PART II CLOZE
Decide which of the choices given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Select the correct choice for each blank.
Today, the Tower of London is one of the most popular tourist (26)_____ and attracts over three million visitors a year. It was occasionally used as a Royal Palace for the Kings and Queens of England (27)_____ the time of James I who (28)_____ from 1603 to 1625, but is best known as a prison and execution place. Within the walls of the Tower, princes have been murdered, traitors (29)_____, spies shot, and Queens of England beheaded. One of the most famous executions was that of Anne Boleyn in 1526. She was the second wife of Henry VIII. He wanted to (30)_____ her because she could not give him a son, so he accused her of adultery. She was tried and found guilty. She asked to be beheaded with a sword, (31)_____ the usual axe, which can still be seen in the Tower. The Tower was also the (32)_____ of one of Londons most famous mysteries. King Edward IV died in 1483. His elder son, Edward, became king (33)_____ his fathers death. Young Edward lived in the Tower, and the Duke of Gloucester, his protector, persuaded Edwards brother, Richard, to come and live there so that they could play together. But then the Duke (34)_____ that he was the new king, and he was crowned instead of the twelve-year-old Edward, (35)_____ himself Richard III. After that, the boys were seen less and less and (36)_____ disappeared. It is said that they were suffocated in bed by pillows being (37)_____ their mouths. It is believed that Richard III ordered their deaths, although it has never been (38)_____. In 1674, workmen at the Tower discovered two skeletons which were taken away and buried in Westminster Abbey in 1678. The (39)_____ were examined in 1933 and were declared to be those of two children, (40)_____ the age of the Princes.
26. A) seats B) scenes C) grounds D) sights
27. A) until B) by C) to D) at
28. A) reined B) reigned C) powered D) controlled
29. A) ruined B) destroyed C) tortured D) wounded
30. A) get away with B) get rid of C) get done with D) get down on
31. A) apart from B) besides C) together D) rather than
32. A) region B) scene C) place D) area
33. A) on B) at C) with D) by
34. A) revealed B) announced C) pronounced D) advertised
35. A) naming B) declaring C) calling D) giving
36. A) eventually B) later C) lastly D) completely
37. A) forced into B) squeezed forth C) pressed over D) put on
38. A) approved B) proved C) reproved D) disproved
39. A) remains B) corpses C) bones D) bodies
40. A) definitely B) roughly C) possibly D) certainly
PART III GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY
There are twenty-five sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence.
41. All the television viewers chose her as their _____ actress.
42. She pointed out that her wages _____ no relation to the amount of work she did.
43. His long beard is a _____ joke among his friends.
44. _____ her inexperience her failure to secure the contract was not surprising.
A) In view of
B) By virtue of
C) With regard to
D) In recognition of
45. Mr. White was told again and again to _____ smoking but he just wouldn't listen.
A) cut through
B) cut down
C) cut off
D) cut away
46. If this animal had escaped from its cage it could _____ have killed or hurt several people.
47. The president shook hands with everyone, without _____ of rank.
48. Sometimes they _____ their students' poor comprehension to a lack of intelligence.
49. To _____ greater accuracy, all invoices will be double-checked before leaving the office.
50. As a natural body substance, interferon (干扰素) has few side _____.
51. The police _____ together all they had found out about the wanted man.
52. When Bob came in, Jean _____ her talk with Linda and talked to Bob.
A) broke off
B) cleared away
C) cut across
D) set apart
53. Foreign mutton is _____ to home-grown in flavor.
54. I _____ work last week, but I changed my mind.
A) were to start
B) was to start
C) was to have started
D) had started
55. The children went there to watch the iron tower _____.
A) to erect
B) be erected
D) being erected
56. After the Arab states won independence, great emphasis was laid on expanding education, with girls as well as boys _____ to go to school.
A) to be encouraged
B) been encouraged
C) being encouraged
D) be encouraged
57. _____ such a good chance, he planned to learn more.
A) To be given
B) Having been given
C) Having given
58. —— Has Mary finished writing his article? —— No, and it _____ two days ago.
A) should be finished
B) should finish
C) should have finished
D) ought to have been finished
59. I had better _____ the problem.
A) leave them to settle
B) to leave them to settle
C) to leave them settling
D) leave them settling
60. _____ it is necessary to study the proposals for several more months before making a decision is to be debated.
61. _____ is well-known to all, too much stress can cause disease.
62. _____ to speak when the audience interrupted him.
A) Hardly had he begun
B) No sooner had he begun
C) Not until he begun
D) Scarcely did he begun
63. As is generally agreed, a family without love is not _____ a family as a body without soul in a man.
B) as much of
C) so much of
D) much of
64. _____, I couldn't understand what is meant by that.
A) As I try hard
B) Hard as I might try
C) I might try hard
D) I tried hard
65. "What will you be doing tomorrow evening?" "_____ the students' papers."
B) Will be correcting
C) To correct
D) Will correct
PART IV READING COMPREHENSION
In this section there are five passages followed by fifteen questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answer marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer.
TEXT A People have been painting pictures for at least 30,000 years. The earliest pictures were painted by people who hunted animals. They used to paint pictures of the animals they wanted to catch and kill. Pictures of this kind have been found on the walls of caves in France and Spain. No one knows why they were painted there. Perhaps the painters thought that their pictures would help them to catch these animals. Or perhaps human beings have always wanted to tell stories to pictures. About 5,000 years ago the Egyptians and other people in the Near East began to use pictures as a kind of writing. They drew simple pictures or signs to represent things and ideas, and also to represent the sounds of their language. The signs these people used became a kind of alphabet. The Egyptians used to record information and to tell stories by putting picture-writing and pictures together. When an important person died, scenes and stories from his life were painted and carved on the walls of the place where he was buried. Some of these pictures are like modern comic-strip stories. It has been said that Egypt is the home of the comic strip. But, for the Egyptians, pictures still had magic power. So they did not try to make their way of writing simple. The ordinary people could not understand it. By the year 1000 BC, people who lived in the area around the Mediterranean Sea had developed a simpler system of writing. The signs they used were very easy to write, and there were fewer of tem than in the Egyptian system. This was because each sign, or letter, represented only one sound in their language. The Greeks developed this system and formed the letters of the Greek alphabet. The Romans copied the idea, and the Roman alphabet is now used all over the world. These days we can write down a story, or record information, without using pictures. But we still need pictures of all kinds: drawings, photographs, signs and diagrams. We find them everywhere: in books and newspapers, in the street, and on the walls of the places where we live and work. Pictures help us to understand and remember things more easily, and they can make a story much more interesting.
66. Pictures of animals were painted on the walls of caves in France and Spain because _____.
A) the hunters wanted to see the pictures
B) the painters were animal lovers
C) the painters wanted to show imagination
D) the pictures were thought to be helpful
67. The Greek alphabet was simpler than the Egyptian system for all the following reasons EXCEPT that _____.
A) the former was easy to write
B) there were fewer signs in the former
C) the former was easy to pronounce
D) each sign stood for only one sound
68. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A) The Egyptian signs later became a particular alphabet.
B) The Egyptians liked to write comic-strip stories.
C) The Roman alphabet was developed from the Egyptian one.
D) The Greeks copied their writing system from the Egyptians.
69. In the last paragraph, the author thinks that pictures _____.
A) should be made comprehensible
B) should be made interesting
C) are of much use in our life
D) are disappearing from our life
TEXT B Human beings have used tools for a very long time. In some parts of the world you can still find tools that people used more than two million years ago. They made these tools by hitting one stone against another. In this way they broke off pieces from one of the stones. These chips of stone were usually sharp on one side. People used them for cutting meat and skin from dead animals, and also for making other tools out of wood. Human beings needed to use tools because they did not have sharp teeth like other meat-eating animals, such as lions and tigers. Tools helped people to get food more easily. Working with tools also helped to develop human intelligence. The human brain grew bigger, and human beings began to invent more and more tools and machines. The stone chip was one of the first tools that people used, and perhaps it is the most important. Some scientists say that it was the key to success of mankind. Since 1960 a new kind of tool has appeared. This is the silicon chip —— a little chip silicon crystal. It is smaller than a finger-nail, but it can store more than a million "bits" of information. It is an electronic brain. Every year these chips get cleverer, but their size gets smaller, and their cost gets less. They are used in watches, calculators and intelligent machines that we can use in many ways. In the future we will not need to work with tools in the old way. Machines will do everything for us. They will even talk and play games with us. People will have plenty of spare time. But what will they do with it? Human beings used stone chips for more than two million years, but human life changed very little in that time. We have used silicon chips for only a few years, but life is changing faster every day. What will life be like twenty years from now? What will the world be like two million years from now?
70. The stone chip is thought to be the most important tool because it _____.
A) was one of the first tools
B) developed human capabilities
C) led to the invention of machines
D) was crucial to the development of mankind
71. At the end of the passage the author seems to suggest that life in future is _____.
TEXT C A century ago in the United States, when an individual brought suit against a company, public opinion tended to protect that company. But perhaps this phenomenon was most striking in the case of the railroads. Nearly half of all negligence cases decided through 1896 involved railroads. And the railroads usually won. Most of the cases were decided in sate courts, when the railroads had the climate of the times on their sides. Government supported the railroad industry; the progress railroads represented was not to be slowed down by requiring them often to pay damages to those unlucky enough to be hurt working for them. Court decisions always went against railroad workers. A Mr. Farwell, an engineer, lost his right hand when a switchmans negligence ran his engine off the track. The court reasoned that since Farwell had taken the job of an engineer voluntarily at good pay, he had accepted the risk. Therefore the accident, though avoidable had the switchmen acted carefully, was a "pure accident". In effect a railroad could never be held responsible for injury to one employee caused by the mistake of another. In one case where a Pennsylvania Railroad worker had started a fire at a warehouse and the fire had spread several blocks, causing widespread damage, a jury found the company responsible for all the damage. But the court overturned the jurys decision because it argued that the railroads negligence was the immediate cause of damage only to the nearest buildings. Beyond them the connection was too remote to consider. As the century wore on, public sentiment began to turn against the railroads —— against their economic and political power and high fares as well as against their callousness toward individuals.
72. Which of the following is NOT true in Farwell's case?
A) Farwell was injured because he negligently ran his engine off the track.
B) Farwell would not have been injured if the switchman had been more careful.
C) The court argued that the victim had accepted the risk since he had willingly taken his job.
D) The court decided that the railroad should not be held responsible.
73. What must have happened after the fire case was settled in court?
A) The railroad compensated for the damage to the immediate buildings.
B) The railroad compensated for all the damage by the fire.
C) The railroad paid nothing for the damaged building.
D) The railroad worker paid for the property damage himself.
74. The following aroused public resentment EXCEPT _____.
A) political power
B) high fares
C) economic loss
75. What does the passage mainly discuss?
A) Railroad oppressing individuals in the US.
B) History of the US railroads.
C) Railroad workers' working rights.
D) Law cases concerning the railroads.
TEXT D Hawaiis native minority is demanding a greater degree of sovereignty over its own affairs. But much of the archipelagos political establishment, which includes the White Americans who dominated until the second world war and people of Japanese, Chinese and Filipino origins, is opposed to the idea. The islands were annexed by the US in 1898 and since then Hawaiis native peoples have fared worse than any of its other ethnic groups. They make up over 60 percent of the states homeless, suffer higher levels of unemployment and their life span is five years less than the average Hawaiians. They are the only major US native group without some degree of autonomy. But a sovereignty advisory committee set up by Hawaiis first native governor, Joahn Waihee, has given the natives cause a major boost by recommending that the Hawaiian natives decide by themselves whether to re-establish a sovereign Hawaiian nation. However, the Hawaiian natives are not united in their demands. Some just want greater autonomy within the state —— as enjoyed by many American Indian natives over matters such as education. This is a position supported by the Office of Hawaiian Affairs (OHA), a state agency set up in 1978 to represent the natives interests and which has now become the moderate face of the native sovereignty movement. More ambitious is the Ka Lahui group, which declared itself a new nation in 1987 and wants full, official independence from the US. But if Hawaiian natives are given greater autonomy, it is far from clear how many people this will apply to. The state authorities only count as native those people with more than 50 percent Hawaiian blood. Native demands are not just based on political grievances, though. They also want their claim on 660,000 hectares of Hawaiian crown land to be accepted. it is on this issue that native groups are facing most opposition from the state authorities. In 1933, the state government paid the OHA US 136 million in back rent on the crown land and many officials say that by accepting this payment the agency has given up its claims to legally own the land. The OHA has vigorously disputed this.
76. Hawaii's native minority refers to _____.
A) Hawaii's ethnic groups
B) people of Filipino origin
C) the Ka Lahui group
D) people with 50% Hawaiian blood
77. Which of the following statements is true of the Hawaiian natives?
A) Sixty percent of them are homeless or unemployed.
B) their life span is 5 years shorter than average Americans.
C) Their life is worse than that of other ethnic groups in Hawaii.
D) They are the only native group without sovereignty.
78. Which of the following is NOT true of John Waihee?
A) He is Hawaii's first native governor.
B) He has set up a sovereignty advisory committee.
C) He suggested the native people decide for themselves.
D) He is leading the local independence movement.
79. Which of the following groups holds a less radical attitude on the matter of sovereignty?
A) American Indian natives.
B) Office of Hawaiian Affairs.
C) The Ka Lahui group.
D) The Hawaiian natives.
80. Various native Hawaiians demand all the following EXCEPT _____.
A) a greater autonomy within the state
B) more back rent on the crown land
C) a claim on the Hawaiian crown land
D) full independence from the US
SECTION B SKIMMING AND SCANNING
In this section there are six passages with a total of ten multiple-choice questions. Skim or scan them as required and then select your answers to the questions.
TEXT E First read the following questions. 81. The passage is mainly about _____ of outdoor advertising. A. problems B. features C. attraction D. location Now read Text E quickly and select your answers. Outdoor advertising provides the advertiser with the largest colorful display of his product, package, trade mark, and slogan. It embraces the most spectacular use of lights and animation in order to attract a passer-by and deliver a message. It provides visual continuity to a campaign that may also be appearing in other media. Outdoor advertising has a high degree of geographic flexibility. An advertiser can use it nationally, by region, by markets, and even by specific locations within those markets. Outdoor advertising can be memorable. During an interview eight people out of ten revealed that they remembered specific outdoor posters. A problem in using outdoor advertising is that of getting reliable data on the number of people who actually see an advertisement. It may also take time to negotiate for the space for a specific outdoor advertising location, to print the posters, or to paint the board.
81. The passage is mainly about _____ of outdoor advertising.
TEXT F First read the following questions. 82. The passage focuses on Oxfords _____. A. past and present B. modern development C. present and future D. traditional structure Now read Text F quickly and select your answers. For centuries Oxford has been at Britains intellectual heart, perhaps the most prestigious among Europes many ancient universities. Oxford has attracted students from all over the world who have gone on to achieve the highest positions in their countries. Alumni include numerous famous scientists, literary figures and overseas politicians. As a place of learning Oxfords beginnings go back to the Middle Ages. Legend has it that Alfred laid its foundations at the end of the ninth century. Certainly by the 12th century scholars were teaching in the town and their fame had spread to the learning. A group of English scholars left the French capital in 1167 to settle in Oxford and the place became a magnet for students and teachers from all over Britain. Today Oxford is a large, busy city, but the ancient university buildings in the center have remained largely untouched by the urban expansion. While most old universities have modernized radically to accommodate their growing populations, Oxford has managed to expand while still preserving its traditional structure. The 36 existing colleges are independent, self-governing institutions operating under the umbrella of the University of Oxford.
82. The passage focuses on Oxford's _____.
A) past and present
B) modern development
C) present and future
D) traditional structure
TEXT G First read the following questions. 83. The figures in the second paragraph are used for the following purpose EXCEPT _____. A. prediction B. contrast C. definition D. explanation Now read Text G quickly and select your answers. The industrial societies have been extremely productive during the last two centuries. The economic advance has been remarkable. During this relatively short period of time, greater changes in peoples living conditions have occurred than in the thousands of years which preceded. During the past 2000 years the world population has increased 6 times, the annual world output has increased 80 times, and the distance a person can travel has gone up 1,000 times. There has also been much recent progress in art, culture, learning, and science. Such changes have led to a high rate of production and growth of the economy. Economists fear that within the next 100 to 150 years, the earths resources will become very scarce. Their fears are partly justified, but we should not be afraid. Industrial civilization adapts to new knowledge. By advancing knowledge, we not only create new forms of resources, but we also find ways to economize their use. Advanced modern knowledge can feed the hungry people of the world and improve their standard of living.
83. The figures in the second paragraph are used for the following purpose EXCEPT _____.
TEXT H First read the following questions. 84. The purpose of this pamphlet is to provide information on _____. A. how to open a bank account B. how to apply for a course C. who can go to universities D. who is eligible for a grant 85. Who can get the grant? A. A foreign student who has been there for 11 months. B. A British pupil in a secondary school. C. A British student who studies in the University. D. A university graduate who wants to continue his studies. 86. A 31-year-old nurse wishes to study medicine at a university. She has worked since she was 25. How much extra money will she get a year? A. 100 pounds. B. 155 pounds. C. 615 pounds. D. 715 pounds. Now read Text H quickly and select your answers. GETTING A GRANT Who can get this money? Anyone who gets a place on a first degree course, although a student who has already attended a course of advanced further education may not. Students must also have been resident in the UK for at least three years, which can exclude some students from overseas. SPECIAL CASES If a student has worked before college: A student who is 26 or more before the course starts and who has worked for at least three of the previous six years will get extra money —— 155 pounds a year if 26, increasing to a maximum of 615 pounds at 29 or more. Banking: Most of the big banks offer special services to students who open accounts. A student wont usually have to pay bank charges as long as the account stays in credit.
84. The purpose of this pamphlet is to provide information on _____.
A) how to open a bank account
B) how to apply for a course
C) who can go to universities
D) who is eligible for a grant
85. Who can get the grant?
A) A foreign student who has been there for 11 months.
B) A British pupil in a secondary school.
C) A British student who studies in the University.
D) A university graduate who wants to continue his studies.
86. A 31-year-old nurse wishes to study medicine at a university. She has worked since she was 25. How much extra money will she get a year?
A) 100 pounds.
B) 155 pounds.
C) 615 pounds.
D) 715 pounds.
TEXT I First read the following questions. 87. Who works will be on show on Jan. 6th at China National Art Museum? A. Young artists. B. Zhang Yongxus. C. Gu Kaizhis. D. Fu Baoshis. 88. If you want to see some European paintings, you can go to China National Art Museum on _____. A. Jan. 3rd B. Jan. 5th C. Jan. 19th D. Jan. 4th Now read Text I quickly and select your answers. WHAT IS ON EXHIBITIONS Oil Paintings —— Oil painter Zhang Yongxus one-man show will run January 3-19 at the Central Academy of Fine Arts. Zhang, 33, graduated from the Oil Painting Department at the Central Academy of Fine Arts in 1989. In the upcoming exhibition, viewer will see a personal experience of human life, and a combination of Eastern and Western art. Time: January 3-19. Address: Gallery of the Central Academy of Fine Arts, 5 Jiaowei Hutong, Wangfujing, Dongcheng District. Art from Nanjing —— A group of young artists from Nanjing present a grand exhibition in the China National Art Museum from Jan. 5 to 11. The artists are from the Nanjing Calligraphy and Painting Institute. Inspired by the renowned artists in former generations such as Gu Kaizhi in the Jin dynasty and the contemporary aster Fu Baoshi, the artists have strenuously pursued new ways of producing quality traditional Chinese paintings. Time: Jan. 5 to 11. Location: China National Art Museum. Western Art Show —— The China National Art Museum is displaying 117 pieces of European modern art donated by peter Ludwig and his wife, Irene Ludwig. Many of them were done by world-famous artists, including four by Pablo Picasso. Peter Ludwig was a celebrated entrepreneur and popular social activist in Germany as well as a world-famous collector with thousands of invaluable art works. Time: from Jan. 6 to Jan. 20. Address: China National Art Museum, 1 Wusi Dajie, Dongcheng District.
87. Who works will be on show on Jan. 6th at China National Art Museum?
A) Young artists'.
B) Zhang Yongxu's.
C) Gu Kaizhi's.
D) Fu Baoshi's.
88. If you want to see some European paintings, you can go to China National Art Museum on _____.
A) Jan. 3rd
B) Jan. 5th
C) Jan. 19th
D) Jan. 4th
TEXT J First read the following questions. 89. If you want to look up a word in a dictionary, which floor would you go to? A. Ground floor. B. First floor. C. Third floor. D. Fourth floor. 90. What is the color code of the shelves where normal size novels are placed? A. Blue. B. Red. C. Yellow. D. White. Now read Text J quickly and select your answers. The Main Library has five floors open to the public. FOURTH FLOOR: Social Sciences & History. 300-399, 650-659, 900-999. Law books are shelved in a separate area —— follow signs for the Law Library. THIRD FLOOR: Humanities. 100-199, 200-299, 400-499, 700-709 & 800-899. SECOND FLOOR: Science and Technology. 500-599, 600-649 & 660-699. FIRST FLOOR: Current (unbound) Periodicals. an information point is inside the Periodicals Office. GROUND FLOOR: Reference. General reference books and bibliographies. The Reference Librarians on each floor are available to answer queries during office hours. At other times you can ask at the Issue Desk, on the Ground Floor. Books are shelved according to size: normal size large size The shelves are color coded to help you identify them: RED Large books WHITE Normal size books YELLOW Large periodicals BLUE Normal size periodicals Books returned the previous day may be on the Recent Returns shelves, next to the Reference Librarians desks.
89. If you want to look up a word in a dictionary, which floor would you go to?
A) Ground floor.
B) First floor.
C) Third floor.
D) Fourth floor.
90. What is the color code of the shelves where normal size novels are placed?
PART V DICTATION
Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be read at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds. The last reading will be read at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.
PART VI WRITING
Write a composition of about 150 words on the following topic:
TELEPHONE, A GOOD THING OR A BAD THING? You are to write in three parts. In the first part, state clearly your viewpoint on this issue. In the second part, give one or two reasons to support your point of view. In the last part, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriacy. Failure to follow these instructions may result in the loss of marks.
SECTION B NOTE-WRITING [10 MIN.]
Write a note of about 50-60 words based on the following situation: Your English teacher has set some important homework, but a fellow student has missed the class. Write a not to him/her explaining what the homework is, why it is important and when it has to be handed in. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriacy.