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GRE北美试题12

2006-01-23 00:00

    Questions 1-7

    A sales representative plans to visit each of six companies-M, N, P, R, and S-exactly once during the course of one day. She is setting up her schedule for the day according to the following conditions:

    She must visit M before N and before R

    She must visit N before Q.

    The third company she visits must be P.

    1. Which of the following could be the order in which the sales representative visits the six companies?

    (A) M, R, N, Q, P, S

    (B) M, S, P, N, R, Q

    (C) P, R, M, N, Q, S

    (D) P, S, M, R, Q, N

    (E) Q, N, P, R, S, M

    2. Which of the following must be true of the sales representative's schedule for the day?

    (A) She visits M before Q.

    (B) She visits N before R.

    (C) She visits P before M.

    (D) She visits P before S.

    (E) She visits Q before R.

    3. If the sales representative visits S first, which company must she visit second?

    (A) M

    (B) N

    (C) P

    (D) Q

    (E) R

    4. Which of the following could be true of the sales representative's schedule?

    (A) She visits M third.

    (B) She visits N sixth.

    (C) She visits P first.

    (D) She visits Q second.

    (E) She visits R sixth.

    5. If the sales representative visits Q immediately before R and immediately after S, she must visit Q

    (A) first

    (B) second

    (C) fourth

    (D) fifth

    (E) sixth

    6. If the sales representative visits S sixth, which of the following could be her first and second visits, respectively?

    (A) M and Q

    (B) M and R

    (C) N and M

    (D) Q and P

    (E) Q and R

    7. The sales representative could visit any of the following companies immediately after P EXCEPT

    (A) M

    (B) N

    (C) Q

    (D) R

    (E) S

    8. Residents of large cities are moving to small towns and small cities in record numbers seeking not only intimacy and peace but a place where their actions count. They are fed up with an ineffectual, unresponsive big government that interferes in their lives and is no longer able to provide the services it has promised.

    If one wished to argue that a move to a small town or city would not solve the problem of the interference of big government, which of the following, if true, would be most likely to support that claim?

    (A) Most people born in big cities never move away, preferring the unique advantages a big city offers.

    (B) The government agencies most often perceived as unresponsive are national agencies, whose policies are uniform across the nation.

    (C) Over fifty percent of the new arrivals in small towns and small cities in the 1970's were farmers or farm employees from rural areas.

    (D) Governmental structures in some large cities are more responsive to individual needs than one would imagine.

    (E) Long-time residents of small towns believe that the image of small-town life as intimate and peaceful is erroneous.

    9. Government employment programs can reduce unemployment not just by the jobs that they create. Such programs give rise to new jobs in private business as well. Each worker in a public mass transit project, for example, requires tools and materials, the production of which stimulates employment in the private industries that produce them.

    The author's point is made chiefly by

    (A) citing a causal relationship

    (B) presenting an analogy as fact

    (C) presenting an overview

    (D) appealing to emotions

    (E) posing a question to be answered

    10. The marking researcher was interested only in the attitudes that those interviewed had toward vacationing in Florida. Yet, in an effort to obtain valid information, she did not reveal that Florida's Bureau of Tourism was sponsoring her research; she asked participants in the interviews to give opinions on and express preferences among many places for vacationing, a technique that yielded as much information on Europe and California as on Florida.

    A plausible explanation for the researcher's strategy is that she believed that the participants

    (A) were from a variety of backgrounds and hence had a variety of opinions about vacationing

    (B) had attitudes toward Florida that were more easily predicted than were their opinions on other places for vacationing

    (C) would tend to express favorable opinions when they thought such responses would please the sponsor of the research

    (D) would speak honestly about places for vacationing only during direct questioning

    (E) were more knowledgeable and candid about Europe and California than about Florida

    Questions 11-15

    Two collectors, Frank and Gloria, are each selecting a group of three wildlife prints from a group of seven prints-T, U, V, W, X, Y, and Z. No print can be in both groups. The selections made be Frank and Gloria are subject to the following restrictions:

    If U is in Frank's group, W must be in Gloria's group.

    If X is in Frank's group, Z must be Gloria's group.

    T and Z cannot be in the same group.

    W and Y cannot be in the same group.

    11. If X is in Frank's group, any of the following could be in Gloria's group EXCEPT

    (A) T

    (B) U

    (C) V

    (D) W

    (E) Z

    12. Which of the following pairs of groups selected by Frank and Gloria conform to the restrictions?

    Frank          Gloria

    (A) T, U, V  W, X, Y

    (B) T, U, Z   V, W, X,

    (C) U, X, Z   T, W, Y

    (D) V, W, X   U, Y, Z

    (E) W, Y, Z   T, U, X

    13. If U is in Frank's group, which of the following is true?

    (A) T must be in Frank's group.

    (B) Y must be in Frank's group.

    (C) V must be in Gloria's group.

    (D) X cannot be in Frank's group.

    (E) Y cannot be in Gloria's group.

    14. If U and X are in Frank's group, Gloria's group must consist of

    (A) T, W, and Y

    (B) T, Y, and Z

    (C) V, W, and Z

    (D) V, Y, and Z

    (E) W, Y, and Z

    15. If T is in Gloria's group, which of the following is true?

    (A) U cannot be in Frank's group.

    (B) X cannot be in Frank's group.-

    (C) Y cannot be in Gloria's group.

    (D) Z must be in Frank's group.

    (E) Z must be in Gloria's group.

    Questions 16-19

    A student making out a course schedule for September through June must take one physics course, three English courses, Math 1 and 2, and History 1, 2, 3, and 4.

    Each course is one month long and must always be taken alone.

    Physics can only be taken after Math 1 has been taken.

    Math 2 can only be taken after physics has been taken.

    English courses cannot be taken in consecutive months.

    History 1 and 2 must be taken in consecutive months.

    History 3 and 4 must be taken in consecutive months.

    16. The student can take the two math courses in any of the following pairs of months EXCEPT

    (A) September and June

    (B) October and January

    (C) November and January

    (D) December and June

    (E) February and May

    17. If the student takes history courses in September and June, in which months, other than September and June, will it be IMPOSSIBLE to take a math course?

    (A) October and January only

    (B) January and February only

    (C) October and May only

    (D) October, January, February, and May only

    (E) October, December, January, and May only

    18. If the student wishes to take two math courses, one history course, and one English course from September to January, she must take

    (A) math in September

    (B) physics in November

    (C) math in December

    (D) English in December

    (E) English in March

    19. If the student wishes to complete both math courses before taking any English courses, when must she take history courses?

    (A) November, December, February, and March

    (B) November, December, April, and May

    (C) December, January, April, and May

    (D) January, February, April, and May

    (E) February, March, May, and June

    Questions 20-22

    Three women-Anne, Maureen, and Fran-and two men-Ed and Marry-are the only dancers in a dance program that consists of six numbers in this order. one-a duet; two-a duet; three-a solo; four-a duet; five-a solo; and six-a duet.

    No dancer is in two consecutive numbers or in more than two numbers.

    The first number in which Ed appears is one that comes before the first number in which Fran appears.

    The second number in which Ed appears is one that comes after the second number in which Fran appears.

    A duet consists of two men or two women or a woman and a man.

    20. Which of the following is a complete and accurate list of those numbers that could be the last one in which Fran performs?

    (A) Three

    (B) Four

    (C) Five

    (D) Three, four

    (E) Four, five

    21. All of Maureen's appearances must be in duets if

    (A) Fran is in number two

    (B) Fran is in number five

    (C) Ed is in number one

    (D) Ed is in number two

    (E) Ed is in number six

    22. If Harry is in number five, number four must consist of

    (A) two women

    (B) two men

    (C) Ed and a woman

    (D) Maureen and a man

    (E) Fran and a man

    23. Under laws requiring the use of recyclable containers, beverages are sold only in containers that can be reused. Those who object to such laws point out that collecting reusable bottles requires gasoline, and washing them requires water; however, it takes less water to wash them than it does to make throwaway bottles. This saving in water exceeds the cost of the gasoline needed to transport empty bottles.

    The passage above most directly answers which of the following objections to recyclable beverage containers?

    (A) Consumers would continue to discard even recyclable containers.

    (B) Returning bottles is an inconvenience for consumers.

    (C) The extra expense of recycling would raise beverage prices.

    (D) Recycling would harm the glass and plastic industries that make containers.

    (E) Recycling containers is only a partial answer to the problem of disposal of solid waste.

    24. Although historical research and    anthropological research often complement one another, the two disciplines retain important distinctions because of the fundamental questions that each poses. Historians are ultimately interested in why change occurred, whereas anthropologists are concerned with the meanings of actions and systems.

    Which of the following is implied in the passage above?

    (A) The meanings of actions and systems do not fully explain why change occurred.

    (B) The distinctions between life and art are diminishing .

    (C) Actions and systems are not usually subject to historical change.

    (D) Anthropological research is not concerned with change.

    (E) The questions posed by the two disciplines share certain assumptions about human behavior.

    25. We know that Harry is sick much of the time because whenever we get a letter from him he tells us that he is home from the office with the flu, a cold, or an injury.

    The logical assumption made in the passage above is that

    (A) Harry's work cannot be done at home

    (B) Harry is not sick when he is at the office

    (C) Harry writes long letters

    (D) Harry writes frequently

    (E) being home from the office is equivalent to being sick

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