您的位置:外语教育网 > 考试英语 > 专四专八 > 经典题库 正文
  • 站内搜索:


2006-01-23 00:00


  In Section A, B and C you will hear everything ONLY ONCE. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct response to each question on the Colored Answer Sheet.


  Questions 1 to 5 refer to the talk in this section. At the end of the talk you will be given 15 seconds to answer each of the following five questions.

  Now listen to the talk.

  1. Before you go to mountain climbing, you should ____.

  A) spend some time on simple safety tips.

  B) let someone know your plan, e.g. your destination and time.

  C) take provisions for a long hike.

  D) both A) and B)

  2. When you walk through the woods, it is of particular importance that you ____.

  A) know where the nearest ranger station is.

  B) look for landmarks.

  C) are properly equipped.

  D) follow telephone poles and the wires.

  3. If you do get lost, you could ____.

  A) climb a tree.

  B) whistle loudly.

  C) go downhill if you are in a hilly country.

  D) both A) and B)

  4. It can be inferred from the article that a signal fire ____.

  A) can be used for many purposes.

  B) is easy to flare out of control.

  C) may be difficult to light.

  D) All of the above.

  5. The article suggests that the most exciting thing in mountain climbing is ____.

  A) the thrilling experience during the trip.

  B) cautiously approaching the goal and finally reaching it.

  C) freedom, relaxation in the wild.

  D) All of the above.


  Questions 6 to 10 are based on an interview. At the end of the interview you will be given 15 seconds to answer each of the following question.

  Now listen to the interview.

  6. Does President Clinton regret not being able to prove his version of events in    court?

  A) He'd like to have such a chance, but it is not regrettable.

  B) He has mixed feelings, for the double role he plays, both as a private citizen and as President of the country.

  C) He is more concerned with the public interest, so he doesn't regret.

  D) There's no need for him to disprove the allegations in court.

  7. Does Clinton ever regret about involving in the embarrassing and compromising situation in the Jones case?

  A) As President, it is inevitable to confront with such situations, so he is ready to cope with it instead of regretting about it.

  B) Obsessed with public concerns, he has no time to regret personal troubles.

  C) He refuses to comment on it.

  D) It's no use crying over spilt milk.

  8. What impact would the case have on Clinton's career according to the court?

  A) It's unpredictable.

  B) His presidency could be influenced.

  C) They tried to help Clinton to minimize it.

  D) Nothing serious.

  9. How did Clinton feel about the Jones case when he first heard the news?

  A) he didn't believe it.

  B) He was concerned about it.

  C) He told Hillary and talked about it with friends at dinner.

  D) He would like to let it be.

  10. How does Clinton feel about Senator McCain's tobacco compromise?

  A) It's not satisfactory in some respects.

  B) It's a big step and follows the right direction.

  C) Speaker Gingrich is going to do something that Clinton is pleased with.

  D) All of the above.


  In this section you will hear a mini-lecture. You will hear the lecture ONLY ONCE. While listening to the lecture, take notes on the important points. Your notes will not be marked, but you will need them to complete a 15-minute gap-filling task on ANSWER SHEET ONE after the mini lecture. Use the blank sheet for note-taking.


  Fill in each of the gaps with ONE suitable word. You may refer to your notes. Make sure the word you fill in is both grammatically and semantically acceptable.

  When I was nine years old, I found an ad for selling greeting cards in a childrens magazine. I begged my mother to allow me to send for the kit. When the kit arrived two weeks later, I (16) off the brown wrapper, dashed from the house with the cards. Three hours later, I came back home with a pocket of money. A (17) was born.

  When I was twelve, my father took me to attend Zig Zieglers lecture. In the dark auditorium he raised everybodys (18) up to the ceiling. I left there feeling I would do everything. I told my father I wanted to be a (19) speaker just like Mr. Zigler. A dream was born.

  Recently, I picked up my dream. I left my company at the height of my career. Many people were surprised and wondered why I would risk everything for a dream.

  I was determined to pursue my dream after attending a (20) sales meeting. The vice-president of our company asked us, "If a genie would grant you three wishes what would they be?" After a moment he continued to ask, "Why do you need a genie?" The (21) I felt was so great at that moment that I would never forget.

  I realized that everything I had achieved had prepared me for this moment. I did not need a genies help.

  When I told my plans to my boss in tear, he replied "Go on with (22) abandon and you will succeed."

  One week after I gave my (23), my husband was (24) from his job. We were confronted with lots of difficulties. It was attractive to go back to my former company, but I knew that once I went back, I would never leave. In spite of the hardships I preserved.

  In a short time period, my husband found a better job. We didnt miss a (25) payment. And I booked several speaking engagements with new clients. I held fast to my dream, and it was realized. To celebrate my success I had an artist paint my new office as a garden. At the top of a wall she stenciled. "The world always makes way for the dreamer."












  The following passage contains ten errors. Each line contains a maximum of one error. In each case only one word is involved. You should proofread the passage and correct it in the following way:

  For a wrong word, underline the wrong word and write the correct one in the blank provided at the end of the line.

  For a missing word, mark the position of the missing word with a "^" sign and write the word you believe to be missing in the blank provided at the end    of the line.

  For an unnecessary word, cross the unnecessary word with a slash "/" and put the word in the blank provided at the end of the line.


  When ^ art museum wants a new exhibit,

  (1) an

  it (never/) buys things in finished form and hangs

  (2) never

  them on the wall. When a natural history museum

  wants an exhibition, it must often build it.


  When Zhou liang answered the doorbell recently, he was rather astonished to see what he had purchased on the Internet only two days before sitting on his doorstep.

  "I never expected to get my books so quickly," he told Business

  (26) weekly.

  Li Qiang, an employee of a Beijing-based electronics company

  shared Zhous experience. He said online shopping was very good

  and always offered comparatively lower prices than ordinary retailer

  (27) stores.

  Along with Chinas rapidly developing IT industry, online

  shopping is attracting the interest of more and more people.

  Wang Juntao, general manager of the Electronic Business Department

  of Beijing-based Federal Software Co Ltd, said online

  shopping had tremendous market potential giving Chinas large

  (28) population.

  In mid-March, Wangs company established an online shopping

  center for Internet surfers.

  More than 14,000 kinds of goods are available on the Federal

  website, including computers, software, books and daily necessity.


  Its online service cover 13 cities in China including Beijing,

  Shanghai and Nanjing.

  "We have achieved great success in the three months since we

  launched the service," he said.

  Figures from the company show that by mid-June, the sales

  volume of the website reached more than 2 million Yuan (US


  Daily visitors to the site surged from 10,000 in March to

  30,000 in June.

  With the increase in the number of Chinas Internet users,

  that figure is likely to multiple," Wang said.


  Industry experts say that because of the lack of appropriate

  payment tools, online shopping is still at a primitive stage.

  The Federal site is reportedly the first Chinese website that

  combines online shopping with online payment.

  Sources from the company say that customers can use credit

  cards from several banks including Bank of China and the Industrial

  and Commercial Bank of China.

  "The application of online payment marks up a milestone for

  (31) the development of the online industry," Wand said.

  However, problems such as a limited pot of Internet users,

  (32) comparatively high charges on Internet surfing and traditional views

  (33) on shopping have hindered the development of online shopping.

  "There is still a long way to go for us to become a competent

  online shopping company both in and outside China," Wang said.

  He said the company planned to invest 200 million Yuan (US

  24 million) on its shopping website by the end of 2000.


  "We are going to seek cooperation with domestic and oversea

  companies to extend the variety of our online products," he said.













  In this section there are four reading passages followed by fifteen multiple-choice questions. Read the passages and then mark your answers on your Answer Sheet.

  TEXT A There are known to be at least a thousand completely different languages in Africa. There are 200 in Nigeria alone. English has remained the official language in most countries which were once British colonies, because except for Swahili, spoken in East Africa, most African languages are local, or tribal, if they wish to do business in Lagos or any of the other big cities, they have to speak English —— except in the north, where nearly everybody speaks Hausa. In fact, in business and politics and universities, English is the official language. Africans in ex-British colonies who go to live in the growing cities must learn English if they want to get on, and more and more country people are moving to the cities to find work. College students listen to lectures delivered in English by African as well as British lectures, and in the city bookshops there is a wide variety of books and journals published in English as well as in Swahili and Hausa. Africans, particularly in Nigeria, are producing excellent writers, whose books —— written in English —— are read throughout the English-speaking wor4ld. The following are all known internationally: Chinua Achube, novelist, and Wole Soyinka, poet and dramatist, both of Nigeria; James Ngugi, Kenyan novelist; Amos Tutuola, a great Nigerian storyteller and very readable. Soyinka won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1986. The people of Senegal, Benin, Ivory Coast and other ex-French colonies still speak French. Ever since the 18th century, when French was the lingua franca of Europe, the French have been jealous of the competition of English, which is the language of the commonwealth. At Commonwealth meetings, English is the only common language. English is valuable, too, at Pan-African meetings. In East Africa a completely different, non-European language has been the lingua franca of Africans for many centuries. This is Swahili, which is a mixture of Arabic and African languages. The word "Swahili" comes from the Arabic word "sawahili", meaning "of the coast". Swahili is used as the lingua franca of Kenya and Tanzania. The Portuguese traded on the East African coast for 200 years, but added no Portuguese words to Swahili. During the great colonial drive of the late 19th century, each European power introduced its own language as the official language of its new colonies. But even where English is not the official language, it has remained an important link between people who speak different languages. The leaders and most members of the governments speak it fluently. Swahili, which all British officials in East Africa had to learn, has some strange grammatical rules. For example, "mtu"="person", but in the plural this becomes "wa-tu"="people". All of the other words then begin with "W-/wa-". "Swahili has borrowed a number of words from English. For example, "a traffic island" has become "kiplefiti" (from "keep left"), but the plural, "traffic islands", obeys Swahili grammar. Singular words which begin with "ki" begin in the plural with "vi", so "viplefiti" is the plural of "keplefiti". English and African are the official language of South Africa. South African English has a slight African accent, but is otherwise like standard English. A few African words have found a place in the Oxford English Dictionary. "Trek" is used throughout the English-speaking world. Most of the Cape coloreds (people who are not whites or Africans) speak English. The Africans, who are known as the "Bantu" by South Africans, speak Zulu, Xhosa or one or more other African languages as well as English and/or Africans. African languages have given very few words to European languages. On the other hand, since many Africans now live in closer contact with the European style of life, they have had to find words for common objects and common verbs. For example in the Kxoe language of South West Africa, they call a watch "anmmuxo" which translated means "sun-see-on-thing", and "kuru" is used for "drive" (a car), which translated means to "press the bellows". In Kxoe there are words for one, two, three, but after that they have to use images. For example, "four" is "the finger with one licks out the pot"

  36. From the passage we learn that Swahili is ____.

  A) a language in East Africa

  B) a local language in Africa

  C) a tribal language in Africa

  D) a language in North Africa

  37. According to the passage, lingua franca means ____.

  A) French language

  B) English language

  C) native language

  D) common language

  38. Which of the following is NOT correct?

  A) English is the popular language in the African cities.

  B) English is the common language in the African Colleges.

  C) English is commonly used by African writers.

  D) English is widely used in the countryside.

  39. In Swahili, "keplefiti" means "a traffic island" while "viplefiti" means ____.

  A) "keep fit"

  B) "traffic island"

  C) "Swahili grammar"

  D) "singular words"

  40. Which of the following is Not correct?

  A) African is an official language in South Africa.

  B) African is one of the two official language in South Africa.

  C) African is not he same as English.

  D) African is accepted as standard English in the Oxford English Dictionary.

  TEXT B For one brief moment in April, Larry Ellison came within a few dollars of being the richest man in the world. The computer tycoon was holding a global conference call on a Wednesday morning, when the value of his company surged.  It was the moment he almost overtook Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft, as the wealthiest on the planet. For a few seconds, as share of traders marked Microsoft down and Oracle up, Ellison came within US 200,000 of Gates. The self-proclaimed "bad boy" of Silicon Valley found himself worth more than US 52 billion, up from a mere US 10 billion this time last year. Then Microsofts share price, which had plunged in recent weeks, recovered and the moment passed. Once, Ellison, founder of the software company Oracle, would have danced around his desk cursing like a pirate at failing to bring down Gates, a rival he had constantly made fun of in public. But Silicon Valley insiders said he remained calm, and muttered: "One day, one day very, very soon." He knew his moment was close. Unlike Gates, he is not big on charity, preferring to spend his money his way. He has his own private air force, a military-style crew based at San Jose airport near Redwood City, to help him fly his Gulfstream V jet (with two marbled bathrooms), a Marchetti fighter plane imported from Italy, and a handful of other aircraft, including a trainer for his son. He also plans to import a Russian Mig-29 fighter (capable of 1,500 mph). Why does he want one? So that, he joked, he can blast Gates home near Seattle. Cars are cheap and cheerful by comparison. He has a relatively-modest Porsche Boxster, two specially altered Mercedes and a US 900,000 silver McLaren. In San Francisco he owns a magnificent house in Pacific Heights, one of Western Americas most expensive stretches of real estate. The house is a technical marvel: When he inserts his key, the opaque glass door turns transparent, revealing a Japanese garden in the middle of the house. For reasons he knows best, Ellison is obsessed with Japanese culture. Though he says he once briefly dated the actress Sharon Stone, Ellison is better known for the number than the fame of his wives. It is said he introduced himself with: "Can I buy you a car?" In one year he gave at least four US 50,000 cars to young ladies. While Gates comes from a strong family, Ellison still does not know who his father was. He was born to an unmarried mother and adopted by his Russian uncle and aunt. A brilliant but unpredictable self-promoter, he dropped out of college, drove to California in a battered Thunderbird car and ended up working with computer technicians at a bank. "He always had a champagne lifestyle on beer money," his first wife said. He set up Oracle in 1977 as a super-salesman with 3 programmers, creating software for businesses. It almost collapsed when it promised more than it could deliver, but since then its fortunes have soared. Now it employs 43,000 people and has designed data-processing systems used by Britains M15 spy service as well as big western companies. Oracles software is more Internet-friendly than Gates Windows, one factor behind the companys recent share price rise. Since his company got big, Ellison has promised shareholders that he will spend more time in the office. But can he escape being the thrill-seeker he is at heart? As summer approaches, he may find it hard to resist the lure of his yachts, Sakura, one of the longest in the world, and Sayonara (Japanese for "see you later"), which he races furiously. It is dangerous sport, even for guests. Media tycoon Rupert Murdoch once nearly lost a finger when he grabbed a rope during a race onboard the Sayonara. Ellison joked at least he could "still wrote checks". Regardless of distractions, Ellison will not give up in his battle against Gates. He hates to lose. Ellison declares that any such dominance by one man, like Microsoft in computer industry, in unhealthy. He has obviously forgotten his own plan for a global empire, which he wanted to call the Universal Titanic Octopus Corporation.

  41. In the stock market, _______.

  A) Ellison is as rich as Bill Gates

  B) Ellison has US ' 200,000 less than Bill Gates

  C) Ellison is richer than Bill Gates

  D) Oracle has more money than Microsoft

  42. Which of the following is not correct?

  A) Ellison has had many wives.

  B) Ellison's wives are famous.

  C) Ellison is more famous for many wives than for money.

  D) Ellison is more famous for many wives than for their popularity.

  43. Which of the following is true?

  A) Ellison doesn't like one-man dominance in computer industry.

  B) Ellison doesn't like one-man dominance by Bill Gates, but really like one-man dominance by himself.

  C) Ellison wants to be as famous as Bill Gates.

  D) Ellison often forgets his plan.

  TEXT C The third branch of the federal government, the judiciary, consist of a system of courts spread throughout the country, headed by the Supreme Court of the United States. A system of state courts existed before the Constitutional Convention as to whether a federal court system was needed, and whether it should supplant the state courts. As in other matters under debate, a compromise was reached in which the state courts were continued while the Constitution mandated a federal judiciary with limited power. Article III of the Constitution states the basis for the federal court system: The judiciary of power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. With this guide, the first Congress divided the nation into districts and created federal courts for each district. From that beginning has evolved the present structure: the Supreme Court, 11 courts of appeals, 91 district courts, and three courts of special jurisdiction. Congress today retains the power to create and abolish federal courts, as well as to determine the number of judges in the federal judiciary system, It cannot, however, abolish the Supreme Court. The Judicial power extends to cases arising under the Constitution; laws and treaties of the United States; admiralty and wartime access; cases affecting ambassadors, ministers and consuls of foreign countries in the United States; controversies in which the US government is a party; and controversies between states (or their citizens) and foreign nations (or their citizens or subjects). The 11th Amendment removed from federal jurisdiction cases in which citizens of one state were the plaintiffs and the government of another state was the defendant. It did not disturb federal jurisdiction in cases in which a state government is a plaintiff and a citizen of another state the defendant. The power of the federal courts extends both to civil actions for damages and other redress, and to criminal cases arising under federal law. Article III has resulted in a complex set of relationships between state and federal courts. Ordinarily, federal courts do not hear cases during under the laws of individual states. However, some cases over which federal courts have jurisdiction may also be heard and decided by state courts. Both court systems thus have exclusive jurisdiction in some areas and concurrent jurisdiction in others. The Constitution safeguards judicial independence by providing that federal judges shall hold office "during good behavior" —— in practice, until they die, retire or resign, although a judge who commits an offense while in office may be impeached in the same way as the president or other officials of the federal government. US judges are appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate. Congress also determines the pay scale of judges.

  44. By Article III of the Constitution,_______.

  A) the Congress, as an inferior court, has judicial power

  B) only the Supreme Court has the judicial power

  C) lower level courts established by law have judicial power

  D) the Supreme Court is inferior to the Congress

  45. US Congress doesn't have the power to _______.

  A) create federal courts

  B) abolish federal courts

  C) determine the number of judges in the federal judiciary system

  D) abolish the Supreme Court

  46. Federal jurisdiction has power to deal with cases except _______.

  A) admiralty and maritime cases

  B) cases affecting ambassadors, ministers and consuls of foreign countries in the US

  C) controversies in which the US government is a party

  D) cases in which citizens of one state were the plaintiffs and the government of another state was the defendant

  TEXT D Steven Spielberg has taken Hollywoods depiction of war to a new level. He does it right at the start of Saving Private Ryan, in a 25 minute sequence depicting the landing of American forces on Omaha Beach in 1944. This is not the triumphant version of D-Day were used to seeing, but an inferno of severed arms, spilling intestines, flying corpses and blood-red tides. To those of us who have never fought in a war, this reenactment —— newsreel-like in its verisimilitude, hallucinatory in its impact —— leaves you convinced that Spielberg has taken you closer to the chaotic, terrifying sights and sounds of combat than any filmmaker before him. This prelude is so strong, so unnerving, that I feared it would overwhelm the rest of the film. When the narrative proper begins, theres an initial feeling of diminishment: its just a movie, after all, with the usual banal music cues and actors going through their paces. Fortunately, the feeling passes. "Saving Private Ryan" reasserts its grip on you and, for most of its 2 hour and 40 minute running time, holds you in thrall. Our heroes are a squad of eight soldiers lucky enough to survived Omaha Beach. Now they are sent, under the command of Captain Miller (Tom Hanks), to find and safely return from combat a Private Ryan (Matt Damon), whose three brothers have already died in action. Why should they risk their lives to save one man? The question haunts them, and the movie. The squad is a familiar melting-pot assortment of World War Two grunts —— the cynical New Yorker (Edward Burns) who doesnt want to risk his neck; the Jew (Adam Goldberg); the Italian (Vin Diesel); the Bible-quoting sniper from Tennessee (Barry Pepper); the medic (Giovanni Ribisi). The most terrified is an inexperienced corporal (Jeremy Davies) brought along as a translator. Davies seems to express every possible variety of fear on his eloquently scrawny face. Tom Sizemore is also impressive as Millers loyal second in command. As written by Robert Rodat, they could be any squad in any war movie. But Spielberg and his actors make us care deeply about their fate. Part of the movies power comes form Hanks quietly mysterious performance as their decent, reticent leader (the men have a pool going speculating about what he did in civilian life). Theres an unhistrionic fatalism in Captain Miller; he just wants to get the job done and get home alive, but his eyes tell you he doesnt like the odds. The level of work in "Private Ryan" —— from the acting to Janusz Kaminskis brilliantly bleached-out color cinematography to the extraordinary sound design by Gary Rydstorm —— is state of the art. For most of "Saving Private Ryan", Spielberg is working at the top of his form, with the movie culminating in a spectacularly staged climactic battle in a French village. The good stuff is so shattering that it overwhelms the lapses, but you cant help noticing a few Hollywood moments. Sometimes Spielberg doesnt seem to trust how powerful the material is, and crosses the line into sentimentality. Theres a prelude and a coda, set in a military cemetery, that is written and directed with a too-heavy hand. But the truth is, this movie so wiped me out I have little taste for quibbling. When you emerges from Spielbergs cauldron, the world doesnt look quite the same.

  47. The movie "Saving Private Ryan" is up to a new level because _______.

  A) it depicts the landing of American forces on Omaha Beach in 1944

  B) the landing is not successful

  C) it reproduces the terrible pictures of severed arms, spilling intestines etc.

  D) it is a 25-minute sequence

  48. Which of the following is correct?

  A) The prelude is more unnerving than the rest of the film.

  B) The prelude is as unnerving as the rest of film.

  C) The prelude is less unnerving than the rest of the film.

  D) The prelude is as unnerving as most of the remaining part of the film.

  49. The squad is a familiar melting-pot assortment of World War Two grunts because the squad consist of _______.

  A) 8 common soldiers from different ethnic groups in the US

  B) 8 soldiers who often complain the war

  C) 8 soldiers who don't want to risk their necks

  D) 8 soldiers who are lucky to have survived the war

  50. According to the last 2 sentences of the passage, the movie made the author of the passage _______.

  A) disappointed

  B) carried away

  C) find faults with the movie

  D) quibbling the movie


  In this section there are seven passage followed by ten multiple-choice questions. Skim or scan them as required and then mark your answers on your Answer Sheet.

  TEXT E First read the question. 51.According to the passage, the author seems to ______. A. favor the fear of strangers B. disagree to the fear of strangers C. remain neutral to the fear of strangers D. show no feeling to the fear of strangers Now go though Text E quickly to answer question 51. At the beginning of this century, as steamers poured into American ports, their steerages filled with European immigrants, a Jew from England named Israel Zangwill penned a play whose story line has long been forgotten, but whose central theme has not. His production was entitled "The Melting Pot" and its message still holds a tremendous power on the national imagination —— the promise that all immigrants can be transformed into Americans, a new alloy of forged in a crucible of democracy, freedom and civic responsibility. In 1908, when the play opened in Washington, the United States was in the middle of absorbing the largest influx of immigrants in its history —— Irish and Germans, followed by by Italians and East Europeans, Catholics and Jews —— some 18 million new citizens between 1890 and 1920. Today, the United States is expecting its second great wave of immigration, a movement of people that has profound implications for a society that by tradition pays homage to its immigrant roots at the same time it confronts complex and deeply ingrained ethnic and racial divisions. The shift, according to social historians, demographers and others studying the trends, will severely test the premise of the fabled melting pot, the idea, so central to national identity, that this country can transformed people of every color and background into "one American". Just as possible, they say, is that the nation will continue to fracture into many separate, disconnected communities with no shared sense of commonality or purpose. Or perhaps it will evolve into something in between, a pluralistic society that will hold on to some core ideas about citizenship and capitalism, but with little meaningful interaction among groups. The demographic changes raise other questions about political and economic power. Will that power, now held disproportionately by whites, be shared in the new America? What will happen when Hispanics overtake blacks as the nations single largest minority? Fear of strangers, of course, is nothing new in American history. The last great immigration wave produced a bitter backlash, epitomized by the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 and return, in the 1920s, of the Ku Klux Klan, which not only targeted blacks, but Catholics, Jews and immigrants as well. But despite this strife, many historians argue that there was a greater consensus in the past on what it meant to be an American, a yearning for a common language and culture, and a desire —— encouraged, if not coerced by members of the dominant white Protestant culture —— to assimilate. Today, they say, there is more emphasis on preserving ones ethnic identity, of finding ways to highlight and defend ones culture roots.

  51. According to the passage, the author seems to ______.

  A) favor the fear of strangers

  B) disagree to the fear of strangers

  C) remain neutral to the fear of strangers

  D) show no feeling to the fear of strangers

  TEXT F First read the question. 52.Wine industry in America and European was saved by ______. A. grafting European grape cuttings onto American roots B. the hardy native roots in America C. eliminating the disease D. cutting the vines Now go through TEXT F quickly to answer question 52. Vineyards stretch along the gentle, sunny slopes of the Coast Ranges, north and south of San Francisco, where the rich soil and warm sunshine give every possible assurance to crops in Californias eight major wine-producing areas. Spanish missionaries who brought their knowledge and their seedlings from their native country were the first to grow vines here. They did not sell their wine, but travelers who stopped at the missions praised its special flavor. It was not until 1824 that settlers began to make wine commercially from Spanish mission grapes. Experimenting with different varieties, growers both tried to improve the strong-flavored native grapes and also imported more delicate European varieties. But often the imported vines would die in the new soil, or the change in climate and conditions would give the grapes a different flavor. For many years, the growers were unsuccessful. Then, in 1870, a disease of vine roots suddenly ravaged the vineyards of Europe. The disease was traced to small insects on the roots of American vines which a European winemaker had introduced into his own fields for experimental growing. In turn, the insects returned to America —— this time in European vine cuttings and like the vineyards of Europe, the California fields were almost destroyed by the disease. The hardy native roots had resisted the disease before. Could they resist it against? In desperation, growers grafted European vines upon American roots and by the success of the experiment, saved the wine industry of both continents. Years of hard labor were necessary since all the vines had to be completely replaced. But ever since winegrowers in France, California and other wine-producing countries have been grafting European grape cuttings onto American roots.

  52. Wine industry in America and European was saved by ______.

  A) grafting European grape cuttings onto American roots

  B) the hardy native roots in America

  C) eliminating the disease

  D) cutting the vines

  TEXT G First read the question. 53.The audience can get classical music online ______. A. as soon as the agreement is reached B. before the agreement is reached C. after January 31, 2002 D. we are not sure of the time Now go through TEXT G quickly to answer question 53. Bits of Bach. Bytes of Beethoven. Browsers with Brahms. Attending a symphony concert in cyberspace could become commonplace under a first-of-its-kind agreement allowing orchestras to distribute live and recorded music on the Internet. Management and musicians from 66 of the nations orchestras and opera and ballet companies are expected to vote in mid-July on the agreement. They hope it will bring classical music to a larger adult audience and serve as an educational tool for children and teachers. "We want to reach out to people and keep our institutions alive. So the question was, How are we going to use this new Internet technology to be able to fill seats and to generate new audiences?", said Florence Nelson, director of symphonic services for the American Federation of Musicians, which negotiated on behalf of union members. Under the tentative agreement announced last week, orchestras would make two kinds of performances available on the Internet: Live and unrecordable "streaming audio" or prerecorded music to be download. Once approved, the agreement will run until January 31, 2002. It covers groups including the Philadelphia Orchestra, the San Francisco Symphony, Cleveland Orchestra, Houston Grand Opera, Nashville Symphony and New York City Ballet Orchestra. "It creates a direct link between the artist and the consumer," said St. Louis Symphony Orchestra contrabassoonist Brad Buckley, who was involved in the negotiations. The deal would not replace current agreements governing television programs, production of compact disks or audio and video tapes for recording companies. But it may change the way orchestras handle their recording in the future and the way the public buys classical music. "Instead of licensing the music to the recording company, the rights will be retained by the musicians and the orchestras," said Philadelphia Orchestra president Joseph H. Kluger, who represented the interests of orchestra managers in the talks. Officials were unsure how long it would take for orchestra to go online once the agreement is reached, and the technology also needs to improve.

  53. The audience can get classical music online ______.

  A) as soon as the agreement is reached

  B) before the agreement is reached

  C) after January 31, 2002

  D) we are not sure of the time

  TEXT H First read the question. 54.William enjoys______. A. freedom at Eton. B. freedom at university C. becoming the future king D. being linked with Britney Spears Now go through TEXT H quickly to answer question 54. Price William, Britains future king and a teenage heartthrob for girls around the world, had confessed he hates being under the media spotlight. William, whose late mother Diana was hounded by prying lenses wherever she went, pleaded for the media to leave him alone at university and refused to say if he had a girlfriend. "I like to keep my private life private." This child, whom many believe his mothers life will live on in, seems to have grown into a strong and sensible young man. "We have a king-in-waiting who is well-mannered, charming and seems eminently ready to embark on the next stage of his life," historian Andrew Roberts wrote in the days leading up to Williams birthday on June 21. But William has two big problems that are his alone: He knows that, one day, the future of the British monarchy and its declining popularity will be in his hands. And he knows he must —— much sooner —— face the press. With tabloid interest fever pitch on the eve of his 18th birthday this week, William agreed to a written interview that covered everything from his future plans to his pet dogs puppies. In a special celebration cartoon for his birthday, US pop star Britney Spears, who has long expressed her admiration for the prince, is taking off Prince Williams trousers as she pursued him. It was not in real life, of course. Britains Channel Four television is taking an irreverent look at the prince in an animated film to be aired on June 21, the day he turns 18. Asked about being linked with teenage US pop star Britney Spears, he said: "There has been a lot of nonsense put about by some. I dont like being exploited in this way, but as I get older it is going to be increasingly hard to prevent." But how does one of the worlds most eligible young bachelors cope with the constant pressure form girls? "In my own way," he said. William, who has inherited his mothers stunning good looks, is clearly uncomfortable with the voracious media appetite for endless gossip. "I dont like the attention. I feel uncomfortable with it," Prince Charles eldest son said. But he was grateful the media had left him and his 5-year-old brother Harry alone at the private school of Eton. "I have particular appreciated being left alone at Eton which has allowed me to concentrate on my school work and enjoy being with my friends without being followed by cameras," William said. Then he made a heartfelt plea: "I am grateful to the media for helping to protect my privacy and I hope I can enjoy the same freedom at university." William revealed that he planned to take a year off between school and university —— but he would not say what he would be doing. "I prefer to keep the details private until all the arrangements have been settled." The teenager being groomed to be king said it was far too early to say what career plan he had. "At this stage I just want to get through university." William, a fan of dance and pop music, enjoys water polo, football and rugby. "I enjoy being with my friends, going to the cinema and watching football and rugby matches."

  54. William enjoys______.

  A) freedom at Eton.

  B) freedom at university

  C) becoming the future king

  D) being linked with Britney Spears

  TEXT I First read the questions. 55.The book is to ______. A. retell the history of American-Soviet relations B. analyze the policy of American and the Soviet Union C. recall what the American diplomat saw and experienced D. relate the history of US presidents, Secretaries of State 56.Selection had to be somewhat brutal because______. A. the author was brutal in his career B. the author was brutal to the Soviet Union C. the author was brutal to his associates D. the author cut off too many the details in selecting the material for the book Now go through TEXT I quickly to answer questions 55 and 56. This book is a collection of personal reminiscences and observations based on nearly forty years in the United States Foreign Service. It is a memoir of a diplomat lucky enough to have witnessed and participated in every major development in American-Soviet relations from 1929 to 1969. This book is not, nor does it attempt to be, a history of American-Soviet relations, although every paragraph is wrapped in the history of those momentous years. While fate presented me with an unusual observation point, at the side of great leaders as they made decisions of incalculable consequences, every witness is limited. Other eyes see a different picture; other ears hear a different sound; other minds conceive a different situation. Thus I recognize that this book cannot truly be a balanced history. This book is also not an analysis of the merits and demerits of American and Soviet policy, although I have not hesitated to point out mistakes that were made by myself, as well as others. My memoirs are not designed to be an apology for American policy or an attack on revisionist historians. I have tried only to relate, explain, and interpret events as I saw them. The impressions I have sought to convey of the men I worked for in the American government —— President, Secretaries of State, and other high officials —— are contemporary with their periods of service. I have sought whenever possible to avoid hindsight and ex post facto judgement of individuals. Therefore, my appraisals of them who led the United States during this period should not be considered conclusive. They represent the opinion of one who had the privilege of working closely with them. Because the material I had to work with was so vast, selection had to be somewhat brutal. Personal experiences were included only if they were germane to the general theme of American-Soviet relations. My ambassadorships to the Philippines and France were given relatively less space than the years there would seem to call for. It was not possible to mention all my associates. Therefore I would like tribute here to the excellence and Embassies I headed, in Moscow, Manila, and Paris, as well as my assistants during my routs of duty in the Department of State. My thanks also go to Evan Thomas, vice-president of W.W. Norton & Company, who encouraged me to write the book and helped me over many a hump. Finally, I find it difficult to express my deep gratitude to Robert H. Phelps, news editor of the Washington Bureau of The New York Times, without whose invaluable assistance and constant help this book would never have been written.

  55. The book is to ______.

  A) retell the history of American-Soviet relations

  B) analyze the policy of American and the Soviet Union

  C) recall what the American diplomat saw and experienced

  D) relate the history of US presidents, Secretaries of State

  56. Selection had to be somewhat brutal because______.

  A) the author was brutal in his career

  B) the author was brutal to the Soviet Union

  C) the author was brutal to his associates

  D) the author cut off too many the details in selecting the material for the book

  TEXT J First read the questions. 57. New Zealand used to drink ______. A. a lot around 6 oclock in the hovels B. a lot around 6 oclock in the pretty good pubs C. Australian beer in the hovels D. little around 6 oclock 58.For some time, that stout town was "dry" because ______. A. there was little water in the town B. there were many pubs in the town C. alcoholic drinks were prohibited D. the pubs were Trust operated Now go through TEXT J quickly to answer questions 57 and 58. New Zealanders are great drinkers and the beer is good although not so strong as Australian beer. The pubs are generally pretty good, not all bare hovels as so many Australian pubs are, theyre improving too as the old 6 0clock swill days recede into the past. Lion and DB are the main brands, (in fact all the beer is now brewed by only two companies), but down in the deep south youll see some different labels —— Speights, Southland Bitter, Bavarian. Bavarian used to be brewed by a private company before it was taken over by one of the two giants, as was much of New Zealands beer. Many a true Bavarian drinker will tell you its not the same as in the good old days. Cans arent very popular, a lot of beer is sold in bottles (cheaper than cans and refundable), but in a pub it is cheapest to buy it on tap. Ask for "7" (a "7" was seven fluid ounces —— now youll get a 200 ml glass, the nearest metric equivalent, but often called "7"-old ways die hard —— about 40c), a "handle" (a halt liter or liter mug, with a handle-about 82c) or a "jug" (just that-about 1.65). It might seem a bit incongruous saying a handle is a half liter or liter, but giving only one price. In New Zealand public bars are the cheapest (where youd get a liter for 80c), while lounge or other bars tend to mark their drinks up more (so you may spend 80c on only a half handle). In public bars you can wear anything, but lounge bars have a lot of "neat dress required" signs around —— you sometimes get the feeling they are determined to be the last home of the necktie. The bars with the action (as in entertainment) are normally lounge bars, which make things a bit awkward for the traveler with his jeans, sandals and T-shirt at times, while the public bars have the other sort of action (fights) —— actually generally theyre OK; cheaper booze, relaxed; theres just a few of them its best to steer clear of. A New Zealand invention is the Trust operated pub which started in Invercargill. For some time that stout town was "dry" and when the prohibition was repealed they decided that pubs should be publicly owned and the profits go to the community. It worked so well that many other pubs around the country are also Trust operated. New Zealand also had a thriving wine producing industry, Never thought about the Auckland vineyards did you? Like Australian wine the local product once had a pretty terrible name, but it has improved in recent years, although some people say the reds still have a long way to go. But one traveler, loud in his praise and an ardent red drinker, went into a right rave about the seven or eight clarets and burgundies he tried. His favorite was the Woodbourne Cabernet Sauvignon at 5.50. Anyway, try some while youre in NZ and make up your own mind. Keep clear of the bubbly, its ludicrously expensive whether its quality stuff or piss. Another drop to tickle the taste buds is kiwifruit wine; there are lots of different varieties —— still and bubbly, sweet and dry —— not least of which is a liqueur. You may not like it, but NZs the best place to try it. Its also an interesting way to while away a few hours —— taking a look at a kiwifruit winery and having a free tasting in pleasant surroundings. The ever resourceful Kiwis even grow a little dope —— it may not rival Acapulco Gold —— but its still very pleasant stuff.

  57. New Zealand used to drink ______.

  A) a lot around 6 o'clock in the hovels

  B) a lot around 6 o'clock in the pretty good pubs

  C) Australian beer in the hovels

  D) little around 6 o'clock

  58. For some time, that stout town was "dry" because ______.

  A) there was little water in the town

  B) there were many pubs in the town

  C) alcoholic drinks were prohibited

  D) the pubs were Trust operated

  TEXT K First read the questions. 59.According to the first paragraph, if a company doesnt use Internet, the company will ______. A. be eliminated in the competition B. lose the opportunity to use Internet C. redefine the way the world does business D. not be suitable to the digital economy 60.If a Chinese student wants to study at the university, he or she should have the following except ______. A. a Bachelors degree B. a minimum of 2 years work experience C. a TOFEL score of 600 D. a minimum of 2 years specialized computing experience Now go through TEXT K quickly to answer questions 59 and 60. In five years time all companies will be Internet companies or they wont be companies at all, according to Andy Groves, chief executive of the Intel Corporation. The digital economy is a reality and it is redefining the way the world does business. Major Chinese Internet brands like Myweb.com, Dangdang.com and sohu.net are beginning to emerge. Indeed, businesses in China are going on-line at the rate of two a day, according to the China Internet Network Information Center. One of the issues threatening to hold back this growth is the lack of suitably qualified people to manage e-business processes. Now Liverpool John Moores University, one of the United Kingdoms largest universities is offering an MBA e-commerce course specially designed to help students take advantage of the new opportunities. The course aims to develop students existing management skills in the area of finance, information, people and operations within the context of the e-commerce environment. John Vaughan, MBA director at Liverpool John Moores University said, "We have not simply added new modules to our program, we have completely refocused it. Graduates from this course will be able to project-manage an e-commerce activity and have the knowledge to co-operate with specialists in technology and design." Courses within the MBA include: Managing E-commerce Solutions, Managing Finance, Managing Information, Design for E-commerce, Marketing and the Internet, Strategies Management, Networked Information Systems and others. The program have lasts for one year and begins in September or January. Students will be taught by university staff as well as by a series of guests from many leading companies involved in the e-business environment. Applicants do not need any specialized computing background. However, students are required to have a Bachelors degree, a minimum of two years work experience and a TOFEL score of 600. Many Chinese students choose to follow business or engineering programs.

  59. According to the first paragraph, if a company doesn't use Internet, the company will ______.

  A) be eliminated in the competition

  B) lose the opportunity to use Internet

  C) redefine the way the world does business

  D) not be suitable to the digital economy

  60. If a Chinese student wants to study at the university, he or she should have the following except ______.

  A) a Bachelor's degree

  B) a minimum of 2 years' work experience

  C) a TOFEL score of 600

  D) a minimum of 2 years' specialized computing experience


  Translate the following part of the text into English. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET THREE.

  1935年,在民族危亡的紧急关头,清华大学学生在中国共产党的领导下,同其他学校一起发动了划时代的“一二.九”运动,走上了抗日救亡的第一线。许多优秀学生在抗日战争中显出了年轻的生命,一批“一二.九”运动中的骨干,经过革命斗争的锤炼,成长为新中国各个方面的领导人。 抗日战争时期,清华大学、北京大学、南开大学组成的西南联合大学,继承中国学生光荣的革命传统,被誉为“大后方的民主堡垒”。抗日战争胜利后,为了反对国民党反对派的独裁统治和内战政策,西南联大的师生与1945年12月,发动了声势浩大的“一二.一”运动,在全国掀起了争民主反内战的热潮。


  Translate the following underlined part of the text into Chinese. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET THREE.

  He stood out splendidly above all my uncles because he did not stand out at all. That was his distinction. He was the averagest man I ever knew. you should never pick him out in a crowd. He became just another man the minute he was in one. So many people pounds of man. Good solid pounds, but just pounds. You would never remember his hair or his chin, or the shape of his ears. If he said something, you would agree with it, and, an hour later, you would be sure you had said it yourself. Sometimes I think men like that get along about the best. They are the easiest on their houses, their wives, and their children. They are easiest on the world. They slide along without having to do any thing about it as small boys do on their breeches after they have slid on them enough to wear them down smooth. The world is all so much pine needles under them. Uncle Amos was easy on his wives and children. He had three of them , in all. Wives, I mean. I never did get the count of his children straight, there were too many assortments of myself, having to stand on my head and work my legs, or bung stones at cherry birds, to keep the attention of just one girl for a month.


  Directions: There are many differences between human beings and animals. Write an essay of about 300 words presenting some main differences within 60 minutes.

  Write an essay of about 300 words within 60 minutes. After presenting the two different ideas about advertisements you should state your own opinion about this topic and give the reason why.

  Mark will be awarded for content, organization, grammar, and appropriacy. Failure to follow the above instructions may result in a loss of marks.

  The differences between human beings and animals


  1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。