外语教育网
您的位置:外语教育网 > 英语文化视窗 > 历史与人物 > 历史 正文
  • 站内搜索:

美国南北战争中的军旅生活

2005-08-31 00:00

  Army Life in the American Civil War

  For every man in the Civil War who died in battle, two or three men died of disease.Doctors of that time knew very little about causes of sickness or ways of preventing it.Thousands of men in poor health became soldiers.Hundreds of others had never had childhood diseases.Many of these soldiers could not withstand the epidemics of measles, mumps, and whooping coughthat went through the camps.

  Army life was hard.Soldiers got few fruits or vegetables.There was no milk unless they happened to find a cow.Neither their clothes nor their shelters protected the troops from rain, snow, and cold.Sickness and disease were spread by insects, rats, and impuredrinking water.Often the men drank straight from muddy streams.

  Gunshot wounds were serious, as in any war, but they did not cause as much death and suffering as disease did.

  美国南北战争中的军旅生活

  在南北战争中,有1人战死疆场,就有2人或3人死于疾病。那时的医生对致病原因和防病方法知之甚少。数以千计身体不佳的人当上了军人。另有数以百计的人还从未患过幼儿病。许多士兵经不住在军营中蔓延的麻疹、腮腺炎和百日咳等流行病的袭击。

  军旅生活是艰苦的。士兵们几乎吃不到什么水果和蔬菜,也喝不到牛奶,除非他们碰巧发现一头奶牛。他们的衣着和栖身之处都不能使他们免受雨、雪和寒冷的袭击。普通病和传染病都是通过昆虫、老鼠和不洁水传播的,士兵们常常直接饮用混浊的溪水。

  像每次战争一样,枪炮致伤的情况严重,但是它不及传染病带来的死亡和痛苦那么多。

栏目相关课程表
科目名称 主讲老师 课时 免费试听 优惠价 购买课程
英语零起点 郭俊霞 30课时 试听 150元/门 购买
综艺乐园 ------ 13课时 试听 100元/门 购买
边玩边学 ------ 10课时 试听 60元/门 购买
情景喜剧 ------ 15课时 试听 100元/门 购买
欢乐课堂 ------ 35课时 试听 150元/门 购买
基础英语辅导课程
郭俊霞 北京语言大学毕业,专业英语八级,国内某知名中学英语教研组组长,教学标兵……详情>>
郭俊霞:零基础英语网上辅导名师

  1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、联系方式
  编辑信箱:for68@chinaacc.com
  电话:010-82319999-2371