阅读下列短文 ，从每题所给的四个选项(A.B.C和D)中选出最佳选项 ，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
The bus was crowded with passengers going home from market, most of them carrying heavy bags,
and baskets full of fruit and vegetables they had bought there. There were no seats left when Jane got on the bus, and she was forced to stand beside a very fat woman on one side and on the other side a thin, serious-looking man in dark glasses. There was nothing to hold on to, and the bus was going so fast that if it had not been for the people on each side of her, Jane would have fallen over. Suddenly she felt her bag slipping down (滑下) her arm but could not move to pull it up again.
"Oh, dear," She said,"I'm losing my bag." "Don't worry," said the thin man, "I'II see if I can get it for you." Somehow he managed to bend down and pull the bag up round her shoulder again Thanks a lot, said Jane .“Not at all, the man spoke hurriedly. Anyway, I'm getting off in a moment. You'll have more room. "
At the next stop the man and half a dozen people got off. Jane was at last able to get a seat. She felt so tired and hungry that she opened her bag to find the chocolate (巧克力) she had bought in the market.
The chocolate was there, but her wallet with all her money and the return ticket in it had gone.
56. As the bus was going fast, Jane managed _______
[A] to stop her bag from falling
[B] not to fall
[C] to pull her bag up again
[D] to hold on to the fat woman and the thin man
57. The word room in the story means _________.
58.Jane was seated to find_____had gone.
[A] all her money
[B] her return ticket
[C] her wallet
[D] all the above
59.Who do you think was most probably the thief?
[A] The thin man.
[C] The fat woman.
[D] Someone else.
Waves are beautiful to look at, but they can destroy (破坏) ships at sea, as well as houses and buildings near the shore. What causes waves? Most waves are caused by winds blowing over the surface of the water. The sun heats the earth, causing the air to rise and the winds to blow. The winds blow across the sea, pushing little waves into bigger and bigger ones.
The size of a wave depends on how strong the wind is, how long it blows, and how large the body of water is. In a small bay(海湾) big waves will never build up. But at sea the wind can build up giant, powerful waves.
A rule says that the height of a wave(in meters) will usually be no more than one-tenth of the wind' speed(in kilometers). In other words, when the wind is blowing at 120 kilometers per hour, most waves will be about twelve meters. Of course, some waves may combine to form giant waves that are much higher. Li 1933 the United States Navy(海军) reported the largest measured wave in history. It rose in the Pacific Ocean to a height of thirty-four meters.
60. One can guess the height of a wave by knowing
[A] how fast the wind is blowing
[B] how long the wind blows
[C] how large the body of water is
[D] how the wave is built up
61. The largest measured wave in history was in __
[A] the Indian Ocean
[B] the Atlantic Ocean
[C] the Pacific Ocean
[D] the Mediterranean sea
62.When the wind is blowing at 80 kilometers per hour, the height of most waves will be______.
[A] about one meter
[B] about eight meters
[C] about eighty meters
[D] about ten meters
63.Air rises when _________.
[A] the wind is blowing
[B] the body of water is large
[C] there is a powerful wave
[D] the sun heats the earth
64. The best title for this selection is_______.
[A] What Causes Waves
[B] The Largest Waves in History
[C] Beautiful Waves
[D] Waves in the Pacific Ocean
With a phonecard you can make up to 200 calls without any difficulty at all. What do you do with it?
Go to a telephone marked "Phonecard", put in your card, make your call and when you've finished, a screen tells you how much is left on your card.
It costs nothing extra for the cards, and the calls cost 10 cents per unit, same to any other payphone call.
You can buy in units of 10, 20, 40, 100, or 200 now appearing in a shop near you.
Near each cardphone position you'll find a shop where you can buy one. You can easily find a
cardphone at bus and train stations, universities, hospitals, clubs and shopping centers.
65. What do you think a "phonecard" is?
[A] It's a special telephone looking like card.
[B] It's a special card to make a free phone call.
[C] It's a special card used to make phone calls.
[D] It's a special machine to record what you are talking on the phone
66. Choose the correct order when you use the phonecard.
a. Put in your phonecard.
b. Look at the screen to find out how many calls you can still make.
c. Go to a telephone box marked Phonecard .
d. Make your call.
[A] c, a, b, d
[B] a, b, c, d
[C] c, b, a, d
[D] c, a, d, b
67. You'd better have a phonecard because _________.
[A] you don't have to pay for your phone calls
[B] you can pay less for your calls
[G] it is not easy to be damaged
[D] you don't have lo bring a lot of coins with you for phone calls
The relationship between the home and market economies has gone through two distinct stages. Early industrialization began the process of transferring some production processes (e.g. cloth-making, sewing and caning foods) from the home to the marketplace. Although the home economy could still produce these goods, the processes were laborious(费力的) and the market economy was usually more efficient.
Soon, the more important second stage was evident; the marketplace began producing goods and services that had never been produced by the home economy, and the home economy was unable to produce them (e.g. electricity and electrical appliances, the automobile, advanced education, sophisticated medical care). In the second stage, the question of whether the home economy was less efficient in producing these new goods and services was irrelevant; if the family were to enjoy these fruits of industrialization, they would have to be obtained in the marketplace. The traditional ways of taking care of these needs in the home, such as in nursing the sick, became socially unacceptable ( and, in most serious cases, probably less successful ).
Just as the appearance of the automobile made the use of the horse-drawn carriage illegal and then impractical, and the appearance of television changed the radio from a source of entertainment to a source of background music, so most of the fruits of economic growth did not increase the options available to the home economy to either produce the goods or services or purchase them in the market. Growth brought with it increased variety in consumer goods, but not increased flexibility for the home economy in obtaining these goods and services. Instead, economic growth brought with it increased consumer reliance on the marketplace. In order to consume these new goods and services, the family had to enter the marketplace as wage earners and consumers. The neoclassical (新古典主义的) model that views the family as deciding whether to produce goods and services directly or to purchase them in the marketplace is basically a model of the first stage. It cannot accurately be applied to the second (and current) stage.
68. The reason why many production processes were taken over by the marketplace was that
[A] it was a necessary step in the process of industrialization
[B] the available electricity they depended on was only to the market economy
[C] it was troublesome to produce such goods at home
[D] the marketplace was more efficient with respect to these processes
69. It can be seen from the passage that in the second stage ________.
[A] some traditional goods and services were not successful when provided by the home economy
[B] the market economy provided new goods and services never produced by the home economy
[C] producing traditional goods at home became socially unacceptable
[D] whether new goods and services were produced by the home economy became irrelevant
70. During the second stage, if the family wanted to consume new goods and services, they had to enter the marketplace _________ .
[A] as wage earners
[B] both as manufacturers and consumers
[C] both as workers and purchasers
[D] as customers
71.Economic growth did not make it more flexible for the home economy to obtain the new goods
and services because _________.
[A] the family was not efficient in production
[B] it was illegal for the home economy to produce them
[G] it could not supply them by itself
[D] the market for these goods and services was limited
The earthworm is a useful animal out of the ground. It is food for other animals. In the ground, it makes rich soil for fields and gardens. Earthworms dig tunnels that loosen the soil and make it easy for air and water to reach the roots of plants. Their tunnels help the soil well drained.
Earthworms drag dead leaves, grass, and flowers into their caves. When this plant material decays, it makes the soil more fertile.
No other animals are so useful in building up good topsoil. It is estimated (估计) that in one year fifty thousand earthworms carry about eighteen tons of fine soil to the surface of an acre ( 公亩) of land.
72.The best title for the passage is _________.
[A] Working Underground
[B] Earthworm and land
[C] Fertilizing the Soil
[D] How Earthworms Improve the Soil
73.The plant carried underground by earthworms makes soil_____.
[A] well drained
[C] easier to plough
74.The earthworm helps to _____by digging tunnels.
[A] destroy weeds
[B] pack earth tightly around plant roots
[C] carry water and air to the roots of plants
[D] both Band c
75.The word "drag" means_____.
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