All free male Greek citizens were entitled to participate in the ancient Olympic Games, regardless of their social status. Orsippos, a general from Megara; Polymnistor, a shepherd; Diagoras, member of a royal family from Rhodes; Alexander I, son of Amyndas and King of Macedonia; and Democritus, a philosopher, were all participants in the Games.
Married women were not allowed to participate in, or to watch, the ancient Olympic Games. However, unmarried women could attend the competition, and the priestess of Demeter, goddess of fertility, was given a privileged position next to the Stadium altar.
Although the ancient Olympic Games did not allow female participation, the Herean Games, staged every four years to honour Hera, wife of Zeus, gave female athletes the chance to compete.
Demeter n. （希腊神话）得墨忒耳（掌农业，结婚，丰饶的女神）
regardless of 不管
participate v. 参加
priestess n. 女祭司
fertility n. 肥沃, 丰产
altar n. 祭坛
Stadium n. 露天大型运动场
Hera n. 赫拉
Zeus n. 宙斯