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奥斯陆居住成本世界之最(双语)

2006-02-06 00:00CRI Online

尽管日本首都东京在此前已经连续14年蝉联全世界对外国人来说生活成本最为高昂的城市,但1月31日公布的一项调查结果显示,这一“桂冠”的最新得主是挪威首都奥斯陆。

据路透社1月31日报道,由英国经济学家情报社(EIU)主办的这项调查每半年进行一次,具体方法是以美元为计价单位对世界130个主要城市的各种商品和服务的成本做横向比较。奥斯陆以及其他一些欧洲城市在本次调查中排名大幅前移,在一定程度上可以归因于美元长期表现疲软。东京屈居第二,冰岛首都雷克雅未克跃居第三,日本的大阪名列其后。欧洲城市在前10名中占据了8席。而美国城市中排位最高的纽约则滑落至第27位。

“由于日元逐步走软加之日本经济近年来始终处于低通货膨胀甚至是通货紧缩的状态之下,所以东京此次不再高居榜首其实一点儿也不让人感到意外”, 经济学家情报社表示,“而挪威经济在2004年出现复苏后,一直呈现强劲增长的态势,该国消费者信心居高不下,投资意愿十分强烈且仍保持较低的利率水平” 。

此外,一些东欧国家的生活成本也正变得越来越高。塞黑、罗马尼亚、乌克兰、波兰、捷克的主要城市在这方面的涨幅均超过了5%。对于拉丁美洲城市来说,跃升幅度最大的两个地方均来自巴西,里约热内卢和圣保罗都前进了22位,最终并列第87位,造成这一结果的主要原因是巴西本国货币升值25%,同时该国的商品零售价格也有所上升。

在本次调查中,伊朗首都德黑兰与上次一样,依然是世界上生活成本最为低廉的城市。

Oslo is World's Most Expensive City - Survey

After 14 years ranked as the most expensive city in the world for expatriates, Tokyo has been knocked off the top spot by Norway's capital Oslo, a survey showed on Tuesday.

The biannual survey by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) compares the cost of goods and services in dollar terms. The rise of Oslo and other European cities partly reflects the long-term underperformance of the U.S. currency.

Iceland's capital Reykjavik jumped to third place ahead of Japan's Osaka and eight of the top 10 cities are in Europe. New York, the highest-ranked U.S. city, slipped to 27th place.

"The displacement of Tokyo comes as little surprise. A gradually weakening yen has been compounded by years of low inflation and deflation in the Japanese economy," the EIU said.

"Norway has seen strong economic growth following a recovery in 2004, enjoying high consumer confidence, rampant investment and still-low interest rates."

Several eastern European countries also became more expensive. The main cities in Serbia and Montenegro, Romania, Ukraine, Poland, the Czech Republic and Turkey all saw a relative increase of more than 5 percent in the cost of living.

In Latin America, the two biggest jumps came in Brazil, with Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo climbing 22 places to joint 87th on the back of a 25 percent rise in the currency and rising consumer prices.

Iran's capital Tehran, the city ousted from top spot by Tokyo 14 years ago after its currency was revalued, remains the cheapest of the 130 cities ranked worldwide by the EIU.

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