您的位置:外语教育网 > 职称英语 > 试题中心 > 模拟试题 > 正文

职称英语综合类阅读理解练习题11

2006-02-06 00:00   来源:       我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

  PASSAGE 22

  Early or Later Day Care

  The British psychoanalyst John Bowlby maintains that separation from the parents during the sensitive "attachment" period from birth to three may scar a child's personality and predispose to emotional problems in later life. Some people have drawn the conclusion from Bowlby's work that children should not be subjected to day care before the age of three because of the parental separation it entails, and many people do believe this. But there are also arguments against such a strong conclusion.

  Firstly, anthropologists point out that the insulated love affair between children and parents found in modern societies does not usually exist in traditional societies. For example, in some tribal societies, such as the Ngoni, the father and mother of a child did not rear their infant alone - far from it. Secondly, common sense tells us that day care would not be so widespread today if parents, care-takers found children had problems with it. Statistical studies of this kind have not yet been carried out, and they have uniformly reported that day care had a neutral or slightly positive effect on children's development. But tests that have had to be used to measure this development are not widely enough accepted to settle the issue.

  But Bowlby's analysis raises the possibility that early day care has delayed effects. The possibility that such care might lead to, say, more mental illness or crime 15 or 20 years later can only be explored by the use of statistics. Whatever the long-term effects, parents sometimes find the immediate effects difficult to deal with. Children under three are likely to protest at leaving their parents and show unhappiness. At the age of three or three and a half almost all children find the transition to nursery easy, and this is undoubtedly why more and more parents make use of child care at this time. The matter, then, is far from clear-cut, though experience and available evidence indicate that early care is reasonable for infants.

  练习:

  1. Which of the following statements would Bowlby support?

  A) Statistical studies should be carried out to assess the positive effect of day care for children at the age of three or older.

  B) Early day care can delay the occurrence of mental illness in children.

  C) The first three years of one's life is extremely important to the later development of personality.

  D) Children under three get used to the life at nursery schools more readily than children over three.

  2. Which of the following is derivable from Bowlby's work?

  A) mothers should not send their children to day care centers until they are three years or older.

  B) Day care nurseries have positive effects on a child's development.

  C) A child sent to a day care center before the age of three may have emotional problems in later life.

  D) Day care would not be so popular if it has noticeable effects on a child's personality.

  3. It is suggested that modern societies differ from traditional societies in that

  A) the parents-child relationship is more exclusive in modern societies.

  B) a child more often grows up with his/her brothers or sisters in traditional societies.

  C) mother brings up children with the help of her husband in traditional societies.

  D) children in modern societies are more likely to develop mental illness in later years.

  4. Which of the following statements is NOT an argument against Bowlby's theory?

  A) many studies show that day care has a positive effect on children's development.

  B) Day care is safe, otherwise there wouldn't be so many nursery schools.

  C) Separation from parent for very young children is common in some traditional societies.

  D) Parents find the immediate effects of early day care difficult to deal with.

  5. Which of the following best expresses the writer's attitude towards early day care?

  A) Children under three should stay with heir parents.

  B) Early day care has positive effects on children's development.

  C) The issue is controversial and its settlement calls for the use of statistics.

  D) The effects of early day care on children are exaggerated and parents should ignore the issue.

  Keys:CAADC

  PASSAGE 23

  Questioned Educational Function of TV

  Children learn almost nothing from television, and the more they watch the less they remember. They regard television purely as entertainment, resent programs that demand on them and are surprised that anybody should take the medium seriously. Far from being over-excited by programs, they are mildly bored with the whole thing. These are the main conclusions from a new study of children and television. The author- Cardiac Cullingford confirms that the modern child is a dedicated viewer. The study suggests that there is little point in the later hours. More than a third of the children regularly watch their favorite programs after 9 p.m. all 11-year-olds have watched programs after midnight.

  Apart from the obvious waste of time involved, it seems that all this viewing has little effect. Children don't pay close attention, says Cullingford, and they can recall few details. They can remember exactly which programs they have seen but they can rarely explain the elements of a particular plot. Recall was in "reverse proportion to the amount they had watched". It is precisely because television, unlike a teacher, demands so little attention and response that children like it, argues Cullingford. Programs seeking to put over serious messages are strongly disliked. So are people who frequently talk on screen. What children like most, and remember best, are the advertisements. They see them as short programs in their own right and particularly enjoy humorous presentation. But again, they react strongly against high-pressure advertisements that attempt openly to influence them.

  On the other hand, they are not emotionally involved in the programs. If they admire the stars, it is because the actors lead glamorous lives and earn a lot of money, not because of their fictional skills with fast cars and shooting villains. They are perfectly clear about the functions of advertisements; by the age of 12, only one in 10 children believes what even favorite ads say about the product. And says Cullingford, educational television is probably least successful of all in imparting attitudes or information.

  练习:

  1. The study of children and television shows that

  A) it is useless for television companies to delay adult viewing to the later hours.

  B) It is a waste of time for children to watch adult programs on TV.

  C) Children should not watch television programs late into the night.

  D) Children are supposed to learn a lot from television programs.

  2. "Recall was in reverse proportion to the amount they had watched" (in Paragraph 2) has almost the same meaning as

  A) "the more they watch the less they remember".(in Paragraph 1)

  B) "Programs seeking to put over serious messages are strongly disliked". (in Paragraph 2)

  C) "They see them as short programs in their own right".(in Paragraph 2)

  D) "educational television is probably least successful of all in imparting attitudes or information".(in Paragraph 3)

  3. Which of the following is NOT true according to the new study of children and television?

  A) Some children stay up late to watch the programs they like

  B) Children enjoy watching challenging programs.

  C) Children don't like serious messages and high-pressured ads.

  D) Though children like watching ads, most of them don't believe what ads say about the product.

  4. Cullingford concludes that

  A) children are excited when they watch TV.

  B) Watching TV has little real effect on children.

  C) Parents should spend less time watching TV.

  D) Parents should be worried about the effect of TV on children.

  5. Whom would the result of the new study upset?

  A) the advertisers.

  B) The children viewers.

  C) The movie stars.

  D) The educators.

  答案:AABBD

相关资讯:
网站导航:
 四六级 指南 动态 经验 试题 资料  托福 指南 动态 考情 经验 复习
 雅思 指南 动态 机经 备考 留学  公共英语 指南 动态 备考 试题 辅导
 日语 指南 资讯 辅导 留学 考试  法语 发音 词汇 语法 听说 阅读
 韩语 入门 口语 阅读 留学 文化  西语 口语 词汇 阅读 留学 风采

网校介绍

更多>>
a>

外语教育网(www.for68.com)是北京东大正保科技有限公司(CDEL)旗下一家大型外语远程教育网站,正保科技成立于2005年7月,是国内超大型外语远程教育基地,上榜“北京优质教育资源榜”--“百万读者推崇的网络教育机构”。


公司凭借雄厚的师资力量、先进的网络视频多媒体课件技术、严谨细致的教学作风、灵活多样的教学方式,为学员提供完整、优化的外语课程,既打破了传统面授的诸多限制,发挥了网络教育的优势,也兼顾面授的答疑与互动特点,为我国培养了大量优秀的外语人才。


为了满足学员学习不同语种、不同阶段的学习需求,网站开设了包括考试英语、行业英语、实用口语以及小语种在内的百余门语言学习课程,涵盖英语、日语、韩语、俄语、德语、法语、西班牙语、意大利语、阿拉伯语等主要语种,供学员自由选择。此外,网站还拥有各类外语专业信息和考试信息20余万条,是广大学员了解外语类考试最新政策、动态及参加各语种培训的优质网站。


北京东大正保科技有限公司成立于2000年,是一家具备网络教育资质、经教育部批准开展远程教育的专业公司,为北京市高新技术企业、中国十大教育集团、联合国教科文组织技术与职业教育培训在中国的唯一试点项目。


公司下属13家行业远程教育网站,业务涵盖了会计、法律、医学、建设、自考、成考、考研、中小学、外语、信息技术、汉语言教学等诸多领域,拥有办公面积8000多平米,员工近千人,公司年招生规模达270万人。由于正保远程教育(China Distance Education Holdings Ltd., CDEL)在中国互联网远程教育行业内的绝对优势和强大影响力,正保教育模式一直被广大投资人所追捧。2008年7月30日,公司在美国纽约证券交易所正式挂牌上市(股票交易代码:DL),是2008年唯一一家在美国纽交所上市的专业从事互联网远程教育的中国企业。


精彩推荐

版权声明
   1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。
  本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、本网站欢迎积极投稿
  4、联系方式:
编辑信箱:for68@chinaacc.com
电话:010-82319999-2371