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历史上的今天:“铁娘子”辞职 "Iron Lady" resigns

2006-11-22 00:00连庆编译

1990 - Margaret Thatcher resigns as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

1990年的今天,时任的英国首相玛格丽特·撒切尔辞职。

背景资料:

Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (born 13 October 1925) was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990.Thatcher was the longest-serving British Prime Minister since William Gladstone, and had the longest continuous period in office since Lord Liverpool in the early nineteenth century. She is also the only woman to have served as Prime Minister, one of only two to lead a major political party in the UK or to hold any of the four great offices of state (the second in both cases being Margaret Beckett). Undoubtedly one of the most significant British politicians in recent political history, she is also one of the most divisive, being loved and loathed in on different sides of the political spectrum.

She made a scathing attack on the Soviet Union. The Soviet Defence Ministry newspaper Krasnaya Zvezda ("Red Star") gave her the nickname "Iron Lady", which was soon publicised by Radio Moscow. She took delight in the name and it soon became associated with her image as an unwavering and steadfast character.

玛格利特·希尔达·撒切尔,撒切尔女男爵,LG,OM,PC,FRS(Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher,1925年10月13日─)中文官方译名、中国香港译戴卓尔夫人,中国大陆通称玛格利特·撒切尔,中国台湾通称玛格利特·柴契尔或柴契爾夫人。英国政治家,于1979年至1990年出任英国首相。

早在她担任首相已前,由于她反对苏联的言论禁锢政策而严厉地公开斥责苏联把“枪口放在奶酪前”的做法,而被苏联媒体戏称为“铁娘子”(Iron Lady),这个别名至今仍常常被引用。

相关热词:history today uk
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