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GRE北美试题3

2006-01-20 00:00

    Questions 1-6

    A five-member commission is being set up to settle labor disputes.

    It must be composed of two representatives of management, two representatives of labor, and one independent specialist in labor relations.

    The management representatives must be chosen from among M, N, and O.

    The labor representatives must be chosen from among P, R, and S.

    Either J or K must be chosen as the independent specialist.

    P cannot serve together with S.

    O cannot serve together with P.

    N cannot serve unless K serves at the same time.

    1. Which of the following is a list of people who can serve together on the commission?

    (A) J, M, N, R, S

    (B) J, N, O, R, S

    (C) K, M, N, P, R

    (D) K, M, N, P, S

    (E) K, N, O, P, R

    2. Which of the following persons must be chosen to serve on the commission?

    (A) J

    (B) M

    (C) N

    (D) P

    (E) R

    3. If P and R are chosen to be the labor representatives, which of the following statements must be true?

    Ⅰ K is chosen to serve on the commission.

    Ⅱ Both M and N are chosen to represent management.

    Ⅲ J is chosen to serve on the commission.

    (A) Ⅰ only

    (B) Ⅱ only

    (C) Ⅲ only

    (D) Ⅰand Ⅱ only

    (E) Ⅱ and Ⅲ only

    4. Which of the following is a list of four persons who can be chosen to serve together on the commission if J has been chosen?

    (A) M, N, P, R

    (B) M, N, R, S

    (C) M, O, P, R.

    (D) M, O, R, S

    (E) N, O, R, S

    5. If N, R, and S have been chosen as three members of the commission, which of the following statements about the remaining two members of the commission is accurate?

    (A) M and O are the only pair who can be chosen to complete the group.

    (B) K and O are the only pair who can be chosen to complete the group.

    (C) K and M are the only pair who can be chosen to complete the group.

    (D) Both the pair M and O and the pair k and O are possible choices for completing the group.

    (E) Both the pair K and M and the pair K and O are possible choices for completing the group.

    6. If J must be chose to serve on the commission, which of the following persons CANNOT be chosen to serve on the commission?

    (A) M

    (B) O

    (C) P

    (D) R

    (E) S

    7. If the laws of biology are ultimately based on the laws of physics and chemistry, then the laws of biology hold for living organisms wherever they may be found in the galaxy and the universe.

    The conclusion above logically depends on which of the following assumptions?

    (A) The science of biology is not as precise as the sciences of physics and chemistry.

    (B) The sciences of biology, physics, and chemistry are ultimately a single science.

    (C) The laws of physics and chemistry explain a narrower range of phenomena than do the laws of biology.

    (D) The laws of physics and chemistry hold throughout the universe.

    (E) A scientific law is necessarily universal.

    8. Hittite tablets corroborate many of the descriptions of ancient life that appear in the Iliad and even list Greek cities that reportedly sent ships to Troy. What this means is that the Iliad is not creative literature, as is commonly believed, and hence not a matter for literary discussion. It is history and should be examined by historical science.

    The author of the passage above makes which of the following assumptions?

    Ⅰ. A work cannot be classified as creative literature if that work records historical fact.

    Ⅱ. The Hittite tablets record actual events rather than legends.

    Ⅲ. Cities and events mentioned in the Iliad but not in the tablets are fictitious.

    (A) Ⅰ only

    (B) Ⅱ only

    (C) Ⅲ only

    (D) Ⅰand Ⅱ only

    (E) Ⅱand Ⅲ only

    9. It has been argued that the consumer has benefited from agricultural technology in the United States. Consumers are spending, on the average, a decreasing proportion of their income on food. But the demand for food, especially in prosperous countries, is virtually insensitive to income, so that as real incomes rise, the amount spent of food becomes a smaller proportion of expenditure. Therefore, in order to judge whether consumers have really benefited from agricultural technology, it is necessary to know whether ____________.

    Which of the following is the most logical completion of the passage above?

    (A) incomes will continue to rise

    (B) the proportion of income spent on food has declined more sharply than rises in real income warrant

    (C) technological costs constitute a substantial portion of the cost of food production

    (D) the quantity of food produced by American farmers has increased

    (E) consumers will increase the proportion of their income spent on foot as food prices rise

    Questions 10-15

    Four couples, the Bascos, the Jeffersons, the Pardas, and the Roberts, are learning a new dance. The dancers must perform this dance in pairs. At the beginning of the dance, each of the married couples is such a pair, but there are three calls for partner changes-calls X, Y, and Z-with the following results:

    When call X is made, Mr. Basco and Mr. Parda exchange partners.

    When call Y is made, Mrs. Roberts and Mrs. Jefferson exchange partners.

    When call Z is make, Mr. Jefferson and Mr. Parda exchange partners.

    When more than one call is made, each change of partners is based on the arrangement of partners produced by the preceding call. *

    10. If, since beginning of the dance, there has been one partner change, made in response to call X, which of the following must be a pair of partners?

    (A) Mr. Basco and Mrs. Parda

    (B) Mr. Basco and Mrs. Roberts

    (C) Mr. Jefferson and Mrs. Parda

    (D) Mr. Jefferson and Mrs. Basco

    (E) Mr. Roberts and Mrs. Jefferson

    11. If, after the first two calls of the dance, each dancer is again partnered with his or her own spouse, the calls made could have been

    (A) X followed by Y

    (B) Z followed by X

    (C) X followed by X, or Y followed by Y, or Z followed by Z

    (D) X followed by X, or Y followed by Y, but not Z followed by Z

    (E) X followed by X, or Z followed by Z, but not Y followed by Y

    12. If, since the beginning of the dance, two partner changes have been made, the first in response to call X and the second in response to call Y, which of the following must be true?

    (A) Mrs. Basco is partnered with Mr. Roberts.

    (B) Mrs. Jefferson is partnered with Mr. Jefferson.

    (C) Mr. Parda is partnered with Mrs. Roberts.

    (D) Only two of the women are partnered with their husbands.

    (E) No man is partnered with his wife.

    13. If Mr. Basco is partnered with Mrs. Basco after the first two calls of the dance, and if the second call was Y, which of the following is true of the first call?

    (A) It must have been X.

    (B) It must have been Y.

    (C) It must have been Z

    (D) It could have been any of the three calls except X.

    (E) It could have been any of the three calls except Z.

    14. If Mr. Jefferson is partnered with Mrs. Basco after the first two calls of the dance, and if the second call was Z, which of the following is true of the first call?

    (A) It must have been X.

    (B) It must have been Y.

    (C) It must have been Z.

    (D) It could have been any of the three calls except Y.

    (E) IT could have been any of the three calls except Z.

    15. If the dance begins with the three calls Z, X, and Y, in the order given, it must be true that after the third call.

    (A) Mr. Parda partners Mrs. Jefferson

    (B) Mr. Parda partners Mrs. Roberts

    (C) Mr. Basco partners Mrs. Basco

    (D) Mr. Basco partners Mrs. Jefferson

    (E) Mr. Basco partners Mrs. Roberts

    Questions 16-19

    Four players-W, X, Y, and Z-play a series of games. In each game the four form two pairs that play against one another; one pair wins and one pair loses.

    When a pair wins or loses a game, both players are credited with the win or the loss.

    Games are played in a series in which partners are changed with each game until all possible combinations of partners have played. The series begins again repeating the combinations of partners in the same order.

    16. Which of the following is a possible sequence of partners for W?

    (A) X, Z, Y, X, Y, Z

    (B) Y, X, Z, X, Z,Y

    (C) Y, Z, X, Y, Z, X

    (D) Z, X, Y, Z, Y, X

    (E) Z, Y, X, Y, X, Z

    17. In order that all possible combinations of partners play one game each, how many games must be played?

    (A) 3

    (B) 4

    (C) 5

    (D) 6

    (E) 8

    18. If each player has won at least one game, what is the minimum number of games that must have been played?

    (A) 1

    (B) 2

    (C) 3

    (D) 4

    (E) 5

    19. At the end of the third game in the first series, which of the following must be true?

    (A) There is a player who has won two games and lost one game.

    (B) There is a player who has won all three games.

    (C) There is a player who has lost two or more games.

    (D) There are three players who have lost exactly one game each.

    (E) There are three players who have won exactly two games each.

    Questions 20-22

    A company owns exactly five delivery vans designated K, L, M, N, and O. At the end of the day, each of the vans must be parked in one of three parking lanes numbered 1, 2, and 3, which are each wide enough for just one van and long enough for all five vans. In lane 1, only vans K and L can be parked, but neither of these vans has to be parked in that lane.

    N is always parked earlier than O is parked. When parking a van, each driver enters one of the parking lanes from the rear and parks in the front most available position.

    No driver parks behind any more of the other vans than he has to at the time.

    20. Which of the following could be the parking pattern after all vans have been parked?

    (A) K in lane 1; first L, then M, the O in lane 2; N in lane 3

    (B) K in front of L in lane 1; no van in lane 2; first M, then N, then O in lane 3

    (C) K in front of L in lane 1; M in lane 2; O in front of N in lane 3

    (D) K in front of N in lane 1; L in lane 2; M in front of O in lane 3

    (E) L in front of K in lane 1; N in front of O in lane 2; M in lane 3

    21. Each of the following could be true after all of the vans have been parked EXCEPT:

    (A) K is the only van parked in lane 2.

    (B) L is the only van parked in lane 1.

    (C) L and O are both parked in lane 3.

    (D) M and N are both parked in lane 2.

    (E) M and O are parked in different lanes.

    22. If all five of the vans are parked, but none of them in lane 1, which of the following must be true?

    (A) K was parked earlier than L was.

    (B) N was parked earlier than M was.

    (C) O was the last van to be parked.

    (D) K and L were the first two vans to be parked.

    (E) M and O were the last two vans to be parked.

    23. Recent data from the Center for Disease Control indicate a decline in the reported instances of disease Q. This decline is surprising, because it follows a period in which the formerly obscure Q received a great deal of publicity in the news media.

    Which of the following, if assumed by the author to be true, would provide the most logical explanation of the author's surprise at the reported decline?

    (A) Increased public awareness of a disease usually stimulates efforts to eradicate the disease.

    (B) Increased public awareness of a disease usually leads to an increase in reported instances of the disease.

    (C) An obscure disease may sometimes receive a great deal of publicity even though doctors have begun to suspect that the disease no longer exists.

    (D) The Center for Disease Control typically concerns itself only with diseases that are of public importance.

    (E) It is unusual for the reported instances of a disease to decline sharply after a long period of stability.

    24. Husbands of wage-earning women spend, on the average, the same amount of time on housework as do husbands of women who do not earn wages: eleven hours per week.

    Husbands of wage-earning women perform household tasks on more occasions than do husbands of women who do not earn wages.

    If the statements above are true, which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn?

    (A) The average time spent per occasion of performing individual household tasks is less for husbands of wage-earning women than it is for husbands of women who do not earn wages.

    (B) Husbands of wage-earning women report a higher rate of participation in household tasks than is actually the case, because they overestimate the number of times they do housework.

    (C) On the average, husbands of wage-earning women allocate a little more time to housework per month than do husbands of women who do not earn wages.

    (D) There is no difference in the patterns of time spent on household tasks by husbands of wage-earning women and by husbands of women who do not earn wages.

    (E) Husbands of wage-earning women participate more often in tasks that are completed in a short time than they do in tasks that take a long time to complete.

    25. Most canvases used by artists in the preindustrial United States were imported from Europe, but the wooden stretchers on which the canvas was mounted were always made from American wood. Retailers of art supplies, both in the United States and Europe, often stamped blank canvases with their names and addresses. Completed painting brought from Europe to America were frequently taken off their European stretchers for shipping and remounted on American stretchers after their arrival.

    A cultural historian could legitimately use the information in the passage above in establishing that a painting of that era done on

    (A) canvas sold by a European retailer and mounted on a stretcher of American wood is probably an American painting

    (B) canvas sold by an American retailer and mounted on a stretcher of American wood is probably an American painting

    (C) canvas sold by an American retailer and not mounted on a stretcher is probably not an American painting

    (D) unmarked canvas mounted on a stretcher of American wood is probably an American painting

    (E) unmarked canvas that is not mounted on a stretcher is probably not an American painting

    Questions 1-7

    A disc jockey is planning a new format for her program, which has eight slots numbered one through eight, consecutively. The program must consist of the following eight segments: one weather report, two commercials, one sports report, and four records, not necessarily in the order given. Each of these eight segments must be aired only once during the program according to the following conditions:

    The two commercials cannot be aired consecutively.

    The program must begin with either a commercial or the weather report and must end with either a commercial or the weather report.

    1. Which of the following is a possible assignment of segments for the radio program to slots one through eight, respectively?

    (A) Commercial, record, weather report, record, sports report, record, record, commercial

    (B) Record, record, commercial, commercial, record, record, sports report, weather report

    (C) Record, sports, report, commercial, record, weather report, record, commercial, record

    (D) Weather report, record, commercial, record, sports report, record, commercial, record

    (E) Weather report, record, record, sports report, record, record, commercial, commercial

    2. If the weather report is aired in slot one, each of the following could be the slot occupied by one of the commercials EXCEPT

    (A) two

    (B) three

    (C) four

    (D) five

    (E) seven

    3. Which of the following assignments of segments to slots two and three, respectively, results in one and only one type of segment to be assigned to each of the remaining slot?

    (A) Weather report, record

    (B) Weather report, sports report

    (C) Record, sports report

    (D) sports report, commercial

    (E) Sports report, record

    4. If a weather report is aired in slot tow, and if the sports report is aired in slot five, all of the following must be true EXCEPT:

    (A) A record is aired immediately after the sports report.

    (B) A record is aired in slot three.

    (C) A commercial is aired in slot four.

    (D) A commercial is aired in slot eight.

    (E) A commercial is aired immediately after a record.

    5. If a program begins with the weather report, and if one commercial is aired immediately before the sports report and one commercial is aired immediately after it, the records must be assigned to slots

    (A) one through four

    (B) two through five

    (C) three through six

    (D) four through seven

    (E) five through eight

    6. If a record is aired after each commercial, and if the sports report is aired in slot five, which of the following must be true?

    Ⅰ. A record is aired is slot seven.

    Ⅱ. A commercial is aired in slot three.

    Ⅲ. The sports report is aired between two records.

    (A) Ⅰonly

    (B) Ⅱonly

    (C) Ⅲonly

    (D) Ⅰand Ⅱonly

    (E) Ⅱand Ⅲ only

    7. If the weather report is aired in slot four, and if exactly two of the four records are played consecutively, the sports report must be aired in slot

    (A) two

    (B) three

    (C) five

    (D) six

    (E) seven

    8. A man charged with theft of cable television services said, "They even want restitution of $662 they claim I owe them, which is ridiculous, because I didn't enjoy some of those shows at all."

    The man's assertion establishes that he

    (A) owes the money the cable service claims he owes

    (B) did watch programs that were shown on the cable service

    (C) does owe the cable service an amount of money, but less than $662

    (D) was aware that his hookup to the cable service was unauthorized

    (E) is willing to pay a moderate price of the cable service

    9. The theoretical principle of democracy is majority rule, but at least in presidential politics majority rule has never triumphed. In every presidential election, more people of voting age failed to vote than voted for the eventual winner. "None of the above" is evidently the perennially favorite candidate of most citizens.

    The conclusion of the passage is based on which of the following assumptions?

    (A) Nonresidential elections are less worthy Of study than are presidential election.

    (B) People of voting age who fail to vote in presidential elections do so to express their dissatisfaction with the candidates.

    (C) A presidential candidate need not receive votes from a majority of those who actually vote in order to win an election.

    (D) The ratio of voters to nonvoter among those of voting age indicates the relative popularity of the competing candidates.

    (E) The principle of majority rule has never been correctly defined.

    10. Scientists do not live or work in isolation from the rest of the world. They toil in government laboratories, universities, and industry. Yet they espouse only what scientific evidence convinces them is true, not what the public wants to hear. In fact, nothing ruins scientific research faster than mixing it with political considerations.

    It can be inferred from the passage above that the author believes that

    (A) the public has no faith in the discoveries of scientists

    (B) scientists cannot be effective politicians

    (C) scientific conclusions have few political implications

    (D) political aims are likely to be irrelevant to scientific research

    (E) scientific research should be apolitical

    Questions 11-14

    The following buses and trains are the only forms of pubic transportation that can be used to go between town P and town Q:

    On the way from P to Q, the following stops are made. The buses stop atop at towns R, S, T, and U, in that order.

    Express trains stop at town T only.

    Early local trains stop at towns V, W, T, and X only, in that order.

    Late local trains stop at towns V, W, and X only, in that order.

    On the way from Q to P, the routes are reversed.

    The buses stop at towns U,T,S, and R, in that order.

    Express trains stop at town T only.

    Early local train stop at towns X,T,W, and V only, in that order.

    Late local trains stop at towns X, W, and V only, in that order.

    The bus station is at the train station in towns P, T, and Q.

    11. It is possible, without changing to another bus or train, to take a bus or train along the routes above between each of the following pairs of towns EXCEPT from

    (A) R to T

    (B) R to U

    (C) S to U

    (D) U to X

    (E) V to X

    12. In order to go from V to U along the routes above, it is necessary to take

    (A) a bus only

    (B) an early local train only

    (C) a local train and a bus

    (D) either an early or a late local train only

    (E) a local train and an express train

    13. To make the fewest possible stops in going from X to P along the routes above, it is necessary to take

    (A) an express train only

    (B) an early local train only

    (C) a late local train only

    (D) a local train and then a bus

    (E) an early local train and then an express train

    14. In order to go from X to R along the routes above, it is necessary to take first

    (A) a local train and later a bus

    (B) a bus and later a local train

    (C) an express train and later a bus

    (D) a bus and later an express train

    (E) a local train and later an express train

    Questions 15-17

    An arbitration panel, drawn from the Red League referees (K, L, M, and N) and from the Green League referees (R, S, and T), is formed whenever conflicts cannot otherwise be resolved.

    Each panel has three, four, or five members.

    Both leagues must be represented on any panel, but never by equal numbers of referees.

    Each panel is chaired by a panel member representing the league whose representatives are in the minority on that panel.

    K and R cannot serve on any panel unless they serve together.

    Either L or S or both serve on any panel that is formed.

    15. Which of the following is a properly constituted arbitration panel, with the chairperson listed first?

    (A) S; L, M

    (B) K; L, R, T

    (C) L; M, N, S

    (D) T; K, R, S

    (E) K; M, N, R, S

    16. If, on a given panel, N must serve as chairperson, the other members of that panel must be which of the following?

    (A) M and S

    (B) S and T

    (C) L, R, and S

    (D) L, S, and T

    (E) R, S, and T

    17. If a new arbitration panel, chaired by S, has been formed from an old panel, chaired by M, merely by replacing a single member of the old panel, which of the following must be the referee who was thus replaced?

    (A) K

    (B) L

    (C) N

    (D) R

    (E) T

    Questions 18-22

    M, N, O, P, Q, and R are two sets of triplets, not necessarily in the order given. None of the six is married to a sibling or to someone of the same sex:

    Four of the six are male and two are female.

    Neither set of triplets contains three siblings of the same sex.

    M and P are married to each other.

    N is Q's only brother.

    18. Who CANNOT be sister and brother?

    (A) M and Q

    (B) O and R

    (C) P and Q

    (D) P and R

    (E) R and Q

    19. R must be a female if

    (A) M and Q are siblings

    (B) O and R are siblings

    (C) P and Q are siblings

    (D) O is P's sister-in-law

    (E) O is P's brother-in-law

    20. Which of the following statements must be FALSE?

    (A) O is P's sister-in-law.

    (B) Q is P's sister-in-law.

    (C) N is P's brother-in-law.

    (D) O is P's brother-in-law.

    (E) Q is P's brother-in-law.

    21. If Q and R are married to each other, which of the following must be true?

    (A) O is a male.

    (B) R is a male.

    (C) M is a female.

    (D) N is a female.

    (E) p is a female.

    22. If P and R are brother, which of the following must be true?

    (A) M and O are siblings.

    (B) N and P are siblings.

    (C) M is a male.

    (D) O is a female.

    (E) Q is a female.

    23. Recently a number of writers have proposed that our ancestors were influenced by visits from extraterrestrial and that these visitors were the builders of such monuments as the pyramids of Egypt.

    Which of the following statements, if true, would constitute the strongest evidence in support of the proposal described above?

    (A) The level of technology achieved by our ancestors who designed and built the monuments in question was actually much higher than it was formerly believed to be.

    (B) Monuments such as the pyramids of Egypt are very often positioned so that their prominent design features point to heavenly bodies.

    (C) Stories about beings from heaven appear in the mythologies of cultures that could have had no interchange with one another.

    (D) Modern builders cannot conceive of a way to duplicate the monuments without resorting to the most recent technological innovations.

    (E) Any extraterrestrial civilization advanced enough to have interplanetary space travel during the time of our ancestors could easily find means of communicating with them.

    24. To produce a pound of protein, herbivorous sea creatures such as abalones require relatively little plant food, whereas carnivores such as tuna feed on herbivores and thus require the conversion of thousands of pounds of plant food. Hence it would be better for ecological balance if people ate abalone instead of tuna.

    Which of the following, if true, is the best criticism of the argument above?

    (A) Abalone costs much more per pound than tuna does.

    (B) Tuna is much easier to harvest than abalone is.

    (C) Abalones mature so slowly that meeting market demands would exhaust the stock .

    (D) Human beings would require the same amount of protein from either abalone or tuna.

    (E) The average specimen of abalone is much smaller than the average specimen of tuna.

    25.In an attempt to reverse the deterioration of the postal service in at least some respects, the government has raised the price of postage stamps. This effort will be effective since reducing the number of persons using the postal system should result in a corresponding reduction in the percentage of letter lost.

    The author of the passage above makes which of the following assumptions?

    Ⅰ. Fewer people will buy postage stamps if they are more expensive.

    Ⅱ. The percentage of letters lost by the postal service has been evidence of the deterioration of the postal system.

    Ⅲ. The government will improve the efficiency of the postal service with revenues from higher priced stamps.

    (A) Ⅰonly

    (B) Ⅱ only

    (C) Ⅲ only

    (D) Ⅰand Ⅱ only

    (E) Ⅰand Ⅲ only

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