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考研复试英语口语题型举例及技巧

2006-2-14 15:19  

  复试中的口试要求

  从以下三个方面进行评价:

  1、语言准确性(语法和用词的准确性、语法结构的复杂性、词汇的丰富程度、发音的准确性)

  2、话语的长短和连贯性(内容的连贯性、寻找合适词语而造成的停顿频率及长短、表达思想的语言长短等)

  3、语言的灵活性和适合性(语言表达是否灵活、自然,话语是否得体,语言能否与语境、动能和目的相适应) 评价成绩为:a优秀——能用外语就指定的话题进行口头交流,基本没有困难

  b良好——能用外语就指定的题材进行口头交流,虽有些困难,但不影响交流

  c及格——能用外语就指定的话题进行简单的口头交流

  d不及格——不具有口头表达能力

  口试内容与结构

  分为两部分,有两名教师参加口试工作,一名教师主持口试,随时与考生交谈并评分;另一名教师专事评分,不参与交谈。两名口试教师所给的分数各占口试成绩的50%。

  第一部分:考查学生理解并回答有关日常生活、家庭、工作、学习等问题的能力(3分)。

  第二部分:考查学生连续表达的能力。考生从所给你的问题中选择一个话题,就此话题表达自己的看法(3分钟)。口试用材料(部分,仅供参考)

  part a

  interlocutor(问话者):

------good morning. my name is ……,and this is my colleague…..he is just going to listening to us .are your name is…..?
------first of all, we'd like to know sth. about you, so i'm going to ask some questions about yourself.

  (从以下各项问题中选择几个适当的问题提问考生)

------hometown

  where are you from?

  how long have you lived there?

  how do you like it? why?

  do you live near here? where about?

  what do you think are the good points about living in this city?

------family

  could you tell us sth. about you family?

  what does your family usually do for the weekend?

  what do you think about living together with your parents?

------leisure

  do you have any hobbies?

  how did you become interested in the hobbies?

------study/work

  why do you choose to study at our institute?

  why do you want to go to graduate school instead of finding a job?

  what are your favorite subjects?

  what kind of job did you do?

  have you ever worked during the vacation?

  why do you want to go back to study instead of going on with your work?

  what qualifications are needed in order to do your job well?

  what did you enjoy most about your campus life?

------future plans

  what do you expect to achieve during your study if you are enrolled into this institute?

  do you think english is important for your future plans? in what aspects is it important?

  part b

  interlocutor(问话者):

------now I'd like you to talk about sth. for about 3 minutes.

  here is a list of topics(将一组话题或问题递给学生),pls read the topics and choose one from the list you like to talk about. you'll have 5 minutes to prepare for your talk.(5 分钟后)could you tell me what you want to talk about? all right, you'll have 3 minutes to give your talk. would you begin?(the interloculor may intervene only when necessary)

  topics/questions(只列举少部分话题,需要参看其余话题的同学请与我联系)

------give your comment on the statement that “a part-time job is an important experience that every college student should have.”
------use specific examples to set forth your views on the saying “haste makes waste”.
------describe one of your own experiences to demonstrate that “nothing ever becomes real till it is experienced”
------explain your understanding of the conventional belief that “age brings wisdom”
------what are the current problems of college education? how to resolve them?
------some people say there is no absolute truth because “truth” is defined by people and there is no objectivity whenever people are involved. does absolute truth exist or not ?why?

  对策

  1. 自我介绍(self-introduce)

  Good morning. I am glad to be here for this interview. First let me introduce

  myself. My name is ***, 24. I come from ******,the capital of *******Province. I graduated from the ******* department of *****University in July ,2001.In the past two years I have been prepareing for the postgraduate examination while I have been teaching *****in NO.****middle School and I was a head-teacher of a class in junior grade two.Now all my hard work has got a result since I have a chance to be interview by you .

  I am open-minded ,quick in thought and very fond of history.In my spare time,I have broad interests like many other youngers.I like reading books, especially those about *******.Frequently I exchange with other people by making comments in the forum on line.In addition ,during my college years,I was once a Net-bar technician.So, I have a comparative good command of network application.I am able to operate the computer well.I am skillful in searching for information in Internet.I am a football fan for years.Italian team is my favorite.Anyway,I feel great pity for our country's team.

  I always believe that one will easily lag behind unless he keeps on learning .Of course, if I am given a chance to study ****** in this famous University,I will stare no effort to master a good command of advance ******.

  2.考研原因 (reasons for my choice)

  There are several reasons.

  I have been deeply impressed by the academic atmosphere when I came here last summer. In my opinion, as one of the most famous ******in our country, it provide people with enough room to get further enrichment . This is the first reason.

  The second one is I am long for doing research in ******throughout my life. Its a pleasure to be with my favorite ******for lifetime. I suppose this is the most important factor in my decision.

  Thirdly, I learnt a lot from my *****job during the past two years. However, I think further study is still urgent for me to realize self-value. Life is precious. It is necessary to seize any chance for self-development, especially in this competitive modern world.

  In a word, I am looking forward to making a solid foundation for future profession after two years study here.

  3.研究生期间你的计划 (plans in the postgraduate study)

  First, I hope I can form systematic view of *****. As for ******, my express wish is to get a complete comprehension of the formation and development as well as **************. If possible, I will go on with my study for doctorate degree.

  In a word, I am looking forward to making a solid foundation for future profession after two years study here.

  (简单了一些,望高手补充)

  4 .介绍你的家乡(about hometown)

  I am from Fuzhou, a famous city with a long history over 2,200 years. It is called “Rong Cheng ” because there were lots of banians even 900 years ago. The city lies in the eastern part of the province. It is the center of politics, economy and culture. Many celebrities were born here, for instance, Yanfu, Xie Bingxin, Lin Zexu and so on . . You know, there is a saying that “The greatness of a man lends a glory to a place”. I think the city really deserves it. The top three artware are Shoushan Stone, cattle-horn combs and bodiless lacquerware. In addition, it is famous for the hot springs. Theyare known for high-quality. Visitors athome and abroad feel it comfortable bathing here.There is my beloved hometown.

  5.你的家庭(about family)

  There are four members in my family; my parents, my cute cat of 9 years old and

  me. My father is a technician in the Fujian TV station. He often goes out on b

  usiness. So most of the housework is done by my industrious mom. Climbing at weekends is our common interest. The fresh air and natural beauty can help us get rid of tiredness. They can strengthen our relation, too.During my prepareing for coming here,my parents'love and support have always been my power.and I hope in future I wil be able to repay them.

  6.你的大学(about university)

  **********University is the oldest one in the province. It was founded in *******and covers an area of over******* mu. The building area is ************square meters. It develops into a comprehensive university with efforts of generations, especially after the reform and opening up. It takes the lead among the *********universities with nice teaching and scientific research ability. The library has a storage of *******books. . Various research institutes are set up including 52 research centers. There are teaching research experimental bases. For example, the computer center, analyzing-test center, modern education technical center and so on.

  关于录取复试时的口试问题!

  口试去年一共分3部,总用时大概10分钟!

  1、自己准备一个introduction!要求脱稿说大约3分钟。

  2、念一篇短文,是到试场以后临时抽题,大约有3分钟的时间提前先看一遍,难度不大!

  3、抽题——回答问题。要先念一遍问题,然后回答!

  全程录音,有A、B、C、D、E五个分值!

  The sample of introduction:

  Good morning/afternoon,my dear teachers:

  my name is CC,23 years old,I graduated from XX University in 1999.I also have an English

  name.My English name is Stell,that means a star.I take stell as my English name because

  my Chinese nickname is BeiBei which means star in Chinese.

  I have many hobbies,I like music、chinese chess、sports、and I like English very much

  I improve my oral and listening ability by listen English songs and watch English

  movies.I passed CET6 this year.But I do think my English is not good enough,so I will do my

  best to study English.

  Thank you for your attention!

  其实你如果introduction写的不多就可以念慢一点!这样就可以保证时间了,而且建议一定要自己写,这样自己说出来比较自然,关键是pronunciation!相信每一个口语老师都是最注重这一点的!

  另外,我抽到的题是:if you are millionaire,how to spend the money!

  我考了两次口试,第一天是外语老师考的,她就是随便问,先都是最简单的东西,最后会有一个很难的问题,好象是关于时事的,让你发表自己的意见。第二天是我们所里的老师,让我用英语谈谈教育的观点!

  我当时口语考试是这样的,先是selfintroduction,然后抽题目演讲,我抽到的是,“交流能力对学术研究影响大吗?”,说完后,老师就随便问一些问题,主要是关于为什么报考我们学校,为什么选择这个专业如何等。

  Good morning:

  My name is XX, you can also call me Eason,I has such an english name just because the pronunciation of it is like my chinese name. I graduated from this university last year(如果你是考本校的,这一句很重要,一开场就表明自己的身份,我们考的时候,老师拿到的名单只有名字,没有资料,他又不认识你,于是你必须自己说明), and major in computer science, I liked computer very much, especially in multimedia technology, and wanted to make some achievement in this field, but when I finished my school, I realized that what I had learned was not enough for this target, I thought it would be great if I can continue my interest in that, so that was why I choose to further my study with a master degree.

  Well, in my spare time, I like soccer, pop music, and stamp, being a soccer fan, I always show my love to Manchester United and Ryan Giggs is my favorite.

  I also like English very much, and had passed Band six this year, but I do think it's still a long way to study it, so I wouldn't give up my English studying, and improve my oral and listening ability.

  So that's all, thank you.

  先是一段自我介绍。大约3分钟的时间.

  后面是专业翻译。老师拿了一本外文专业原著,然后选出来一段让翻译,简单的很。

  后面就没有什么了。中间老师都是用英语交流的。

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