The summit was the scene of diplomatic sparring on several other fronts Thursday. Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, after meeting Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf, used his summit speech to reiterate New Delhi's charge that Pakistan is sponsoring terrorism in Kashmir, a charge Islamabad denies. "For several years, India has faced cross-border terrorism directed against its unity and territorial integrity," said Mr. Singh. "We shall never succumb to or compromise with terror, in Jammu and Kashmir or elsewhere."
At a news conference, President Musharraf declined to criticize his Indian counterpart's comments. He said the two sides disagree about who are terrorists and who are freedom fighters. "On one side the Indian position is there, of cross border terrorism, which we call freedom struggle," said Mr. Musharraf. "I don't want to get involved in definition, because this is too complicated, and unnecessarily creates misunderstandings. Any violence against civilians is terrorism."
Russian and Chinese leaders both used summit speeches Thursday to urge the United Nations to take the lead in the fight against terrorism. President Hu Jintao called for a new global security mechanism. "We must cultivate a new security concept featuring mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality and cooperation," said Mr. Hu. "The United Nations, as the core of the collective security mechanism, must play an enhanced rather than a weakened role in this regard."