabulary

    C. to use the target language

    D. to encourage unsuccessful language learners to learn independently, actively and purposely

    E. from clues

    F. to say strange things

    第四部分:阅读理解(每题3分,共45分)

    下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    第1篇

    Goal of American Education

    Education is all enormous and expensive part of American life. Its size is matched by its variety.

    Differences in American schools compared with those found in the majority of other countries lie in the fact that education here has long been intended for everyone—not just for a privileged elite.Schools ale expected to meet the needs of every child, regardless of ability, and also the needs of society itself.This means that public schools offer more than academic subjects. It surprises many people when t11ey come here to find high schools offering such courses as typing,sewing, radio repair, computer programming or driver training, along with traditional academic subjects such as mathematics, history, and languages. Students choose their curricula depending on their interests, future goals, and level of ability. The underlying goal of American education is to develop every child to the utmost of his or her own possibilities, and to give each one a sense of civic and community consciousness.

    Schools have traditionally played an important role in creating national unity and "Americanizing" the millions of immigrants who have poured into this country from many different backgrounds and origins.Schools still play a large role in the community,especially in the smalltowns. The approach to teaching may seem unfamiliar to many,not only because it is informal, but also because there is not much emphasis on learning facts. Instead, Americans try to teach their children toⅡ1ink for themselves and to develop their own intellectual and creative abilities. Students spend much time, learning how to use resource materials libraries,statistics and computers. Americans believe that if children are taught to reason well and to research well, they will be able to find whatever facts they need throughout the rest of their lives. Knowing how to solve problems is considered more important than the accumulation of facts.

    This is America's answer to the searching question that thoughtful parents all over the world are asking themselves in the fast-moving time: "How Can one prepare today's child for a tomorrow that one can neither predict nor understand?"

    词汇:

    privileged adj.享有特权的

    elite n.精英,精华

    academic adj.学术的

    curricula n.课程

    underlying adj.潜在的

    reason v.推理

    练习:

    1.Which of the following best states the goal of American education?

    A)To teach every learner some practical skills.

    B)To provide every learner with rich knowledge.

    C)To give every student the opportunity to fully develop his/her ability.

    D)To train every student to be a responsible citizen.

    2.It is implied in the passage that_______.

    A)all high-school students take the same courses.

    B)every high school student must take some practical ability training courses.

    C)every public school offers the same academic subjects.

    D)the subjects every student takes may vary.

    3.American schools place great emphasis on the learner's__________.

    A)enrichment of knowledge.

    B)accumulation of facts.

    C)acquisition of the ability to be creative.

    D)acquisition of the ability to work with his hands.

    4.According to the passage, American education meets the needs of all the following EXCEPT______.

    A)the brightest students.

    B)the slow students. C)the students from foreign countries.

    D)the immigrants.

    5. Which of the following best states the feature of American education that makes it different from education in other countries?

    A)The large number of its schools.

    B)The variety of the courses offered in its schools.

    C)Its special consideration given to immigrants.

    D)Its underlying goal to develop every child's abilities to the fullest extent

    第2篇

    Ford Abandons Electric Vehicles

    The Ford motor company's abandonment of electric cars effectively signals the end of the road for the technology, analysts say.

    General Motors and Honda ceased production of battery powered cars in 1999, to focus on fuel cell and hybrid electric gasoline engines, which are more attractive to the consumer. Ford has now announced it will do the same.

    Three years ago, the company introduced the Think City two—seater car and a golf cart called the THINK, or Think Neighbor. It hoped to sell 5,000 cars each year and 10,000 carts. But a lack of demand means only about l,000 of the cars have been produced,and less than 1,700 carts have been sold so far in 2002.

    "The bottom line is we don't believe that this is the future of environment transport for the mass market." Tim Holmes of Ford Europe said on Friday. "We feel we have given electric our best shot."

    The Think City has a range of only about 53 miles and up to a six-hour battery recharge time. General Motors EVI electric vehicle also had a limited range of about 100 miles.

    The very expensive batteries also mean electric cars cost much more than petrol-powered alternatives. An electric Toyot~RAV4 EV vehicle costs over$42,000 in the US, compared with just $17,000 for the petrol version. Toyota and Nissan…are now the only major automanufacturers to produce electric vehicles.

    "There is a feeling that battery electric has been given its chance. Ford now has to move on with its hybrid program, and that is what we will be judging them on," Roger Higman, a senior transport campaigner at UK Friends of the Earth, told the Environment News Service.

    Hybrid cars introduced by Toyota and Honda in the past few years have sold well. Hybrid engines Offer Greater mileage than petrol—only engines, and the batteries recharge themselves. Ford says it thinks such vehicles will help it meet planned new guidelines "on vehicle emissions" in the U.S.

    However, it is not yet clear exactly what those guidelines will permit. In June, General Motors and Daimler Chrysler won a court injunction, delaying by two years Californian legislation requiring car—makers to offer 100,000 zero-emission and other low—emission vehicles in the state by 2003. Car manufacturers hope the legislation will be rewritten to allow for more low--emission, rather than zero—emission, vehicles.

    1. What have the Ford motor company. General Motor's and Honda done concerning electric cars?

    A)They have started to produce electric cars.

    B)They have done extensive research on electric Cars

    C They have given up producing electric cars.

    D)They have produced thousands of electric Cars

    2. According to Tim Holmes of Ford Europe, battery-powered cars___________.

    A)will be the main transportation vehicles in the future

    B1 will not be the main transportation vehicles in the future.

    C)will be good to the environment in the future

    D)will replace petrol—powered vehicles in the future.

    3. Which auto manufacturers are still producing electric vehicles?

    A)Toyota and Nissan

    B)General Motor's and Honda

    C)Ford and Toyota

    D)Honda and Toyota

    4.According to the eighth paragraph, hybrid cars_______.

    A)offer fewer mileage than petrol driven cars

    B)run faster than petrol driven cars

    C)run more miles than petrol driven cars

    D)offer more batteries than petrol driven cars

    5.Which of the following is true about the hope of car manufacturers according to the last paragraph?

    A)Low-emission cars should be banned.

    B)Only zero-emission cars are allowed to run on motorways.

    C)The legislation will encourage car makers to produce more electric cars.

    D)The legislation will allow more 10w emission to be produced.

    第3篇

    In-line Skating and Injuries

    Increasing number of children are taking up in-line skating, and it is those new skaters who are most at risk for injuries, according to a statement from an American research institute.

    Some 17.7 million people younger than age 18 participated in the sport in the US in 1996, a 24% increase over the previous year.

    Also in 1996, in-line skating injuries sent 76,000 skaters under the age of 21 to the emergency room. Inexperienced skaters accounted for 14% of all injuries requiring treatment.

    The most common reasons for injuries were losing one's balance due to road debris, being unable to stop, out-of-control speeding, or falls while doing a trick.

    One third of skating injuries are to the wrist, and two thirds of wrist injuries are fractures. Wearing wrist guards could reduce the number of these injuries by an estimated 87%, according to the AAP.

    Likewise, elbow pads could reduce elbow injuries by 82%, and knee pads could reduce the number of knee injuries by 32%, advise the experts.

    Helmet used by young skaters is required by law in New York and Oregon, and the research institute also recommends that young skaters wear a bicycle helmet or a similar approved sports helmet.

    The age at which children are ready to use in 1ine skates depends upon a number of conditions, including the child's foot size and body strength, general athletic ability and muscle coordination, and the ability to judge traffic and pay attention to the condition of the skating surface ahead, the expels advise.

    The most dangerous skating practice, called 'truck—surfing', involves skating while holding onto a moving vehicle.Few skaters have fatal injuries, but 31 out of 36 deaths reported since 1992 involved being knocked down by a motor vehicle, according to data from the US Consumer Product Safety Commission.

    词汇:

    inexperienced /adj.缺乏经

    helmet/n.防护帽,帽盔验的,不熟练的

    skate/n.冰鞋,四轮溜冰鞋,旱冰鞋

    debris/n.垃圾,碎片

    athletic/adj.运动的,体育的

    fracture/n.骨折,破裂,折断

    muscle/n.肌肉

    pad/n.垫,衬垫,护垫

    1.How many people took part in in-line skating in the US in 1995?

    A)About 17.7 million.

    B)More than 17.7 million.

    C) Fewer than 17.7 million.

    D)Exactly 17.7 million.

    2.Which of the following is NOT mentioned as one of the most common reasons for injuries?

    A)Skating with wrist and elbow wounds.

    B)Losing one's balance due to road debris.

    C)Being unable to stop due to high speed.

    D)Falling down when doing a trick.

    3.What are the things experts might NOT advise youngsters to wear?

    A)Wrist guards.

    B)Elbow and knee pads.

    C)Helmets of some kind.

    D)Boots and thick clothes.

    4."Truck-surfing" means_____

    A)skating inside a truck while it is moving.

    B)skating while holding onto a moving truck.

    C)skating at a speed faster than a truck.

    D)skating at the end of a moving truck.

    5.According to the last paragraph, bumping with a motor vehicle took up _______deaths reported since 1992.

    A)over 80%

    B)below 80%

    C)about 31%

    D)about 36%

    第五部分:补全短文(每题2分,共10分)

    阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放会文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置。

    Why do people shrink?

    Did you ever see the movie Honey, I shrunk the kids? It's about a wacky dad (who's also a scientist) who accidentally shrinks his kids with his homemade miniaturizing invention. Oops! ____1____.

    For older people, shrinking isn't that dramatic or sudden at all. It takes place over years and may add up to only one inch or so off of their adult height (maybe a little more, maybe less), and this kind of shrinking can't be magically reversed, although there are things that can be done to stop it or slow it down. ___2___.

    There are a few reasons. As people get older, they generally lose some muscle and fat from their bodies as part of the natural aging process. Gravity (the force that keeps your feet on the ground) take hold, and the bones in the spine, called vertebrae, may break down or degenerate, and start to collapse into one another. ___3___. But perhaps the most common reason why some older people shrink is because of osteoporosis.

    Osteoporosis occurs when too much spongy bone tissue (which is found inside of most bones) is broken down and not enough new bone material is made. ___4___. Bones become smaller and weaker and can easily break if someone with osteoporosis is injured. Older people --especially women, who generally have smaller and lighter bones to begin with -- are more likely to develop osteoporosis. As years go by, a person with osteoporosis shrinks a little bit.

    Did you know that every day you do a shrinking act? You aren't as tall at the end of the day as you are at the beginning. That's because as the day goes on, water in the disks of the spine gets compressed (squeezed) due to gravity, making you just a tiny bit shorter. Don't worry, though. ___5___.

    A. They end up pressing closer together, which makes a person lose a little height and become shorter.

    B. Once you get a good night's rest, your body recovers, and the next morning, you're standing tall again.

    C. Over time, bone is said to be lost because it's not being replaced.

    D. Luckily, there are things that people can do to prevent shrinking.

    E. The kids spend the rest of the movie as tiny people who are barely visible while trying to get back to their normal size.

    F. But why does shrinking happen at all?

    第六部分:完型填空 (每题1分,共15分)

    阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,并涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    One Good Reason to Let Smallpox Live

    It's now a fair bet that we will never see the total extinction of the smallpox virus. The idea was to cap the glorious achievement of 1980, when smallpox was eradicated in the wild, by destroying the killer virus in the last two labs that are supposed to have it -- one in the US and one in Russia? If smallpox had truly gone from the planet, what point Was there in keeping these reserves?

    __1__reality, of course, it was naive to __2 __ that everyone would let __3__ of such a potent potential weapon. Undoubtedly several nations still have__4__ vials. __5__ the last "official" stocks of live virus bred mistrust of the US and Russia,__6__ no obvious gain.

    Now American researchers have __7__ an animal model of the human disease, opening the __8__for tests on new treatments and vaccines. So once again there's a good reason to__9__ the virus--just in __10__ the disease puts in a reappearance.

    How do we __11__ with the mistrust of the US and Russia? __12__. Keep the virus __13__ international auspices in a well-guarded UN laboratory that's open to all countries. The US will object, of course, just as it rejects a multilateral approach to just about everything. But it doesn't __14__the idea is wrong. If the virus __15__ useful, then let's make it the servant of all humanity——not just a part of it.

    词汇:

    smallpox n.天花

    vial n.小瓶

    auspices n.赞助;支持

    cap vt.结束;覆盖

    potent adj.有效力的;强有力的

    mistrust n.不信任,怀疑

    1. A) In B) On C) At D)For

    2. A)know B) imagine C) realize D)be aware

    3. A)to go B) going C) go D) went

    4. A) much B) more C) most D) a few

    5. A)And B) While C) Whereas D) Although

    6. A)since B) for C) because D) of

    7. A)looked for B) sought

    C) found D) talked about

    8. A)method B) road C) street D) way

    9. A)keep B) put C) destroy D) eradicate

    10.A)need B) case C) necessity D) time

    11.A)handle B) tackle C)deal D) treat

    12.A) Difficult B) Hard C) Safe D) Simple

    13.A) under B) in C) on D) for

    14.A)say B) mean C) state D) declare

    15.A) will be B) would be C) is D) are

    2006年职称英语考试模拟题卫生B(第一套)答案及解析

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