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应试写作学与练:评论篇

2006-02-09 00:00

  评论型议论文也成为开放型议论文,因为文章只是客观的分析和评论某一事物的正反两方面,或在某一问题 上反映出来的两种不同看法,并不下结论说这个事物对或不对,这个看法正确或错误。这种作文形式尤其适用于评论电视、电脑、小汽车、安乐死等这类很难绝对说 好或不好的主题。此类作文的基本结构如下:

  Paragraph 1

  S(1) Topic: the issue to be commented

  S(2) Thesis: different attitudes towards it.

  Paragraph 2

  S(3) Its advantages or one side's opinion

  S(4) Details

  S(5) Transition

  S(6) Its disadvantages or the other side's opinion

  S(7) Details

  Paragraph 3

  S(8) The balanced view

  第一段S(1)引出要评论的事物或观点。S(2) 是简单扼要的提一下在这个问题上人们的两种不同看法,第二段S(3), S(4) 是一种看法,如赞成的观点或事物的优点。S(5) 使承上启下的过渡句, 引出下面另一种看法。S(6)S(7) 就是反对的观点或事物的缺点。 第三段则是平衡这两种看法,谈谈作者的观点。

  评论型作文的句型如下:

  1.The answers to these questions often vary from person to person.

  2.Attitudes towards the problem usually differ sharply/widely.

  3.Whether it has more advantages or vice versa , one thing is certain:……..

  4.There is no doubt/ denying that………

  5.It certainly offer people greater opportunity to ……..

  6.Despite/For all the advantages, it also brings its own problems…….

  7.A good case in point / example is……….

  8.As opposed/ contrary to widely/ commonly/ generally held/accepted ideas, I argue……

  9.They may be right about….., but they seem to fail to mention / take into account……

  10.What these people fail to understand is that ……..

  11.Take….for example,

  12.Suppose that…….

  本期作文题目:The Development of a Private Car

  Directions: For this part you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic The Development of a Private Car. You should write no less than 150 words and base your composition on the outline(given in Chinese) below:

  1.小汽车开始进入中国普通家庭。

  2.小汽车带来的方便和舒适。

  3.小汽车带来的交通和污染问题。

  4.我的看法。

  范文:

  With the increase in the general standard of living, some ordinary Chinese families begin to afford a car. Yet opinions of the development of a private car vary from person to person.

  Some claim that there are many advantages in possessing a car. It gives a much greater degree of comfort and mobility. The owner of a car is no longer forced to rely on public transport, and buses or taxies. With a car he can go where he likes and when he wants, so much so that he can enjoy his leisure to the full by making trips to the country or seaside on the weekends, instead of being confined to his immediate neighborhood.

  However, others strongly object to developing private cars. They maintain that as more and more cars are produced and run in the street, a large volume of poisonous gas will be given off, polluting the atmosphere and causing actual harm to the health of people. In fact, private cars contribute to traffic congestion so greatly that advantages gained in comfort and freedom are often cancelled out by the frustration caused by traffic jams.

  Whether private cars should be developed in China is a difficult question to answer. Yet the desire for the comfort and independence a private car can bring won't be eliminated.

  ----------

  评论篇-2 作文题目: Should Euthanasia Be Legalized?

  Directions: For this part you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Should Euthanasia Be Legalized? You should write no less than 150 words and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

  1.有的人赞成实行安乐死

  2.有的人反对安乐死合法化

  3.我的看法。

  范文:

  Euthanasia, a quiet and easy death, or "mercy killing" as we call it recently has made the headlines frequently. Many people applaud it and argue that euthanasia should be legalized.

  As is pointed out, to practise euthanasia can benefit both the patient and his family. To a terminally ill person who is suffering excruciating pains day and night or living "like a vegetable", to be allowed to end his life painlessly is a good release. To his family it is also a big relief considering the financial and emotional drain on them that having to sustain his life entails. However, the legalization of euthanasia may also bring with it problems our society has not previously faced. Is it humane, for example, that a terminally ill patient is thus caused to feel guilty for remaining alive because he does not want to die? Is it wise that a patient is killed alive simply because of a mistaken terminal diagnosis? And is it possible that euthanasia could be taken advantage of for some ulterior or even criminal purposes?

  Since the legalization of euthanasia will raise serious moral and social issues, the decision our society makes about euthanasia will undoubtedly have tremendous consequences in society.

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