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英语专业四级考试模拟题1

2006-01-19 00:00

  PART II CLOZE

  Decide which of the choices given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your answer sheet.

  Early Tudor England was to a large extent self-sufficient. Practically all the necessities of life—— food, clothing, fuel and housing —— were produced from native resources by native effort, and it was to (26)_____ these primary needs that the great mass of the population labored (27)______ its daily tasks. Production was for the most part organized in innumerable small units. In the country the farm, the hamlet and the village lived on (28)____ they could grow or make for themselves, and(29) _____ the sale of any surplus in the local market town,(30) ____ in the towns craftsmen applied themselves to their one-man business, making the boots and shoes, the caps and the cloaks, the (31)____ and harness of townsmen and countrymen(32)____. Once a week town and country would meet to make(33) ___ at a market which came(34) ___ realizing the medieval idea of direct contact between producer and(35) _____. This was the traditional economy, which was hardly altered for some centuries, and which set the(36) _____ of work and the standard of life of perhaps nice out of(37) ____ ten English men and women. The work was long and (38)____, and the standard of life achieved was almost (39)___ low. Most Englishmen lied by a diet which was often (40)____ and always monotonous, wore coarse and ill-fitting clothes which harbored dirt undermine, and lived in holes whose squalor would affront the modern slum dweller.

  26.   A) settle   B) answer   C) satisfy   D) fill

  27.   A) at   B) in   C) on   D) with

  28.   A) which   B) what   C) whether   D) where

  29.   A) with   B) by   C) on   D) for

  30.   A) although   B) while   C) nevertheless   D) when

  31.   A) machines   B) apparatus   C) equipment   D) implement

  32.   A) similar   B) skin   C) like   D) alike

  33.   A) exchange   B) bargain   C) dealing   D) ride

  34.   A) close at   B) adjacent to   C) near to   D) near-by

  35.   A) consumer   B) buyer   C) user   D) shopper

  36.   A) model   B) form   C) pattern   D) method

  37.   A) every   B) each   C) the   D) other

  38.   A) cruel   B) hard   C) ruthless   D) severe

  39.   A) unimaginatively   B) unimaginably   C) imaginarily   D) unimaginedly

  40.   A) weak   B) little   C) meagre   D) sparse

  PART III GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY

  There are twenty-five sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence. Mark your answer on your answer sheet.

  41. You won't get a loan _______ you can offer some security.

  A) lest

  B) in case

  C) unless

  D) other than

  42. ______ time, he'll make a first-class tennis player.

  A) Having

  B) Given

  C) Giving

  D) had

  43. I _____ the party much if there hadn't been quite such a crowd of people there.

  A) would enjoy

  B) will have enjoyed

  C) would have enjoyed

  D) will be enjoying

  44. This company has now introduced a policy ____ pay rises are related to performances at work.

  A) which

  B) where

  C) whether

  D) what

  45. He wasn't asked to take on the chairmanship of the society, _______ insufficiently popular with all members.

  A) having considered

  B) was considered

  C) was being considered

  D) being considered

  46. This may have preserved the elephant from being wiped out as well as other animals ______ in Africa.

  A) hunted

  B) hunting

  C) that hunted

  D) are hunted

  47. The office has to be shut down ______ funds.

  A) being a lack of

  B) from lack of

  C) to a lack of

  D) for lack of

  48. In international matches, prestige is so important that the only thing that matters is to avoid _____.

  A) from being beaten

  B) being beaten

  C) beating

  D) to be beaten

  49. As it turned out to be a small house party, we ____ so formally.

  A) need not have dressed up

  B) must not have dressed up

  C) did not need to dress up

  D) must not dress up

  50. Western Nebraska generally receives less snow than _____ Eastern Nebraska.

  A) in

  B) it receives in

  C) does

  D) it does in

  51. _____ no cause for alarm, the old man went back to his bedroom.

  A) There was

  B) Since

  C) Being

  D) There being

  52. The brilliance of his satires was ______ make even his victims laugh.

  A) so as to

  B) such as to

  C) so that

  D) such that

  53. If he _____ in that way for much longer he will find himself in the bankruptcy court.

  A) carries on

  B) carries off

  C) carries by

  D) carries away

  54. Although the false banknotes fooled many people, they did not ____ close examination.

  A) look up

  B) pay up

  C) keep up

  D) stand up

  55. He must give us more time, ______ we shall not be able to make a good job of it.

  A) consequently

  B) otherwise

  C) therefore

  D) doubtlessly

  56. When there was a short ______ in the conversation, I asked if anyone would like anything to drink.

  A) blank

  B) space

  C) pause

  D) wait

  57. You can do it if you want to, but in my opinion it's not worth the ____ it involves.

  A) effort

  B) strength

  C) attempt

  D) force

  58. The main road through Little bury was blocked for three hours today after an accident ____ two lorries.

  A) involving

  B) including

  C) combining

  D) containing

  59. Very few scientists _____ with completely new answers to the world's problem.

  A) come to

  B) come round

  C) come on

  D) come up

  60. Hotel rooms must be _____ by noon, but luggage may be left with the porter.

  A) departed

  B) abandoned

  C) vacated

  D) displaced

  61. The ____ physicist has been challenged by others in his field.

  A) respectable

  B) respectful

  C) respective

  D) respecting

  62. Ill try to get in touch with him but hes_____ ever at home when I phone.

  A) hardly

  B) almost

  C) rarely

  D) occasionally

  63. With hundreds of works left behind, Picasso is regarded as a very ____ artist.

  A) profound

  B) productive

  C) prosperous

  D) plentiful

  64. The city suffered ______ damage as a result of the earthquake.

  A) considered

  B) considerate

  C) considerable

  D) considering

  65. Undergraduate students have no _____ to the rare books in the school library.

  A) access

  B) entrance

  C) way

  D) path

  PART IV READING COMPREHENSION

  SECTION A (25 MIN.)

  In this part there are four passages followed by fifteen questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. choose the one that you think is the correct answer. Mark you choice on your answer sheet.

  TEXT A In the past thirty years many social changes have taken place in Britain. The greatest of these have probably been in the economic lives of women. The changes have been significant, but, because tradition and prejudice can still handicap women in their working careers and personal lives, major legislation to help promote equality of opportunity and pay was passed during the 1970s. At the heart of womens changed role in society has been the rise in the number of women at work, particularly married woman. As technology and society permit highly effective and generally acceptable methods of family planning there has been a decline in family size. Women as a result are involved in child-rearing for a much shorter time and related to this, there has been a rapid increase in the number of women with young children who return to work when the children are old enough not to need constant care and attention. Since 1951 the proportion of married women whose work has grown from just over a fifth to a half. Compared with their counterparts elsewhere on the Continent, British women comprise a relatively high proportion of the work force, about two-fifths, but on average they work fewer hours, about 31 a week. There is still a significant difference between womens average earnings and mens, but the equal pay legislation which came into force at the end of 1975 appears to have helped to narrow the gap between womens and mens basic rates. As more and more women joined the work force in the 1960s and early 1970s there was an increase in the collective incomes of women as a whole and a major change in the economic role of large numbers of housewives. Families have come to rely on married womens earnings as an essential part of their income rather than as "pocket money". At the same time social roles within the family are more likely to be shared, exchanged or altered.

  66. The general idea of the passage is about ______

  A) social trends in contemporary Britain.

  B) changes in women's economic status.

  C) equal opportunity and pay in Britain.

  D) women's roles within the family.

  67. According to the author, an increasing number of married women are able to work because ______

  A) their children no longer require their care.

  B) there are more jobs available nowadays.

  C) technology has enabled them to find acceptable jobs.

  D) they spend far less time on child care than before.

  TEXT B Natures Gigantic Snow plough On January 10,1962, an enormous piece of glacier broke away and tumbled down the side of a mountain in Peru. A mere seven minutes later, when cascading ice finally came to a stop ten miles down the maintain, it had taken the lives of 4 000 people. This disaster is one of the most devastating example of a very common event: an avalanche of snow or ice. Because it is extremely cold at very high altitude, sow rarely melts. It just keeps piling up higher and higher. Glaciers are eventually created when the weight of the snow is so great that the lower layers are pressed into solid ice. But most avalanches occur long before this happens. As snow accumulates on a steep slope, it reaches a critical point at which the slightest vibration will send it sliding into the valley below. Even an avalanche of light power can be dangerous, but the Peruvian catastrophe was particularly terrible because it was caused by a heavy layer of ice. It is estimated that the ice that broke off weighted three million tons. As it crashed down the steep mountainside like a gigantic snow plough, it swept up trees, boulders and tons of topsoil, and completely crushed and destroyed the six villages that lay in its path. At present there is no way to predict or avoid such enormous avalanches, but, luckily, they are very rare. Scientists are constantly studying the smaller, more common avalanches, to try to understand what causes them. In the future, perhaps dangerous masses of snow and ice can be found and removed before they take human lives.

  68. The first paragraph catches the reader's attention with a ______

  A) first-have report.

  B) dramatic description.

  C) tall tale.

  D) vivid word picture.

  69. In this passage devastating means ______

  A) violently ruinous.

  B) highly interesting.

  C) stunning.

  D) unpleasant.

  70. The passage is mostly about ______

  A) avalanches

  B) glaciers.

  C) Peru.

  D) mountains.

  TEXT C I was born in Tuckahoe, Talbot Country, Maryland. I have no accurate knowledge of my age, never having seen any authentic record containing it. By far the larger part of the slaves knows as little of their age as horses know of theirs, and it is the wish of most masters within my knowledge to keep their slaves thus ignorant. I do not remember having ever met a slave who could tell of his birthday. They seldom come nearer to it than planting-time, harvesting, springtime, or falltime. A lack of information concerning my own was a source of unhappiness to me even during childhood. The white children could tell their ages, I could not tell why I ought to be deprived of the same privilege. I was not allowed to make any inquires of my master concerning it. He considered all such inquires on the part of a slave improper and impertinent. The nearest estimate I can give makes me now between twenty-seven and twenty-eight years of age. I come to this, from hearing my master say, some time during 1835, I was about seventeen years old. My mother was named Harriet Bailey. She was the daughter of Isaac and Betsey Bailey, both colored, and quite dark. My mother was of a darker complexion than either my grandmother or grandfather. My father was a white man. The opinion was also whispered that my master was my father; but of the correctness of this opinion, I know nothing; the means of knowing was withheld from me. My mother and I were separated when I was but an infant-before I knew her as my mother. It is a common custom, in the part of Maryland from which I ran away, to part children from their mothers at a very early age. Frequently, before the child has reached its twelfth month, its mother is taken from it, and hired out on some farm a considerable distance off, and the child is placed under the care of an older woman, too old for field labor. For what this separation is done, I do not know, unless it was to hinder the development of the childs affection towards its mother.

  71. The author did not know exactly when he was born because ______

  A) he did not know who his mother was.

  B) there was no written evidence of it.

  C) his master did not tell his father.

  D) nobody on his farm knew anything about it.

  72. In the mid-nineteenth century, slaves often ______

  A) marked their birthdays by the season.

  B) did not really care how old they were.

  C) forgot the exact time when they were born.

  D) pretended not to know each other's birthdays.

  73. The author's mother told him ______

  A) his father was black.

  B) his father was white.

  C) nothing about his father.

  D) his master was his father.

  74. According the passage, when the author was very young his mother ______

  A) ran away.

  B) was light-skinned

  C) had several children.

  D) was sent to work elsewhere.

  75. The author had not spent much time with his ______

  A) mother.

  B) master.

  C) grandfather.

  D) grandmother.

  76. The author was most probably raised ______

  A) by his grandparents.

  B) by an old woman slave.

  C) with his master's support.

  D) together with other children.

  TEXT D Please Recycle That Bobsled Run For the 1992 Winter Games French organizers constructed a new motorway, parking lots and runs for skiing in the Alps. Environmentalists screamed "Disaster!". Thus warned, the Norwegians have adopted "green" advice and avoided great blots on the landscape. The speed-skating rink was built to look like an overturned ship, and placed so as not to disturb a bird sanctuary. Dug into a mountainside, the hockey arena is well concealed and efficient. The bobsled run is built out of wood not metal and hidden among trees. No wonder the president of the International Olympic Committee has called these the first "Green Games." Lillehammers opening ceremonies featured a giant Olympic Torch burning biogas produced by rotting vegetation. During construction, builders were threatened with 7 500 fines for felling trees unnecessarily. Rare trees were carefully transplanted from hillsides. Food is being served on potato-based plates that will be fed, in turn, to pigs. smoking has been banned outdoors as well as in, with enforcement by polite requests. Environmentalists have declared partial victory: though Coca-Colas plan to decorate the town with banners has been scaled back, there are still too many billboards for strict tastes. Perhaps, but after the Games, athlete housing will be converted into vocation homes or shipped to the northlands for student dormitories. Bullets will be plucked from biathlon targets and recycled to keep the lead from poisoning ground water. And these tricks wont be forgotten. Embarrassed by environmental protest, the I.O.C. claims the green awareness is now entrenched-along with sport and culture-as a permanent dimension of the Olympic Charter. Indeed, Sydney was successful in becoming host for the 2000 summer Games in part on the strength of its endorsement from Green peace. Aspiring host cities are picking up the code. Salt Lake City. bidding for the 2002 Games, may opt to use the bobsled run that Calgary built for the 88 Games. After that, who could deny that recycling is an Olympic movement?

  77. Which of the following countries has not paid enough attention to the "green" issues?

  A) Norway.

  B) France.

  C) America.

  D) Australia.

  78. In which area did the environmentalist fail in Lillehammer?

  A) Energy.

  B) Smoking.

  C) Housing.

  D) Advertising.

  79. Which of the following describes the I.O.C's attitude towards the environmentalists' protests?

  A) Trying to commit themselves.

  B) Showing indifference and contempt.

  C) Arguing for practical difficulties.

  D) Negotiating for gradual changes.

  80. The 2002 Games might be held in ______

  A) Oslo.

  B) Calgary.

  C) Sydney.

  D) Salt Lake City.

  SECTION B SKIMMING AND SCANNING

  In this section there are seven passages with a total of ten multiple-choice questions. Skim or scan them as required and then mark your answer on your answer sheet.

  TEXT E First read the following question.

  81. The schoolboy was reported to have had an accident with ______ A. a train. B. fire. C. electricity. D. traffic.

  Now skim TEXT E below and mark your answer on your answer sheet.

  SCHOOLBOY JOHN DOYLE suffered a 25 000-volt electric shock and lived. Last night he sat up in a hospital bed and learned how lucky he was to be alive. John, 11, and gone train-spotting for the first time in his life on a footbridge near his home. He fell off the 20ft-high bridge, landed among power cables and ended up on the rails. He was dragged clear by his friends just before an express train roared past. He was burns to one ankle and will need a skin graft. His mother said the accident has put her son off train-spotting for life.

  81. The schoolboy was reported to have had an accident with ______

  A) a train.

  B) fire.

  C) electricity.

  D) traffic.

  TEXT F First read the following question.

  82. The main purpose of the latter is to ______ A. apply for an advertised job. B. make further inquires about a job. C. get information about medical research.

  Now skim TEXT E below and mark your answer on your answer sheet.

  38 Morgan Road, Harbury, Lincolnshire. The Administrative Officer, Swiss Medico Ltd, PO Box 1263, Zurich, Switzerland. 17 March 199- Dear Sir, I am writing to respond to your advertisement in the "Daily Globe". I am at present employed as a translator in a medical research organization and also act as interpreter there. I joined this organization two years ago. I am 31 and single. I read French and German at Howland College, Cambridge and stayed there to take my PhD in the dialects of Northeast France. I should be interested in working for your company for two reasons: firstly, I should like to live abroad and secondly, the work would involve medical/scientific translation which is my particular field. I shall look forward to hearing from you. Yours sincerely, Rupert Johnson

  82. The main purpose of the latter is to ______

  A) apply for an advertised job.

  B) make further inquires about a job.

  C) get information about medical research.

  TEXT G First read the following question.

  83. The main message of the pamphlet is to ______ A. provide car owners with car theft statistics. B. give details about costs in crime prevention. C. portray the profile of certain car thieves. D. raise car owners awareness against car theft.

  Now skim TEXT G below and mark your answer on your answer sheet.

  Car thefts account for a quarter of all recorded crime. Together they impose costs on everyone-the costs of the police time taken up in dealing with the offenses, the cost of taking offenders through the criminal justice system, and the cost to motorists of increased insurance premiums. Over 460 000 cars are reported missing in this country each year and many of these are never recovered. Many of these which are found have been damaged by the thieves. A stolen car is also far more likely to be involved in an accident than the same car driven by its owner; car thieves are often young and sometimes drunk. Yet car crime can be cut drastically if motorists follow a few simple rules to keep thieves out of their in the first place. Most car thieves are opportunist unskilled petty criminals; many are under 20. So ,make your own car a less inviting target, to discourage thieves from trying.

  83. The main message of the pamphlet is to ______

  A) provide car owners with car theft statistics.

  B) give details about costs in crime prevention.

  C) portray the profile of certain car thieves.

  D) raise car owners' awareness against car theft.

  TEXT H First read the following question.

  84. What is the writers main passage in the passage? A. Unemployment brings downward changes in peoples lives. B. One should try to make the best of unemployment. C. Unemployment results in negative psychological effects. D. Many people have no problems with unemployment.

  Now skim TEXT H below and mark your answer on your answer sheet.

  As more and more people lose their jobs, now is perhaps the time to consider the experience of unemployment. What are the first feelings? well, losing a job, or not being able to find one, almost always brings unwelcome changes. If youve lost a job, the first feeling is often one of shock. As well as the loss of income, many people find the whole routine of their life is shattered, their contact with other people reduced, their ambitions halted and their identity as a worker removed. At first there may be good feeling too- a new and better job is just around corner-its nice to be able to lie in the morning or spend more time with the children; have more time to think. But, unless a better job does turn up, the chances are the days start longer and time becomes harder to fill. Many people pass through periods of difficulty in sleeping and eating. They feel irritable and depressed, often isolated and lonely. Despite all these problems though, unemployment can be a chances for a fresh start. You can discover that it provides an opportunity to sort out or rethink what you want from life and how best you can get it. You can use the time to plan how to find a new job, learn a new skill, develop your hobbies or see if you can run own business.

  84. What is the writer's main passage in the passage?

  A) Unemployment brings downward changes in people's lives.

  B) One should try to make the best of unemployment.

  C) Unemployment results in negative psychological effects.

  D) Many people have no problems with unemployment.

  TEXT I First read the following question.

  85. The Savor return ticket is NOT valid for ______ A. Saturdays. B. Sundays. C. any public holidays. D. certain peak trains. 86. You must book your Savor return ticket _____ days in advance. A. 8 B. 7 C. 31 D. 50 Now skim TEXT I below and mark your answer on your answer sheet.

  Savor The Savor return is our most flexible leisure ticket. It can be used on all trains on all trains on Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays. On Mondays and Fridays it can be used on most trains except some peak trains. Conditions of travel - You must book your ticket at least seven full days before you start your journey. - You must return within thirty-one days. - Break of journey is not allowed. - There are no reductions on Savor return tickets for children under the age of sixteen. - Savor return tickets are only available for journeys over fifty miles.

  85. The Savor return ticket is NOT valid for ______

  A) Saturdays.

  B) Sundays.

  C) any public holidays.

  D) certain peak trains.

  86. You must book your Savor return ticket _____ days in advance.

  A) 8

  B) 7

  C) 31

  D) 50

  TEXT J First read the following question.

  87. Pupils can bring to school ______ A. chewing gun. B. jewellery. C. purse belts. D. radios. 88. Pupils in the school can ______ A. walk on the right inside the school building. B. wear outdoor clothing inside the school. C. go to Staff room at lunch break. D. watch videos during the lunch break. Now skim TEXT J below and mark your answer on your answer sheet.

  Leighton School SCHOOL RULES EVERY PUPIL IN THE SCHOOLS OLD ENOUGH TO HAVE A SENSE OR RESPONSIBILITY. WE DEPEND ON YOUR GOOD MANNERS, COMMON SENSE AND CO-OPERATION. 1. Pupils must bring the correct books and writing materials to each lesson. 2. Other items, for example, P.E. Kit, must be brought to practical lessons. 3. Eating and drinking inn classrooms is forbidden. Chewing gum must not be brought to school. 4. Pupils must not bring valuables to schools, e.g. radios, tape recorders or jewellery. Money should be kept in purse belts and large sums must be handed to the Office. 5. The correct school uniform must be worn. Outdoors coats are not be worn in school. 6. Pupils must keep to the right in the corridors and on the stairs; they must move quietly around the staff on duty. 7. Pupils are not permitted to go to the Staff room during the lunch break. There is always a member of staff on duty. 8. Pupils having lunch in school are not allowed to leave the school premises without a printed permission slip.

  87. Pupils can bring to school ______

  A) chewing gun.

  B) jewellery.

  C) purse belts.

  D) radios.

  88. Pupils in the school can ______

  A) walk on the right inside the school building.

  B) wear outdoor clothing inside the school.

  C) go to Staff room at lunch break.

  D) watch videos during the lunch break.

  TEXT K First read the following question.

  89. Margaret Mee went on her first expedition to the Amazon in ______ A. 1952. B. 1968. C. 1947. D. 1956. 90. The night-flowing Amazon Moonflower was painted at the age of ______ A. 47. B. 79 C. 36. D. 68. Now skim TEXT K below and mark your answer on your answer sheet.

  Margaret Mee: English Explorer and Painter of Amazon Flora Born in Chesham, England, in May 1909 Studied at St Martins School of Art and later at the Camber well School of Art. Went to Brazil with her husband Greville, a commercial artist, in 1952. Made her first expedition to the Amazon in 1956 at the age of 47. Made 15 further expeditions to the Amazon. The last expedition took place in May 1988. She never painted or drew from photographs. She painted what she saw. She published two books of her paintings in 1968 and 1980. She achieved an ambition of 36 years to paint the night-flowing Amazon Moonflower only in 1988. her diaries, in Search of the flowers of the Amazon Forest, were published in 1988. A botanist who knew her well described her as follows:" Many people have traveled Amazonian waters, many people have painted Amazonian plants, but Margaret Mee outranks those other travelers and artists simply because she, with her watercolors, went, saw, and conquered the region. She has been able to fill her subjects with the reality of their environment.

  89. Margaret Mee went on her first expedition to the Amazon in ______

  A) 1952.

  B) 1968.

  C) 1947.

  D) 1956.

  90. The night-flowing Amazon Moonflower was painted at the age of ______

  A) 47.

  B) 79

  C) 36.

  D) 68.

  PART V DICTION

  Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be read at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 to 20 seconds. The last reading will be read at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. you will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.

  1.

  PART VI WRITING

  SECTION A COMPOSITION (35 min.)

  Write on ANSWER SHEET ONE a composition of about 150 words on the following topic.

  Every college student would agree that life in college is not the same as it was in the middle school. Now, you have been asked by the Students Union to write a passage entitled: THE MAIN DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MY COLLEGE LIFE AND MY MIDDLE SCHOOL LIFE as part of introduction programmer for new students coming in September. You are to write in three paragraphs. In the first paragraph, state clearly what you think the main difference is between college and middle school life. In the second paragraph, state which life you prefer and why. In the last paragraph, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion with a summary or suggestion. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriacy. Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks.

  SECTION B NOTE-WRITING (10 min.) Write on ANSWER SHEET ONE a note of about 50-60 words based on the following situation. Your friend has just won the first prize in the provincial English Speech Contest. Write a note of congratulations. Marks will be awarded for contest, organization, grammar and appropriacy.

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