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06职称英语模拟题卫生C 第三套

2005-12-13 00:00   来源:       我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

    第一部分:词汇选择(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)

    下面共有15句子,每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    1 There's no fun in spending the whole evening playing cards.

    A enjoyment B strength C temper D excitement

    2 On Thanksgiving in the United States, families gather and give thanks for the blessing (祝福) of the past year.

    A pick up B come together C compete D correspond

    3.In Tom's eyes, the restaurant at the corner of the street is a very smart one.

    A clever B elegant C loyal D brave

    4. He was said to have been removed from the position of manager for a recent conflict with an important customer.

    A dismissed B released C picked D exposed

    5 I don't feel secure when I am alone in the house.

    A safe B pretty C distant D obvious

    6 Swedish is the native language of most Swedes.

    A natural B home C mother D ancient

    7 Ms Hawkins handles the company's accounts.

    A deals with B deals in C holds on D holds out

    8 I reserve the right to disagree.

    A deserve B keep C perceive D notice

    9 The solid facts he provided in his speech left a deep impression on his audience.

    A strong B entire C reliable D hard

    10 We can't take more than 100 guests.

    A hold B set C let D catch

    11 My sister has a talent for music.

    A interest B limitation C dream D gift

    12 The city was literally destroyed.

    A word-for-word B eventually C actually D likely

    13 It is very late; hence you must go to bed.

    A from now on B later C elsewhere D thus

    14 This book embraces many subjects.

    A adopts B covers C presses D accepts

    15 He is sure of the coming of investment boom after adopting the new investment policies.

    A decrease B increase C influence D preparation

    第二部分:阅读判断(每题1分,共七分)

    阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了七个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑。

    Most Adults in U. S. Have Low Risk of Heart Disease

    More than 80 percent of US adults have a less than l O-percent risk of developing heart disease in the next 10 years, according to a report in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Just 3 percent have a risk that exceeds 20 percent.

    “I hope that these numbers will give physicians, researchers, health policy analysts, and others a better idea of how coronary heart disease is distributed in the US population.” lead author Dr. Earl S. Ford, from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, said in a statement.

    The findings are based on analysis of data from 13, 769 subjects, between 20 and 79 years of age, who participated in the 1nbjrd National Health and Nutrition Exanimation Survey from 1988 to 1994.

    Overall, 82 percent of adults had a risk of less than 10 percent, 15 percent had a risk that fell between 1 0 to 20 percent. and 3 percent had a risk above 20 percent.

    The proportion of subjects in the highest risk group increased with advancing age, and men were more likely than women to be in this group. By contrast, race or ethnicity had little effect on risk distributions.

    Although the report suggests that most adults have a low 10一year risk of heart disease, a large proportion have a high or immediate risk, Dr. Daniel S. Berman, from Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, and Dr. Nathan D. Wong, from the University of California at Irvine, note in a related editorial.

    Aggressive treatment measures and public health strategies are needed to shift the overall population risk downward, they add.

    练习:

    1. The 10-year risk of heart disease is low for most US adults.

    A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

    2.Only 3 percent of US adults have a more than 10 percent 10-year risk of heart disease.

    A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

    3.More than 100thousandpeopleparticipatedinthe survey.

    A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

    4.There was a greater proportion of men than women in the survey.

    A Right Wrong C Not mentioned

    5.The distributions of the risk of heart disease are closely related to race.

    A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

    6.Elderly people have a higher risk of heart disease than younger people.

    A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

    7.The US government will take measures to reduce the overall population risk.

    A Right B Wrong C. Not mentioned

    第三部分:概括大意与完成句子(每题1分,共8分)

    阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    Many Benefits from Cancer Organization

    1.Do you know a child who survived leukemia? Do you have a mother, sister or aunt whose breast cancer was found early thanks to a mammogram? Do you have a friend or coworker who quit smoking to reduce their risk of lung cancer? Each of these individuals benefited from the American Cancer Society‘s research program.

    2.Each day scientists supported by the American Cancer Society work to find breakthroughs that will take US one step closer to a cure. The American Cancer Society has long recognized that research holds the ultimate answers to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of cancer.

    3.As the largest source of nonprofit cancer research funds in the United States, the American Cancer Society devotes over$100 million each year to research. Since 1946, they‘ve invested more than$2.4 billion in research. The investment has paid rich dividends. In 1946, only one in four cancer patients was alive five years after diagnosis; today 60 percent live longer than five years.

    4. Investigators and health professionals in universities, research institutes and hospitals throughout the country receive grants from the American Cancer Society. Of the more than 1,300 new applications received each year, only 11 percent can be funded. If the American Cancer Society had more money available for research funding, nearly 200 more applications considered outstanding could be funded each year?

    5.You can help fund more of these applications by participating in the American Cancer Society Relay for Life, a team event to fight cancer. More funding means more cancer breakthroughs and more lives being saved. To learn more, call Donna Hood, chair with the Neosho Relay for Life of the American Cancer Society at 451—4880.

    leukemia n. 白血病

    breast n. 胸部,乳房

    mammogram n. 乳房X线照片

    relay n. 接力

    nonprofit adj. 非营利的、

    dividend n. 回报, 效益

    coworker n. 一起工作的人, 同事

    1. Paragraph 2 ___.

    2. Paragraph 3 ___.

    3. Paragraph 4 ___.

    4. Paragraph 5 ___.

    A What Could Be Done with More Money

    B Establishment of the American Cancer Society

    C Significance of Funded Research

    D Other Sources of Funding for Cancer Research

    E Benefits Achieved Through Investment

    F How You Can offer Help

    5. The American Cancer Society‘s research program has benefited___.

    6. The survival period for 60% of Cancer patients today is___.

    7.Many outstanding applications are turned down each year for___.

    8.More cancer breakthroughs can be made with___.

    A.Lack of funding

    B.Many cancer patients

    C.More lives being saved

    D.More than five years

    E.The ultimate answers

    F.More funding

    第四部分:阅读理解(每题3分,共45分)

    下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    第1篇

    A Miracle Cancer cure

    Unless you have gone through the experience yourself, or watched a loved one‘s struggle, you really have no idea just how desperate cancer can make you. You pray, you rage, you bargain with God, but most of all you clutch at any hope, no matter how remote, of a second chance at life.

    For a few excited days last week, however, it seemed as if the whole world was a cancer patient and that all humankind had been granted a reprieve. Triggered by a front-page medical news story in the usually reserved New York Times, all anybody was talking about – on the radio, on television, on the Internet, in phone calls to friends and relatives – was the report that a combination of two new drugs could, as the Times put it, cure cancer in two years.

    In a matter of hours patients had jammed their doctors‘ phone lines begging for a chance to test the miracle cancer cure. Cancer scientists raced to the phones and fax lines to make sure everyone knew about their research too, generating a new round of headlines.

    The time certainly seemed ripe for a breakthrough in cancer. Only last month scientists at the National Cancer Institute announced that they were halting a clinical trial of a drug called tamoxifen – and offering it to patients getting the placebo – because it had proved so effective at preventing breast cancer (although it also seemed to increase the risk of uterine cancer). Two weeks later came the New York Times‘ report that two new drugs can shrink tumors of every variety without any side effects whatsoever.

    It all seemed too good to be true, and of course it was. There are no miracle cancer drugs, at least not yet. At this stage all the drug manufacturer can offer is some very interesting molecules, and the only cancers they have cures so far have been in mice. By the middle of last week, even the most breathless TV talk-show hosts had learned what every scientist already knew: that curing a disease in lab animals is not the same as doing it in humans. “The history of cancer research has been a history of curing cancers in the mouse,” Dr. Richard Klausner, head of the National Cancer Institute, told the Los Angles Times. “We have cured mice of cancer for decades – and it simply didn‘t work in people.”

    1.The first paragraph describes people‘s ___ after they know they or their loved ones have cancer.

    A. complex feelings

    B. desire to live long

    C. hatred of God

    D. love of their family

    2. What caused all the people to talk about cancer?

    A. New York Times published a medical news story

    B. Radio broadcast a medical news story

    C. TV showed a film about cancer

    D. The Internet had a story about cancer

    3. According to the New York Times report, the two drugs can ___.

    A. cure all kinds of tumors but with side effects

    B. cure all kinds of tumors without side effects

    C. shrink all kinds of tumors but with side effects

    D. shrink all kinds of tumors without side effects

    4. What is the meaning of the statement “It all seemed too good to be true, and of course it was.”?

    A. The news seemed very good and real and it was good.

    B. The news seemed very good, but not so real, and it was false.

    C. The news seemed not good, but real, and it was not good.

    D. The news seemed not good, but real, and it was not good.

    5. What can the new drugs really do?

    A. it can cure all cancers

    B. it can cure nothing

    C. it can only cure cancer in mice

    D. it can cure cancer in all animals

    第2篇

    Ulcers

    Even though ulcers appear to run in families, lifestyle plays more of a role than genetic factors in causing the illness, according to a report in the April 13th Journal of Internal Medicine.

    In particular, smoking and stress in men and the regular use of pain releasing medicines in women were linked with an increased risk of developing all ulcer.

    Overall, 61%of ulcer risk appears to be due to environmental factors, such as smoking, and the remaining 39%is due to genes according to Dr. Ismo Raiha of the University of Turky and colleagues at the University of Helsinki, Finland. Some researchers had suggested that families may spread Helicobacteria pylori, the bacteria that can cause ulcers. However, the new study suggests this is unlikely, according to the report.

    Raiha and colleagues studied data from more than 1 3, 000 pairs of twins “to examine the roles of genetic and environmental factors in the origin of peptic ulcer disease.” they explain. Both twins were more likely to develop an ulcer if the pair were genetically the same as compared with a par of fraternal twins, suggesting that there must be some genetic susceptibility to ulcer development.

    However, the risk was no greater in twins living together compared with twins living apart, suggesting that shared exposure to H. pylori was not to blame. “Environmental effects were not due to factors shared by family members, and they were related to smoking and stress in men and the Use of analgesics in women,” the authors wrote. “The minor effects of shared environment to disease liability do not support the concept that the grouping of risk factors, such as H. pylori infection, would explain the genetic factor of peptic ulcer disease,” they concluded.

    词汇:

    ulcer/n. 溃疡

    lifestyle/n. 生活方式

    genetic/adj. 基因的, 遗传(性)的

    stress/n. 压力, 紧张, 造成紧张的因素

    overall/adv. 总的说来, 大体上

    environmental/adj. 环境的, 有关环境(保护)的

    gene/n. 基因

    colleague/n. 同事, 同僚

    bacteria/n. 【bacterium的复数】细菌

    peptic/adj. 消化性的 .

    fraternal/adj. 异卵双生的, 两合子的

    susceptibility/n. 敏感性, 过敏性

    analgesic/n. 止痛剂, 镇痛药

    liability/n. 倾向

    练习:

    1. According to the passage, which of the following is a very likely cause of ulcer in men?

    A)Smoking and stress.

    B)Drinking and smoking.

    C)Genes and children.

    D)Use of a certain medicine.

    2. What factors contribute to over half the ulcers?

    A)Hereditary factors.

    B)Economic factors.

    C)Environmental factors.

    D)Genetic factors.

    3. In relation to ulcers, experts study twins in order to examine

    A)the roles of genetic factors.

    B)the roles of environmental factors.

    C)the roles of both genetic and environmental factors.

    D)the roles of brotherhood.

    4. “Environmental effects” in the fourth paragraph refers to effects brought about by

    A)a clean environment.

    B)smoking and stress in men and use of pain-killing medicine in women.

    C)factors shared by family members such as genes and the food they eat.

    D)shared exposure to H. pylori infection.

    5. The passage argues that

    A)ulcers are related to genes.

    B)ulcers are chiefly related to lifestyle.

    C)ulcers appear in men and women.

    D)ulcers are caused by pylori infection

    第3篇

    Losing Weight

    Girls as young as 1 0 years old are dieting and in danger of developing unhealthy attitudes about weight, body image and food, a group of Toronto researchers reported Tuesday.

    Their study of 2,279 girls aged 10 to 14 showed that while the vast majority had healthy weights, nearly a third felt they were overweight and were trying to lose pounds. Even at the tender age of 10, nearly 32 per cent of girls felt “too fat” and 31 per cent said they were trying to diet. McVey, a researcher at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, and her colleagues analyzed data collected in a number of surveys of southern Ontario school girls between 1 993 and 2003, reporting their findings in Tuesday‘s issue of the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

    Nearly 80 per cent of the girls had a healthy body weight and only 7. 2 per cent were considered overweight using standard weight-to height ratios. Most researchers suggest the rate of overweight children in this country is several times higher than that figure.

    Nearly 30 per cent of the girls reported they were currently trying to lose weight, though few admitted to dangerous behavior such as self-induced vomiting.

    Still, a test that measured attitudes towards eating showed 10. 5 per cent of survey

    Participants were already at risk of developing an eating disorder.

    “We‘re not talking about kids who’ve been prescribed a diet because they‘re above average weight or overweight. We’re talking about children who are within a healthy weight range. And they have taken it upon themselves to diet to lose weight,” McVey said, acknowledging she found the rates disturbing. She said striking a balance between healthy weights and healthy attitudes towards food and body image is a complex task, with no easy solutions.

    词汇:

    overweight adj. 超重的;过重的

    induce vt. 引起, 导致

    prescribe vt. 处方;开药;嘱咐

    1. The study showed that most of the girls

    A)were overweight.

    B) were on a diet.

    C)had unhealthy attitudes about weight

    D)had a healthy body weight.

    2. What percentage of the girls considered themselves overweight?

    A)Nearly 80 percent.

    B)7. 2 percent.

    C)Nearly 30percent.

    D)10. 5 percent.

    3. The survey participants were girls

    A)who were 10.

    B)who were 14.

    C)who were 10 to 14.

    D)who were 10 to 18.

    4.What kind of institution does the lead researcher work with?

    A)A schoo1.

    B)A hospital.

    C)An association.

    D)A charity.

    5.Unhealthy attitudes about weight, body image and food may

    A)lead to an eating disorder.

    B)result from self-induced vomiting.

    C)make it easier to gain weight.

    D)bring about greater competition.

    第五部分:补全短文(每题2分,共10分)

    阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放在文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置。

    Weight Worries May Start Early for Slim Women

    There is a range of reasons why thin women think they‘re too heavy, but the distorted body image may often have its roots in childhood, me results of a new study suggest.

    Researchers found that among more than 2. 400 min women they surveyed, nearly 1 0 percent thought they were too heavy. ——(1)——.

    According to the study authors, led by Dr. Susanne Kruger Kjaer of the Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, society‘s “ideal” female body is moving toward an underweight physique? ___2___.

    To investigate body image among thin women, the researchers gave questionnaires to 2,443 women ages 27 to 38 whose body mass index was at the low end of normal.——(3)——.

    Overall, almost 1 0 percent of the women thought they were too heavy. Those who reported certain “severe life events” in childhood or adolescence, such as having a parent become ill or having their educational hopes dashed, were more likely than others to have a distorted body image. ——(4)——.

    In contrast, traumatic events in adulthood, such as serious illness or significant marital problems, were not related to poor body image, the researchers report 一(5)——

    underweight adj. 重量不足的

    physique n. 体格

    questionnaire n. 调查表

    dash vt. 使(希望、计划等)破灭, 挫败

    traumatic adj. 使人不快的

    A The same was true of4 women who started having sex or drinking alcohol when they were younger than 1 5 years old.

    B Experiences in childhood including having an ill parent, or starting to drink or have sex at a particularly young age, were among the risk factors for having a distorted body image?

    C “Our results indicate that the risk of being dissatisfied with (one‘s)own body weight may be established early in life,” Kjaer and her colleagues write.

    D Research suggests that many normal-weight women wish to weigh less.

    E If worries have altered your appetite or weight, it will help to talk to someone about it.

    F The women were asked about factors ranging from childhood experiences to current exercise habits.

    第六部分:完型填空(每题1分,共15分)

    阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,并涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

    A Health Profile

    A health profile is a portrait of all of the factors that influence your health. To draw your health profile, you will __1__what diseases run in your family, what health hazards you may be exposed to __2__ work, how your daily __3__ compares to the recommended standards, how much time per week you __4__ exercising and what type of exercise you engage__5__, how stressful your work and family environments are, what kinds of illnesses you get regularly, and__6__or not you have any one of a number of addictions. __7__this portrait, you should have a checkup to determine how your blood, heart, and lungs are functioning. This checkup will serve __8__ a baseline, to which you can then compare later tests. __9__this profile is thoroughly drawn, you can begin to think about setting health priorities based__10__ your particular portrait. For example, if you drink two martinis every evening, have a high-stress__11__, are overweight, smoke a pack of cigarettes a day,

    and use marijuana occasionally on weekends, you should quit smoking first, followed__12__ losing the excess weight, reducing the stress of your job, giving up your marihuana habit, and then finally giving some__13__to those martinis if you want to prevent first cancer, and then heart disease. Even for the youthful working person who has never been sick a day in his life, who is __14__ excellent health, a good look at all health habits and at work and home environments may suggest changes that will __15__ him in the future.

    词汇:

    profile n. 侧影, 概貌

    hazard n. 危险, 危害

    checkup n. 健康检查, 体检

    martini n. 马提尼酒

    portrait n. 画像, 肖像

    addiction n. 嗜好, 瘾

    baseline n. 基础, 起点

    marihuana n. 大麻烟(一种毒品)

    练习:

    1. A)know B) have known C) need know D) need to know

    2. A)with B) in C) on D) at

    3. A)diet B) meals C) food D) dinner

    4. A)use B) devote C) spend D) take

    5. A)on B) in C) with D) about

    6. A)if B) whether C) either D) neither

    7.A)To complete B) Completing

    C) Completion D) To be completed

    8.A)as B) for C) on D) about

    9. A)Unless B) Once C) If D) Although

    10. A) around B) with C) about D) on

    11. A)work B) task C) job D) place

    12. A) on B) with C) after D) by

    13. A) thought B) idea C) thinking D) talk

    14. A)for B) in C) with D) on

    15. A) reap B) harvest C) benefit D) lead

    答案与解析

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