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幸福与无私相辅相成

2006-02-14 00:00程瑶,CRI

    Altruism may breed better marriages, a new study suggests. Or, the data might mean that good marriages make people more altruistic.

    Whatever, altruism and happiness seem to go together in the realm of love.

    "Altruistic love was associated with greater happiness in general and especially with more marital happiness," concludes Tom Smith of the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago in a report released today.

    Study participants were asked whether they agreed with statements that define altruism, such as, "I'd rather suffer myself than let the one I love suffer," and "I'm willing to sacrifice my own wishes to let the one I love achieve his or hers."

    Those who agreed with the statements tended to also report happiness with their spouses.

    Among the more altruistic, 67 percent rated their own marriage as "very happy." Among those who were profiled as the least altruistic, only 50 percent said they were very happy in marriage.

    And here's one for those of you who're still waiting for your partner to commit: Forty percent of the married people ranked near the top for altruistic responses, while only 20 percent of those who had never married did so. The divorced and separated came in at around 25 percent.

    The study asked dozens of questions to gauge both altruistic intentions and behaviors. How often do you give blood? Do you return money when a cashier makes a mistake in your favor?

    Smith said connection between romantic love and altruistic behavior probably comes from an appreciation of love developed in a healthy marriage and reflects the connection between marriage and love in general, which is part of the teachings of many religions.



    美国社会学家日前公布的一项调查结果显示,无私的爱心和行为很有可能“培育”出美满的婚姻,又或者说,一段好姻缘同样会让人变得更加无私。报告说:“不管两者哪个在先,反正在爱的王国中,无私与幸福似乎是紧紧连在一起的。”

    据美国“生活科学”网站2月9日报道,这次调查是由美国芝加哥大学的全国民意研究中心组织进行的,接受调查的人需回答一些用来评定他们“无私分数”的问题,比如“你是否愿意代替你所爱的人忍受痛苦”、“你是否愿意牺牲自己的心愿而让你所爱的人实现愿望”、“你多长时间献一次血”和“如果碰到取款机多吐钱,你会不会把钱还给银行”等等。

    调查结果显示,那些愿意自己作出“牺牲”的人似乎更容易和配偶相处得和睦。在比较无私的人当中,有67%的人将自己的婚姻评定为“非常幸福”;在无私方面得分最低的人中,仅有50%的人认为他们的婚姻非常幸福。反过来,在所有接受调查的人中,有40%的已婚人士“无私分数”较高;而一直保持单身的人仅有 20%得高分;离婚或分居的人中有25%得高分。

    该研究中心的社会学家汤姆·史密斯说:“通常一个人的无私行为与他(她)的幸福感有关,特别是幸福的婚姻生活。”虽然现在还没有确切证据表明,究竟是无私开启了幸福婚姻的大门,还是幸福婚姻激发出了无私的情怀,但是史密斯指出,浪漫爱情和无私行为可能都来自健康婚姻中人们对爱的感恩。

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