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专业四级常见短语

2005-12-20 00:00

  1.动词短语

  be about to do 刚要,即将

  be friends with 与……友好

  bear in mind 记住

  bring into effect 实行;使生效

  bring into operation 实施;使生效

  can not help 禁不住,忍不住

  carry into effect 施行;使生效

  cast light on/upon 阐明,使了解

  catch fire 着火,烧着

  catch one's breath 喘气,松口气;屏息

  catch one's eye 引人注目

  catch sight of 看到,发现

  come into effect 生效;实施

  come into operation 施行,实行,生效

  come to one's senses 醒悟;苏醒

  come true 实现

  could not help 禁不住,忍不住

  cut short 中断,打断

  do one's best 尽力,努力

  enjoy oneself 过得快活

  fall in love with 爱 上

  find fault(with) 找岔

  gain an advantage over 胜过,优于

  get hold of 得到,获得

  get rid of 丢弃,摆脱,

  get the best of 战胜

  get the better of 战胜,占上风

  get together 会面,装配

  give rise to 引起,导致

  give way 让路,让步

  go ahead 开始,进行

  go into effect 施行,实行,生效

  go into operation 生效,实施

  go wrong 出错,出故障

  had better 应该

  had rather 宁愿

  had rather……than 宁愿……而不愿……

  have an advantage over 胜过,优于

  have in mind 想到;记得;打算

  have nothing to do with 和……毫无关系

  have(something/much/little)to do with 和……(有些/有很大/没有什么)关系

  help oneself 自用,自取

  keep an eye on 留意,照看

  keep in mind 记住

  keep one's head 保持镇静

  keep one's word 守信用

  keep pace(with) (与……)齐步前进

  lead the way 引路,带路

  learn by heart 记住,背诵

  leave alone 不打扰,不干预

  let alone 更别提,不打扰

  let go (of) 放,松手

  lose heart 失去勇气,丧失信心

  lose one's head 慌乱,仓皇失措

  lose one's temper 发脾气,发努

  lose sight of 忘记,忽略;看不见

  make a /the difference 有影响,起作用

  make friends 交朋友

  make fun of 取笑,嘲弄

  make one's way 去,前往

  make sense 讲得通,言之有理

  make sure 查明;务必

  make the best of 充分利用

  make the most of 充分利用

  make up one's mind 下决心,打定主意

  make use of 使用,利用

  make way 让路,让出地方

  may as well 还不如,不妨

  never mind 不要紧;不用担心

  pay attention to 注意

  piece together 拼合

  play a part(in) 起作用,参于

  put into effect 实施;使生效

  put into operation 实施;使生效

  put into practice 实施;实行

  put to use 使用

  see to it that 注意,务必,保证

  see that 注意,务必,保证

  set fire to 使燃烧,点燃

  take……for 把……认为是

  take a chance 冒险,投机

  take(a)delight in 以……为乐

  take advantage of 利用,趁……之机

  take care 当心,注意

  take care of 照顾,照料

  take charge 管理,接管

  take effect 生效,起作用

  take into account 考虑

  take for granted 认为……理所当然

  take one's time 不着急,不着慌

  take pains 努力,尽力,下苦功

  take part (in) 参加,参于

  take place 发生,进行,举行

  take the place of 代替,取代

  take turns 依次,轮流

  tahorw light on 阐明,使了解

  think better of 经考虑改变对……的看法

  try one's best 尽力,努力

  2. 形容词同介词的搭配

  absent from 不在,缺席

  abundant in 富于

  alien to 与……相反

  angry with sb at/about sth 生气,愤怒

  anxious about/for 忧虑,担心

  appropriate for/to 适当,合适

  applicable to 适用于

  apt at 聪明,善于

  apt to 易于

  ashamed of 羞愧,害臊

  approximate to 近拟,接近

  aware of 意识到

  abailable to sb for sth 可用,可供

  bare of 几乎没有,缺乏

  bound for 开往……

  capable of 能够

  careful of/about/with; 小心,注意

  certain of /about 确信,肯定

  about/in doing characteristic of 特有,独特

  clear of 没有,不接触

  clever at 善于

  close to 接近,亲近

  comparable to/with 可比较

  conscious of 察觉到,意识到

  consequent on 随之而来

  considerate towards 体谅,体贴

  contemporary with 与……同时代

  content with 满足于

  contrary to 违反

  counter to 与……相反

  crazy about 热衷,着迷

  critical of 挑剔,批评

  curious about 好奇,想知道

  distinct from 种类(风格)不同

  doubtful of /about 怀疑

  east of 在……东面

  equal to 相等,胜任

  equivalent to 等于,相当于

  essential to/for 必不可少

  expert at/in/on 善于

  faithful to 忠实于

  familiar to sb 为……所熟悉

  familiar with sth 熟悉,通晓

  fatal to 致命的

  favourable to 支持,赞成

  favourable for 有帮助的

  fearful of 惧怕

  fit for 适于

  foreign to 非……所原有

  fond of 喜欢

  free of /from 未受……;免费

  free with 康慨,大方

  guilty of 有……罪的

  hungry for 渴望

  ignorant of 不知道

  impatient at sth. 不耐烦

  impatient of 无法容忍

  with sb independent of 不受……支配

  impatient for 急切,渴望

  indifferent to 无兴趣,不关心

  indignant with sb. 愤慨

  inferior to 级别低于,不如

  ab/about sth innocent of 无……罪,无辜

  intent on 专心于

  invisible to 不可见的

  jealous of 嫉妒

  keep on 爱好,很喜欢

  liable for 对……有责任

  liable to 易 于

  loyal to 忠于

  mad at/with sb. 生气,愤怒

  mad with 因……发狂

  next to 下一个,其次

  necessary to /for 必要的

  opposite to 在对面

  open to 不限制,开放的

  particular about 挑剔,讲究

  parallel to 与……平等,类似

  peculiar to 独特的,独有的

  patient with 有耐心

  prior to 在……之前

  popular with 受……喜爱,爱戴

  representative of 代表……的

  relative to 与……有关

  rich in 富于

  responsible for 负责,是……原因

  sensitive to 对……敏感

  sensible of 觉查到

  sick of 厌恶,厌倦

  short of 缺少

  skilled at /in 善于

  similar to 相似

  sufficient for 足够的

  subject to 受制于,易于

  superior to 优于,级别高于

  suitable for/to 适合于

  suspicious of 怀疑

  sure of /about 对……有信心,确信

  typical of 是典型的,特有的

  tired of 对……不在感兴趣

  votal to 对……关系重大

  uncertain of /about 不确知

  mad about/on 狂热迷恋

  void of 没有,缺乏

  3. 名词同介词的搭配

  absence from 缺席,不在

  absence of 缺乏

  access to ……的入口,通路

  acquaintance with 相识,了解

  action on sth 对……的作用

  addition to sth 增加

  admission to /into 进入,入(场,学,会)

  admission of sth 承认

  advance in 改进,进步

  advantage over 优于……的有利条件

  affection for/towards 爱,喜欢

  answer to ……的答案

  anxiety for sth 渴望

  apology to sb for sth 道歉

  appeal to sb for sth 恳求,呼吁

  appeal for 魅力,吸引力

  appetite for 对……的欲望

  application 把……应用于……

  approach to 类似,办法,通道 of sth/to sth

  argument 赞成/反对……的理由

  arrangement for 对……的安排

  for /against attack on 对……的进攻,评击

  attempt at 尝试,企图

  attention to 对……的注意

  attraction for 对……的吸引力

  balance between ……之间的平衡

  barrier to ……的障碍

  belief in 对……的信仰,相信

  candidate for 候选人,人选

  check on 检查,阻止

  claim for sth 要求

  collision with sb/sth 碰撞,冲突

  comment on /about 对……的评论

  between A and B

  complaint of /about 报怨,控告

  compromise between/on 折中,妥协

  concentration on sth 专心,集中精力

  concentration of sth 集中,聚集

  concern about/for/over 担心

  confidence in 对……的信任,相信

  connection between; 关系,连接

  consent to sth 同意

  with/to sth contact with sb/sth 接触,联系

  contest for sth 争夺,竞争

  contradiction between 矛盾,不一致

  contrast to/with sth 对比,对照

  contribution to 贡献,捐献,促成

  between A and B conversation with sb 对话

  conversion 转变,转换 about sth

  of sth into sth credit for sth 荣誉,赞扬

  damage to sth 损坏

  danger to sb/sth 危险

  decision on/against 做/不做……的决定

  decrease in sth ……的减少

  defence against 防御,保卫

  delegate to 参加……的代表

  demand for 对……的需求

  departure from 离开

  desire for sth 渴望

  difference 不同,差异

  difference 分歧

  between……in……

  between……over…… dispute about 争论,辩论

  distinction between 区别

  doubt about/as to 怀疑

  effect on 对……的作用

  emphasis on 对……的强调,注重

  encounter with 遭遇,遇到

  enthusiasm about/for 热情

  entrance to ……的入口,入场

  envy of sb 嫉妒

  exception to ……的例外 of /at sth

  exposure to sth 暴露

  fancy for sth 喜爱

  faith in 对……的信任,信仰

  glance at 扫视

  gratitude to sb 感激

  guess at sth 猜测

  for sth hatred for/of 仇恨

  hazard to 危险

  hunger for 渴望

  impact on/ upon 对……的撞击,巨大影响

  improvement on/in 对……的改进,提高

  increase in sth 增加,增长

  independence from 独立,自主

  influence on 对……的影响

  inquiry about 对……的查询

  inquiry into 对……的调查

  interaction with sth 相互作用

  inteference in/with 干涉,阻碍

  between /among sth

  introduction to 引言,介绍,入门

  memorial to sth 引进(物)

  invitation to 邀请

  investment in sth 投资

  loyalty to sb/sth 忠诚

  memorial to sb/sth 纪念碑

  obstacle to sth 纪念碑

  objection to sth 反对

  opponent of sth ……的障碍

  opponent at /in sth 对手

  patience with 反对者

  passion for 对……的强烈爱好,热爱

  precaution against 耐心

  pity for sb/sth 可怜,怜悯

  preference for sth 预防,防备

  preface to ……的前言

  preparation for 偏爱

  preference to sth 优先

  proposal for sth 准备

  prejudice against/ 对……的偏见,偏重

  preparation for 建议

  in favour of ……

  protection for sb 保护

  protest against sth 抗议

  against sth provision for/against 准备

  pull at/on sth 拉,拖

  ratio of sth to sth 比率

  reaction to 对……的反应

  reason for 原因,理由

  reference to 提及,参考

  regard for 对……的注意,尊重

  remedy for 补救,解决

  reply to sb/sth 对……的回答

  reputation for 名声,名气

  request for sth 要求

  research on/into 对……的研究,调查

  resistance to 对……的抵抗,阻力

  response to 对……的回答,反应

  responsibility for 责任,负责

  restrainst on sb/sth 限制,约束

  search for 对……的搜寻

  service to 服务,贡献

  similarity between ……的相似之处

  skill at 技巧,熟练

  solution to ……的解决办法

  sorrow at/for/over 悲哀,悲痛

  stress on 对……的强调

  supplement to sth 补充,增刊

  sympathy for 对……的同情

  sympathy with 对……的赞同

  taste for 对……的爱好,喜爱

  taste in 对……的审美能力

  tendency to sth 趋向,趋势

  trust in 对……的信赖,信任

  wish for 欲望,愿望

  4. 常用其它短语

  a series of 一系列,一连串

  above all 首先,尤其是

  after all 毕竟,究竟

  ahead of 在……之前

  ahead of time 提前

  all at once 突然,同时

  all but 几乎;除了……都

  all of a sudden 突然

  all over 遍及

  all over again 再一次,重新

  all the time 一直,始终

  all the same 仍然,照样的

  as regards 关于,至于

  anything but 根本不

  as a matter of fact 实际上

  apart from 除……外(有/无)

  as a rule 通常,照例

  as a result(of) 因此,由于

  as far as ……be concerned 就……而言

  as far as 远至,到……程度

  as for 至于,关于

  as follows 如下

  as if 好像,仿怫

  as good as 和……几乎一样

  as usual 像平常一样,照例

  as to 至于,关于

  all right 令人满意的;可以

  as well 同样,也,还

  as well as 除……外(也),即……又

  aside from 除……外(还有)

  at a loss 茫然,不知所措

  at a time 一次,每次

  at all 丝毫(不),一点也不

  at all costs 不惜一切代价

  at all events 不管怎样,无论如何

  at all times 随时,总是

  at any rate 无论如何,至少

  at best 充其量,至多

  at first 最初,起先

  at first sight 乍一看,初看起来

  at hand 在手边,在附近

  at heart 内心里,本质上

  at home 在家,在国内

  at intervals 不时,每隔……

  at large 大多数,未被捕获的

  at least 至少

  at last 终于

  at length 最终,终于

  at most 至多,不超过

  at no time 从不,决不

  by accident 偶然

  at one time 曾经,一度;同时

  at present 目前,现在

  at sb's disposal 任……处理

  at the cost of 以……为代价

  at the mercy of 任凭……摆布

  at the moment 此刻,目前

  at this rate 照此速度

  at times 有时,间或

  back and forth 来回地,反复地

  back of 在……后面

  before long 不久以后

  beside point 离题的,不相干的

  beyond question 毫无疑问

  by air 通过航空途径

  by all means 尽一切办法,务必

  by and by 不久,迟早

  by chance 偶然,碰巧

  by far 最,……得多

  by hand 用手,用体力

  by iteslf 自动地,独自地

  by means of 用,依靠

  by mistake 错误地,无意地

  by no means 决不,并没有

  by oneself 单独地,独自地

  by reson of 由于

  by the way 顺便说说

  by virtue of 借助,由于

  by way of 经由,通过……方法

  due to 由于,因为

  each other 互相

  even if/though 即使,虽然

  ever so 非常,极其

  every now and then 时而,偶尔

  every other 每隔一个的

  except for 除了……外

  face to face 面对面地

  far from 远非,远离

  for ever 永远

  for good 永久地

  for the better 好转

  for the moment 暂时,目前

  for the present 暂时,目前

  for the sake of 为了,为了……的利益

  for the time being 暂时,眼下

  from time to time 有时,不时

  hand in hand 手拉手 ,密切关联

  head on 迎面地,正面的

  heart and soul 全心全意地

  how about ……怎么样

  in a hurry 匆忙,急于

  in case of 假如,防备

  in a moment 立刻,一会儿

  in a sense 从某种意义上说

  in a way 在某种程度上

  in a word 简言之,总之

  in accordance with 与……一致,按照

  in addition 另外,加之

  in addition to 除……之外(还)

  in advance 预先,事先

  in all 总共,合计

  in any case 无论如何

  in any event 无论如何

  in brief 简单地说

  in charge of 负责,总管

  in common 共用的,共有的

  in consequence(of) 因此;由于

  in debt 欠债,欠情

  in detail 详细地

  in difficulty 处境困难

  in effect 实际上,事实上

  in general 一般来说,大体上

  in favour of 支持,赞成

  in front of 面对,在……前

  in half 成两半

  in hand 在进行中,待办理

  in honour of 为庆祝,为纪念

  in itself 本质上,就其本身而言

  in line with 与……一致

  in memory of 纪念

  in no case 决不

  in no time 立即,马上

  in no way 决不

  in order 按顺序,按次序

  in other words 换句话说

  in part 部分地

  in particular 特别,尤其

  in person 亲自,本人

  in place 在合适的位置

  in place of 代替,取代,交换

  in practice 在实践中,实际上

  in proportion to 与……成比例

  in public 公开地,当众

  in quantity 大量

  in question 正在谈论的

  in regard to 关于,至于

  in relation to 关于,涉及

  in return 作为报答/回报/交换

  in return for 作为对……报答

  in short 简言之,总之

  in sight 被见到;在望

  in spite of 尽管

  in step 齐步,合拍

  in step with 与……一致/协调

  in tears 流着泪,在哭着

  in the course of 在……期间/过程中

  in the distance 在远处

  in the end 最后,终于

  in the event of 如果……发生,万一

  in the face of 即使;在……面前

  in the first place 首先

  in the future 在未来

  in the least 丝毫,一点

  in (the)light of 鉴于,由于

  in the way 挡道

  in the world 究竟,到底

  in time 及时

  in touch 联系,接触

  in turn 依次,轮流;转而

  in vain 徒劳,白费力

  instead of 代替,而不是

  just now 眼下;刚才

  little by little 逐渐地

  lots of 许多

  many a 许多

  more or less 或多或少,有点

  next door 隔壁的,在隔壁

  no doubt 无疑地

  no less than 不少于……;不亚于……

  no longer 不再

  no more 不再

  no more than 至多,同……一样不

  none other than 不是别的,正是

  on one's guard 警惕,提防

  nothing but 只有,只不过

  now and then 时而,偶尔

  off and on 断断续续,间歇地

  off duty 下班

  on a large/small scale 大/小规模地

  on account of 由于

  on(an/the) average 平均,通常

  on behalf of 代表

  on board 在船(车/飞机)上

  on business 因公

  on condition that 如果

  on duty 上班,值班

  on earth 究竟,到底

  on fire 起火着火

  on foot 步行,

  on guard 站岗,值班

  on hand 在场,在手边

  on occasion(s) 有时,间或

  on one's own 独立,独自

  on purpose 故意地

  on sale 出售,廉价出售

  on schedule 按时间表,准时

  on second thoughts 经重新考虑

  on the contrary 正相反

  on the grounds of 根据,以……为由

  on (the) one hand 一方面

  on the other hand 另一方面

  on the point of 即将……的时刻

  on the road 在旅途中

  on the side 作为兼职/副 业

  on the spot 在场;马上

  on the whole 总的来说,大体上

  on time 准时

  once again 再一次

  once(and)for all 一劳永逸地

  once in a while 偶尔

  once more 再一次

  once upon a time 从前

  one another 相互

  or else 否则,要不然

  or so 大约,左右

  other than 非;除了

  out of 从……中;由于;缺乏

  out of breath 喘不过气来

  out of control 失去控制

  out of date 过时的

  out of doors 在户外

  out of order 出故障的

  out of place 不适当的

  out of practice 久不练习,荒疏

  out of sight 看不见,在视野外

  out of the question 毫无可能的

  out of touch 不联系,不接触

  over and over(again) 一再地,再三地

  prior to 在……之前

  quite a few 相当多,不少

  rather than 不是……(而是)

  regardless of 不顾,不惜

  right away 立即,马上

  side by side 肩并肩,一起

  so far 迄今为止

  sooner or later 迟早,早晚

  step by step 逐步地

  such as 例如,诸如

  thanks to 由于,多亏

  that is (to say) 就是说,即

  to the point 切中要害,切题

  under control 处于控制之下

  under the circumstances 这种情况下

  up to date 在进行中

  up to 多达;直到;胜任;取决于

  what if 切合目前情况的

  what about 怎么样

  with respect to 如果……将怎么样

  with regard to 关于,至于

  without question 关于,至于,

  with the exception of 除……之外

  without question 毫无疑问

  word for word 逐字的

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