PART I LISTENING COMPREHENSION
In Section A, B and C you will hear everything ONLY ONCE. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct response to each question on the Colored Answer Sheet .
SECTION A TALK
Question 1 to 5 refer to the talk in this section. At the end of the talk you will be given 15 seconds to answer each of the following five questions.
Now listen to the talk.
1. About ____of American school-age children are taught at home.
2. Creg Colfax is studying ____at Harvard University.
3. David Colfax believes that some school teachers ____
A) do not work hard.
B) do not have academic qualifications.
C) do not respect kid's self-esteem.
D) do not teach up-to-date knowledge.
4. Home-schoolers are academically ____ school children.
A) more successful than
B) less successful than
C) as successful as
D) no information
5. According to Howard Carol, the major disadvantage of home-schooling is that ____
A) the parents are not competent.
B) the students can not have the full range of curriculum.
C) the students are denied something they may need in future.
D) It is usually not easy for students to get appropriate materials and the new technology.
SECTION B INTERVIEW
Question 6 to 10 are based on an interview. At the end of the interview you will be given 15 seconds to answer each of the following question.
Now listen to the interview.
6. What's the relation between Julia and Roger?
C) Husband and wife.
D) Landlord and tenant.
7. Why does Roger dislike living in the city?
A) Because he likes traveling.
B) Because he does not like the house and neighbors in the city.
C) Because he works near the country.
D) Because he has a romantic attitude.
8. Where is Roger living now?
A) In London.
B) In New York.
C) In Boston.
D) In Manchester.
9. Where is Julia possibly going to live?
D) New York.
10. What does Roger want to buy?
A) A new car.
B) A sailing-boat.
C) A trailer.
D) A surf-board.
SECTION D NOTE-TAKING AND GAP-FILLING
In this section you will hear a mini-lecture. You will hear the lecture ONLY ONCE. While listening to the lecture, take notes on the important points. Your notes will not be marked, but you will need them to complete a 15-minute gap-filling task on ANSWER SHEET ONE after the mini lecture. Use the blank sheet for note-taking.
ANSWER SHEET ONE
Fill in each of the gaps with ONE suitable word. You may refer to your notes. Make sure the word you fill in is both grammatically and semantically acceptable.
The History of American Indians
When Europeans discovered the Western hemisphere, they discovered a race of people. (16)called them Indians. I shall have something to say about their (17) and early history, the (18) for them of European settlement in the New World, the part they have played in American history, their number, distribution and condition today.
Most scholars believe that the homeland of the Indians was eastern Asia. They migrate to North American along a land (19) from Siberia to Alaska.
The Indians were a (20) people. They lived in (21), spoke many languages, and gained their living in different ways.
(22) revolutionized their hunting and warfare. Whiskey corrupted them. (23) changed the lives of some Indians. The Indians were under pressure to take (24) in the great French and British War of the eighteen century.
The Indians made many efforts to prevent the advance of the frontier. In (25), a great uprising against the British began under a Michigan Indian leader.
PART II PROOFREADING & ERROR CORRECTION
The following passage contains ten errors .Each line contains a maximum of one error. In each case only one word is involved. You should proofread the passage and correct it in the following way:
For a wrong word, underline the wrong word and write the correct one in the blank provided at the end of the line.
For a missing word, mark the position of the missing word with a "^" sign and write the word you believe to be missing in the blank provided at the end of the line.
For an unnecessary word, cross the unnecessary word with a slash "/" and put the word in the blank provided at the end of the line.
When ^ art museum wants a new exhibit,
it (never/) buys things in finished form and hangs
them on the wall. When a natural history museum
wants an exhibition, it must often build it.
Literature is a means by which we know ourselves. By it we
meet future selves, and recognize past selves; against it we match our
present self. Its primary function is to validate and re-create the self
in all its individuality and distinctness. In doing so, it cements a
sense of relationship between the self and the otherness of the book,
and allows us a notion of ourselves as sociable. Its shared knowledge
is vicarious experience; by this means we enlarge our understandings
of what it means to be human, of the corporate and independent
nature of human society. The act of reading the book marks both our
difference in and our place in the human fabric. The more we read,
the more we are. In the act of reading silently we are alone from the
book, separate from ones own immediate surroundings. Yet in the
act of reading we enter other minds and other places, enlarge our
dialogue with the world. Thus paradoxically, while disengaging from
the immediate we are increasing its scope. In silence, reading
activates a deeply creative function of consciousness. We are deeply
committed to the narrative which we coexist while engaged in
reading. All kinds of present physical discomfortness may be
unnoticed while we are reading, and actual time is replaced by
narrative time. To imaginatively enter a fictional world by reading it
is then both a liberation from self and an expansion of self.
PART III READING COMPREHENSIONS
In this section there are four reading passages followed by fifteen multiple-choice questions. Read the passages and then mark your answers on your Answer Sheet.
Some people have drawn the conclusion from Bowlbys work that children should be subjected to day care before the age of three because of the parental separation it entails, and many people do believe this. But there are also arguments against such a strong conclusion. It has been argued that an infant under three who is care for outside the home may suffer because of the separation from his parents. The British psychoanalyst John Bowlby maintains that separation from the parents during the sensitive "attachment" period from birth to three may scar a childs personality and predispose to emotional problems in later life. But traditional societies are so different from modern societies that comparisons based on just one factor are hard to interpret. Firstly anthropologists point out that the secluded love affair between children and parents found in modern societies does not usually exist in traditional societies. For example, we saw earlier that among the Ngoni the father and mother of a child did not rear their infant alone —— far from it. But bowlbys analysis raises the possibility that early day care had delayed effects. The possibility that such care might lead to, say, more mental illness or crime 15 or 20 years later can only be explored by the use of statistics. Statistical studies of this kind have not yet been carried out, and even if they were, the results would be certain to be complicated and controversial. Secondly, common sense tells that day care would not be so widespread today if parents, caretakers or pediatricians found that children had problems with it. But tests that have had to be used to measure this development are not widely enough accepted to settle the issue. Thirdly, in the last decade, there have been a number of careful American studies of children in day care, and they have uniformly reported that day care had a neutral or slightly positive effects on childrens development. But whether the long-term effects, parents sometimes find the immediate effects difficult to deal with. At the age of three or three and a half almost all children find the translation to nursery age, and this is undoubtedly why more and more parents make use of child care at this time. Children under three are likely to protest at leaving their parents and show unhappiness. The matter, then, is far from clear-cut, though experience and available evidence indicate that early care is responsible for infants.
36. John Bowlby believes that separation from parents from birth to three ____.
A) is wholesome for a child's development.
B) may cause a child to suffer for lack of parental attention.
C) may overshadow a child's personality and cause emotional problems.
D) can help a child to develop an independent character.
37. The consequence of parental separation can be explored by ____.
A) statistical studies
B) long-term studies
C) close observation
D) All of above
38. What's the result of American studies of children in day care in the last decade?
A) Day care had a neutral or more or less positive effect on children's development.
B) The effects of parental separation was hard to deal with.
C) The transition to nursery at three was easy due to day care the children received.
D) Early care was reasonable for babies.
We recognize visual form only by means of light, we recognize the existence of light only by means of form, and we further recognize that color is an effect of light in relation to form and its inherent texture. In nature, light creates color; in painting, color creates light. In symphonic painting, color is the real building medium. "When color is richest, form is fullest." This declaration of Cézannes is a guide for painters. Swinging and pulsating from and its counterpart, resonating space, originate in color intervals. In a color interval, the finest differentiations of color function as powerful contrasts. A color interval is comparable to the tension created by a form relation. What a tension signifies in regard to form, an interval signifies in regard to color; it is a tension between colors that makes color a plastic means. A painting must have form and light unity. It must light up from the inside through the intrinsic qualities which color relations offer. It must not be illuminated from the outside by superficial effects. When it lights up from the inside, the painted surface breathes, because the interval relations which dominate the whole cause it to oscillate and to vibrate. A painted surface must retain the transparency of a jewel which stands as a prototype of exactly ordered form, on the one hand, and as a prototype of the highest light emanation on the other. The Impressionists led painting back to the two-dimensionality in the picture through the creation of a light unity, whereas their attempt to create atmosphere and spatial effectiveness by means of color, resulted in the impregnation of their works with the quality of translucence which became synonymous with the transparency of the picture plane. Light must not be conceived as illumination —— it forces into the picture through color development. Illumination is superficial. Light must be created. In this matter alone is the balance of light possible. The formation of a light unity becomes identified with the two-dimensionality of the picture. Such a formation is based on comprehension light complexities. Color unity, in the same matter, is identified with the two-dimensionality of the picture. It results from color tensions created by color intervals. Thus the end product of all color intervals is two-dimensionality. Spatial and formal unity and light and color unity create the plastic two-dimensionality of the picture. Since light is best expressed through differences in color quality, color should not be handled as a tonal gradation, to produce the effect of light. The psychological expression of color lies in unexpected relations and associations.
39. What would be an appropriate title for this selection?
A) On Light and Color
B) The Expression of Color and Light by Impressionists
C) Visual Effects in Painting
D) The Formation of a Light Unity and a Color Unity
40. What does the writer mean by form and light unity?
A) A painting is lit up from the outside.
B) A painting lights up through the qualities that color relations offer.
C) The painting's surface breathe and vibrate
D) The interval color relations dominate the painting.
41. What cause the plastic two-dimensionality of a picture?
A) Unexpected relations and associations.
B) Spatial and formal unity.
C) Light and color unity.
D) B and C
Eliots interest in poetry in about 1902 with the discovery of Romantic. He had recalled how he was initiated into poetry by Edward Fitzgeralds Omar Khayyam at the age of fourteen. "It was like a sudden conversion", he said, an "overwhelming introduction to a new world of feeling." From then on, till about his twentieth year of age (1908), he took intensive courses in Byron, Shelley, Keats, Tennyson, Rossetti and Swinburne. It is, no doubt, a period of keen enjoyment……At this period, the poem, or the poetry of a single poet, invades the youthful consciousness and assume complete possession for a time……The frequent result is an outburst of scribbling which we may call imitation……It is not deliberate choice of a poet to mimic, but writing under a kind of daemonic possession by one poet. Thus, the young Eliot started his career with a mind preoccupied by certain Romantic poets. His imitative scribbling survives in the Harvard Eliot Collection, a part of which is published as Poems Written in Early Youth. "A Lyric" (1905), written at Smith Academy and Eliots first poem ever shown to anthers eye, is a straightforward and spontaneous overflow of a simple feeling. Modeled on Ben Johnson, the poem expresses a conventional theme, and can be summarized in a single sentence: since time and space are limited, let us love while we can. The hero is totally self-confident, with no Prufrockian self-consciousness. He never thinks of retreat, never recognizes his own limitations, and never experiences the kind of inner struggle which will so blight the mind of Prufrock. "Song: When we came home across the hill" (1907), written after Eliot entered Harvard College, achieved about the same degree of success. The poem is a lovers mourning of the loss of love, the passing of passion, and this is done through a simple contrast. The flowers in the field are blooming and flourishing, but those in his lovers wreath are fading and withering. The point is that, as flowers become waste then they have been plucked, so love passes when it has been consummated. The poem achieves an effect similar to that of Shelleys "when the lamp is shattered". The from, the dictation and the images are all borrowed. So is the carpe diem theme. In "Song: The Moonflower Opens" (1909), Eliot makes the flower —— love comparison once more and complains that his love is too cold-hearted and does not have "tropical flowers/With scarlet life for me". In these poem, Eliot is not writing in his own right, but the poets who possessed him are writing through him. He is imitating in the usual sense of the word, having not yet developed his critical sense. It should not be strange to find him at this stage so interested in flowers: the flowers in the wreath, this mornings flowers, flowers of yesterday, the moonflower which opens to the moth —— not interested in them as symbols, but interested in them as beautiful objects. In these poems, the Romantics did not just work on his imagination; they compelled his imagination to work their way. Though merely fin-de-siécle routines, some of these early poems already embodied Eliots mature thinking, and forecasted his later development. "Before Morning" (1908) shows his awareness of the co-habitation of beauty and decay under the same sun and the same sky. "Circles Palace" (1909) shows that he already entertained the view of women as emasculating their male victims or sapping their strength. "On a Portrait" (1909) describes women as mysterious and evanescent, existing "beyond the circle of our thought". Despite all these hints of later development, these poems don not represent the Eliot we know. Their voice is the voice of tradition and their style is that of the Romantic period. It seems to me that the early Eliots connection with Tennyson is especially interesting, in that Tennyson seems to have foreshadowed Eliots own development.
42. Eliot was wrapped up in ____when he began to write poems.
A) Edward Fitzgerald's poems
B) Romantic poets
C) Classical literature
D) Romantic literature
43. Which of the following statement is NOT true of Eliot's first poem?
A) It was written at Smith Academy.
B) It was modeled on Ben Johnson.
C) It was included in Poems Written in Early Youth.
D) It expresses the theme that a common person's mind is loaded with inner struggle.
44. Which of the following is NOT Eliot's poem?
A) "Song: When we came home across the hill"
B) "Song: The Moonflower Opens"
D) "before Morning"
45. The article is primary concerned with ____
A) comparing the early poems by Tennyson and Eliot.
B) illustrating Eliot's talent as a young artist.
C) introducing some background knowledge of Eliot.
D) representing Eliot's early style and his connection with Romantic poets.
The bizarre antics of sleepwalkers have puzzled police, perplexed scientists, and fascinated writers for centuries. There is an endless supply of stories about sleepwalkers. Person have been said to climb on steep roofs, solve mathematical problems, compose music, walk though plate glass windows, and commit murder in their sleep. How many of these stories have a basic in fact, and how many are pure fakery? No one knows, but if some of the most sensational stories should be taken with a barrel of salt, others are a matter of record. In Revere, Massachusetts, a hundred policemen combed a waterfront neighborhood for a lost boy who left his home in his sleep and woke up five hours later on a strange sofa in a strange living room, with no idea how he had gone there. There is an early medical record of a somnambulist who wrote a novel in his sleep. And the great French writer Voltaire knew a sleepwalker who once got our of bed, dressed himself, made a polite bow, danced a minuet, and then undressed and went back to bed. At the university of Iowa, a student was reported to have the habit of getting up in the middle of the night and walking three-quarters of a mile to the Iowa River. He would take a swim and then go back to his room to bed. The worlds champion sleepwalker was supposed to have been an Indian, Pandit Ramrakha, who walked sixteen miles along a dangerous road without realizing that he had left his bed. Second in line for the title is probably either a Vienna housewife or a British farmer. The woman did all her shopping on busy streets in her sleep. The farmer, in his sleep, visited a veterinarian miles away. The leading expert on sleep in American claims that he had never seen a sleepwalker. He is Dr. Nathaniel Kleitman, a physiologist at the University of Chicago. He is said to know more about sleep than any other living man, and during the last thirty-five years had lost a lot of sleep watching people sleep. Says he, "Of course, I know that there are sleepwalkers because I have read about them in the newspapers. But none of my sleepwalkers ever walked, and if I were to advertise for sleepwalkers for an experiment, I doubt that Id get many takers." Sleepwalking, nevertheless, is a scientific reality. Like hypnosis, it is one of those dramatic, eerie, awe —— inspiring phenomena that sometimes border on the fantastic. It lends itself to controversy and misconceptions. What is certain about sleepwalking is that it is a symptom of emotional disturbance, and that the only way to cure it is to remove the worries and anxieties that cause it. Doctors say that somnambulism is much more common than is generally supposed. Some have set estimated that there are four million somnambulists in the United States. Others set the figure even higher. Many sleepwalkers do not seek help and so are never put on record, which means that an accurate count can never be made. The simplest explanation of sleepwalking is that it is the acting out of vivid dream. The dream usually comes from guilt, worry, nervousness, or some other emotional conflict. The classic sleepwalker is Shakespeares Lady Mac Beth. Her nightly wanderings were caused by her guilty conscience at having committed murder. Shakespeare said of her, "The eyes are open but their sense is shut." The age-old question is: Is the sleepwalker actually awake or asleep? Scientists have decided that he is about half-and-half. Like Lady Mac Beth, he had weighty problems on his mind. Dr. Zelda Teplitz, who made a ten-year study of the subject, say, "Some people stay awake all night worrying about their problems. The sleepwalker thrashes them out in his sleep. He is awake in the muscular area, partially asleep in the sensory area." In other words, a person can walk in his sleep, move around, and do other things, but he does not think about what he is doing. There are many myths about sleepwalkers. One of the most common is the idea that its dangerous or even fatal to waken a sleepwalker abruptly. Experts say that the shock suffered by a sleepwalker suddenly awakened is no greater than that suffered in waking up to the noise of an alarm clock. Another mistaken belief is that sleepwalkers are immune to injury. Actually most sleepwalkers trip over rugs or bump their heads on doors at some time or other. What are the chances of a sleepwalker committing a murder or doing something else extraordinary in his sleep? Some cases of this have been reported, but they very rarely happen. Of course the few cases that are reported receive a great deal of publicity. Dr. Teplitz say, "Most people have such great inhibitions against murder or violence that they would awaken —— if someone didnt waken them." In general, authorities on sleepwalking agree with her. They think that people will not do anything in their sleep that is against their own moral code. As for the publicized cases, Dr. Teplitz points out, "Sleepwalking itself is dramatic……sleepwalkers can always find an audience. I think that some of their tall tales get exaggerated in the telling." In her own file of case histories, there is not one sleepwalker who ever got beyond his own front door. Parent often explain their childrens —— or their own —— nocturnal oddities as sleepwalking. Sleepwalking is used as an excuse for all kinds of irrational behavior. There is a case on record of a woman who dreamed that her house was on fire and flung her baby out of the window. Dr. Teplitz believes that this instance of irrational behavior was not due to somnambulism. She believes the woman was seriously deranged or insane, not a sleepwalker. For their own protection, chronic sleepwalkers have been known to tie themselves in bed, lock their doors, hide the keys, bolt the windows, and rip up all sorts of gadgets or wake themselves if they should get out of bed. Curiously enough, they have an uncanny way of avoiding their own traps when they sleepwalk, so none of their tricks seem to work very well. Some sleepwalkers talk in their sleep loudly enough to wake someone else in the family who can then shake them back to their senses. Children who walk in their sleep usually outgrow the habit. In many adults, too, the condition is more or less temporary. If it happens often, however, the sleepwalker should seek help. Although sleepwalking itself is nothing to become alarmed about, the problems that cause the sleepwalking may be very serious.
46. What does the phrase "taken with a barrel of salt" mean at end of the second paragraph?
47. Who was supposed to be the world's champion sleepwalker?
A) The man walked sixteen miles along a dangerous road.
B) The boy walked five hours in his sleep.
C) The student habitually walked to the Iowa River and swam in his sleep.
D) The man danced a minuet in his sleep.
48. What is true of sleepwalking according to the passage?
A) It is caused by emotional conflict or guilty conscience.
B) It is the acting out of a vivid dream.
C) Somnambulists are asleep during their sleepwalking.
D) It is dangerous to waken a sleepwalker.
49. Dr. Zelda Teplitz ____
A) studied sleepwalking for at least ten years.
B) concluded that sleepwalkers are partially asleep in their sensory area.
C) maintained that it is a mistaken belief that sleepwalkers are immune to injury.
D) A and B
50. The writer makes it obvious that ____.
A) sleepwalkers are often awakened by dangers
B) the underlying cause of sleepwalking is more serious than sleepwalking itself
C) most sleepwalkers are deranged or insane
D) All of the above.
SECTION B SKIMMING AND SCANNING
In this section there are seven passage followed by ten multiple-choice questions. Skim or scan them as required and then mark your answers on your Answer Sheet.
First read the question. 51. Whats this passage about? A. An Egyptian architect says design can heal the sick. B. The contents of a science-fiction by an Egyptian writer. C. The development of bio-geometry in Egypt. D. The potential therapeutic effects of patterns. Now go though Text E quickly to answer question 51.
Cairo —— Imagine a world where the sick would be healed by geometrical shapes engraved on anything from jewellery to mobile phones. Science-fiction, you might think, but an eminent Egyptian architect says channeling energy through a prism of powerful patterns has powerful therapeutic effects. "It sounds strange, doesnt it, but by applying certain geometrical design to the sick, I have developed a way to enhance the bodys energy field," 54-year-old Ibrahim Karim told reporters. Karim, an architectural adviser to government ministries, became a household name in Egypt after appearing on a popular TV program in April. Since then, he says, he has been inundated by thousands of letters, faxes, e-mails, and telephone calls inquiring into his unusual line of research. Karim says he spent 25 years developing his "science" of "bio-geometry", which he traces to in ancient Egypt. "My work began as a way to cancel the potentially harmful effects of unchecked energy fields due to architectural design, but later expanded to cover almost spheres of life." By using a series of 500-odd symbols on plates about an inch (2.5) square, Karim claims to provide "complementary medicine" for a wide variety of ailments. "On all my decorative diagrams, or bio-signatures, each point corresponds to particular organs and will modify energy fields around them……like electricity runs through wires," he says. At their villa in the affluent Cairo suburb of Maadi, Karim and his wife Rawya run the Bio-geometrical Institute, giving lectures in the history of geometrical shapes and helping those who seek their assistance. His claims have attracted much interest in Egypt where alternative medicine in vogue using among the wealthy and trendy. But some scientists are skeptical and the Health Ministry had warned the public against using Karims designs for medical purposes. "If were going to use (Karims method) for medical purposes then it should be developed into an approved science first," former Health Minister Ibrahim Badran told a seminar. Like most who visit the center, Hesham Fattouh, a 24-year-old engineering student with a low platelet count, had some reservations about the healing power of shapes. But having already undergone a US 25,000 course of treatment in the United States and had his spleen removed to no avail, he decided to try Karims method. "When I met Ibrahim, he put a ring on my finger with a design print on it, then he gave me a medallion. At first I thought it was strange, but after all Id been thought, I was prepared to give it a go," he said. Overnight his platelet count went up to 35,000, claimed, and in four more days it soared to 250,000. Karim envisions a day when his bio-geometrical designs will be manufactured and sold or distributed worldwide. "These designs can be mass produced and printed on everything from gold to plastic and will be distributed to the world," he days. "Everybody should have the opportunity to wear my protective designs."
51. What's this passage about?
A) An Egyptian architect says design can heal the sick.
B) The contents of a science-fiction by an Egyptian writer.
C) The development of bio-geometry in Egypt.
D) The potential therapeutic effects of patterns.
First read the questions. 52. Which of the following statement is NOT true according to the text? A. Beethoven began to receive formal musical instruction at nine. B. His mothers death had great influence on him. C. "Choral", one of the most glorious symphonies, was dedicated to Napoleon. D. Bach had also deep influence on Beethoven. 53. When did Beethovens mother die? A. In 1787 B. In 1792 C. In 1779 D. In 1826 Now go through TEXT F quickly to answer question 52 and 53.
The indisputable giant of the early Romantic period of classical music was Ludwing van Beethoven. Beethovens life spanned the period of the late eighteenth century to the early nineteenth century, a time of political and social revolution in the Western world. Beethoven was the personification of the modern artist: he felt himself the equal of royalty, and this belief was echoed in his music. Of Flemish descent, Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany on December 16 or 17, 1770. His mother was a cook and his father a menial musician who was also drunkard. He started to receive formal musical instruction in 1779, and after only three years became deputy court organist and a member of the court orchestra. A year later his first composition was published. In 1787 he set out for Vienna to meet Mozart. Within two weeks of his arrival, his mother fell ill and he hurried back to Bonn. She died in the same year, and her death affected Beethoven very deeply. In 1792 he returned to Vienna, never to see Bonn again. Soon after, Beethoven made his entrance into the cultured middle class, and through his patron Count Waldstein, into the world of the nobility. He was in great demanded as a performer and a teacher. In spite of this success, however, Beethoven was known as an eccentric. He changed domiciles on the average of once a month, and he could not get along with his servant. Moreover, his personality was touched by paranoia —— he often felt harassed by unfounded suspicions. These emotions were intensified by his gradual loss of hearing. While Beethovens life was overridden with his deafness, this misery drove the man to despair, but not the composer. In the first two decades of the nineteenth century he composed a vast amount of music. He was under the patronage of Archduke Rudolph, Prince Joseph Max Lobkowitz and Prince Ferdinand Kinsky, all of whom guaranteed him an annual salary so he could devote his entire time to composing —— on the condition that he not leave Vienna. Beethoven was thus in the unheard of position of complete independence from any employment or commission. The musician and composer were no longer servants of the court; they were the equal of noblemen. This artistic freedom, however, did not free him from mundane problems. Often his patrons did not pay him on time, and the publishers of his compositions frequently sent his royalties late. Moreover, after the death of his brother Karl, he was appointed guardian of his nephew which brought him much vexation and grief. He had long and bitter quarrels with the boys mother whom he considered unfit to raise the child. In spite of the adversity in his personal life, Beethoven produced some of his greatest works during this time. Many of his piano sonatas were composed in these years, each of which he dedicated to patrons and friends. In these works he drew on forms used by earlier composers while exploring new depths of emotions. Sorrow, passion and fanfare were hallmarks of his music. Moreover, he was drawn to subjects of epic or heroic grandeur. The most glorious of his symphonies, the "Eroica", was originally dedicated to Napoleon. On hearing that he had crowned himself emperor, however, Beethoven changed the dedication to read, "To the memory of a great man." He was also a master of the fugue and canon, undoubtedly because of the influence of J.S. Bach. He said of the Baroque master: "He should not be called Bach ("brook" in German) but Meer (sea)." Toward the the end of Beethovens life, his deafness was total. One can only marvel at fact that he produced so much music which he never heard. His last symphony, the "Coral", reflects the strength of his spirit. In the last movement the chorus and soloists join the orchestra in a grand finale based on Schillers poem "Ode to Joy". When Beethoven conducted this work in Vienna he was totally deaf. After one particular passage there was thunderous applause. Unaware of the adulation, he continued conducting. One of the singers pulled his sleeve and pointed to the audience. He then turned and bowed. In 1826 Beethovens chronic poor health took a turn for the worse. He developed pleurisy, and later pneumonia. His last days were wracked with suffering until finally, on March 26, 1827, he died. The funeral of this musician giant was attended by twenty thousand people.
52. Which of the following statement is NOT true according to the text?
A) Beethoven began to receive formal musical instruction at nine.
B) His mother's death had great influence on him.
C) "Choral", one of the most glorious symphonies, was dedicated to Napoleon.
D) Bach had also deep influence on Beethoven.
53. When did Beethoven's mother die?
A) In 1787
B) In 1792
C) In 1779
D) In 1826
First read the question. 54. Who is Dolly? A. A scientist in Chicago. B. A member of the U.S. National Bioethics Advisory Committee. C. A Scottish researcher at Edinburghs Roslin Institute. D. The first animal cloned from the cells of an adult. Now go through TEXT G quickly to answer question 54.
From the slave drones of Huxleys Brave New World to the hollow-headed replicates of Helenes Time Enough for Love and the production-line Hitler of The Boys from Brazil, clones get a bad press. Yet, in the real world, we encounter clones al the time. Identical twins are genetic replicas of each other. And so, for that matter, are some oranges. All the worlds navel oranges come from a single cutting. But it is the laboratory-made clones that upset people. Chicagos Dr Richard Seed found that out when he proposed establishing a chain of fertility clinics that would clone man in His image, such man-made creation was merely our latest step towards becoming God. Howls of outrage echoed from Washington to China. It was the latest eruption in a debate that has been simmering ever since Scottish researchers at Edinburghs Roslin Institute announced the cloning of a lamb called Dolly. Scientists have been cloning frogs and mice since 1952, but Dolly was the first animal to be cloned from the cells of an adult, rather than an embryo or fetus. This was a necessary step in the institutes plan to mass-produce transgenic animals. These include cows and sheep that have been implanted with human genes for such medically useful items as ant thrombin III, an anti-cloning protein genes for heart patients, or Factor IX, a clotting protein for hemophiliacs. The proteins are discharged in their milk. The animals also include donor organ pigs whose tissues are compatible with human tissue. To many non-scientists, Dollys cloning raised the specter of human cloning. The Pope promptly called for a worldwide ban on human cloning. The U.S. National Bioethics Advisory Committee also recommended a ban —— for safety reasons, such as the risk to clone children from cancer-causing mutations in government-funded research on human cloning and put a bill before Congress proposing to outlaw such research for five years. A U.S. opinion poll found 90 percent opposition to human cloning. By the end of 1997, the 40-nation Council of Europe had imposed the first legal binding international ban on human cloning. Cloning had also been criticized for its effects on the experimental animals. At birth, lambs and calves cloned from embryos can be twice the usual size, creating considerable stress on the surrogate mother. Transgenic animals can experience unpleasant in their growth rates, physical condition or behavior. The "Beltsville pig", for instance, was created by the U.S. Department of Agriculture at Beltsville, Maryland, to produce human growth hormone. The pig grew all right, but suffered severely from bone and joint problems. There is also the question of premature ageing. Do cloned animals wear out faster? Genes trend to accumulate wear and tear with age. This may mean that 18-month-old Dolly really had the genes and physiology of an eight-year-old. If so, will she age and die faster than her non-cloned pals? The scientists are watching closely. Right now, cloning research is continuing at speed. Researchers know how to grow human tissue cloned from aborted fetuses, keeping it alive in laboratories as a potentially inexhaustible source of replacement tissue to graft onto sick people. One U.S. company, Reprogenesis, claims to have induced the growth of nipples on breast tissue. It aims to make silicon implants obsolete within five years. Some gene therapy researchers are even predicting that, within 10 to 20 years, the biggest taboo for genetic researchers——permanent alternation of human gene line —— will be an accepted medical practice. "Gremlin intervention" is already used on mice to alter genes in the sperm and egg cells. It is dome by implanting cloned tissue in the developing embryo. For all frenzied activity and gung-ho talk, it may be some time before we see the promise of the new techniques. And those hordes of identical people swarming across the continents? They are unlikely to happen. Right now, the techniques are still very costly and very inefficient. Noting that Dolly was the only one of 277 cloned eggs to survive, Jim Mc Whir of the Roslin Institute says that, for now, human cloning "is completely impracticable, especially considering that its much pleasanter making children in the classical way". And, even if it does become less costly and more efficient in future, who could really want to change that?
54. Who is Dolly?
A) A scientist in Chicago.
B) A member of the U.S. National Bioethics Advisory Committee.
C) A Scottish researcher at Edinburgh's Roslin Institute.
D) The first animal cloned from the cells of an adult.
First read the questions. 55. This passage can be categorized as ____. A. narration B. argumentation C. exposition D. objective description 56. What conclusion have many folklorists arrived at? A. The early account of folk customs are unreliable. B. Folklore is the means by which people try to relieve themselves of pain and tedium and to comprehend the world. C. The participants were not aware of the significance of their customs. D. The participants were not intelligent enough to recognize the value of their own customs. Now go through TEXT H quickly to answer question 55 and 56.
One of the greatest problems in assessing most accounts of folk customs is that they trend to give only antiquarys point of view. After all, to most observers, the people they were looking at were simple and illiterate, unmindful of the true significance of the customs they had preserved. Why question them at length if they didnt understand the essential nature of what they were doing? So a folklorist is likely to emphasize aspects of a tradition which reflect his or her own interests or which fit in with preconceived ideas, while possibly ignoring or giving only passing mention to aspects which may, in fact, be of equal importance. One aspect which generally gets left out of accounts is the viewpoint of the participants themselves: For instance, why they indulge in a particular activity at a particular time of year or of their lives and what feelings they experience while doing so. And now, ideas deriving from folklore studies are so widespread that they may easily have become an integral part of the attitudes of the participants in a custom. So the folklorist is rather like a man staring at a scene in a mirror who must be aware, to fully understand that scene, that his own reflection is a major part of what he is looking at. It is, however, also true to say that many contemporary students of folklore are fully aware of the problems which beset their enquires. Like true scientists they draw their conclusions by looking at available evidence, rather than selecting evidence which fits in with existing theories. Some have also looked away from the "obviously" ancient and turned their attention to folklore where it thrives, in the social life of modern cities, in industry and sport etc. They may, for example, end up looking at the lore of the motor car, or of popular music, and at customs which, though they have no hints of paganism, nevertheless have much in common with older activities which do. Many folklorists have gradually come to the conclusion that folklore is not necessarily a thing of past, a relic of ancient and outmoded ways of thinking, but the means by which people try to make sense of the world (or to confront its lack of sense) and try to alleviate boredom and suffering.
55. This passage can be categorized as ____.
D) objective description
56. What conclusion have many folklorists arrived at?
A) The early account of folk customs are unreliable.
B) Folklore is the means by which people try to relieve themselves of pain and tedium and to comprehend the world.
C) The participants were not aware of the significance of their customs.
D) The participants were not intelligent enough to recognize the value of their own customs.
First read the question. 57. What does this text touch on? A. The classification of taxation. B. The nature and purpose of taxation. C. The history of legislation. D. The functions of taxation. Now go through TEXT I quickly to answer question 57.
In modern economies taxes are the most important source of governmental revenue. They are compulsory levies that are regularly imposed and, as a rule, not designated for a special purpose; they are regarded as a contribution to the general revenue pool from which most government expenditures are financed. Taxes differ from other sources of revenue in that they are unrequited —— i.e., they are not paid in exchange for some specific thing, such as the sale of public property or the issue of public debt. While taxes are presumably collected for the sake of the welfare of taxpayers as a whole, the liability of the individual taxpayer is independent of any benefit received. Tax legislation customarily distinguishes between the tax object and the tax base. The tax object may consist of goods, transactions (e.g., sales, purchases of real estate, imports, etc.), or sums of money (e.g., income, net wealth, inheritances). The tax base is the physical unit or monetary amount to which the tax rate is applied. For example, a levy on automobiles (the tax object) may use as the tax base the weight of the automobile, its horsepower, its age, its value, etc. Similarly, the property tax may be based on gross value or rental; an excise duty on sugar may be levied as a percentage of the retail price or as a fixed sum per tom of the finished produce, etc. During the 19th century the prevalent idea was that taxes should serve mainly to finance the government. In earlier times, and again today, governments have utilized taxation for other than merely fiscal purposes. Current theories suggests that governments should not use the tax instrument as a revenue-raising device exclusively. Taxes are considered to have three functions: (1) fiscal or budgetary, to cover government expenditures in so far as they are not financed from other sources (fees, profits from public enterprises, the issue of public debt, the creation of money); (2) economic, to promote such general goals as full development, monetary stability, and a satisfactory rate of economic growth within the framework of a market economy; and (3) social or redistributive, to lessen inequalities in the distribution of income and wealth to the extent they are considered excessive and unjust. Since these three functions are interrelated, there are likely to be conflicts among them. Thus the level or composition (or both) of taxes considered necessary for budgetary reasons may tend to hold back the rate of economic growth. Or taxes that are highly redistributive may also conflict with the desired goal of economic growth. On the other hand, a relatively high and steady rate of economic growth will bring with it higher tax revenues, which in turn will enable the government to pursue other aims, fiscal and redistributive. Aside from its main functions, taxation has many lesser purposes. Certain consumption goods considered undesirable, such as alcoholic beverages and cigarettes may be taxed heavily on the grounds of national health (though more often than not this justification had been put forward to conceal a purely fiscal desire for more revenue). Income taxes and succession duties have been used since ancient times to affect population growth; the most conspicuous examples are bachelor taxes and income taxes on childless couples graduated according to the length of time they have been married. It is doubtful whether such tax inducements actually achieve the objectives sought; even if they do, there are probably more efficient ways of influencing human behavior.
57. What does this text touch on?
A) The classification of taxation.
B) The nature and purpose of taxation.
C) The history of legislation.
D) The functions of taxation.
First read the question. 58. What does the title suggest? A. The relationship between the parents and children could be that of partners . B. The relationship between the parents and children should be that of partners. C. The relationship between the parents and children are actually that of partnerships. D. All of above. Now go through TEXT J quickly to answer question 58.
A BOY AND HIS FATHER BECOME PARTNERS I like all kinds of chocolate. Best of all, though, I like bitter baking chocolate. Mother had bought a bar of it, and somehow I couldnt stop thinking about it. I was helping Father on the winnower. It was right then I got the idea. I could whack a chunk off the end of that bar of chocolate. Mother would be sure to miss it, but before she had any idea who had done it, I could confess Id taken it. Probably I would not even get a spanking. I waited until Mother was out feeding the chickens. Then I told Father I thought Id go in for a drink of water. I got the bar down, but I heard Mother coming just when I had the knife ready to whack. So slipped the chocolate into the front of my shirt and left quickly. Before I went back to help Father, I went to the barn and hid the chocolate there. All the rest of afternoon, I didnt like to look at Father. Every time he spoke it made me jump. My hands began shaking so much that he asked me what was the matter. I told him it was just that my hands were cold. I knew he didnt believe me, and every time he looked my way my heart started pounding. I didnt want the chocolate anymore. I just wanted a chance to put it back without being caught. On the way out for the cows, I calmed down a little and could think better. I told myself that I hadnt really stolen the whole bar of chocolate, because I meant to take only a little piece. Thats as much as I would have taken, too, if Mother hadnt come along when she did. If I put back the whole bar, I wouldnt have done anything wrong at all. I nearly decided to put it all back. But just thinking so much about chocolate made my tongue almost taste the smooth bitterness of it. I got thinking that if I sliced about half an inch off the end with a sharp knife, Mother might never notice it. I was nearly out to where the cows were when I remembered what Father had said once——some of the family money was mine because I had helped to earn it. Why wouldnt it be all right to figure the bar of chocolate had been bought with my own money? That seemed to fix everything. But by the time I had the cows headed home, I had begun to worry again. We were nearly to the railroad tracks when I decided to leave the whole matter to the Lord. I picked up a dried soap weed stalk with seed-pods on it and decided I would throw it up into the air and take my orders from the way it landed. If it pointed west, Id take the whole bar back. If it pointed south, Id take half an inch off the end. If it pointed east, Id bought the bar with my own money and it wouldnt be stealing to keep it. I swung the pod stalk as high as I could. When it came down, it pointed mostly west——but a little south. That night I couldnt sleep. I kept trying to remember how much that stalk had really been pointing to the south. At last I got up, slipped out into the yard, and took the ax from the chopping block. Then I went into the barn and got the chocolate. I took it outside and laid it on the lower rail of the corral fence. The moon gave enough light for me to see what I was doing. Just as I was starting to cut, Father said: "Son!" I couldnt think of a thing to day. I grabbed up the bar of chocolate and hid next to my chest before I turned around. Father picked me up by the shoulder straps of my overalls and took me over to the wood-pile. I didnt know anybody could spank as hard as he did! Then he stood me on my feet and asked if I thought I had deserved it. He said it wasnt so much that Id taken the chocolate, but that Id tried to hide it from him. "Son," he said, "I know you help to earn the family money. We might say the chocolate was yours in the first place. You should have had it if youd asked for it, but I wont have you being sneaky about things. Now, do you want to keep your money separated from mine——or are we partners?" I never knew till then how much I wanted my money to go in with Fathers. When I went to sleep my hand was still hurting —— from where he squeezed it when we shook hands.
58. What does the title suggest?
A) The relationship between the parents and children could be that of partners .
B) The relationship between the parents and children should be that of partners.
C) The relationship between the parents and children are actually that of partnerships.
D) All of above.
First read the question. 59. How many percent of high schools reported violent incidents in America? A. 10% B. 45% C. 74% D. 77% 60. What measures does the author advise schools to take? A. Extending the school day. B. Guiding students to solve conflict and manage anger. C. Requiring students to wear school uniforms. D. All of above. Now go through TEXT K quickly to answer question 59 and 60.
Making School Safe For Kids Americans have seen the news footage and heard the testimonies of the children of Jonesboro, Ark,; Paducah, Ky.; Springfield, Ore.; and Pearl, Miss. These stories now serve as reminders that kids can become killers and that terrible tragedy can happen anywhere, at any time, for seemingly no reason. A crisis had reached Americas schools, and it is time to take a serious look at the problem and devise ways to make sure such tragedies never occur again. Right now, it appears there is much to do. Surveys have found that: 10% of all public schools experienced one or more serious violent crimes (i.e., murder, rape or other sexual battery, suicide, physical attack or fight with a weapon, or robbery) that were reported to police or other law enforcement officials during the 1996-97 school year. 45% of elementary schools, 74% of middle schools, and 77% of high schools reported one or more violent incidents. The percentage of students reporting street gang presence at school nearly doubled between 1989 and 1995, increasing from 15 to 28%. The rate of firearm deaths among children under 13 is nearly 12 times higher in the U.S. than in 25 other industrialized countries combined. What possible can explain these alarming trends? Though it is true that the proportion of adolescents perpetrating violent offenses is just slightly up in recent years, it is necessary to stay on top of the problem to make sure there isnt a resurgence. Furthermore, violent acts that result in serious injury or death have risen. Since 1988, the adolescent homicide rate had more than doubled. To explain this trend, experts point to the increase in handgun use. Studies have found that an estimated 1,000,000 children between 6th and 12th grade have carried guns to school at some point during the last school year. Other explanations look at what elements are influencing youngsters. Violence or neglect at home, violence on TV and in movies, drug and alcohol use, and underdeveloped conflict management skills all are contributors. In September, 1998, about 60 mayors from the United States Conference of Mayors Leadership met in Salt City, Utah, with Attorney General Janet Reno; police chiefs; education experts; health, parks, recreation, and arts officials; representatives from the entertainment industry and news media; and students. They spent an entire day hammering out a National Action Plan on School Violence and Kids. They looked at "best practices"-what programs are in place and working in cities around the country —— and brainstormed about what typed of things have not been tried and should be. In October, the Action Plan was brought to Pres. Clintons White House Conference on School Safety, where it won overwhelming support from all the participating parties. The measures proposed include actions that can be taken at the local level, as well as initiatives that require the Federal government to pass a law or provide funding. Preventing outbreaks of violence is the goal, while keeping in sight the importance of a quality education and meeting childrens basic needs. An emphasis on violence prevention does not have to focus solely on metal detectors and stricter punishments. Examined were ways which provide enriching activities for youngsters and how to ensure that every child receives the emotional and physical things he or she needs. To mount a truly comprehensive attack on the problem, families, schools, communities, local governments, and even the President have a role to play. At home, parents can prevent their offspring from turning to violence by becoming more involved in their childrens lives. They can volunteer in schools, monitor what the kids are watching on TV, and discuss the consequences of violence. In homes where domestic violence exists, parents need to realize that children have to be removed from that environment and authorities should be allowed to do so. Many measures can be taken by schools to help students get a better educational experience. For example, schools can consider later starting times to meet childrens learning patterns better and could extend the school day to reduce those hours in the afternoon when kids are vulnerable and tempted to turn to crime and violence. All schools should follow the example of Long Beach, Calif. and institute school uniforms, which can promote discipline and have been proved to cut down on violence activity. Schools can add conflict resolution and anger management techniques to their curriculum, starting as early as kindergarten, and teachers need to be trained to be effective classroom managers and to enforce discipline fairly. When teachers are not occupied completely with handling out-of-control kids, they can spread more time on class lessons.
59. How many percent of high schools reported violent incidents in America?
60. What measures does the author advise schools to take?
A) Extending the school day.
B) Guiding students to solve conflict and manage anger.
C) Requiring students to wear school uniforms.
D) All of above.
PART IV TRANSLATION
Translate the following part of the text into English. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET THREE.
SECTION B ENGLISH TO CHINESE
Translate the following underlined part of the text into Chinese. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET THREE.
I know what is being said about me and you can take my side or theirs. Its my word against Eunices and Olivia-Anns, and it should be plain enough to anyone with two good eyes which one of us had their wits about them. I just want the citizens of the U.S.A. to know the facts, thats all. The facts: on Sunday, August 12, this year of our Lord, Eunice tried to kill me with her papas Civil War sword and Olivia Ann cut up all over the place with a fourteen-inch hog knife. This is not even to mention lots of other things. It began six months ago when I married Marge. That was the first thing I did wrong. We were married in Mobile after an acquaintance of only four days. We were both sixteen and she was visiting my cousin Georgia. Now that Ive had plenty of time to think it over, I cant for the life of me figure how I fell for the likes of her. She has no looks, no body, and no brains whatsoever. But Marge is a natural blonde and maybe thats the answer. Well, we were married going on three months when Marge ups and gets pregnant; the second thing I did wrong. Then she starts hollering that shes got to go home to Man——only she hasnt got no mama, just these two aunts, Eunice and Olivia-Ann. So she makes me quit my perfectly swell position clerking at the Cashs Carry and move here to Admirals Mill which is nothing but damn gap in the road any way you care to consider it.
PART V WRITING
Directions: In modern societies, people are faced with a flood of advertisements. Some people argue that it is unnecessary to spend such large sums on advertising while the others dont think so.
If There Were No Advertisements Write an essay of about 300 words within 60 minutes. After presenting the two different ideas about advertisements you should state your own opinion about this topic and give the reason why. Mark will be awarded for content, organization, grammar, and appropriacy. Failure to follow the above instructions may result in a loss of marks.