PART I LISTENING COMPREHENSION
In Section A, B and C you will hear everything ONLY ONCE. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct response to each question on the Colored Answer Sheet.
SECTION A TALK
Question 1 to 5 refer to the talk in this section. At the end of the talk you will be given 15 seconds to answer each of the following five questions.
Now listen to the talk.
1. What is the percentage that the Mediterranean has of the world's sea surface? A) 1.5%
2. Which parts of the Mediterranean are the worst? A) The coast between Barcelona and Greek.
B) The Tyrrhenrian Sea between Sardinia, Sicily and the West Italian coast.
C) The Israeli/Lebanon coast.
D) Cannes and Tel Aviv.
3. According to the speaker, the dirtiest rivers are ____ A) the Llobregat in Spain.
B) the Adige and the Tiber in Italy.
C) the Nile.
D) the Po and the Phone.
4. In the next twenty years, the number of holiday-makers is expected to be ____ A) 100 million.
B) 150 million.
C) 200 million.
D) 300 million.
5. The purpose of the article is ____ A) to warn that the pollution of the Mediterranean is hardly inevitable.
B) to provide specific information about the pollution of the Mediterranean.
C) to warn holiday-makers of the risks they will run if they tour the Mediterranean shores.
D) to show that the Mediterranean has become another dead sea.
SECTION B INTERVIEW
Question 6 to 10 are based on an interview. At the end of the interview you will be given 15 seconds to answer each of the following question.
Now listen to the interview.
6. Who are the speakers? A) Salesmen.
D) Advertising agents.
7. What products are they talking about? A) Kitchen.
C) Mobility units.
D) Cake mixer.
8. What is the relationship between the two speakers? A) Employer and employee.
B) Salesman and customer.
C) Advertiser and customer.
9. How is the kitchen different from all other kitchens on the market? A) It is easier to clean and repair.
B) It is non-fixed and flexible.
C) All its units are of the same height.
D) Its chopping board is nearer to the sink.
10. What can you infer from the conversation? A) Terry knows less about kitchen than Joyce.
B) Joyce knows more about kitchen than Terry.
C) Terry knows more about kitchen than Joyce.
D) Terry knows as much about the kitchen as Joyce.
SECTION D NOTE-TAKING AND GAP-FILLING
In this section you will hear a mini-lecture. You will hear the lecture ONLY ONCE. While listening to the lecture, take notes on the important points. Your notes will not be marked, but you will need them to complete a 15-minute gap-filling task on ANSWER SHEET ONE after the mini lecture. Use the blank sheet for note-taking. ANSWER SHEET ONE
Fill in each of the gaps with ONE suitable word. You may refer to your notes. Make sure the word you fill in is both grammatically and semantically acceptable.
The strange behavior of sleepwalkers have puzzled police, perplexed scientist and fascinated writers for centuries. There is an early (16) record of a somnambulist who wrote a novel in his sleep. The worlds (17) sleepwalker was supposed to have been an Indian, who walked 16 miles along a dangerous road. Sleepwalking is a (18) reality. What is certain about sleepwalking is that it is a symptom of (19), which is a usually the (20) result of guilt, nervousness, worry or some other emotional (21).
One of the most common beliefs of sleepwalking is that it is dangerous or even (22) to waken the sleepwalkers. But this is one of the two mistaken beliefs. The other is that sleepwalkers are (23) to injury. Authorities on sleepwalking think that people will not do anything against their own moral (24). They also think sleepwalking itself is nothing to become alarmed about, but what may be very serious are the (25) that causes it.
PART II PROOFREADING & ERROR CORRECTION
The following passage contains ten errors .Each line contains a maximum of one error. In each case only one word is involved. You should proofread the passage and correct it in the following way:
For a wrong word, underline the wrong word and write the correct one in the blank provided at the end of the line.
For a missing word, mark the position of the missing word with a "^" sign and write the word you believe to be missing in the blank provided at the end of the line.
For an unnecessary word, cross the unnecessary word with a slash "/" and put the word in the blank provided at the end of the line.
When ^ art museum wants a new exhibit,
it (never/) buys things in finished form and hangs
them on the wall. When a natural history museum
wants an exhibition, it must often build it.
The German poet and polymath Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
pondered the question of how organisms develop in his scientific
studies of form and structure immature plants and animals, a field he
found and named morphology. His search for a single basic body plan
across all life-forms led him to think about the prevalence of repeating
segments in body structures. The spinal columns of fish, reptiles,
birds and mammals, for instance, all are made of long strings of
repeated vertebrae. Among invertebrates the growth of virtually
identical segments is how striking: in earthworms, for example, even
internal organs are repeated in serial segments. Likewise, the
abdomen of flies and other insects are segmented, as are the
successive wormlike articulations in crabs, shrimps and other
crustaceans. To Goethe the evidence suggested that nature takes a
building-block approach to generate life, repeating a basic element
again and again to arrive at a complicated organism. The only glaring
hole he could see in the theory was the apparent lack of sort of
segmentation in the vertebrate heads. In 1790 he hypothesized that
spinal vertebrate is modified during the development to form the skull.
PART III READING COMPREHENSIONS
In this section there are four reading passages followed by fifteen multiple-choice questions. Read the passages and then mark your answers on your Answer Sheet.
TEXT A It is now June 1567. Two months previously the explosion to Kirk OField, which awakened Edinburgh, startled courts as far away as Rome. In the flash of gunpowder, England, France, and the Holy See received a pin-sharp picture of Scotland which shook even the hardened nerves of the sixteenth century. The Queens consort murdered. The Queen implicated. The Earl of Bothwell more than implicated. Talk of love between them. No one minded murder in the sixteenth century; it was a good old Scottish custom, and elsewhere it was recognized as a political expedient. No one regretted the end of the miserable Darnley, a poor drunken coward; but what stirred the conscience of the age was the news that the Queen of Scotland was ready to bring her husbands murderer not to the gallows but to her bed. Even Elizabeth, who was not Marys best friend, became human and wrote to her "dear cousin" imploring her to see justice done. But no: Mary Queen of Scots was fated to think the cup of sorrow to the very end. Has any woman lived more violently, yet more mysteriously —— for we shall never know her heart —— than Mary in the last six months before Carberry Hill? There is the amazing evening in Edinburgh, when, surrounded by armed men, the lords of Scotland sign Bothwells document naming himself the Queens suitor. There is the astonishing holdup outside Edinburgh with the Queen. What can we make of it? Was she his victim or did he fly to his brutality as to a stronghold? There is the silent ten-day honeymoon at Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh; the angry murmur of the common people. Then, as if the drama had not been exhausted, we see Mary in flight, riding through the night disguised as a boy. She and her strong man ride out to meet her nobles at Carberry Hill. There is no battle; Bothwell offers to fight any man of equal rank in the opposing army. Even hang fire. Marry will not hear of Bothwells fighting. Why? Surely because she loves him? She learns that the nobles are resolved on his death. Her heart is set on securing his escape. They say farewell, in great pain and anguish and with many long kisses. The lords escort her to Edinburgh, where a man cries out for her death. There is a terrible glimpse of her at a window, her hair about her shoulders, crying and appealing to the crowds to save her. The next day she is taken to Loch Leven, to a castle on an island. Marys long captivity had begun.
36. Mary's husband, Lord Darnley, had been ____
A) killed in the explosion at Kirk O'Field.
B) told to wake up all the people of Edingburgh.
C) startled by the explosion at Kirk O'Field.
D) stabbed by the people of Edingburgh.
37. It was reported all over Europe that the Queen of Scotland ____
A) knew nothing about the murder but wanted to marry Bothwell.
B) knew about the murder, which Bothewell had organized.
C) had carried the gunpowder, because she hated her husband.
D) had been asked by Bothwell to murder Darnley.
38. The author says that we shall never understand ____
A) why Mary was such an unlucky and unhappy woman.
B) why Mary was violent and mysterious.
C) Mary's motives for her action.
D) the reason why Mary fell in love with Bothwell.
39. Mary was taken back to Edinburgh by the nobles and ____
A) put to death by her own people.
B) rescued by the people of Edinburgh.
C) thrown straight into prison.
D) later taken to a very secure prison.
TEXT B "Scotland Yards top fingerprint expert, Detective Chief superintendent Gerald Lambourne had a request from the British Museums Prehistoric department to force his magnifying glass on a mystery somewhat outside my usual beat." This was not a question of Whodunit, but Who Was It. The blunt instruments he pored over were the antlers of red deer, dated by radio-carbon examination as being up to 5 000 years old. They were used as mining picks by Neolithic man to hack flints and chalk, and the fingerprints he was looking for were of our remote ancestors who had last wielded them. The antlers were unearthed in July during the British Museums five-year-long excavation at Grimes Graves, near Therford, Norfolk, a 93-acre site containing more than 600 vertical shafts in the chalk some 40 feet deep. From artifacts found in many parts of Britain it is evident that flint was extensively used by Neolithic man as he slowly learned how to farm land in the period from 3 000 to 1 500 B.C. Flint was especially used for ax-heads to clear forests for agriculture, and the quality of the flint on the Norfolk site suggests that the miners there were kept busy with many orders. What excited Mr. G. de G. Sieveking, the museums deputy director of the excavations, was the dried mud still sticking to some of them. "Our deduction is that the miners coated the base of the antlers with mud so that they could get a better grip," he says. "The exciting possibility was that fingerprints left in this mud might at last identify as individuals as people who have left few relics, who could not read or write, but who may have had much more intelligence than had been supposed in the past." Chief Superintendent Lambourne, who four years age had "assisted" the British Museum by taking the fingerprints of a 4 000-year-old Egyptian mummy, spent two hours last week examining about 50 antlers. On some he found minutes marks indicating a human hand——that part of the hand just below the fingers where most pressure would be brought to bear the wielding of a pick. After 25 years specialization in the Yards fingerprints department, Chief Superintendent Lambourne knows all about ridge structures——technically known as the "tri-radiate section". It was his identification of that part of the hand that helped to incriminate some of the Great Train Robbers. In 1995 he discovered similar handprints on a bloodstained tee-maker on a golf-course where a woman had been brutally murdered. They eventually led to the killer, after 4 065 handprints had been taken. Chief Superintendent Lamboure had agreed to visit the Norfolk site during further excavations next summer, when it is hoped that further hand-marked antlers will come to light. But he is cautious about the historic significance of his findings. "Finger prints and hand prints are unique to each individual but they can tell nothing about the age, physical characteristics, even sex of the person who left them," he says. "Even the finger prints of gorilla could be mistaken for those of a man. But if a number of imprinted antlers are recovered from given shafts on this site I could at least determine which antlers were handled by the same man, and from there might be deduced the number of miners employed in a team." "As as indication of intelligence I might determine which way up the miners held the antlers and how they wielded them." To Mr. Sieveking and his museum colleagues any such findings will added to their dossier of what might appear to the layman as trivial and unrelated facts but from which might emerge one day an impressive new image of our remote ancestors.
40. What was the aim of the investigation referred to in the passage?
A) To provide some kind of identification of a few Neolithic men.
B) To find out more about the period when the antlers were used.
C) To discover more about the purpose of the antlers.
D) To learn more about the types of men who used them.
41. What had been the principal use of the antlers?
A) To obtain the material for useful tools.
B) To prepare the fields for cultivation.
C) To help in removing trees and bushes so that land could be cultivated.
D) To make many objects useful in everyday life.
42. The idea that mud was applied to the antlers deliberately was ____
A) the result of an inspired guess.
B) a possibility based on reasoning from facts.
C) an obvious conclusion.
D) a conclusion based on other similar cases.
43. The Museum's deputy director is very interested in the prints because ____
A) useful facts about this remote period can be learned from them.
B) they are valuable records of intelligent but illiterate people.
C) very few objects of this remote period have been found.
D) the antlers serve as a link with actual people who lived at that time.
TEXT C The conflict between good and evil is a common theme running through the great literature and drama of the world, from the time of ancient Greeks to all the present. The principle that conflict is the heart of dramatic action when illustrated by concrete examples, almost always turn up some aspect of the struggle between good and evil. The idea that there is neither good not evil —— in any absolute moral or religious sense —— is widespread in our times. There are various relativistic and behaviorist standards of ethics. If these standards even admit the distinction between good and evil, it is as a relative matter and not as whirlwind of choices that lies at the center of living. In any such state of mind, conflict can at best, be only a petty matter, lacking true university. The acts of the evildoer and of the virtuous man alike become dramatically neutralized. Imagine the reduced effect of Crime and Punishment or the Brothers Karamazoc had Dostoevsky thought that good and evil, as portrayed in those books, were wholly relative, and if he had had no conviction about them. You cant have a vital literature if you ignore or shun evil. What you get then is the world of Pollyanna, goody-goody in place of the good. Cry, The Beloved Country is a great and dramatic novel because Alan Paton, in addition to being a skilled workman, sees with clear eyes both good and evil, differentiates them, pitches them into conflict with each other, and takes sides. He sees that the native boy Absalom Kumalo, who has murdered, cannot be judged justly without taking into account the environment that has had part in shaping him. But Paton sees, too, that Absalom the individual, not society the abstraction, committed the act and is responsible for it. Mr. Paton understand mercy. He knows that this precious thing is not evoked by sentimental impulse, but by a searching examination of the realities of human action. Mercy follows a judgment; it does not precede it. One of the novels by the talented Paul Bowles, Let It Down is full of motion, full of sensational depravities, and is a crashing bore. The book recognizes no good, admits no evil, and is coldly indifferent to the moral behavior of its characters. It is a long shrug. Such a view of life is non-dramatic and negates the vital essence of drama.
44. In our age, according to the author, a standpoint often taken in the area of ethics is the ____
A) relativistic view of morals.
B) greater concern with religion.
C) emphasis on evil.
D) greater concern with universals.
45. The author believes that in great literature, as in life, food ad evil are ____
A) relative terms.
B) to be ignored.
C) constantly in conflict.
D) dramatically neutralized.
46. When the author uses the expression "it is a long shrug" in referring to Bowles's book, he is commenting on the ____
A) length of the novel.
B) indifference to the moral behavior of the characters.
C) monotony of the story.
D) sensational depravities of the book.
47. In the opinion of the author, Cry, The Beloved country is a great and dramatic novel because of Paton's ____
A) insight into human behavior.
B) behavioristic beliefs.
C) treatment of good and evil as abstractions.
D) willingness to make moral judgments.
TEXT D Although Boud and I had fought and quarreled unceasingly throughout childhood, by the time she was eighteen and I was fifteen we had, surprisingly, become good friends. Boud had grown from a giant-sized schoolgirl into a huge and rather alarming debutante. She was generally out to shock, and in this she succeeded. I applauded her outrages, roared when she stole some writing paper from Buckingham Palace and wrote to all her friends on it, cheered when she took her pet rat to dances. But she was bored and restless. She was casting about for something more exciting, more intriguing than the London season offered —— something forbidden by our parents. Dianas house seemed like a good beginning, for we had been forbidden to visit her when, after a few years of marriage, she and Bryan were divorced. We had been excluded from the dreadful row that followed their separation; we knew only that unutterable shame and disgrace had been brought by Diana on the family. Needless to say, this only made Diana more glamorous in our eyes. Bound began to visit Diana and at her house she met Sir Oswald Mosley, whom Diana later married. Mosleys career had led him through the Conservative Party, the Labor Party and the New Party, a venture that had lasted only a year despite backing by the Daily Mail. He was now busily engaged in organizing the British Union of Fascists, which Boud immediately joined. "Dont you long to join too, Decca? Its such fun," she begged, waving her brand new black shirt at me. "Shouldnt think of it. I hate the beastly Fascists. If you are going to be one, Im going to be a Communist, so there!" In fact, this declaration was something more than a mere automatic taking of opposite sides to Boud. The little I knew about the Fascists repelled me. I took out a subscription to the Daily Worker, bought volumes of Communist literature and literature I supposed to be Communist, put up some home-made hammer and sickle flags and bought a small bust of Lenin for a shilling in a second-hand shop. My Communist library was catholic indeed, and many of the authors would no doubt have been amazed to find themselves included. It included not only works by Lenin Stalin but also by Bertrand Russell, the Webbs and George Bernard Shaw. The result of all this was that I greatly increased my knowledge of modern English literature and progressive thought. We divided our room down the middle, and each decorated her own side with flags and photographs, sometimes having pitched battles with books and records until Nanny came in to tell us to stop the noise. Yet, once, we teamed up in our own version of the United Front; we each stole five founds from the Conservative father to send to our respective parties.
48. When her sister shocked people, the author was ____
A) horrified and told her to stop.
B) jealous of her sister's anger and theft.
C) an approving and encouraging audience.
D) very anxious to do the same sort of thing.
49. The author decided to be a Communist because she ____
A) only wanted to annoy her sister, who had joined the Fascists.
B) was already fully in sympathy with revolutionary view.
C) did not like what little she knew about Fascism.
D) already felt a sympathy with its ideas and was now pushed into declaring them.
50. The two sisters ____
A) hated each other because they disagreed on politics.
B) still fought often but had moments of forgetting politics.
C) came to physical blows over their different politics.
D) submerged their personal differences in their political quarrels.
SECTION B SKIMMING AND SCANNING
In this section there are seven passage followed by ten multiple-choice questions. Skim or scan them as required and then mark your answers on your Answer Sheet.
TEXT E First read the question. 51. With what topic is the passage primarily concerned? A. The founding of Congress. B. The congressional process of making laws. C. The division of power in Congress. D. The factors involved in the election of congressional members. Now go though Text E quickly to answer question 51. The constitutional requirements for holding congressional office in the United States are few and simple. They include age (twenty-five years of age for the House of Representatives, Thirty for the Senate); citizenship (seven years for the House, nine years for the Senate); and residency in the state from which the officeholder is elected. Thus, the constitutional gateways to congressional office holding are fairly wide. Even these minimal requirements, however, sometimes arouse controversy. During the 1960s and 1970s, when people of the post-Second War "baby boom" reached maturity and the Twenty-sixth Amendment (permitting eighteen year olds to vote) was ratified, unsuccessful efforts were made to lower the eligible age for senators and representatives. Because of Americas geographic mobility, residency sometimes is an issue. Voters normally prefer candidates with long-standing ties to their states of districts. In his 1978 reelection campaign, for instance, Texas Senator John Tower effectively accused his opponent, Representative Robert Krueger, of having spent most of his life "overseas or in the East" studying or teaching —— a charge taken seriously in Texas. Well-known candidates sometimes succeed without such ties. New York voters elected to the Senate Robert F. Kennedy (1965-1968) and Daniel Patrick Moynihan (1977) even though each had spent much of his life elsewhere. While members of the House of Representatives are not bound to live in the district from which they are elected, most do so prior to their election. In the seat, the "one person, one vote" rule does not apply. Article I of the Constitution assures each state, regardless of population, two Senate seats, and Article V guarantees that this equal representation cannot be taken away without the states consent. The founders stipulated that senators be designed by their respective state legislatures rather than by the voters themselves. Thus, the Senate was designed to add stability, wisdom, and forbearance to the action of the popularly elected House. This distinction between the two houses was eroded by the Seventeenth Amendment (1913), which provided for the direct population election of senators.
51. With what topic is the passage primarily concerned?
A) The founding of Congress.
B) The congressional process of making laws.
C) The division of power in Congress.
D) The factors involved in the election of congressional members.
TEXT F First read the questions. 52. Which of the following is the best title for this passage? A. A Long Flight. B. Women in Aviation History. C. Dangers Faced by Pilots. D. Women Spectators. Now go though TEXT F quickly and answer question 52. The sooner had the first intrepid male aviator safely returned to Earth, it seemed that women, too, were smitten by an urge to fly. From mere spectators they became willing passengers and finally pilots in their own right, plotting their skills and daring line against the hazards of the air and the skepticism of their male counterparts. In doing so, they enlarged the traditional bounds of a womens world, won for their sex a new sense of competence and achievement, and contributed handsomely to the progress of aviation. But recognition of their abilities did not come easily. "Men do not believe us capable." the famed aviator Amelia Earhart once remarked to friend "Because we are women, seldom are we trusted to do an efficient job." Indeed old attitudes died hard: when Charles Lindbergh visited the Soviet Union in 1938 with his wife, Anne —— herself a pilot and gifted proponent of aviation —— was astonished to discover both men and women flying in the Soviet Air Force. Such conventional wisdom made it difficult for women to raise money for the up-to-date equipment they needed to compete on an equal basis with men. Yet compete they did, and often they triumphed dandily despite the odds. Ruth Law, whose 590-mile flight from Chicago to Hornell, New York, set a new nonstop distance record in 1918, exemplified the resourcefulness and grit demanded of any woman who wanted to fly. And when she addressed the Aero club of America after completing her historic journey, her plainspoken words testified to a universal human motivation that was unaffected by gender: "My flight was done with no expectation of reward," she declared, "just for the love of accomplishment."
52. Which of the following is the best title for this passage?
A) A Long Flight.
B) Women in Aviation History.
C) Dangers Faced by Pilots.
D) Women Spectators.
TEXT G First read the following question. 53. What is the main idea of the passage? A. Bees communicate with each other by dancing. B. Animals have internal steering devices. C. The Sun is necessary for animal navigation. D. The Earths magnetic fields guide pigeons home. Now go through TEXT G quickly and answer question 53. Researchers have found that migrating animals use a variety of inner compasses to help them navigate. Some steer by the position of the Sun. Others navigate by the stars. Some use the Sun as their guide during the day, and then switch to star navigation by night. One study shows that the homing pigeon uses the Earths magnetic fields as a guide in finding its way home, and there are indications that various other animals, from insects to mollusks, can also make use of magnetic compasses. It is of course very useful for a migrating bird to be able to switch to magnetic compass when clouds cover the Sun; otherwise it would just have to land and wait for the Sun to come out again. Even with the Sun or stars to steer by, the problems of navigation are more complicated than they might seem at first. For example, a worker honeybee that has found a rich source of nectar and pollen flies rapidly home to the hive to report. A naturist has discovered that the bee scout delivers her report through a complicated dance in the hive, in which she tells the other workers not only how far away the food is, but also what direction to fly in relation to the Sun. But the Sun does not stay in one place all day. As the workers start out to gather the food, the Sun may already have changed its position in the sky somewhat. In later trips during the day, the Sun will seems to move farther and farther toward the west. Yet the worker bees seem to have no trouble at all in finding the food source. Their inner clocks tell them just where the Sun will be, and they change their course correspondingly.
53. What is the main idea of the passage?
A) Bees communicate with each other by dancing.
B) Animals have internal steering devices.
C) The Sun is necessary for animal navigation.
D) The Earth's magnetic fields guide pigeons home.
TEXT H First read the following question. 54. The passage supports which of the following conclusion? A. By the 1930s jazz was appreciated by a wide audience. B. Classical music had a great impact on jazz. C. Jazz originated in New Orleans in the early nineteenth century. D. Jazz band were better known in Europe than in the United States. Now go through TEXT G quickly and answer question 54. The fist jazz musicians played in New Orleans during the early 1900s. After 1917, many of the New Orleans musicians moved to the south side of Chicago, where they continued to play their style of jazz. Soon Chicago was the new center for jazz. Several outstanding musicians emerged as leading jazz artists in Chicago. Daniel Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong, born in New Orleans in 1900, was one. Another leading musician was Joseph "King" Oliver, who is also credited with having discovered Armstrong, who was in New Orleans, to join his band. In 1923 King Olivers Creole Jazz Band under Louis Armstrong also made the first important set of recording by a Hot Five and Hot Seven bands recordings of special note. Although Chicagos South Side was the main jazz center, some musicians, in New York were also demanding attention in jazz circles. In 1923 Fletcher Henderson already had a ten-piece band that played jazz. During the early 1930s, the number of players grew to sixteen. Hendersons band was considered a leader in what some people have called the Big Band Era. By the 1930s, big bands were the rage. Large numbers of people went to ballroom to dance to jazz music played by big bands. One of the most popular and a very famous jazz band was the Duke Ellington band. Edward "Duke" Ellington was born in Washington, D.C. in 1899, and died in New York City in 1974. He studied the piano as a young boy and later began writing original musical compositions. The first of Ellingtons European tours came in 1933. He soon received international fame for his talent as a band leader, composer, and arranger. Ten years later, Ellington began giving annual concerts at Carnegie Hall in New York City. People began to listen to jazz in the same way that they had always listened to classical music.
54. The passage supports which of the following conclusion?
A) By the 1930's jazz was appreciated by a wide audience.
B) Classical music had a great impact on jazz.
C) Jazz originated in New Orleans in the early nineteenth century.
D) Jazz band were better known in Europe than in the United States.
TEXT I First read the following question. 55. The U.N. came into existence fully in ____ A. 1942. B. 1944. C. 1945. D. 1940. 56. United Nations Day is celebrated on ____ A. 24 October. B. 24 April. C. 26 October. D. 25 June. Now go through TEXT I quickly and answer questions 55 and 56. In one very long sentence, the introduction to the U.N. Charter expresses the ideals and the common aims of the people whose governments joined together to form the U.N. "We the peoples of the U.N. determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war which twice in our lifetime had brought untold suffering to mankind, and to reaffirm faith in fundamental rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and to promote social progress and better standards of life in large freedom, and for these ends, to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbors, and to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security, and to ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest, and to employ international machinery for the promotion of economic and social advancement of all peoples, have resolved to combine our efforts to accomplish these aims." The name "United Nations" is accredited to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and the first group of representatives of member states met and signed a declaration of common intent on New Years Day in 1942. Representatives of five powers worked together to draw up proposals completed at Dumbarton Oaks in 1944. These proposals modified after deliberation at the conference on International Organization in San Francisco which began in April 1945. Poland, not represented at the conference signed the Charter later and was added to the list of original members. It was not until that autumn, however, after the charter had been ratified by China, France, the U.S. S. R, the U.K., and the U.S. and by a majority of the other participants that the U.N. officially came into existence. The date was 24 October, now universally celebrated as United Nations Day. The essential functions of the U.N. are to maintain international peace and security, to develop friendly relations among nations, to cooperate internationally in solving international economic, social, cultural and human problems, to promote respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms and to be a center for coordinating the actions of nations on attaining these common ends. No country takes precedence over another in the U.N. Each members rights and obligations are the same. All must contribute to the peaceful settlement of international disputes, and members have pledged to refrain from the threat or use of force against other states. Though the U.N. had no right to intervene in any states internal affairs, it tries to ensure that non-member states act according to its principles of international peace and security. U.N. members must offer every assistance in an approved U.N. action and in no way assist states against which the U.N. is taking preventive or enforcement action.
55. The U.N. came into existence fully in ____
56. United Nations Day is celebrated on ____
A) 24 October.
B) 24 April.
C) 26 October.
D) 25 June.
TEXT J First read the following questions. 57. Silk worms were introduced into Europe by ____ A. two Justinian monks. B. two countries of Constantinople. C. two Persian Monks. D. two Egyptian priests. 58. People began making shoes for each foot ____ A. in Roman Times. B. in the Middle Ages. C. in the eighteenth century. D. in the nineteenth century. Now go through TEXT quickly and answer questions 57 and 58. Cotton was not exported to Europe until the eighth century A.D. It was brought to Spain then by the Moors of North Africa. The Europeans liked the textile and began to make cotton cloth. By the fifteenth century, the cotton industry had spread from Spain to central Europe and the Low countries. When Columbus arrived in the West Indies, he found the Indians wearing cotton clothes. Pizarro, the Spanish conqueror of Peru, found that the Incas were growing cotton for use in the making of clothes. Magellan found the Brazilians swinging in cotton hammocks. And Cortes was so impressed by the beauty of the cotton tapestries and rugs that the Aztecs made, that he sent some of them as presents to King Charles II of Spain. The Chinese were the first people to make silk clothing, and for more than 2000 years, they were the only people in the world who knew how to make silk. The Chinese guarded the secret of their silk manufacture carefully. Their merchants grew rich in the silk trade with other Asian countries and Europe. Silk, in fact, was so expensive that it was known as the "cloth of king". During the region of Emperor Justinian of Constantinople, two Persian monks who lived in China brought silk worms to Europe. In the years that followed, Western Europeans learned how to grow silkworms and use the silk from the cocoons. Silk is still one of the most useful textile in clothing manufacture because of its extremely strong fibers. A thread of silk is two-thirds as strong as an iron wore of the same size and so smooth that dirt cannot cling to it easily. Two hundred years ago, most of the people of the world had little or no clothing. Clothing was taken care of very carefully and handed down from parents to children. Many people never owned a new garment in their lives, and except for the rich, no on had more than one outfit of clothes at a time. Primitive man made shoes long before he made permanent records on clay tablets or parchment scrolls. For many centuries, the shoemaker was interested only in covering the foot. Although he used fancy leathers and decorated shoes in many ways, he paid little attention to the fit of a shoe. In fact, it was only after 1850 that someone hit upon the idea of making different-shaped shoes for the left and the right foot.
57. Silk worms were introduced into Europe by ____
A) two Justinian monks.
B) two countries of Constantinople.
C) two Persian Monks.
D) two Egyptian priests.
58. People began making shoes for each foot ____
A) in Roman Times.
B) in the Middle Ages.
C) in the eighteenth century.
D) in the nineteenth century.
TEXT K First read the following questions. 59. Scurvy is a disease which causes ____ A. loss of blood. B. swollen limbs. C. exhaustion. D. bright red spot on the flesh. 60. The disease "beriberi" ____ A. kills large numbers of western peoples. B. is a vitamin deficiency disease. C. is transmitted by diseased rice. D. can be caught from diseased chickens. Now go through TEXT K quickly and answer questions 59 and 60. In the early days of sea travel, seamen on ling voyages lived exclusively on salted meat and biscuits. Many of them died of scurvy, a disease of the blood which causes swollen gums, livid white spots on the flesh and general exhaustion. On one occasion, in 1535, an English ship arrived in Newfoundland with its crew desperately ill. The mens lives were saved by Iroquois Indians who gave them vegetable leaves to eat. Gradually it came to be realized that scurvy was caused by some lack in the sailors diet and Captain Cook, on his long voyages of discovery to Australia and New Zealand, established the fact that scurvy could be warded off by the provision of fresh fruit for the sailors. Nowadays it is understood that a diet which contains nothing harmful may yet result in serious disease if certain important elements are missing. These elements are called "vitamin". Quite a number of such substances are known and they are given letters to identify them A, B, C, D, and so on. Different diseases are associated with deficiencies of particular vitamins. Even a slight lack of Vitamin C, for example, the vitamin most plentiful in flesh and vegetables, is thought to increase significantly our susceptibility to colds and influenza. The vitamins necessary for a healthy body are normally supplied by a good mixed diet, including a variety of fruit and green vegetables. It is only when people try to live on a very restricted diet, say during extended periods of religious fasting, or when trying to lose weight, that it is necessary to make special provision to supply the missing vitamins. Another example of the dangers of a restricted diet may be seen in the disease known as "beriberi", which used to afflict large numbers of Eastern peoples who lived mainly on rice. In the early years of this century a Dutch scientist called Eijkman was trying to discover the cause of beriberi. At first he thought it was transmitted by a germ. He was working in a Japanese hospital where the patients were fed on rice which had had the outer husk removed from the grain. It was thought this would be easier for weak sick people to digest. Eijkman thought his germ theory was confirmed when he noticed the chickens in the hospital yard, which were fed on scraps from the patients plates, were also showing signs of the disease. He then tried to isolate the germ he thought was causing the disease but his experiments were interrupted by a hospital official, who decreed that the huskless polished rice, even though left over by the patients, was too good for chickens. It should be recooked and the chickens fed on cheap, coarse rice with the outer covering still on the grain. Eijkman noticed that the chickens began to recover on the new diet. He began to consider the possibility that eating unmilled rice somehow prevented or cured beriberi——even that a lack of some ingredient in the husk might be the cause of the disease. Indeed this was the case. The element needed to prevent beriberi was shortly afterwards isolated from rice husks and is now known as vitamin B. The milled rice, though more expensive was in fact perpetuating the disease the hospital was trying to cure. Nowadays, this terrible diseases is much less common thanks to our knowledge of vitamins.
59. Scurvy is a disease which causes ____
A) loss of blood.
B) swollen limbs.
D) bright red spot on the flesh.
60. The disease "beriberi" ____
A) kills large numbers of western peoples.
B) is a vitamin deficiency disease.
C) is transmitted by diseased rice.
D) can be caught from diseased chickens.
PART IV TRANSLATION
Translate the following underlined part of the text into English. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET THREE.
SECTION B ENGLISH TO CHINESE
Translate the following text into Chinese. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET THREE.
As we drove to New Yorks tenement district my mind went back to the years when I had known Benny Cremona. He had a one-chair barbershop in the neighborhood, where I was born and brought up. In that brawling neighborhood, a tough tenement jungle, a cockpit of different nationalities and customs and feuds, Mr. Cremonas barbershop was an oasis of beauty and good will. He scorned the usual barbershop trappings of those days: the racy calendars, the crime-and-sex gazettes. "The way Im working," he would say, "Im always looking down at heads. A mans got to have something to look up to, too." When we youngsters had our hair cut we gazed on reproductions of the Mona Lisa, the Winged Victory, the Adoration of the Magi, Michelangelos David. We learned who Dante was, and Shakespeare, by hearing for the first time the splendid, gleaming lines of poetry. Mr. Cremona was a round butter-ball of a man with an enormous, flowing black mustache, and he acted our everything he told us. He was versatile with his scissors. They might be a conductors baton, the brush between Rembrandts fingers, or —— as he pirouetted in a Shakespearean duel —— a rapier.
PART V WRITING
Directions: Some people think money is all powerful. What is your opinion about it? Write an essay of about 300 words within 60 minutes.
Is Money all powerful? In the first part you should clearly state your opinion about this topic and in the following parts you should support your opinion with appropriate detail or examples. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar, and appropriacy. Failure to follow the above instructions may result in a loss of marks.