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1997年1月大学英语四级试题

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  Listening Comprehension Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said .Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only nice. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A),B),C) and D), and decide which is the best answer, Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a line through the centre.

  Example: You will hear:

  You will read:

  A)At the office.

  B)In the waiting room.

  C)At the airport.

  D)In a restaurant.

  From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This is most likely to have place at the office. Therefore, A)"At the office is the best answer. You should choose [A] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre. Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]

  1.

  A) Look for a more expensive hotel.

  B) Go to another hotel by bus .

  C) Try to find a quiet place.

  D) Take a walk around the city.

  2.

  A) They're talking about nice children.

  B) The man has a house for sale.

  C) The woman lives in a nice house.

  D) The man has three children.

  3.

  A) In a hotel.

  B) At a dinner table.

  C) In the street.

  D) At the man's house.

  4.

  A) Relatives.

  B) Roommates.

  C) Colleagues.

  D) Neighbours.

  5.

  A) 5:00

  B) 5:15

  C) 5:30

  D) 5:45

  6.

  A) He wants to have more sleep.

  B) His wife doesn't sleep well.

  C) Women need more sleep than men.

  D) He doesn't need as much sleep as his wife.

  7.

  A) A student.

  B) A reporter.

  C) A visitor.

  D) A lecturer.

  8.

  A) To the school.

  B) To a friend's house

  C) To the post office.

  D) Home.

  9.

  A) He is afraid we won't be chosen for the trip.

  B) The boss has not decided where to go .

  C) Such a trip is necessary for the company.

  D) It's not certain whether the trip will take place.

  10.

  A) It was boring.

  B) It was entertaining.

  C) It was touching.

  D) It was encouraging.

  Listening Comprehension Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions. Will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  11. Why did the speaker go to a cafe?

  A) He wanted to find a place to read his papers.

  B) He wanted to kill time before boarding the plane.

  C) He felt thirsty and wanted some coffee.

  D) He went there to meet his friends.

  12. What was in the speaker's case?

  A) Toys for children.

  B) Important documents.

  C) Food and coffee.

  D) Clothes and scientific papers.

  13. What did the speaker find out on board the plane?

  A) The woman took his case on purpose.

  B) All his papers had been stolen.

  C) He had taken the woman's case.

  D) The woman played a joke on him.

  14. What is this passage mainly about?

  A) The liberation movement of British women.

  B) Rapid economic development in Britain.

  C) Changing attitudes to family life.

  D) Reasons for changes in family life in Britain.

  15. Why did British women become indispensable to industry after World War II?

  A) Because millions of men died in the war.

  B) Because women had proved their world.

  C) Because women were more skillful that men.

  D) Because factories preferred to employ women.

  16. What remained unchanged in spite of all the challenges to family life?

  A) The concept of "the family" as a social unit.

  B) The attitudes to birth control.

  C) The attitudes to religion.

  D) The ideas of authority and tradition.

  17. Who are likely to treat their only children as "special jewels"?

  A) Those who are themselves spoiled and self-centered.

  B) Those who expected to have several children but could only have one.

  C) Those who like to give expensive jewels to their children.

  D) Those who give birth to their only children when they are below 30.

  18. Why do some only children become "little adults"?

  A) Because their parents want them to share the family burden.

  B) Because their parents are too strict with them in their education.

  C) Because they have nobody to play with.

  D) Because their parents want them to grow up as fast as possible.

  19. What does the passage mainly discuss?

  A) Two types of only children.

  B) Parents' responsibilities

  C) The necessity of family planning

  D) The relationship between parents and children.

  20. Why do some only children feel unhappy?

  A) They have no sisters or brothers.

  B) They are overprotected by their parents.

  C) Their parents expect too much of them.

  D) Their parents often punish them for minor faults.

  Vocabulary and Structure

  Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked  A),B),C) and D) Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter  on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  21. Until then, his family _______ from him for six months.

  A) didnt hear

  B) hasnt been hearing

  C) hasnt heard

  D) hadnt heard

  22. The conference ________ a full week by the time it ends.

  A) must have lasted

  B) will have lasted

  C) would last

  D) has lasted

  23. Students or teachers can participate in excursions to lovely beaches around the island at regular _______.

  A) gaps

  B) rate

  C) length

  D) intervals

  24. Physics is _______ to the science which was called natural philosophy in history.

  A) alike

  B) equivalent

  C) likely

  D) uniform

  25. Theres a man at the reception desk who seems very angry and I think he means ______ trouble.

  A) making

  B) to make

  C) to have made

  D) having made

  26. After the Arab states won independence, great emphasis was laid on expanding education, with girls as well as boys _____ to go to school.

  A) to be encouraged

  B) been encouraged

  C) being encouraged

  D) be encouraged

  27. The new appointment of our president ________ from the very beginning of next semester.

  A) takes effect

  B) takes part

  C) takes place

  D) takes turns

  28. The president made a ______ speech at the opening ceremony of the sports meeting ,which encouraged the sportsmen greatly.

  A) from

  B) with

  C) to

  D) for

  29. It is useful to be able to predict the extent ______ which a price change will affect supply and demand.

  A) from

  B) with

  C) to

  D) for

  30. Finding a job in such a big company has always been _____ his wildest dreams.

  A) under

  B) over

  C) above

  D) beyond

  31. It is not easy to learn English well, but if you _____ ,you will succeed in the end.

  A) hang up

  B) hang about

  C) hang on

  D) hang onto

  32. It is reported that ______ adopted children want to know who their natural parents are.

  A) the most

  B) most of

  C) most

  D) the most of

  33. Last year the advertising rate ______ by 20 percent.

  A) raised

  B) aroused

  C) arose

  D) rose

  34. _____ before we depart the day after tomorrow, we should have a wonderful dinner party.

  A) Had they arrived

  B) Would they arrive

  C) Were they arriving

  D) Were they to arrive

  35. The strong storm did a lot of damage to the coastal villages: several fishing boats were ____and many houses collapsed.

  A) wrecked

  B) spoiled

  C) torn

  D) injured

  36. The little man was _______ one metre fifty high.

  A) almost more than

  B) hardly more than

  C) nearly more than

  D) as much as

  37. As ______ announced in todays papers. The Shanghai Export Commodities Fair is also open on Sundays.

  A) being

  B) is

  C) to be

  D) been

  38. You see the lightning _____ it happens , but you hear the thunder later.

  A) the instant

  B) for an instant

  C) on the instant

  D) in at instant

  39. The manager lost his ______ just because his secretary was ten minutes late.

  A) mood

  B) temper

  C) mind

  D) passion

  40. Great as Newton was , many of his ideas ______ today and are being modified by the work of scientists of our time.

  A) are to challenge

  B) may be challenged

  C) have been challenged

  D) are challenging

  41. Please the careful when you are drinking coffee in case you ______ the new carpet.

  A) crash

  B) pollute

  C) spot

  D) stain

  42. Id rather read than watch television ; the programs seem ________ all the time.

  A) to get worse

  B) to be getting worse

  C) to have got worse

  D) getting worse

  43. Convenievce foods which are already prepared for cooking are ______ in grocery stores.

  A) ready

  B) approachable

  C) probable

  D) available

  44. When I caught him ______ I stopped buying things there and started dealing with another shop.

  A) cheating

  B) cheat

  C) to cheat

  D) to be cheating

  45. It is important that enough money ______ to fund the project.

  A) be collected

  B) must be collected

  C) was collected

  D) can be collected

  46. Some old people dont like pop songs because they cant ____ so much noise.

  A) resist

  B) sustain

  C) tolerate

  D) undergo

  47. If only the committee ______ the regulations and put them into effect as soon as possible.

  A) approve

  B) will approve

  C) can approve

  D) would approve

  48. _____ one time, Manchester was the home of the most productive cotton mills in the world.

  A) On

  B) By

  C) At

  D) Of

  49. ______ it or not ,his discovery has created a stir in scientific circles.

  A) Believe

  B) To believe

  C) Believing

  D) Believed

  50. Mr. Morgan can be very sad ______ , though in public he is extremely cheerful.

  A) by himself

  B) in person

  C) in private

  D) as individual

  Reading Comprehension

  Directions: There are 4 reading passages in this part . Each passage is followed by some questions or  unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  Passage One

  Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage:

  Statuses are marvelous human inventions that enable us to get along with one another and to determine where  we "fit " in society. As we go about our everyday lives, we mentally attempy to place people in terms of their statuses. For example, we must judge whether the person in the library is a reader or a librarian ,whether the telephone caller is a friend or a salesman ,whether the unfamiliar person on our property is a thief or a meter reader , and so on .   The statuses we assume often vary with the people we encounter, and change throughout lift. Most of us can , at very high speed , assume the statuses that various situations require. Much of social interaction consists of identifying and selecting among appropriate statuses and allowing other people to assume their statuses in relation to us. This means that we fit our actions to those of other people based on a constant mental process of appraisal and interpretation. Although some of us find the task more difficult than others, most of us perform it rather effortlessly……   A status has been compared to ready-made clothes. Within certain limits, the buyer can choose style and fabric. But an American is not free to choose the costume of a Chinese peasant or that of a Hindu prince. We must choose from among the clothing presented by our society. Furthermore, our choice is limited to a size that will fit, as well as by our pocketbook Having made a choice within these limits we can have certain alterations made, but apart from minor abjustments , we tend to be limited to what the stores have on their racks. Statuses too come ready made, and the range of choice among them is limited.

  51. In the first paragraph, the writer tells us that statuses can help us ______.

  A) determine whether a person is fit for a certain job

  B) behave appropriately in relation to other people

  C) protect ourselves in unfamiliar situations

  D) make friends with other people

  52. According to the writer, people often assume different statuses _____.

  A) in order to identify themselves with others

  B) in order to better identify others

  C) as their mental processes change

  D) as the situation changes

  53. The word "appraisal "(Line5, Para.2) most probably means "_______".

  A) involvement

  B) appreciation

  C) assessment

  D) presentation

  54. In the last sentence of the second paragraph, the pronoun "it "refers to "_____ ".

  A) fitting our actions to those of other people appropriately

  B) identification of other peoples statuses

  C) selecting ones own statuses

  D) constant mental process

  55. By saying that "an American is not free to choose the costume of a Chinese peasant or that of a Hindu prince" (Lines 2-3, Para.3), the writer means ____.

  A) different people have different styles of clothes

  B) ready-made clothes may need alterations

  C) statuses come ready made just like clothes

  D) our choice of statuses is limited

  Passage Two

  Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage:

  Many a young person tells me he wants to be a writer. I always encourage such people, but I also explain that theres a big difference between "being a writer" and writing. In most cases these individuals are dreaming of wealth and fame, not the long hours alone at a typewriter. "Youve got to want to write, " I say to them, "not want to be a writer".   The reality is that writing is a lonely, private and poor-paying affair. For every writer kissed by fortune there are thousands more whose longing is never rewarded. When I left a 20-year career in the U.S. Coat Guard to become a freelance writer , I dad no prospects at all . What I did have was a friend who found me my room in a New York apartment building. It didnt even matter that it was cold and had no bathroom. I immediately bought a used manual typewriter and felt like a genuine writer.   After a year or so, however, I still hadnt gotten a break and began to doubt myself. It was so hard to sell a story that barely made enough to eat. But I knew I wanted to write, I had dreamed about it for years . I wasnt going to be one of those people who die wondering, What if? I would keep putting my dream to the test-even though it meant living with uncertainty and fear of failure. This is the Shadowland of hope, and anyone with a dream must learn to live there.

  56. The passage is meant to ______.

  A) warn young people of the hardships that a successful writer has to experience

  B) advise young people to give up their idea of becoming a professional writer

  C) show young people its unrealistic for a writer to pursue wealth and fame

  D) encourage young people to pursue a writing career

  57. What can be concluded from the passage?

  A) Genuine writers often find their work interesting and rewarding.

  B) A writers success depends on luck rather than on effort.

  C) Famous writers usually live in poverty and isolation.

  D) The chances for a writer to become successful are small.

  58. Why did the author begin to doubt himself after the first year of his writing career?

  A) He wasnt able to produce a single book.

  B) He hadnt seen a change for the better.

  C) He wasnt able to have a rest for a whole year.

  D) who are full of imagination even upon death.

  59. "……people who die wondering, What if?"(Line3, Para.3) refers to "those ______".

  A) who think too much of the dark side of life

  B) who regret giving up their career halfway

  C) who think a lot without making a decision

  D) who are full of imagination even upon death

  60. "Shadowland" in the last sentence refers to ________.

  A) the wonderland one often dreams about

  B) the bright future that one is looking forward to

  C) the state of uncertainty before ones final goal is reached

  D) a world that exists only in ones imagination

  Passage Three

  Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage:

  It is , everyone agrees, a huge task that the child performs when he learns to speak, and the fact that he does so in so short a period of time challenges explanation.   Language learning begins with listening. Individual children vary greatly in the amount of listening they do before they start speaking, and late starters are often long listeners. Most children will "obey" spoken instructions some time before they can speak, though the word obey is hardly accurate as a description of the eager and delighted cooperation usually shown by the child. Before they can speak, many children will also ask questions by gesture and by making questioning noises.   Any attempt to trace the development from the noises babies make to their first spoken words leads to considerable difficulties. It is agreed that they enjoy making noises, and that during the first few months one or two noises sort themselves out as particularly indicative of delight, distress, sociability, and so on . But since these cannot be said to show the babys intention to communicate, they can hardly be regarded as early forms of language. It is agreed, too, that from about three months they play with sounds for enjoyment, and that by six months they are able to add new sounds to their repertoire This self-imitation leads on to deliberate imitation of sounds made or words spoken to them by other people. The problem then arises as to the point at which one can say that these imitations can be considered as speech.

  61. By "……challenges explanation" (Line 2, Para.1) the author means that ______.

  A) no explanation is necessary for such an obvious phenomenon

  B) no explanation has been made up to now

  C) its no easy job to provide an adequate explanation

  D) its high time that an explanation was provided

  62. The third paragraph is mainly about _________

  A) the development of babies early forms of language

  B) the difficulties of babies in learning to speak

  C) babies strong desire to communicate

  D) babies intention to communicate

  63. The authors purpose in writing the second paragraph is to show that children _______.

  A) usually obey without asking questions

  B) are passive the process of learning to speak

  C) are born cooperative

  D) learn to speak by listening

  64. From the passage we learn that _______-

  A) early starters can learn to speak within only six months

  B) children show a strong desire to communicate by making noises

  C) imitation plays an important role in learning to speak

  D) children have various difficulties in learning to speak

  65. The best title for this passage would be _______.

  A) How Babies Learn to Speak

  B) Early Forms of Language

  C) A Huge Task for Children

  D) Noise Making and Language Learning

  Passage Four

  Questions 66 to 70 are based on the following passage:

  Psychologists take opposing views of how external rewards, from warm praise to cold cash, affect motivation and creativity. Behaviorists, who study there relation between actions and their consequences, argue that rewards can improve performance at work and school. Cognitive researchers, who study various aspects of mental life, maintain that rewards often destroy creativity by encouraging dependence on approval and gifts from others.   The latter view has gained many supporters, especially among educators. But the careful use of small monetary rewards sparks creativity in grade-school children, suggesting that properly presented inducements indeed aid inventiveness, according to a study in the June Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.   "If kids know theyre working for a reward and can focus on a relatively challenging task, they show the most creativity," say Robert Eisenberger of the University of Delaware in Newark. "But its easy to kill creativity by giving rewards for poor performance or creating too much anticipation for rewards."   A teacher who continually draws attention to rewards or who hands out high grades for ordinary achievement ends up with uninspired students, Eisenberger holds. As an example of the latter point, he notes growing efforts at major universities to tighten grading standards and restore failing grades.   In earlier grades, the use of so-called token economies, in which students handle challenging problems and receive performance-based points toward valued rewards, shows promise in raising effort and creativity, the Delaware psychologist claims.

  66. Psychologists are divided with regard to their attitudes toward ______.

  A) the choice between spiritual encouragement and monetary rewards

  B) the amount of monetary rewards for student creativity

  C) the study of relationship between actions and their consequences

  D) the effects of external rewards on students performance

  67. What is the response of many educators the external rewards for their students?

  A) They have no doubts about them.

  B) They have doubts about them.

  C) They approve of them.

  D) They avoid talking about them.

  68. Which of the following can best raise students creativity according to Robert Eisenberger?

  A) Assigning them tasks they have not dealt with before.

  B) Assigning them tasks which require inventiveness.

  C) Giving them rewards they really deserve.

  D) Giving them rewards they anticipate.

  69. It can be inferred from the passage that major universities are trying to tighten their grading standards because they believe _______.

  A) rewarding poor performance may kill the creativity of students

  B) punishment is more effective than rewarding

  C) failing uninspired students helps improve their overall academic standards

  D) discouraging the students anticipation for easy rewards is a matter of urgency

  70. The phrase "token economies"(Line 1, Para. 5)probably refers to ______.

  A) ways to develop economy

  B) systems of rewarding students

  C) approaches to solving problems

  D) methods of improving performance

  Short Answer Questions

  Directions: In this part, there is a short passage with five questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words.

  In Britain, the old Road Traffic Act restricted speeds to 2 m.p.h. (miles per hour) in towns and 4 m.p.h. in the country. Later Parliament increased the speed limit to 14 m.p.h. But by 1903 the development of the car industry had made it necessary to raise the limit to 20 m.p.h.By 1930, however, the law was so widely ignored that speeding restrictions were done away with altogether. For five years motorists were free to drive at whatever speeds they liked. Then in 1935 the Road Traffic Act imposed a 30 m.p.h. speed limit in built-up areas, along with the introduction of driving tests and pedestrian crossing. Speeding is now the most common motoring offence in Britain. Offences for speeding fall into three classes: exceeding the limit on a restricted road, exceeding on any road the limit for the vehicle you are driving, and exceeding the 70 m.p.h. limit on any road. A restricted road is one where the street lamps are 200 yards apart, or more. The main controversy (争论) surrounding speeding laws is the extent of their safety value. The Ministry of Transport maintains that speed limits reduce accidents. It claims that when the 30 m.p.h. limit was introduced in 1935 there was a fall of 15 percent in fatal accidents. Likewise, when the 40 m.p.h. speed limit was imposed on a number of roads in London in the late fifties, there was a 28 percent reduction in serious accidents. There were also fewer casualties (伤亡) in the year after the 70 m.p.h. motorway limit was imposed in 1966. In America, however, it is thought that the reduced accident figures are due rather to the increase in traffic density. This is why it has even been suggested that the present speed limits should be done away with completely, or that a guide should be given to inexperienced drivers and the speed limits made advisory, as is done in parts of the USA.

  71. During which period could British motorists drive without speed limits?

  72. What measures were adopted in 1935 in addition to the speeding restrictions?

  73. Speeding is a motoring offence a driver commits when he ______.

  74. What is the opinion of British authorities concerning speeding laws?

  75. What reason do Americans give for the reduction in traffic accidents?

  Writing

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Practice Makes Perfect. You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (givenin Chinese) below.

  1. 怎样理解"熟能生巧"?

  2. 例如:在英语学习中…

  3. 又如… Practice Makes Perfect

  [答案]

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