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MBA英语专业述语汇总QR

2006-1-25 15:11  

  Q

  Quantity demanded需求量

  The amount of a good that buyers are willing and able to purchase

  Quantity equation货币数量方程式

  The equation MxV=PxY, which relates the quantity of money, the velocity of money and the dollar value of the economys output of goods and services

  Quantity supplied供给量

  The amount of a good that sellers are willing and able to sell

  Quantity theory of money货币数量论

  A theory that asserts that the quantity of money available determines the price level and that the growth rate in the quantity of money available determines the inflation rate; The theory that velocity is constant, so that changes in the money supply lead to proportionale changes in nominal income (which also equals the value of output)

  quota rents配额租金

  profits that accrue to firms which are allocated the rights to import a good subject to quotas that result from the artificially created scarcity

  quotas配额

  limits on the amount of foreign goods that can be imported

  R

  Rational expectations理性预期

  The theory according to which people optimally use all the information they have, including information about government policies, when forecasting the future

  Real GDP实际GDP

  The production of goods and services valued at constant prices

  Real exchange rate实际汇率

  The rate at which a person can trade the goods and services of one country for the goods and services of another

  Real interest rate实际利率

  The interest rate corrected for the effects of inflation

  Real variables实际变量

  Variables measured in physical units

  Recession衰退

  A period of declining real incomes and rising unemployment

  Regressive tax累退税

  A tax for which high-income taxpayers pay a smaller fraction of their income than do low-income taxpayers

  Reserve ratio准备金率

  The fraction of deposits that banks hold as reserves

  Reserve requirements法定准备金

  Regulations on the minimum amount of reserves that banks must hold against deposits

  Reserves准备金

  Deposits that banks have received but have not lent out

  Rivalness竞争性

  The property of a good that one persons use diminishes other peoples use

  random walk随机行走

  a term used to describe the way prices of stock move, where the next movement cannot be predicted on the basis of previous movements

  rationing systems配给制

  ways of distributing goods that do not rely on prices, such as queues, lotteries, and coupons

  real balance effect实际余额效应

  as prices fall, the real value of peoples money holdings increases, and they consume more

  real business-cycle theorists实际经济周期理论家

  a school of economists who contend that the economys fluctuations have nothing to do with monetary policy but are determined by real forces

  real income实际收入

  income measured by what it can actually buy, rather than by the amount of money

  real product wage实际产品工资

  the wage divided by the price of the good being produced

  regulatory capture管制俘虏

  a term used to describe a situation in which regulators serve the interests of the regulated rather than the interests of consumers

  relative performance compensation相对表现补偿

  pay (compensation) based on performance on the job relative to others who have similar responsibilities and authority

  rent seeking寻租

  the name given to behavior that seeks to obtain benefits from favorable government decisions, such as protection from foreign competition

  revenue curve收益曲线

  the relationship between a firms total output and its revenue

  revenues收益

  the amount a firm receives for selling its products, equal to the price received multiplied by the quantity sold

  right-to-work laws工作权利法

  laws that prevent union membership from being a condition of employment

  risk averse / loving / neutral厌恶风险/喜爱风险/中性风险

  given equal expected returns and different risks risk averse people will choose assets with lower risk, risk loving people will choose assets with higher risk, and risk-neutral individuals will not care about differences in risk

  risk premium风险收益

  the additional interest required by lenders as compensation for the risk that a borrower may default; more generally, the extra return required to compensate an investor

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