PART II CLOZE
Decide which of the choices given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank.
In the morning it starts to rain. It was the first rain of the new year and it (26)____, in an extremely violent manner, the beginning of the rainy season. The drops which fell were large, and they fell straight down, for (27)____ tropical rains never degenerate into slanting drizzle, the familiar (28)____ of a rainy day in so many other parts of the world. The rain fell heavily, it fell continuously and it saturated everything which lay (29)____ its way. During the rain most people kept to their homes. But a few walked about, (30)____ to the wetness of their clothes and determined to (31)____ as usual. And, for those who wished to keep dry however much it cost them, there were always (32)____ taxis. They splashed by along the road, with the windscreen wipers revealing only (33)____ glimpses of the drivers peering faces. (34)____, when the rain had started, the drivers had had only the big puddles to miss, but later on, then the drains had overflowed and the whole road swam with water all dangerous pits and (35)____ had been hidden, and the faces peering through the windscreens peered even more anxiously than before. But often the faces inside the taxi ceased to (36)____ to look out at all, for water had splashed up to the electrical system, and the engine stopped just as surly and abruptly as it would have done, (37)____ the car actually (38)____ into out of the drains it had so (39)____ missed only a few moments (40)____.
26. A) exhibited B) marked C) showed D) identified
27. A) brutal B) intense C) wild D) fierce
28. A) pattern B) style C) model D) norm
29. A) on B) at C) in D) over
30. A) resigning B) to resign C) resigned D) having resigned
31. A) carry on B) keep on C) continue D) go on
32. A) / B) the C) many D) some
33. A) fragmentary B) sudden C) partial D) scattered
34. A) Initially B) Originally C) Formerly D) Firstly
35. A) destructions B) frustrations C) constructions D) obstructions
36. A) disturb B) intend C) bother D) worry
37. A) was B) were C) had D) has
38. A) skidded B) swerved C) slipped D) glided
39. A) closely B) nearly C) almost D) narrowly
40. A) ahead B) before C) ago D) beforehand
PART III GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY
There are twenty-five sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence.
41. We are not on very good ____ with the people next door.
42. Usually newspapers ____ for people with intellectual interests.
43. The overcrowded living conditions____ a heavy strain on the family.
44. The supply of apples exceeds the ____ this year.
45. I must take this watch to be repaired; it ____ over twenty minutes a day.
46. If this animal had escaped from its cage it could ____ have killed or hurt several people.
47. I'm sorry we gave you such a short ____ of our visit.
48. That old vase will ____ an attractive lamp-holder.
49. The World Bank has criticized the country for not giving enough financial ____ to developing countries.
50. Nothing would stop me from ____ my ambition.
51. He showed his ____ for the TV programmer by switching it off.
52. They are ____ the woods for the missing child.
53. To prevent flooding in winter the water flowing from the dam is constantly ____ by a computer.
54. ____ I know the money is safe. I shall not worry about it.
A) Even though
C) As long as
55. He couldn't lie convincingly enough to take a child ____ .
56. The parents were worried about Dorothy because no one was aware ____ she had gone.
A) where that
B) of where
C) of the place where
D) the place
57. It was not until she returned home ____ she realized she had almost wasted ten of her valuable hours.
58. There has not been a great response to the sale, ____?
A) does it
B) has it
C) does there
D) has there
59. Anthropology is a science ____ anthropologists use a rigorous set of methods and techniques to document observations that can be checked by others.
A) in that
B) that in
60. The activities of the international marketing researcher are frequently much broader than ____.
A) the domestic marketer has
B) those of the domestic marketer
C) the domestic marketer does
D) that which has the domestic marketer
61. I'm surprised at there ____ an index.
A) not to be
B) to be not
C) not being
D) being not
62. I ____ this soup. I ____ pepper in it.
A) am tasting…… am tasting
B) am tasting…… taste
C) taste…… am tasting
D) taste…… have tasted
63. ____, explorers could never have found the cave.
A) But for the fissure had been spotted
B) If not the fissure had been spotted
C) Had the fissure not been spotted
D) Had not the fissure been spotted
64. John often sits in a small bar, drinking and smoking considerably more ____.
A) than that he is healthy
B) than good for his health
C) than his health could
D) than is good for his health
65. This ____ girl is Mary's cousin.
A) pretty little Swedish
B) Swedish little pretty
C) Swedish pretty little
D) little pretty Swedish
PART IV READING COMPREHENSION
In this section there are four passages followed by fifteen questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the correct answer.
The Stone Age was a period of history which began in approximately 2 million B.C. and lasted until 3000 B.C…… Its name was derived from the stone tools and weapons that modern scientists found. This period was divided into the Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic Ages. During the first period( 2 million to 8000 B.C.), the fist hatchet and use of fire for heating and cooking were developed. As a result of the Ice Age, which evolved about 1 million years into the Paleolithic Age, people were forced to seek shelter in caves, wear clothing, and develop new tools. During the Mesolithic Age (8000 to 6000 B.C.) people made crude pottery and the first fish hooks, took dogs hunting, and developed a bow and arrow which was used until the fourteenth century A.D…… The Neolithic Age (6000 to 3000 B.C.) saw humankind domesticating sheep, goats, pigs, and cattle, being less nomadic than in previous eras, establishing permanent settlements and creating governments.
66. Which of the following developments is not related to the conditions of the Ice Age?
C) living indoors.
D) Using fire.
67. Which of the following periods saw people develop a more communal form of living?
B) Ice Age.
68. The author states that the Stone Age was so named because _____.
A) it was very durable
B) the tools and weapons were made of stone
C) there was little vegetation
D) the people lived in caves
Discovered a mere one hundred fifty years ago and manufactured commercially just half that long, aluminum today ranks behind only iron and steel among metals serving mankind. The key to its popularity is its incredible versatility. The same metal that makes kitchen foil serves as armor for battlefield tanks. The material of lawn chairs and baseball bats also forms the vital parts of air and space vehicles —— most of their skeletons, their skins, even the rivets that bind them together. Behind aluminums versatility lie properties so diverse that they almost seem to belong to several different metals. For example, in its pure form, aluminum is soft enough to whittle. Yet its alloys can possess the strength of steel, with only a third of its weight. This, when Alexanedr Calder designed one of his last mobiles——a soaring creation eighty feet long —— his choice of aluminum over steel cut two tons from its weight. Aluminum also assures the masterpiece virtual immortality. The instant the metal is exposed to air, its surface acquires a transparent film that seals the interior against further corrosion.
69. According to the passage, aluminum is sometimes used to make which of the the following?
A) Photographic film.
B) Frames for stuffed furniture.
C) Foils and other fencing equipment.
D) Parts of spaceships.
70. The most important feature of aluminum is that it ______.
A) can be used for many different things
B) is soft enough to whittle
C) is strong
D) can be marketed in pure form
Prices determine how resources are to be used. They are also the means by which products and services that are in limited supply are rationed among buyers. The price system of the United States is a very complex network composed of the prices of all the products bought and sold in the economy as well as those of a myriad of services, including labor, professional transportation, and public-utility services. The interrelationships of all these prices make up the "system" of prices. The price of any particular product of service is linked to a broad, complicated system of prices in which everything seems to depend more or less upon everything else. If one were to ask a group of randomly selected individuals to define "price", many would reply that price is an amount of money paid by the buyer to the seller of a product or service or, in other words, that price is the money value of a product or service as agreed upon in a market transaction. This definition is, of course, valid as far as it goes. For a complete understanding of a price in any particular transaction, much more than the amount of money involved must be known. Both the buyer and the seller should be familiar with not only the money amount, but with the amount and quality of the product or service to be exchanged, the time and place at which the exchange will take place and payment will be made, the form of money to be used, the credit terms and discounts that supply to the transaction, guarantees on the product or service, delivery terms return privileges, and other factors. In other words, both buyer and seller should be fully aware of all the factors that comprise the total "package" being exchanged for the asked—— for amount of money in order that they may evaluate a given price.
71. According to the passage, the price system is related primarily to _______.
A) labor and education
B) transportation and insurance
C) utilities and repairs
D) products and services
72. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT a factor in complete understanding of price?
A) Instructions that come with a product.
B) The quantity of a product.
C) The quality of a product.
D) Warranties that cover a product.
73. In the last sentence of the passage, the "they" refers to ________.
A) return privileges
B) all the factors
C) buyer and seller
74. The paragraph following the passage most likely discusses _______.
A) unusual ways to advertise products
B) types of payment plans for service
C) theories about how products affect different levels of society
D) how certain elements of price "package" influence its market value
Napoleon Bonapartes ambition to control all the area around the Mediterranean sealed him and his French soldiers to Egypt. After losing a naval battle, they were forced to remain there for three years. In 1799, while constructing a fort, a soldier discovered a piece of stele (stone pillar bearing an inscription) known as the Rosetta stone: This famous stone, which would eventually lead to the deciphering of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics dating to 3100 B.C., was written in three languages: hieroglyphics (picture writing), demotic (a shorthand version of hieroglyphics), and Greek. Scientists discovered that the characters, unlike those in English, could be written from right to left and in other directions as well. Twenty-three years after discovery of the Rosetta stone, Jean Francois Champollion, a French philologist, fluent in several languages, was able to decipher the first word —— ptolemy —— name of an Egyptian ruler. This name was written inside an oval called a "cartouche",. Further investigation revealed that cartouches contained names of important people of that period. Champollion painstakingly continued his search and was able to increase his growing list of known phonetic signs. He and an Englishmen, Thomas Young, worked independently of each other to unravel the deeply hidden mysteries of this strange language. Young believed that sound values could be assigned to the symbols, while Champollion insisted that the pictures represented words.
75. Which of the following languages was NOT written on the Rosetta stone?
76. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A) Cartounches contained names of prominent people of the period.
B) Champlllion and Young worked together in an attempt to decipher the hieroglyphics.
C) One of Napoleon's soldiers discovered the Rosetta stone.
D) Thomas Young believed that sound values could be assigned to the symbols.
77. When was the first word from the Rosetta stone deciphered?
A) 3100 B.C.
78. What was the first word that was deciphered from the Rosetta stone?
79. Why were Napoleon's soldiers in Egypt in 1799?
A) They were celebrating a naval victory.
B) They were looking for the Rosetta stone.
C) They were waiting to continue their campaign.
D) They were trying to decipher the hiseroglyphics.
80. Who was responsible for deciphering the first word?
SECTION B SKIMMING AND SCANNING
In this section there are six passages with a total of 10 multiple-choice questions. Skim or scan them as required and then mark your answer.
First read the questions. 81. The passage is mostly concerned with _____. A. different types of glasses. B. a visit to the eye doctor. C. myths about eyesight. D. eye transplant. 82. One cause of eyestrain mentioned in the passage is _____. A. wearing glasses for too long. B. reading in bed. C. going to the movies. D. not visiting your eye doctor Now go through the text quickly and answer the questions.
There are many commonly held beliefs about glasses and eyesight that are not proven facts. For instance, some people believe that wearing glasses too soon weakens the eye. But there is no evidence to show that the structure of eyes is changed by wearing glasses at a young age. Wearing the wrong glasses, however, can prove harmful. Studies show that for adults there is no danger, but children can develop loss of vision if they have the wrong glasses. We have all heard some of the common myths about eyesight gets bad. Most people believe that reading in dim light cause poor eyesight, but that is untrue. Too little light makes the eyes work harder, so they do get tired and strained. Eyestrain also results from reading a lot, reading in bed, and watching too much television. But, although eyestrain may cause some pain or headaches, it does not permanently damage eyesight. Another myth about eyes is that they can replaced, or transferred from one person to another. There are close to one million never fibers that connect the eyeball to the brain, and it is impossible to attach them all in a new person. Only certain parts of the eye can be replaced. But if we keep clearing up the myths and learning more about the eyes, some day a full transplant may be possible.
81. The passage is mostly concerned with _____.
A) different types of glasses.
B) a visit to the eye doctor.
C) myths about eyesight.
D) eye transplant.
82. One cause of eyestrain mentioned in the passage is _____.
A) wearing glasses for too long.
B) reading in bed.
C) going to the movies.
D) not visiting your eye doctor
First read the questions. 83. Dr. Schweitzer was able to settle the argument because _____. A. he was the judge there. B. he was clever and impartial. C. he wanted some of the fish. D. he wanted to help his patient. 84. The final judgment was that _____. A. all the fish should go to patient. B. the fish should go to the owner of the canoe. C. the fish should be destroyed and thrown away. D. everyone involved should get a third of the fish. Now go through the text quickly and answer the questions.
The incident occurred one morning outside Albert Schweitzers hospital in the African jungle. A patient had gone fishing in another mans boat the previous night. The owner of the boat thought he should be given all the fish that were caught. Dr. Schweitzer said to the boat owner. "You are right because the other man ought to have asked permission to use your boat. But you are wrong because you are careless and lazy. You merely twisted the chain of your canoe round a palm tree instead of fastening it with a padlock. Of laziness you are guilty because you were asleep in your hut on this moonlit night instead of making use of the good opportunity for fishing." He turned to the patient:" But you were in the wrong then you took the boat without asking the owners permission. You were in the right because you were not so lazy as he was and you did not want to let the moonlit night go by without making some use of it." Dr. Schweitzer divided the catch among the fisherman, the boat owner and the hospital.
83. Dr. Schweitzer was able to settle the argument because _____.
A) he was the judge there.
B) he was clever and impartial.
C) he wanted some of the fish.
D) he wanted to help his patient.
84. The final judgment was that _____.
A) all the fish should go to patient.
B) the fish should go to the owner of the canoe.
C) the fish should be destroyed and thrown away.
D) everyone involved should get a third of the fish.
First read the questions. 85. It is the drivers responsibility to _____. A. make children under 14 wear seat belts in the front. B. make the front seat passenger wear a seat belt. C. stop children riding in the front seat. D. wear a seat belt on all occasions. 86. For some people, it may be better _____. A. to wear a seat belt for health reasons. B. not to wear a seat belt for health reasons. C. to get a valid medical certificate. D. to pay the fine rather than wear a seat belt. Now go through the text quickly and answer the questions.
Why Seat Belts Are Necessary More than 30,000 drivers and front seat passengers are killed or seriously injured each year. The impact on you of an accident can be very serious. At a speed of only 30 miles per hour it is the same as falling from a third-floor window. Wearing a seat belt saves lives; it reduced your chance of death or serious injury by more than half. Who has to wear a seat belt? Drivers or front passengers in most vehicles. If you are 14 or over, it will be your responsibility to wear the belt. If you do not, you could be fined up to 50. It will not be up to the driver to make sure you wear your belt. But it will be the drivers responsibility to make sure that children under 14 do not ride in the front unless they are wearing a seat belt of some kind. A very few vehicles have a middle front seat between the front passenger seat and the drivers seat, for example, a bench seat. Your vehicle may be one of them. If just one passenger sits in front, he must wear a seat belt. But if two passengers sit in front, the person sitting in the middle will not have to wear a belt. Medical exemptions Certain people ought not to wear a seat belt because of their health. It may be more risky for them to wear a belt than to be in a road accident without one. But they will not have to wear a belt if they get a valid medical certificate from a doctor. If you think this applies to you, go and talk to a doctor as soon as possible. The doctor may reassure you that you can wear a seat belt. Or he may have to examine you before he can decide whether or not to give you a certificate. When you go and see him you should ask him at the start how much this would cost. Keep the certificate. If the police ask you why you are not wearing a seat belt, you should show them the certificate. If you cannot show it to them on the spot, you should take the certificate to a police station of your choice within five days.
85. It is the driver's responsibility to _____.
A) make children under 14 wear seat belts in the front.
B) make the front seat passenger wear a seat belt.
C) stop children riding in the front seat.
D) wear a seat belt on all occasions.
86. For some people, it may be better _____.
A) to wear a seat belt for health reasons.
B) not to wear a seat belt for health reasons.
C) to get a valid medical certificate.
D) to pay the fine rather than wear a seat belt.
First read the questions. 87. Which country has the highest number of illiterate people? A. Burkina Faso. B. Morocco. C. Kenya. D. Tanzania. 88. Which two countries have the fewest number of people employed in agriculture? A. Burkina Faso and Tanzania. B. Egypt and Malaysia. C. The UK and the USA. D. Italy and Japan. Now go through the text quickly and answer the questions.
Country A, B, C, D, E 1. Burkina Faso 160, 1.8, 83, 11, 35 2. Tanzania 210, 3.4, 83, 14, 66 3. India 260, 2.3, 74, 25, 36 4. Kenya 310, 4.0, 79, 18, 40 5. Zambia 470, 3.2, 68, 48, 28 6. Indonesia 540, 2.3, 60, 25, 62 7. Morocco 670, 2.4, 53, 43, 28 8. Egypt 720, 2.6, 51, 23, 44 9. Brazil 1720, 2.3, 41, 72, 76 10. Malaysia 1980, 2.4, 50, 31, 60 11. Mexico 2040, 2.9, 39, 69, 76 12. Venezuela 3410, 3.3, 20, 85, 82 13. Italy 6420, 0.3, 13, 71, 98 14. UK 8510, (.), 2, 92, 99 15. Japan 10630, 0.9, 13, 76, 98 16. W. Germany 11130, -0.1, 4, 86, 98 17. USA 15390, 1.0, 2, 74, 98 A = GNP (Gross National Product) per head (US dollars) B = Population growth rate (%) C = Labour force in agriculture (%) D = Urban population (%) E = Adult literacy rate (%)
87. Which country has the highest number of illiterate people?
A) Burkina Faso.
88. Which two countries have the fewest number of people employed in agriculture?
A. Burkina Faso and Tanzania.
B. Egypt and Malaysia.
C. The UK and the USA.
D) Italy and Japan.
First read the question. 89. Which of the following statements about the recommended books is not true? A. Books are delivered at any time of the day. B. Books are available at lower prices than retailers. C. Books can be ordered by fax, phone or post. D. Books are despatched right after the order. 90. You can get a free copy of the September issue if you _____. A. enjoy reading and like to be kept up to date. B. are interested in Desmond Morris work. C. place an order for the issue right now. D. are a member of the book/video club. Now go through the text quickly and answer the questions.
Send for Your Free Copy of the NEW Monthly Good Book Guide Supplement If you enjoy reading and like to be kept up to date with the latest good books, then send for the new monthly Good Book Guide —— its packed with news and reviews of the best fiction and non-fiction. In the September issue theres an exclusive feature on Desmond Morris, writer of the best selling The Naked Ape; a round up of some of the best encyclopedias on the market and fiction and non-fiction bestsellers in London and New York. All titles recommended are available for immediate dispatch anywhere in the world —— at London publishers prices. You can order any time by fax, phone or post at any time of the day or night, and our friendly, efficient staff will arrange for delivery direct to your door. The Good Book Guide is not a book or video club. You are under no obligation to purchase anything from us.
89. Which of the following statements about the recommended books is not true?
A) Books are delivered at any time of the day.
B) Books are available at lower prices than retailers'.
C) Books can be ordered by fax, phone or post.
D) Books are despatched right after the order.
90. You can get a free copy of the September issue if you _____.
A) enjoy reading and like to be kept up to date.
B) are interested in Desmond Morris' work.
C) place an order for the issue right now.
D) are a member of the book/video club.
PART V DICTION
Listen to the following passage. Although the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be read at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second reading and third reading, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 to 20 seconds. The last reading will be read at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.
Section IV Writing
Write a composition of about 150 words on the following topic:
Some people argue that television is of great benefit to the community. However, others dont share the opinion. Do you agree or disagree? Write a composition of about 150 words on the following topic:
TELEVISION IS (IS NOT) OF GREAT BENEFIT TO THE COMMUNITY
You are to write in three paragraphs.
In the first paragraph, state clearly what your view is.
In the second paragraph, support your view with details.
In the third paragraph, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion with a summary or suggestion.
Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriacy. Failure to follow the instruction may result in a loss of marks.
SECTION B NOTE-WRITING [10 min.]
Write a note of about 50-60 words based on the following situation: Last week you quarreled with your friend. Write him or her a note apologizing for the incident and suggesting that you both should meet early next week.
Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriacy.