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[美国]Preparing for examinations

2006-02-08 00:00

  Examinations occupy an important place in college. Two major reasons for examinations are: 1) to give you an indication of the quality of work you are doing; 2) to give the teacher something in written form to evaluate his / her work.

  Examinations will not only cover the material from the textbook, but also the information from lectures as well. Notetaking, therefore, is essential. Notes taken in class and on the readings should give you main points without having to go over hundreds of pages for a second time.

  Most courses require at least one examination. Professors usually inform their classes about the type of exam the will give. There are two basic forms of examinations: an essay exam and an objective test. An essay exam often consists of questions to which a long answer or essay must be written, while an objective test can come in different forms, i.e., true0false, completion, or multiple choice. The objective test may seem easier since it involves recognition of facts rather than selective application of knowledge, but students who score well on one kind usually do equally well on the other.

  A useful American saying to remember when taking an essay exam is that "quality, not quantity" matters. In other words, a well-organized knowledgeable essay will earn a better grade than an essay in which everything that relates to the subject has been written without ever really answering the question. When preparing for an objective exam, it is more useful to study facts and statements than it is to develop ideas and theories.

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