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英语专业考研语言学试题集锦

2006-2-8 15:15  

  语言学的资料很少,看完书后想找些习题或往年试题做做,可以起到练兵,巩固所看书本知识的作用。我收集了一些高校语言学的往年试题供大家参考,讨论,交流一下做题的感受,也希望大家可以把自己所考学校的往年试题发表在上面,给大家一起讨论。

  1 One of the main features of our human language is arbitrariness .Can you briefly explain what is this feature refers to ? Give examples if necessary(10 points). <北师大2003年试题)

  2 In english we can describe a story as "a successful story" or "a success story ".Do you think they mean the same ? Please explain and give your reasons(10 points) ,<同上》

  3 Expain the following terms ,giving examples where necessary.(50 points) <中山2003》 design feature macrolinguistics vowel minimal pair folk etymology aspect  anopho r error analysisr metaphor

  4 Language can change through blending ,metanalysis ,back-formation, analogical creation and borrowing.Give two english words for each of them (5 points) 清华2000年试题

  5 Answer the following question briefly.clearly,grammatically and correctly.(10 Points ) 湖南师大2003年

  What is it wrong to assume that the meaning of a sentence is the sum of the meaning of the words which compose it ?

  7 Define the following terms.(10 points) 中国海洋大学1999

  Phoneme ,consonant,morpheme,lexicon,syntax,endocentric construction,semantics,hyponymy ,language ,design feature

  8 Define the following terms .(20 points) 苏州大学1997 allophone morpheme assimilation internal authority interlanguage phatic communion

  closed-class word government semantica triangic lingua franca

  What is the main grammatical difference between a sentence and a clause ? 同上

  6 Translate into chinese and exemplify each of the following.(10 points )

  Example : dialectal synonyms

  Answer , 方言同义词, Fall and autumn are dialectal synonyms .

  homography  homophony  gradable opposites endocentric constuction

  exocentric construction

  9 大连外国语学院1992年语言学全部试题 100 POINTS

  List the six important characteristics of human language .

  What are the types of morphemes ?

  Illustrate the deep and surface structures .

  What do u know about the semantic features ?

  How does language change ?

  10 Words in our mental lexicon are known to be related to one another .Discuss the relationships between words ,using examples from the english language .(15 points ) 北外2003年试题

  11 What do you think are the similarities and dissimilarities between learning a first and a second language? ( 30 points) 同上

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