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如何写好英语写作的开头和结尾

2005-12-23 14:52  

  一 开头万能公式:

  1. 开头万能公式一:名人名言

  有人问了,“我没有记住名言,怎么办?尤其是英语名言?”,很好办:编!

  原理:我们看到的东西很多都是创造出来的,包括我们欣赏的文章也是,所以尽管编,但是一定要听起来很有道理呦!而且没准将来我们就是名人呢!对吧?

  经典句型:

  A proverb says, “ You are only young once.” (适用于已记住的名言)

  It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (适用于自编名言)

  更多经典句型:

  As everyone knows, No one can deny that…

  2.开头万能公式二:数字统计

  原理:要想更有说服力,就应该用实际的数字来说明。

  原则上在议论文当中不应该出现虚假数字的,可是在考试的时候哪管那三七二十一,但编无妨,只要我有东西写就万事大吉了。所以不妨试用下面的句型:

  According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation.

  看起来这个数字文邹邹的,其实都是编造出来的,下面随便几个题目我们都可以这样编造:

  Honesty

  根据最近的一项统计调查显示,大学生向老师请假的理由当中78%都是假的。

  Travel by Bike

  根据最近的一项统计调查显示,85%的人在近距离旅行的时候首选的交通工具是自行车。

  Youth

  根据最近的一项统计调查显示,在某个大学,学生的课余时间的70%都是在休闲娱乐。

  Five-day Work Week Better than Six-day Work?

  根据最近的一项统计调查显示,98%的人同意每周五天工作日。

  更多句型:

  A recent statistics shows that …

  二 结尾万能公式:

  1. 结尾万能公式一:如此结论

  说完了,毕竟要归纳一番,相信各位都有这样的经历,领导长篇大论,到最后终于冒出个“总而言之”之类的话,我们马上停止开小差,等待领导说结束语。也就是说,开头很好,也必然要有一个精彩的结尾,让读者眼前一亮,这样,你就可以拿高分了!比如下面的例子:

  Obviously(此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others.

  如果读者很难“显而见之”,但说无妨,就当读者的眼光太浅罢了!

  更多过渡短语:to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus

  更多句型:

  Thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can find that…

  2. 结尾万能公式二:如此建议

  如果说“如此结论”是结尾最没用的废话,那么“如此建议”应该是最有价值的废话了,因为这里虽然也是废话,但是却用了一个很经典的虚拟语气的句型。拽!

  Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.

  这里的虚拟语气用得很经典,因为考官本来经常考这个句型,而如果我们自己写出来,你说考官会怎么想呢?

  更多句型:

  Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken.

  Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.

  写作绝招二(文章主体段落三大杀手锏)

  一、举实例

  思维短路,举实例!提出一个观点,举实例!提出一个方案,举实例!而且者也是我们揭示一个观点最好的方式,任何情况下,只要我们无法继续文章,不管三七二十一,尽管举例子!

  In order to attract more customers, advertisers have adopted every possible simulative factor in making ads, such as sound, light, colours, cartoon films and human performance. For instance, to advertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table and devour the seemingly delicious food while they fime him or her.

  更多句型:

  To take … as an example, One example is…, Another example is…, for example

  二、做比较

  方法:写完一个要点,比较与之相似的;又写完一个要点,再比较与之相反的;

  世界上没有同样的指纹,没有相同的树叶,文章亦同,只有通过比较,你才会发现二者的相同点(through comparison)和不同点(through contrast)。下面是一些短语:

  相似的比较:

  in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner

  相反的比较:

  on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …, …

  三、换言之

  没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让你的文章在多一些字,或者文邹邹地说,是让读者更充分的理解你的观点。

  实际就是重复重复再重复!下面的句子实际上就三个字 I love you!

  I am enthusiastic about you. That is to say, I love you.

  I am wild about you. In other words, I have fallen in love with you.

  或者上面我们举过的例子:

  I cannot bear it.

  可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.

  因此可以这样说:I cannot bear it. That is to say, I cannot put up with it or I am fed up with it.

  更多短语:

  in more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more simply

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