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正宗西方饮食-Crumpet

2006-02-15 00:00连庆编译自Wikipedia

Crumpets

Hot, buttered crumpets.
抹了黄油的热crumpet

A crumpet is a cake made from flour or potato and yeast eaten mainly in the United Kingdom, but also in the nations of the Commonwealth.

Crumpet(中文可译作烤面饼)是种用面粉或土豆和酵母制成的、常见于英国和英联邦国家的一种小圆饼。

The crumpet is circular in shape (usually; long and square varieties also exist) and has a distinctive flat top covered in small holes. It has a spongy texture and a fairly bland flavour.

Crumpet是圆形的(一般上是这样,长而方的样式也有),平平的顶上覆盖着一层显眼的小眼,还有海绵状的纹理和柔和清淡的味道。

Crumpets are served hot, usually with butter. Other popular accompaniments include jam, Marmite, honey, or cheese. Typically, crumpets are bought in packets and toasted.

一般Crumpet吃的时候要加热,通常还要涂上黄油,还可以添加如果酱、Marmite酱(在国内很少见到的一种涂抹酱,由制酒时的酵母提取而成,口味极强烈)、蜂蜜或奶酪。通常crumput都是在烤好后把几个一起包装好出售。

A pikelet is similar to a crumpet, but much thinner and sometimes irregularly shaped. (But the meaning of pikelet varies: in some regions of Britain it traditionally refers to a crumpet, muffin or other teacake. In Australia and New Zealand it refers to a Scotch pancake.)

另一种常见点心pikelet(薄烤饼)与crumpet很类似,但是前者要更薄且形状不太规则(pikelet的含义在不同英联邦国家也不尽相同:在英国的一些地区此词在传统上指代crumpet、muffin或是其他的茶点。而在澳大利亚和纽西兰这一词指的则是苏格兰的薄烤饼——译者的理解也是这种)

Buttered_Crumpet

A Buttered Crumpet
一块涂了黄油的crumpet

    Delia Smith lists the following ingredients as being sufficient for 16 crumpets:

  • 12 fl oz Milk
  • 1 tblsp Yeast
  • 1 Tsp castor Sugar
  • 1 Tsp Salt
  • 8oz Plain Flour

    英国著名的电视厨子Delia Smith列出制作16种crumpet所需要的所有原料,它们是:

  • 12液体盎司(fl oz是fluid ounce的缩写,1 液体盎司 = 29.5735297 毫升)的牛奶
  • 1汤匙的酵母
  • 1茶匙的食糖
  • 1茶匙的盐
  • 8盎司不含酸酵粉的面粉

It is worth noting that the recipe contains no egg, and that many variations contain no sugar.

需要注意的是这种烹饪法不含鸡蛋,且有很多不同的小品种不含糖。

The crumpet should not be confused with the sweeter English muffin.

不要将crumpet与更甜些的英式玛芬混淆。

The name "crumpet" is thought to have originated from the Welsh crempog, a type of pancake.

Crumpet这一名词被认为来自威尔士的一种薄烤饼。

In the UK, "crumpet" has become a slang term for a woman (or, more recently, a man) regarded as an object of sexual desire. Other breakfast items (such as Black Pudding and Scrambled Egg) have also become slang for other sexual acts. Historically "Crumpet" has also been used as a non-sexual term of endearment.

在英国,"Crumpet"变成了一种含有性欲对象的针对女性(最近也开始针对男性)的俚语。其他一些早餐用的词汇(如Black Pudding / 黑香肠和Scrambled Egg / 炒鸡蛋)也已经成为其他一些性行为的俚语了。历史上 "Crumpet"被用作不含性意味的喜爱。

相关热词:cuisine dessert food crumpet
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