外语教育网
您的位置:外语教育网 > 英语影音 > 双语快讯 正文
  • 站内搜索:

韩国政府力造数字化社会

2005-07-12 17:05国际在线·李远

  摘要:

  韩国首都汉城正斥资数十亿美元,与诸多私营公司和国际运营商展开密切合作,共同推动该国的数字化进程。

  SK Telecom Ltd. (SKM ) is hard at work developing what may be a key part of your digital future.

  韩国首都汉城正斥资数十亿美元,与诸多私营公司和国际运营商展开密切合作,共同推动该国的数字化进程。

  据报道,作为韩国最大通讯运营商的SKT公司正在努力实现自己的数字韩国梦想,而无线射频识别技术(RFID)则是实现梦想的有力武器。想象如下情景:当您漫步在汉城的街头,路边一家花店的电子广告牌提醒了你,今天是女朋友生日。您拿出手机,自动接收花店电子广告牌发送的无线信号,通过简单的按钮选择为女友定购一束美丽的水仙花。当水仙送到您女友手中,花中植入的频率发射器自动和女友的手机进行连接,这时您定制的音乐悠扬地响起……这一切都可以通过RFID技术得以实现。

  过去几十年中,韩国在有线和无线网络方面的投资多达数十亿美元,也为这个半岛国家迈向数字化时代奠定了坚实的根基。到目前为止,该国四分之三的家庭中已经接入宽带互联网,全国4800万12岁以上公民中的80%每人至少拥有一部手机。

  实际上在使用的技术种类方面,韩国和欧美等国的差别并不是很大。然而,在与政府间关系方面,韩国IT部门和公司明显要高出欧美同行一筹。一般来讲,欧美IT公司的技术和科技革新成果往往来自于公司自己设立的研究机构,例如IBM、惠普以及英特尔等全球知名品牌都拥有旗下的研究所,反观韩国同行则完全不同,SKT、三星以及KTF等全球知名无线运营商在技术方面得到了韩国政府旗下研究机构的大力支持。另一方面,为了保持自己在国际互联网领域的领先地位,韩国政府不久之前提出了“IT839”计划,其中包括8项服务、3项基本设施建设和9项全新或更新设备。此项计划预计将会在未来5年内完成。据有关部门预测,2010年之前韩国IT领域中来自于政府和私人企业的投资总额将超过700亿美元。

  在韩国的数字化构思中,手机被摆在了绝对的核心位置。目前韩国国内已经推出了多款整合视频播放功能的手机,并且SKT下的多媒体广播公司Tu Media也已经开始了手机电视服务,今年5月份至今,已有7.6万名用户预定了此项服务。具体收费仅仅为每个月14美元,消除了之前制约手机电视服务发展的价格桎梏。

  Honing Its Digital Game

  SK Telecom Ltd. (SKM ) is hard at work developing what may be a key part of your digital future. It's called radio-frequency identification technology, or RFID. Here's how it might work: Strolling down a street in Seoul, you notice a billboard advertising flower delivery, and you remember it's your girlfriend's birthday. The billboard is equipped with an embedded radio chip. You whip out your mobile phone and press a "hot" key that connects with the chip and calls up information from the advertised flower shop on your phone's display. You select a bouquet of daffodils, and a query pops up asking if you want to include a song. You pick a ditty dedicated to daffodils, and click "send" to place your order, which is billed to the phone. The shop delivers the flowers, with a radio chip attached to the wrapping paper. Your girlfriend clicks the hot key on her phone, and it plays the song. She is happy you remembered; SK Telecom is delighted because it gets traffic and earns money from selling the music as well.

  RFID is just one of a dozen new digital technologies under development in South Korea's bustling laboratories, part of a government-led campaign to ensure that the country doesn't lose its leading role as an innovator in information technology and telecommunications. "We are determined to maintain Korea's status as an IT leader," says Information Communication Minister Chin Dae Je. "Within a few years, Koreans will be connected anywhere, any time, and enjoy truly ubiquitous computing."

  In the past decade, the country has invested billions of dollars to make itself the world's most wired - and wireless - nation. Today some three-quarters of South Korean households have broadband Internet hookups. Of the population of 48 million, 80% carries a mobile phone - that's virtually everyone over the age of 12. Many of these phones are equipped with cutting-edge technology allowing the users to take photos, surf the Net, and listen to music.

  But other nations are narrowing the gap. So the government has launched a program designed to propel Korea ahead of the pack. It's called "IT839" - shorthand for the eight services, three infrastructure projects, and nine new or upgraded devices the country's tech wizards have decided to focus on over the next five years. The effort is expected to cost the government and private industry as much as $70 billion by 2010.

  Few of the services or gizmos the South Koreans are working on are unique. Indeed, research on most, including RFID, is under way in the U.S. and Europe. What distinguishes South Korea's effort is the intense cooperation between the IT industry and the government - in sharp contrast with the U.S., where the government devotes few resources to the development of broadband and wireless technologies. Indeed, the soul of many of Korea's machines is not in the laboratories of Samsung Electronics Inc. or mobile operator SK Telecom, but at the state-run Electronics Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI) in Daejon, 170 km south of Seoul.

  There, 1,500 engineers - some of them paid by private industry, some by the government - are working on technologies involved in IT839. The institute's annual budget is $345 million - but that doesn't count the billions being spent on research and product rollouts by Samsung, LG Electronics Inc., and SK Telecom. "Our role is to help develop basic and core technology and make it a new global standard," says ETRI President Yim Chu Hwan. "Then new products will be developed by companies in the private sector."

  The mobile phone is the focus of much of the research. Everyone assumes that in the future the handset will serve as the centerpiece of communications, entertainment, and computing for people on the go. South Korea has already launched a long-awaited advance in cell phones - live, extended, affordable television transmission on your phone, using a technology it calls digital multimedia broadcasting (DMB). TU Media Corp., an affiliate of SK Telecom, has signed up 76,000 Koreans for the service since May. Mobile video has been available for several years, but only at a high cost. Now, Do Se Kang, a 36-year-old Seoul software engineer, can pass the time on his one-hour bus commute from home to office watching news programs or a live soccer game via satellite. "This is great," Do says from his bus seat. "Watching TV on the small screen is much better than I thought." The cost for limitless TV viewing: $14 a month.

  ETRI played a key role in developing DMB mobile TV. Its researchers created the technology, then Samsung Electronics and its rival LG Electronics rolled out cell phone-TV combos. ETRI has done the same for other important technologies. For instance, after Korea decided to adopt CDMA as its sole wireless standard in 1996 - rather than the GSM standard prevalent around the world - ETRI worked with Samsung and other companies to develop snazzy, high-performance phones that won wide acceptance in the U.S., which also uses CDMA. After stunning established rivals with their success with CDMA, Samsung and LG then elbowed their way into the GSM market.

相关热词:英语 新闻
考试英语系列辅导课程
赵文通资深学位英语辅导专家,深谙命题方向及重点、难点……详情>>
赵文通:学位英语考试辅导名师
冉老师北京大学博士,知名高校教师,雅思权威辅导专家……详情>>
冉老师:雅思考试辅导名师

  1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、联系方式
  编辑信箱:for68@cdeledu.com
  电话:010-82319999-2371