The famous marathon race did not exist in the ancient Games. The starting pistol of the first Olympic marathon was fired on 14 April 1896 at 2 p.m.
Famous Greeks attended, or even participated in the ancient Olympic Games: the philosopher Socrates, Pythagoras, Plato, Aristotle and even the father of medicine, Hippocrates. The philosopher Plato (427-347) was a double winner of the pankration.
The 14 articles of the Olympic regulations included an article on corruption: any corruption of a judge or an opponent would be punished by whipping.
whip v. 鞭打，抽打
marathon n. 马拉松
Socrates, Pythagoras, Plato, Aristotle n. （古希腊哲学家）苏格拉底，毕达哥拉斯，柏拉图，亚里士多德