Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence.
1. With the constraints of time and place, the tourist demands .
A. instant noodles B. instant culture
C. instant food D. instant literature
2. The purposes the brochure serves will dictate its____________.
A. cost B. quality
C. design and format D. size
3. To the original list of Maslow's need theory, two intellectual needs were added.
A. sunlust and wanderlust B. to know and understand, and aesthetics
C. education and employment D. relaxation and enjoyment
4. The WTO is an official consultative organization to____________.
A. the United Nations B. IATA
C. ICAO D. PATA
5.The____________is the person responsible for the overall operation of the hotel.
A. supervisor B. department head
C. controller D. general manager
6. The first __________ in the United States was started by Ellsworth Statler in the early 1900s.
A. hotel operation B. motel operation
C. chain operation D. inn operation
7. According to WTO's definition of tourism, National tourism refers to____________.
A. internal tourism plus outbound tourism
B. visits by residents of a country to another country
C. visits by residents of a country to their own country
D. visits to country by nonresidents
8.____________was the first to organize true package tours.
A. Vladirmir Raitz B. Cook
C. Stangen D. Schumeteria
9. Travel agents are the____________ of the travel industry.
A. salesclerks B. wholesalers
C. retailers D. managers
10. The teaching and training of service at schools and workplaces needs to focus on developing proper ____________in tourism workers.
A. qualities B. attitudes
C. skills D. services
11.Which group of executives can be expected to enjoy good quality of accommodation?_______
A. Technical and sales personnel B. Chief executive and chairman
C. Executive director and training personnel D. professors and students
12. What should be done if there are more passengers than the seats because of the overbooking?
A. Simply give the passengers the money back.
B. Simply let them go by the next flight.
C. Just explain the situation and apologize for it.
D. Provide them a seat in the better class or on another flight with financial compensation.
13. Travel and tourism has become a____________ industry in China's development toward a “socialist market economy”.
A. statistic B. strategy
C. strategic D. standard
14. China is now experiencing the stage of the domestic tourism development cycle.
A. initial B. primary
C. first D. inherent
15. Hotels first began to appear in____________ in the late 1700s.
A. England B. France
C. Persia D. Germany
16. Marketing should promote travel products to____________ consumers.
A. patron B. particular
C. future D. potential
17. The politicians view tourism as____________.
A. a cultural factor
B. a wealth factor in the economy of their jurisdictions
C. an opportunity to make a profit
D. an opportunity to create jobs
18. How wonderful it will be if the consumer can ____________ his own arrangement at home at the push of a button!
A. handle B. prepare
C. package D. decide
19. In 1981 the WTO has urged national tourism organizations to ____________ travel associated with the pursuit of employment as domestic travelers.
A. include B. exclude
C. count D. add
20. Some countries impose taxation on tourism ____________ additional public income.
A. to rise B. to arise
C. to raise D. to risen
Numberless public housing blocks grace the Singapore sky-line. These public housing units provide homes for more than 70 per cent of Singapore's population.
The old Singapore with its two-storey Chinese shophouses and idyllic Malay thatched roof or kampung houses is very quickly disappearing. Every day, more and more people are resettling in blocks of simply designed flats. These are concentrated in a dozen new towns scattered all over the island.
The new towns are, in fact, large housing estates, well-spaced from one another. They are self-contained in terms of recreational and leisure facilities. Schools, markets, shops, clinics, car-parks and other amenities are all within walking distance.
The public housing programme in Singapore was launched more than 50 years ago with the setting up of the Singapore Improvement Trust. The shortage of funds, however, prevented it from making progress. About 30 years later, the Housing Development Board was formed. This marked the beginning of a successful public housing scheme.
Today, the Housing Development Board constructs and buids a large variety of flats. They range from simple one-roomed flats to luxurious air-conditioned ones. This is to cater for the different income groups.
The latest statistics show that the majority of these flats are owner-occupied. This is a result of the home-ownership scheme, which grants large loans with repayment spread over 20 years, at low interest rates. Through this scheme, many tenants have been able to buy the flats and become owners.
Carrying out the building projects has not been an easy task for the Housing Development Board. Besides labour and material shortages, there are also problems of a different nature. Some squatters and slum-dwellers are reluctant to quit their old homes for new flats, complaining of high rentals. Tradition-minded shopkeepers in the city also show reluctance towards resettlement. They believe that luck and prosperity is attached to their residence no matter how dilapidated its state is.
However, in spite of these problems, the Housing Development Board has achieved its primary objective of solving the housing problem.
21. A large number of Singaporeans live____________.
A. along the coast B. in public housing units
C. in rubber estates D. in kampung houses
22. The new towns are located____________.
A. all over the island B. along the coast
C. in the city center D. in the small village
23. If the residents of a new town want to do some shopping, they____________.
A. must go to a larger town B. can do it within their own town
C. cannot go to other towns D. must ask the government for help
24. The public housing program was successful because of____________.
A. the Singapore Improvement Trust B. the new town's housing policy
C. the Housing Development Board D. the tradition-minded shopkeepers
25. All of the following account for the difficulty in carrying out the building projects except____________.
A. the Housing Development Board lacks money and labor
B. some residents complain that the rentals are too high
C. residents are aided by the home-ownership scheme
D. shopkeepers do not want to leave their old houses
A study of art history might be a good way to learn more about a culture than is possible to learn in general history classes. Most typical history courses concentrate on politics, economics, and war. But art history focuses on much more than this because art reflects not only the political values of a people, but also religious beliefs, emotions, and psychology. In addition, information about the daily activities of our ancestors—or of people very different from our own—can be provided by art. In short, art expresses the essential qualities of a time and a place, and a study of it clearly offers us a deeper understanding than can be found in most history books.
In history books, objective in formation about the political life of a country is presented; that is, facts about politics are given, but opinions are not expressed. Art, on the other hand, is subjective: it reflects emotions and opinions. The great Spanish painter Francisco Goya was perhaps the first truly “political” artist. In his well-known painting The Third of May, 1808, he criticized the Spanish government for its misuse of power over people. Over a hundred years later, symbolic images were used in Pablo Picasso's Guernica to express the horror of war. Meanwhile, on another continent, the powerful paintings of Diego Rivera, Jose Clemente Orozco, and David Alfaro Siqueiros—as well as the works of Alfredo Ramos Martinez—depicted these Mexican artists' deep anger and sadness about social problems.
In the same way, art can reflect a culture's religious beliefs. For hundreds of years in Europe, religious art was almost the only type of art that existed. Churches and other religious buildings were filled with paintings that depicted people and stories from the Bible. Although most people couldn't read, they could still understand biblical stories in the pictures on church walls. By contrast, one of the main characteristics of art in the Middle East was (and still is) its absence of human and animal images. This reflects the Islamic(伊斯兰教的)belief that statues are unholy.
26. More can be learned about a culture from a study of art history than general history because
A. shows us the religious and emotions of a people in addition to political values
B. provides us with information about the daily activities of people in the past
C. gives us an insight into the essential qualities of a time and a place
D. all of the above
27. Art is subjective in that____________.
A. a personal and emotional view of history is presented through it
B. it can easily rouse our anger or sadness about social problems
C. it will find a ready echo in our hearts
D. both B and C
28. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?____________
A. Unlike Francisco Goya, Pablo Picasso and several Mexican artists expressed their political opinions in their paintings.
B. History books often reveal the compilers' political views.
C. Religious art remained in Europe for centuries the only type of art because most people regarded the Bible as the Holy Book.
D. In the Middle East even today you can hardly find any human and animal figures on palaces or other buildings.
29. The passage is mainly discussing____________.
A. the difference between general history and art history
B. the making of art history
C. what we can learn from art
D. the influence of artists on art history
30. It may be concluded from this passage that____________.
A. Islamic artists have had to create architectural decoration with images of flowers or geometric forms
B. history teachers are more objective than artists
C. it is more difficult to study art history than general history
D. people and stories from the Bible were painted on churches and other buildings in order to popularize the Bible
Macau's Handover pavilion—constructed specially for the one-hour ceremony on the evening of December 19—is to remain in place for “at least three to five years”, according to the Director of the Handover Ceremony Coordination Office, Engineer Joao Costa Antunes.
“We will leave the building as it is until around mid-April,” Mr. Antunes told Macau Travel
Talk. “That way people will have the opportunity to see for themselves the surroundings in which
the ceremony took place. Those who saw the event on television will be able to go and take in the
flavor of what it was like, to see the facilities and to take their own photographs.“
For the next two months visitors can also view a major exhibition of the 33 gifts presented to Macau during the Handover as a good-will gesture by provincial authorities, autonomous regions and municipalities of the mainland. Work will begin at the end of April to make the pavilion interior suitable for multi-propose exhibitions and conventions capable of accommodating more than 2,500 people.
Mr. Antunes said Macau could make good use of the facility which covers over 6,000 square meters, with a roof height equivalent to that of a 10-storey building. The pavilion, built as a temporary facility at a cost of about HK$66 million, is within the garden area of Macau's Cultural Center. The current exhibition of gifts from China includes a replica of a golden lotus flower in full bloom, the original of which now stands in the new commemorative garden in front of the Tourism Activities Center. The 6.5-ton statue of gilded bronze, on a base of 23 pieces of red granite, was presented by the State Council of the People's Republic of China.
The Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong gave Macau a tapestry hand-made from over 300 million pieces of woolen yarn of more than 100 different colors. One of the biggest gifts, from the people of Jilin Province, is a 400-kilogram carving made from the root of a 100-year-old tree. An outline of the Summer Palace on a delicately carved lacquer plate, from the Municipality of Beijing, is linked to Macau's A-Ma Temple by the new Macau-Taipa Bridge, reflecting the strong ties between the two places.
31. The Director of the Handover Ceremony Coordination Office will not make any changes to the Handover Pavilion for the following reasons except that .
A. people can see for themselves the real surroundings of the Handover ceremony
B. people can take in the flavor of what the Handover ceremony was really like
C. people can participate in the Handover ceremony held on the eve of Dec. 19
D. people can take their own photographs instead of seeing them on television
32. The exhibits of gifts to Macau to commemorate the Handover include the following except .
A. a bronze statue of a giant panda B. a golden lotus flower in full bloom
C. a hand-made tapestry from Hong Kong D. a tree-root carving from Jilin Province
33. People interested in the art of weaving will most likely be attracted by .
A. the tapestry sent by Hone Kong SAR
B. the golden lotus flower in full bloom
C. the one-hundred-year-old tree-root carving
D. the delicately carved lacquer plate from Beijing
34. The following statements concerning the exhibition are true except that .
A. the exhibition hall covers an area of more than 6,000 square meters
B. the exhibition hall is conveniently housed in a 10-storey building
C. about HK$66 million was spent in building the Handover pavilion
D. the original of the golden lotus flower now stands in a new garden
35. The best title of the passage most probably is .
A. New Location of Handover Pavilion
B. Presents at Handover Pavilion
C. Attractions at Handover Pavilion
D. New Role of Handover Pavilion
Ⅲ.Fill in the blanks with the proper phrases given below. Make some changes if necessary: (1×10=10)
Put on arrive at designate for flourish at look ateligible for submit…to cater…to act as lead to
36. Many resort hotels important destinations.
37. Newer and more expensive international hotels the international market.
38. The bill came to two pounds but the waiter a few extra pence.
39. They didn't the agreement until they considered all the details of the contract.
40. Litter can seriously detract from the quality of the natural environment and a hazard to wildlife.
41. In many cases tourism the revival of interest in tribal customs in lesser developed countries.
42. That theatre chiefly children.
43. He refused to himself his boss' control.
44. The importance of tourism to a country's economy can be measured by the proportion of national income created by tourism.
45. The book is not copyright in this country.
Ⅳ.Cloze test: (0.5×20=10)
Directions: Fill in the blanks with proper words or phrases.
The lady with the sable coat lived in a luxurious hotel that 46 the park. Her chauffeur called for her every morning at eleven. As he helped her into the car one day, she noticed a 47 dressed man on a bench 48 the street gazing up at the hotel with a rapt 49 on his face. He was there 50 the next morning-and the next. The lady's 51 was aroused. She told her chauffeur to wait, ignored his 52 disapproval, and crossed 53 to the man on the bench.
“I simply have to know,” she said, “why you 54 staring at the hotel that way every morning.” The man smiled.
“Lady,” he said, “I'm a penniless failure. I sleep on this bench when the police don't chase me 55 and I dream that some day, just once, I'm going to 56 a night in that smart hotel across the way.”
The lady, feeling very 57 with herself, declared: “Tonight your dream is going to
58 .I'm going to pay for the best room in the house for you.“
She summoned him to her breakfast table the following morning.
“Well,” she said. “how did you sleep.”
The man 59 most disappointing.
“Never again, lady,” he answered, “I sleep 60 on the bench than I 61 here.”
“Good heavens, why?” she asked, “Wasn't the bed soft and warm enough for you?”
“It wasn't 62 ,” he explained. “You see, down 63 I can dream. I'm in the hotel. Here, the whole night 64 I kept dreaming I 65 back on the park bench. ”
Ⅴ. Phrase translation: (1×20=20)
Part One: Translate the following phrases into English
Part Two: Translate the following phrase into Chinese:
76. the lifeblood of a hotel 77. tourism resource assessment
78. market segmentation 79. clear customs
80. charter tour 81. delicate and delicious Chinese cuisine
82. annual holiday 83. air taxi
84. the traditional architectural styles 85. forecast tourist market
Ⅵ. Translate the following passages into Chinese: (10×2=20)
86. Few improvements were made in the quality of accommodations until the advent of long-distance stagecoach travel in the seventeenth century. Journeys by stagecoach over dirt roads were long and arduous. Passengers (most of whom were wealthy)came to expect a warm bed and a hearty meal on their overningt stops. English inns and taverns, in particular, gained a reputation for cleanliness and comfort and set the standard for accommodations in other parts of Europe.
A typical inn had a dining room in which food and drink were served, a number of private rooms with beds for individual travelers, a large communal room for stagecoach drivers and the staff of the inn, and stables for the horses, all arranged around a central courtyard. These inns were not only frequented by travelers; they also became popular meeting places for local nobles, clergy, politicians, and other local citizens.
87. Many different airlines have counters in the terminal building. The country's airline is not the only one that serves the airport. The country wants people from all over the world to come as tourists. Yet it can't afford to provide services everywhere. No one country or company do this. Therefore, many different airlines provide service to and from the many different places people need or want to travel. In addition, places visited by many travelers need to be served by more than one airline so that the passengers can have a wider choice of flights. Because there is so much competition among airlines for passengers that there are many different kinds of service available as well as different types and aizes of aircraft. To avoid air traffic problems, all airline routes are controlled by local government or by international regulations.