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02年12月四级考试真题与答案

2005-12-19 00:00   我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

  Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A),B),C) and D),and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  Example: You will hear:

  You will read:

  A) At the office.

  B) In the waiting room.

  C) At the airport.

  D) In a restaurant.

  From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore, A)"At the office" is the best answer. You should choose on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.

  Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]

  1.A) They are both anxious to try Italian food.       B) They are likely to have dinner together.

  C) The man will treat the woman to dinner tonight.   D) The woman refused to have dinner with the man.

  2.A) It's only for rent, not for sale.             B) It's being redecorated.

  C) It's not as good as advertised.             D) It's no longer available.

  3.A) Colleagues.   B) Employer and employee.   C) Husband and wife.   D) Mother and son

  4.A) She contacts her parents occasionally.

  B) She phones her parents regularly at weekends.

  C) She visits her parents at weekends when the fares are down.

  D) She often calls her parents regardless of the rates.

  5.A) The next bus is coming soon.

  B) The bus will wait a few minutes at the stop.

  C) There are only two or three passengers waiting for the bus.

  D) They can catch this bus without running.

  6.A) The assignment looks easy but actually it's quite difficult.

  B) The assignment is too difficult for them to complete on time.

  C) They cannot finish the assignment until Thursday.

  D) They have plenty of time to work on the assignment.

  7.A) The man will go to meet the woman this evening.

  B) The man and the woman have an appointment at 7 o'clock.

  C) The woman can't finish making the jam before 7 o'clock.

  D) The woman won't be able to see the man this evening.

  8.A) She's learned a lot from the literature class.   B) She's written some books about world classics.

  C) She's met some of the world's best writers.     D) She's just back from a trip round the world.

  9.A) The exam was easier than the previous one.     B) Joe is sure that he will do better in the next exam.

  C) Joe probably failed in the exam.       D) The oral part of the exam was easier than the written part.

  10.A) She is tired of driving in heavy traffic.     B) She doesn't mind it as the road conditions are good.

  C) She is unhappy to have to drive such a long way every day. D) She enjoys it because she's good at driving.

  Section B Compound Dictation

  注意:听力理解的B节(Section B)为复合式听写(Compound Dictation),题目在试卷二上, 现在请取试卷二。

  Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

  Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  Passage One

  Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.

  Like many of my generation, I have a weakness for hero worship. At some point, however, we all begin to question our heroes and our need for them. This leads us to ask: What is a hero?

  Despite immense differences in cultures, heroes around the world generally share a number of characteristics that instruct and inspire people.

  A hero does something worth talking a about. A hero has a story of adventure to tell and a community who will listen. But a hero goes beyond mere fame.

  Heroes serve powers or principles larger than themselves. Like high-voltage transformers, heroes take the energy of higher powers and step it down so that it c an be used by ordinary people.

  The hero lives a life worthy of imitation. Those who imitate a genuine hero experience life with new depth, enthusiasm, and meaning. A sure test for would-be heroes is what or whom do they serve? What are they willing to live and die for? If the answer or evidence suggests they serve only their own fame, they may be famous persons but not heroes. Madonna and Michael Jackson are famous, but who would claim that their fans find life more abundant?

  Heroes are catalysts(催化剂) for change. they have a vision from the mountain top. They have the skill and the charm to move the masses. They create new possibilities. Without Gandhi, India might still be part of the British Empire. Without Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King, Jr., we might still have segregated (隔离的) buses, restaurants, and parks. It may be possible for large scale change to occur without leaders with magnetic personalities, but the pace of change would be slow, the vision uncertain, and the committee meetings endless.

  11.Although heroes may come from different cultures, they _____________________.

  A) generally process certain inspiring characteristics   B) probably share some weaknesses of ordinary people

  C) are often influenced by previous generations       D) all unknowingly attract a large number of fans

  12.According to the passage, heroes are compared to high-voltage transformers in that _______ .

  A) they have a vision from the mountaintop             B) they have a warm feelings and emotions

  C) they can serve as concrete examples of noble principles D) they can make people feel stronger and more confident

  13.Madonna and Michael Jackson are not considered heroes because _________ .

  A) they are popular only among certain groups of people   B) their performances do not improve their fans morally

  C) their primary concern is their own financial interests D) they are not clear about the principles they should follow

  14.Gandhi and Martin Luther King are typical examples of outstanding leaders who ___________ .

  A) are good at demonstrating their charming characters   B) can move the masses with their forceful speeches

  C) are capable of meeting all challenges and hardships   D) can provide an answer to the problems of their people

  15.The author concludes that historical changes would ________ .

  A) be delayed without leaders with inspiring personal qualities

  B) not happen without heroes making the necessary sacrifices

  C) take place if there were heroes to lead the people

  D) produce leaders with attractive personalities

  Passage Two

  Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:

  According to a survey, which was based on the responses of over 188,000 students, today's traditional-age college freshmen are "more materialistic and less-altruistic (利他主义的)" than at any time in the 17 years of the poll.

  Not surprising in these hard times, the student's major objective "is to be financially well off. Less important than ever is developing a meaningful philosophy of life." It follows then that today the most popular course is not literature or history but accounting.

  Interest in teaching, social service and the "altruistic" fields is at a low. On the other hand, enrollment in business programs, engineering and computer science is way up.

  That's no surprise either. A friend of mine (a sales representative for a chemic al company) was making twice the salary of her college instructors her first yea r on the job-even before she completed her two-year associate degree.

  While it's true that we all need a career, it is equally true that our civilization has accumulated an incredible amount of knowledge in fields far removed from our own and that we are better for our understanding of these other contributions- be they scientific or artistic. It is equally true that, in studying the diverse wisdom of others, we learn how to think. More important, perhaps, education teaches us to see the connections between things, as well as to see beyond our immediate needs.

  Weekly we read of unions who went on strike for higher wages, only to drive their employer out of business. No company: no job. How shortsighted in the long run!

  But the most important argument for a broad education is that in studying the ac cumulated wisdom of the ages, we improve our moral sense. I saw a cartoon recently which shows a group of businessmen looking puzzled as they sit around a conference table; one of them is talking on the  intercom (对讲机):"Miss Baxter," he says, "could you please send in someone who can distinguish right from wrong?"

  From the long-term point of view, that's what education really ought to be about.

  16.According to the author's observation, college students __________ .

  A) have never been so materialistic as today       B) have never been so interested in the arts

  C) have never been so financially well off as today D) have never attached so much importance to moral sense

  17.The students' criteria for electing majors today have much to do with ________ .

  A) the influences of their instructors           B) the financial goals they seek in life

  C) their own interpretations of the courses       D) their understanding of the contributions of others

  18.By saying "While it's true that…… be they scientific or artistic" (Lines 1-3, Para. 5),the author means that _____.

  A) business management should be included in educational programs

  B) human wisdom has accumulated at an extraordinarily high speed

  C) human intellectual development has reached new heights

  D) the importance of a broad education should not be overlooked

  19.Studying the diverse wisdom of others can ________ .

  A) create varying artistic interests         B) help people see things in their right perspective

  C) help improve connections among people       D) regulate the behavior of modern people

  20.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

  A) Businessmen absorbed in their career are narrow-minded.

  B) Managers often find it hard to tell right from wrong.

  C) People engaged in technical jobs lead a more rewarding life.

  D) Career seekers should not focus on immediate interests only.

  Passage Three

  Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

  New technology links the world as never before. Our planet has shrunk. It's now a "global village" where countries are only seconds away by fax or phone satellite link. And, of course, our ability to benefit from this high-tech communications equipment is greatly enhanced by foreign language skills.

  Deeply involved with this new technology is a breed of modern businesspeople who have a growing respect for the economic value of doing business abroad. In modern markets, success overseas often help support domestic business efforts.

  Overseas assignments are becoming increasingly important to advancement within executive ranks. The executive stationed in another country no longer need fear being "out of sight and out of mind." He or she can be sure that the overseas effort is central to the company's plan for success, and that promotions often follow or accompany an assignment abroad. If an employee can succeed in a difficult assignment overseas, superiors will have greater confidence in his or her ability to cope back in the United Sates where cross-cultural considerations and foreign language issues are becoming more and more prevalent (普遍的).

  Thanks to a variety of relatively inexpensive communications devices with business applications, even small businesses in the United States are able to get into international markets.

  English is still the international language of business. But there is an ever-growing need for people who can speak another language. A second language isn't generally required to get a job in business, but having language skills gives a candidate the edge when other qualifications appear to be equal.

  The employee posted abroad who speaks the country's principal language has an opportunity to fast-forward certain negotiations, and can have the cultural insight to know when it is better to move more slowly. The employee at the home office who can communicate well with foreign clients over the telephone or by fax ma chine is an obvious asset to the firm.

  21.What is the author's attitude toward high-tech communications equipment?

  A) Critical.   B) Indifferent.     C) Prejudiced.     D) Positive.

  22.With the increased use of high-tech communications equipment, business people __________.

  A) have to get familiar with modern technology   B) are gaining more economic benefits from domestic operations

  C) are attaching more importance to their overseas business     D) are eager to work overseas

  23.In this passage, "out of sight and out of mind" (Lines 2-3, Para. 3) probably means ________ .

  A) being unable to think properly for lack of insight   B) being totally out of touch with business at home

  C) missing opportunities for promotion when abroad     D) leaving all care and worthy behind

  24.According to the passage, what is an important consideration of international corporations in employing people today?

  A) Connections with business overseas.         B) Ability to speak the client's language.

  C) Technical know-how.                   D) Business experience.

  25.The advantage of employees having foreign language skills is that they can _______ .

  A) better control the whole negotiation process       B) easily find new approaches to meet market needs

  C) fast forward their proposals to headquarters     D) easily make friends with businesspeople abroad

  Passage Four

  Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

  In recent years, Israeli consumers have grown more demanding as they've become wealthier and more wordly-wise. Foreign travel is a national passion; this summer alone, one in 10 citizens will go abroad. Exposed to higher standards of service elsewhere, Israelis are returning home expecting the same. American firms have also begun arriving in large numbers. Chains such as KFC, McDonald's and Pizza Hut are setting a new standard of customer service, using strict employee training and constant monitoring to ensure the friendliness of frontline staff. Even the American habit of telling departing customers to "Have a nice day" has caught on all over Israel. "Nobody wakes up in the morning and say, 'Let's be nicer,'" says Itsik Cohen, director of a consulting firm. "Nothing happens without competition."

  Privatization, or the threat of it, is a motivation as well. Monopolies(垄断者) that until recently have been free to take their customers for granted now fear what Michael Perry, a marketing professor, calls "the revengeful(报复的) consumer." When the government opened up competition with Bezaq, the phone company, its international branch lost 40% of its market share, even while offering competitive rates. Says Perry, "People wanted revenge for all the years of bad service." The electric company, whose monopoly may be short-lived, has suddenly stopped requiring users to wait half a day for a repairman. Now, appointments are scheduled to the half hour. The graceless EI Al Airlines, which is already at auction(拍卖), has retrained its employees to emphasize service and is boasting about the results in an ad campaign with the slogan, "You can f eel the change in the air." For the first time, praise out numbers complaints on customer survey sheets.

  26.It may be inferred from the passage that _________ .

  A) customer service in Israel is now improving

  B) wealthy Israeli customers are hard to please

  C) the tourist industry has brought chain stores to Israel

  D) Israel customers prefer foreign products to domestic ones

  27.In the author's view, higher service standards are impossible in Israel ________ .

  A) if customer complaints go unnoticed by the management B) unless foreign companies are introduced in greater numbers

  C) if there's no competition among companies         D) without strict routine training of employees

  28.If someone in Israel today needs a repairman in case of a power failure, _________ .

  A) they can have it fixed in no time           B) it's no longer necessary to make an appointment

  C) the appointment takes only half a day to make   D) they only have to wait half an hour at most

  29.The example of El Al Airlines shows that ______________ .

  A) revengeful customers are a threat to the monopoly of enterprises

  B) an ad campaign is a way out for enterprises in financial difficulty

  C) a good slogan has great potential for improving service

  D) staff retraining is essential for better service

  30.Why did Bezaq's international branch lose 40% of its market share?

  A) Because the rates it offered were not competitive enough.

  B) Because customers were dissatisfied with its past service.

  C) Because the service offered by its competitors was far better.

  D) Because it no longer received any support from the government.

  Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)

  Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D).Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  31.Such crimes may be so complex that months or years go by before anyone ________ them.

  A) discovered     B) will discover   C) would have discovered       D) discovers

  32.Though ______ in a big city, Peter always prefers to paint the primitive scenes of country life.

  A) grown         B) raised         C) tended           D) cultivated

  33.The careless man received a ticket for speeding. He _______ have driven so fast.

  A) can't         B) wouldn't       C) shouldn't         D) mustn't

  34.If people feel hopeless, they don't bother to _______ the skills they need to succeed.

  A) adopt         B) acquire       C) accumulate       D) assemble

  35.If I _______ harder at school, I would be sitting in a comfortable office now.

  A) worked       B) were to work     C) had worked       D) were working

  36.The shop assistant was dismissed as she was ________ of cheating customers .

  A) accused       B) charged       C) scolded           D) cursed

  37.All her energies are __________ upon her children and she seems to have little time for anything else.

  A) guided       B) aimed         C) directed         D) focused

  38.While crossing the mountain area, all the men carried guns lest they _________ by wild animals.

  A) should be attacked   B) had been attacked   C) must be attacked     D) would be attacked

  39.Everyone should be ___________ to a decent standard of living and an opportunity to be educated.

  A) attributed         B) entitled         C) identified         D) justified

  40.His wife is constantly finding __________ with him, which makes him very angry.

  A) errors           B) shortcomings       C) fault             D) flaw

  41.Vitamins are complex ________ that the body requires in very small amounts .

  A) matters         B) materials         C) particles           D) substances

  42.Apart from caring for her children, she has to take on such heavy _____ housework as carrying water and firewood.

  A) time-consumed     B) timely consumed     C) time-consuming     D) timely-consuming

  43.Anna was reading a piece of science fiction, completely _______ to the outside world.

  A) having been lost   B) to be lost         C) losing         D) lost

  44.The police are trying to find out the _______ of the woman killed in the traffic accident.

  A) evidence     B) recognition       C) status         D) identity

  45.All human beings have a comfortable zone regulating the ______ they keep from someone they talk with.

  A) distance     B) scope       C) range           D) boundary

  46.We have planned an exciting publicity _______ with our advertisers.

  A) struggle     B) battle       C) campaign         D) conflict

  47.________ the help of their group, we would not have succeeded in the investigation.

  A) Besides     B) Regardless of     C) But for       D) Despite

  48.______ much is known about what occurs during sleep, the precise function of sleep and its different stages remains largely in the realm of assumption.

  A) Because     B) For       C) Since       D) While

  49.John doesn't believe in ______ medicine; he has some remedies of his own .

  A) standard   B) regular     C) routine       D) conventional

  50.Owing to ________ competition among the airlines, travel expense have been reduced considerably.

  A) fierce     B) strained     C) eager       D) critical

  51.They always give the vacant seats to comes first.

  A) whoever     B) whomever       C) who       D) whom

  52.In Africa, educational costs are very low for those who are _________ enough to get into universities.

  A) ambitious     B) fortunate       C) aggressive       D) substantial

  53.Professor Wang,_______ for his informative lectures, was warmly received by his students.

  A) knowing     B) to be known     C) known       D) having known

  54.Our manager is _______ an important customer now and he will be back this afternoon.

  A) calling on     B) calling up       C) calling in       D) calling for

  55.A fire engine must have priority as it usually has to deal with some kind of _______ .

  A) precaution     B) crisis       C) emergency       D) urgency

  56.He said that the driver must have had an accident; otherwise he _____ by then.

  A) would have arrived   B) should arrive   C) must have arrived   D) would arrive

  57.The film provides a deep _______ into a wide range of human qualities and feelings.

  A) insight       B) fancy     C) imagination       D) outlook

  58.It is high time that such practices __________ .

  A) are ended     B) be ended       C) were ended       D) must be ended

  59.Urban crowdedness would be greatly relieved if only the _____ charged o n public transport were more reasonable.

  A) fees     B) payments     C) fares     D) costs

  60.The doctor had almost lost hope at one point, but the patient finally _________ .

  A) pulled out     B) pulled up     C) pulled through       D) pulled over

  Part Ⅳ Cloze (15 minutes)

  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B),C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  A language is a signaling system which operates with symbolic vocal sounds (语 声), and which is used by a group of people for the purpose of communication.

  Let's look at this  61  in more detail because it is language, more than anything else,  62  distinguishes man from the rest of the  63  world.

  Other animals, it is true, communicate with one another by  64  of cries: for example, many birds utter  65  calls at the approach of danger; monkeys utter  66  cries, such as expressions of anger, fear and pleasure.  67  these various means of communication differ in important ways  68  human language. For instance, animals' cries do not  69  thought s and feelings clearly. This means basically, that they lack structure. They lack the kind of structure that  70  us to divide a human utterance into  71 .

  We can change an utterance by  72  one word in it with  73 : a good illustration of this is a soldier who can say, e.g ., "tanks approaching from the north",  74  who can change one word and say "aircraft approaching from the north" or "tanks approaching from the west"; but a bird has a single alarm cry,  75  means "danger!"

  This is why the number of  76  that an animal can make is very limited: the great tit (山雀) is a case  77  point; it has about twenty different calls,  78  in human language the number of possible utterances is  79 . It also explai ns why animal cries are very  80  in meaning.

  61.A) classification       B) definition     C) function       D) perception

  62.A) that               B) it           C) as           D) what

  63.A) native             B) human         C) physical       D) animal

  64.A) ways               B) means         C) methods       D) approaches

  65.A) mating             B) exciting       C) warning       D) boring

  66.A) identical           B) exciting       C) different       D) unfamiliar

  67.A) But               B) Therefore     C) Afterwards     D) Furthermore

  68.A) about             B) with         C) from         D) in

  69.A) infer             B) explain       C) interpret       D) express

  70.A) encourage           B) enables       C) enforces       D) ensures

  71.A) speeches           B) sounds       C) words         D) voices

  72.A) replacing           B) spelling       C) pronouncing     D) saying

  73.A) ours               B) theirs       C) another       D) others

  74.A) so               B) and         C) but           D) or

  75.A) this               B) that         C) which         D) it

  76.A) signs             B) gestures       C) signals       D) marks

  77.A) in               B) at           C) of           D) for

  78.A) whereas             B) since         C) anyhow         D) somehow

  79.A) boundless           B) changeable     C) limitless       D) ceaseless

  80.A) ordinary           B) alike         C) common         D) general

  试 卷 二

  注意事项

  一、将校名、姓名、学校代号填入本页左面各项内,准考证号填入右下角。

  二、试卷二共两部分:Part Ⅰ听力理解的B节复合式听写(Compound Dictation)的答卷和Pa rt Ⅴ写作(Writing),注意不要漏做。

  三、答案直接做在试卷二上,用钢笔或圆珠笔书写。

  四、在考试过程中要注意对自己的答案保密。若被他人抄袭,一经发现,后果自负。

  Part Ⅰ

  Section B Compound Dictation

  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times.When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. Then listen to the passage again. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered S1 to S7 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from S8 to S10 you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

  注意:本试题答完后,必须卷面朝下放置,不得把答题内容暴露在外,否则以作弊论处。

  It's difficult to imagine the sea ever running out of fish. It's so vast, so deep, so (S1)___________. Unfortunately, it's not bottomless. Overfishing, (S2)________ with destructive fishing practices, is killing off the fish and (S3)________ their environment.

  Destroy the fish, and you destroy the fishermen's means of living. At least 60 ( S4)___________ of the world's commercially important fish (S5)____________ are already over fished, or fished to the limit. As a result, governments have had to close dow n some areas of sea to commercial fishing.

  Big, hightech fleets (S6)___________ that everything in their path is pulled out o f water. Anything too small, or the wrong thing, is thrown back either dead or dying. That's an (S7)_________ of more than 20 million metric tons every year.

  (S8)__________________________ .

  In some parts of the world, for every kilogram of prawns (对虾) caught, up t o 15 kilograms of unsuspecting fish and other marine wildlife die, simply for being in the wrong place at the wrong time.

  True, (S9)________________________ , before every ocean becomes a de ad sea.

  (S10)____________________ , then catch them in a way that doesn't kill other innocent sea life.

  Part Ⅴ Writing (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic It Pays to Be Honest. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:

  1.当前社会上存在着许多不诚实的现象

  2.诚实利人利己,做人应该诚实

  It Pays to Be Honest

  2002年12月大学英语四级考试试卷参考答案和录音文字材料

  2002年12月大学英语四级考试试卷 录音文字材料

  Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension

  Section A

  1.M: Mary, would you join me for dinner tonight?

  W: You treated me last weekend. Now, it's my turn. Shall we try something Italian?

  Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

  2.W: Good afternoon. I'm calling to inquire about the fourbedroom house you advertised in the newspaper.

  M: I am sorry, but it's already sold.

  Q: What do we learn about the house from the conversation?

  3.W: John, what are you doing on your computer? Don't you remember your promise?

  M: This is not a game. It's only a cross word puzzle that helps increase my vocabulary.

  Q: What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

  4.M: Do you still keep in touch with your parents regularly after all these years?

  W: Yes, of course. I call them at weekends when the rates are down fifty percent .

  Q: What do we learn from the woman from the conversation?

  5.M: Hurry, there is a bus coming.

  W: Why run? There will be another one in two or three minutes.

  Q: What does the woman mean?

  6.M: Wow, that's a big assignment we got for the English class.

  W: Well, it's not as bad as it looks. It isn't due until Thursday morning.

  Q: What does the woman mean?

  7.W: Hello, is that Steve? I'm stuck in a traffic jam. I'm afraid I can't make it before seven o'clock.

  M: Never mind. I'll be here waiting for you.

  Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

  8.M: You really seem to enjoy your literature class.

  W: You're right. It has opened a new world for me. I'm exposed to the thoughts of some of the world's best writers. I've never read so much in my life.

  Q: What does the woman mean?

  9.W: Listen to me, Joe, the exam is already a thing of the past. Just forge t about it.

  M: That's easier said than done.

  Q: What can we infer from the conversation?

  10.M: I hear you drive a long way to work everyday.

  W: Oh, yes. It's about sixty miles. But it doesn't seem that far, the road is not bad, and there's not much traffic.

  Q: How does the woman feel about driving to work?

  Section B

  It's difficult to imagine the sea ever running out of fish. It's so vast, so deep, so mysterious. Unfortunately, it's not bottomless. Overfishing, coupled with destructive fishing practices, is killing off the fish and ruining their environment.

  Destroy the fish, and you destroy the fishermen's means of living. At least 60 percent of the world's commercially important fish species are already overfish ed, or fished to the limit. As a result, governments have had to close down some areas of sea to commercial fishing.

  Big, high-tech fleets ensure that everything in their path is pulled out of water. Anything too small, or the wrong thing, is thrown back either dead or dying. That's an average of more than 20 million metric tons every year.

  When you consider, that equals a quarter of the world catch, you begin to see the size of the problem.

  In some parts of the world, for every kilogram of prawns (对虾) caught, up t o 15 kilograms of unsuspecting fish and other marine wildlife die, simply for being in the wrong place at the wrong time.

  True, some countries are beginning to deal with this problem, but it's vital we find rational ways of fishing, before every ocean becomes a dead sea.

  It would make sense to give the fish enough time to recover, grow to full size and reproduce, then catch them in a way that doesn't kill other innocent sea life .

  2002年12月大学英语四级考试试卷 参考答案

  Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension

  Section A

  1-10: B D D B A D B A C B

  Section B

  S1 mysterious   S2 coupled   S3 ruining   S4 percent   S5 species

  S6 ensure     S7 average

  S8 When you consider that equals a quarter of the world catch, you begin to see the sides of the problem.

  S9 some countries are beginning to deal with this problem, but it's vital we fin d rational ways of fishing

  S10 It would make sense to give the fish enough of time to recover, grow to full size and reproduce

  Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

  Passage one 11-15: A C B D A

  Passage two 16-20: A B D B D

  Passage three21-25: D C C B A

  Passage four 26-30: A C D D B

  Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure

  31-60:DBCBC ADABC DCDDA BCDDA ABBAC AACBB

  Part Ⅳ Cloze

  61-80:BADBC CACDB CACDC CAACD

  Part Ⅴ Writing

  写作指导:写文章之前,应该先花上一分钟时间好好地审一下题。这是一篇命题作文,题目是It Pay s to Be Honest。其中pay to意为"有利,值得"。因此文章应围绕"做人诚实非常值得"这 一主题展开。在指令中给了中文提纲,所以按照提纲,第一段应介绍当前社会存在着许多不 诚实的现象,如商人卖假货欺骗顾客,学生考试作弊欺骗老师等等,同时在这一段应表明自 己对这种现象的反感。

  第二段提出观点诚实利人利己,做人应该诚实。并用具体的例子来说明这一点,例子可以 是 正面的,也可以是反面的。如范文中用的就是"狼来了"的反面例子。 最后,结尾应强调 做人应该诚实,这是人的基本素质。

  Sample Writing:It Pays to Be Honest

  From the mass media and also with our own eyes, we know much dishonest behaviour existed in our society. For example, businessmen sell fake products to cheat their customers; students copy other one's homework or download illicit paper from Internet to cheat their teachers; and even worse, there are medical person produce fake medicine harming the patients. Seeing our society is filled with so man y dishonest phenomena, I can't help asking myself what's wrong with us ?

  When we were very young we were taught the importance of being honest. I am sure everyone must still remember that story "wolf is coming". In the story the child kept cheating other people that wolf was coming, but when the wolf really came, nobody trusted his words and he finally suffered his own dishonesty. Also w e have heard many stories that people benefit from their virtues of honesty.

  So since we have already known being honest benefit both ourselves and othe r people, why many of us are still dishonest? I hope everyone to bear in mind th at being honest is the basic quality of human being and then we won't be afraid of any "wolf".

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