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篮球的历史

2006-02-20 00:00

  Basketball, the world's greatest sport ever, but of course, it hasn't been around since the world began. No, somebody had to have invented it. And that somebody would be James Naismith.

  Born in Almonte, Ontario, Canada, this Canadian Gym Teacher and Physician would soon be the founder of basketball. It all started in December of 1891. Naismith was teaching in Springfield, Massachusetts and was asked by Luther H. Gulick, the Headmaster of the school for Christian Works to make a new sport. The main idea of the sport was mainly to be played inside when it was too cold to go outside. The new sport also had to keep athletes in their top conditions between the baseball and football season. Naismith began to work. The first game-ball was a soccer ball.

  The first baskets were peach baskets that Naismith cleverly thought of hanging on the wall. From there, the legacy of basketball began. Originally, there was 9 men to each team, but the objective was still the same; to pass the ball to other players on your team and put the ball in the opposing team's net, or basket back then. From there, basketball caught on like a wildfire.

  During 1885 highschools and colleges began to adopt the game, and by 1898, the first Pro League was founded. After the first game played, Naismith drafted 13 rules and regulations, but many more were yet to come. The hoops we know today were invented in 1906. They were steel, with a net hanging from it's rim.

  篮球作为世界上最伟大的运动之一,并不是凭空而来,它一定有自己的发明者。这个发明者,就是James Naismith。James 出生于加拿大的安大略,他曾是一个体育教师。在1891年他在马塞诸塞教授体育的时候,学校的校长让他为基督教的活动想出一种运动,而这种运动一定要在室内进行,因为室外很冷。这种运动,按照校长的要求,一定要使运动员保持棒球和足球比赛时的激情。于是,他就开始思考这项运动。经过思考,他想出了一种方法:在墙上挂网子,然后把球扔向这个用网子做的篮子里。从此,篮球得以产生。本来,每个队伍有9个队员,但是规则是:把球传向自己队伍的队员,然后设法投向对方的筐子里。从此,篮球就很快传播开来。1885年,高中和大学都开始采用这种运动方式,到1898年,第一个篮球联盟成立。第一次比赛后, James设计了13个比赛规则。篮球筐子的边缘框架是在1906年设计的,材料是钢。

  Dr. James Naismith is known world-wide as the inventor of basketball. He was born in 1861 in Ramsay township, near Almonte, Ontario, Canada. The concept of basketball was born from Naismith's school days in the area where he played a simple child's game known as duck-on-a-rock outside his one-room schoolhouse. The game involved attempting to knock a "duck" off the top of a large rock by tossing another rock at it. Naismith went on to attend McGill University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

  James 作为世界闻名的篮球发明家,出生于1861年的Ramsay小镇,位于加拿大的安大略。他发明篮球的点子是来自他小时候玩的一种游戏,叫“duck-on -a-rock”。这种游戏就是用一块石头把另一块石头打掉。James 后来转去了魁北克的Montreal大学教授课程。

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