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12月24日四级考试作文全面突破

2005-12-14 00:00   我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

  四个基本考点

  1、 切题——所谓切题是指在形式上诸如段落、字数、文体、格式等方面满足题目要求,并在内容上没有偏差。

  2、 表达清楚、条理清晰——本要求考查学生对文章结构的掌握,要求文章主题观点明确,有头有尾,论证说明安排有主次,有轻重。

  3、 文字通顺,连贯性较好——本要求考查学生对过渡句和连接词或词组的掌握和运用,要求文章句子内部与句子之间通顺连贯,不突兀。

  4、 基本无语言错误——本要求考查学生语言基本功的掌握,包括语法与拼写两部分。

  常用连接词

  总结关系过渡词语

  in general, to some extent, in my view, as for me, as far as I am concerned, obviously, in brief, on the whole

  比较对比关系过渡词语

  similarly, on the contrary, on the one hand, on the other hand, otherwise, in sharp contrast, but, however, yet, nevertheless

  列举关系过渡词语

  as a case in point, such as, first of all, to begin with, furthermore, besides, in addition, for one thing, for another

  因果关系过渡词语

  because (of), since, for, owing to, thanks to, as a result of, consequently, for the reason that, therefore, hence

  让步关系过渡词语

  although, even though, in spite of, despite

  强调关系过渡词语

  surely, obviously, particularly, in deed, needless to say, most important of all

  递进关系

  in addition, also, moreover, besides,what's more

  时间顺序

  immediately, meanwhile, presently, shortly, since, soon, temporarily, while

  方式手段

  as, as if, the way,by

  目的关系

  so that, lest,in order that

  检查集中点

  1. 每个句子是否都有谓语动词;

  2. 动词的时态和语态;

  3. 主谓搭配是否恰当;

  4. 标点符号。

  英文四大句型

  一. S+V+O

  S——主语从句,what/whether/how

  不定式(逻辑主语)

  动名词(逻辑主语)

  名词+定语从句/介宾短语

  V——几个谓语动词平行

  O——how/what宾语从句

  倒装加大难度

  Among top students are you

  Among the top students, you are the best

  主谓宾从句也可倒装——宾语从句可倒装在前面

  如果怎么也读不懂,有可能主谓宾有倒装了

  宾语后置——set something in motion

  二. S+V+O

  作状语4种形式

  1. When, since, because, if, though, before引导状语从句

  Though (you are ) young, you can understand it.

  没有主句就没有从句的生命力

  状语从句的省略原则:状语从句与主句主语是一致的,并且状语从句包括谓语动词be(am, is, are或其他时态形式)

  We, because we are late, are punished.

  2. To do 不定式放在句首

  For me to learn English well, my mother went to the lecture. ——加for sb.逻辑主语构成复合结构

  3.Doing/done, S+V+O doing——主语发出动作;done——主语承受动作

  Singing and dancing, the children went back home

  Judged guilty, Tyson was sentenced to prison several years ago.

  Doing/done同主句的谓语动作发生动作如果有一段距离,用Having done/Having been done

  Having done = doing的完成形式

  Having been done = done的完成形式

  4. 介宾短语——有时移到主谓之间

  In Wuhan, we met with each other.

  三.S+V+O

  空格处5种形式, 后四种是第一种的省略形式

  1. Whose, who, when, which, in which引导的定语从句——没有that引导从句

  Tom, (who is) my neighbor

  2. 冠词/形容词性物主代词+名词构成同位语

  Dalian, (which is) my hometown, is very beautiful.

  3. Done/doing

  4. 形容词

  Panda, (which is) native to China

  5. the first+名词+to do

  Panduo, (who is )the first lady to get to the top of Himalaya, is a Tibetan.

  其中2.3.4种经常提到句子前面,不加逗号

  四.S+V+O,

  空格处有三种形式

  1. When, if, since, though, which, who, whose, where, in which等引导的状语从句或定语从句

  2. 冠词/形容词性物主代词+名词

  We live in Dalian, a beautiful city.

  3. doing/done 作状语

  当把四个句型拼合起来后,你一个句子就是一段。

  多样化句型

  1) 定语从句 (限定性和非限定性)

  There are many reasons why I want to study in your university.

  It is estimated that tens of billions of yuan is spent on cigarettes every year in our country, which is a huge waste.

  2) 状语从句 (时间,原因,地点,条件,让步等)

  When the man is enjoying the cigarette, the smoke becomes a monster (怪物) which will devour him.

  Whatever the reason, there are still some problems with student use of computers.

  3) 分词短语做定语或状语

  Mr. Kang came to our university, giving us a lecture on how to prepare for the CET Band-4.

  4) 强调句

  It was him who gave up much hope for the future.

  5) 倒装句

  Only through these measures can we hope to solve the problem.

  6) 省略句

  If so, we have to give it up.

  If necessary……

  Whatever the reason……

  7) What句型

  We totally agree with what you have just said.

  8) 设问句

  Do you still remember the boy who cried wolf for several times so no one would trust him?

  作文十大理由

  一. 方便——发明,计算机,网络,快餐,新科技

  Convenience, convenient

  Bring us much convenience

  二. 效率——相对时间内量最大

  efficient, efficiency

  save/waste time in cooking

  三.节省和浪费——针对大学生生活习惯

  diligent, economical, thrifty, save space

  metro/subway/tube, costly, time-consuming

  lavish

  四.心理精神健康——体育运动,习惯,室内/室外运动

  independence, dependant

  I am still dependant on my parents

  Cooperation, team spirit, compete

  Creation, creative, tolerance, tolerant

  Physical, mental, healthy, mentally unhealthy

  Psychological

  Sociable, popular, party animal

  Selfish, selfishness, conservative, isolated, improve, enrich

  五.娱乐——新发明indoor/outdoor activities, recreation, entertainment, relaxation, I am relaxed now

  amusement park, leisure time, kill the time

  pleasure, autonomous, tired

  六.环境

  environment, pollution, poisonous, contaminated, separated wastes, recycle

  七.身体健康

  disease, liver, lung, kidney, spleen, heart, stomach, abdomen, energetic, dynamic

  八.风险

  risk, hazard, danger, threaten

  九.经验——谚语,抽象话题

  social, sophisticated, skillful

  十.人道、正义、公平

  humane, fair, justice, fair, help, love

  最新范文

  爱心捐款、和谐社会

  Dear friends,

  When we came back to start a new term full of passion and dream after the winter vacation, a piece of bad news struck Li Ming. His illness was diagnosed as leukemia. He has been fighting bravely against this deadly disease in hospital for nearly a month.

  Li Ming entered our university two years ago and he performed quite well in various fields and has left good impression on people around him. He was once awarded the first prize scholarship and praised by the university for his efforts in helping a child escape a traffic accident last term. He has won deep respect from his friends, classmates and teachers by virtue of his diligence, kindness and optimistic attitudes toward life.

  However, the huge expenditure on this disease has quickly exhausted the poor savings of his family. He was born in a small village in Shanxi province, and the total income of his parents cannot exceed 6000 Yuan a year. In addition, his parents has to support his grandparents who have been sick for many years.

  My fellow friends, "blood is thicker than water". We cannot see the young life of our brother leaving us this way. Please donate your love and give out your hands, and we believe a miracle can be created, a life can be saved and the harmonious society is sure to be achieved.

  英语学习

  Why Do Students learn English?

  English has been getting more and more popular in the last decade. Many countries have made English taught as the second language in schools. But why do students need English? If they do need, what do they need it for?

  Different students learn English for different purposes. Most of the students learn English because they need to read English textbooks or journals and attend English lectures, while a few students use it to talk to English-speaking visitors, attend seminars, or write letters and reports.

  Whatever the purposes are, one thing is certain: Students need English, and English teaching should be strengthened in universities. However, the current teaching methods should be improved and the teaching materials should be updated to satisfy their needs. ﹛

  环境问题

  Man and Environment

  The world we live in is becoming more and more intolerable because of environmental destruction. Bird flu and SARS are two typical examples that environmental destruction may threaten our life. Besides, forest destruction , water and air pollution result in decrease of planting land and unpleasant weather.

  Serious as the problem seems, we can come up with some measures to deal with it. First of all, the authorities should adopt the policy of "sustainable development", and laws concerning environmental protection should be put into effect and enforced strictly just as our government has been doing. What's more, every citizen should realize the seriousness of the problem and make concerted efforts to protect our environment. In addition, planting trees helps improve and beautify the environment.

  能源问题

  Energy Shortage

  Energy shortage is a very serious problem in the world. Many people worry that energy resources on the earth will be exhausted if we use them in an unchecked way. This, most people agree, will cause serious problems and even crisis and jeopardize the survival of mankind.

  On the one hand, most people agree that the problem can be solved in one way or another. One is to conserve and save our energy. For example, some countries have a daylight saving system to use less electricity for lighting. Some have enforced serious penalties on overuse of electricity, water, and farming land. By these means, people hope the drain on energy resources could be slowed down.

  However, conservation alone cannot solve the problem. Another way, is to develop new energy resources. There are many other energy resources that we can develop such as nuclear power, waterpower and solar power.

  If the above two guidelines are strictly followed, I believe, we can solve the problem of energy shortage in the end.

  亮点句型

  The popularity of "A World without Thieves" and mounting concerns about its negative impact upon children, have rekindled the outcry for a rating system.

  Building construction has been enjoying a boom particularly since China became a member of the WTO and Beijing was named host of the 2008 Olympic Games.

  She has put forward a lot of very good suggestions and devoted a lot of her spare time to improving the living conditions of the animals.

  I thought I wanted to do more. I wanted to use everything I had been given. That is the reason you are on the earth-to be yourself.

  My ears are open, my eyes are open. I am humble because I was wrong. China changes every day, for the better.

  My dream is to see an Enrichment Officer in every zoo in China and to have annual meetings when people from all the zoos in the country gather together to exchange views on what types of enrichment are working best for the animals in China.

  Peace and development remain the overriding themes of the times.

  China will continue to give top priority to heritage protection.

  Israel would continue its efforts to destroy the terrorist infrastructure, arrest those behind terrorist activities and harshly punish those who perpetrate these murderous activities.

  The Liberal Party's 11-year reign as Canada's governing party was in jeopardy.

  The State has rendered strong support to alleviate the heavy burden of these businesses.

  Local protectionism is a serious issue in China and threatens the establishment of a national market system.

  We have to be flexible and pragmatic, and give necessary consideration to the concerns of other parties, including making compromises and concessions when the situation warrants.

  Experts say the reform and consolidation of the Chinese airline industry is laying a solid foundation for the rationalization of airline networks.

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