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北京第二外国语学院1999年英语考研试题

2006-2-8 15:15  

  I. Choose from the five words or phrases given after the following sentences the one which most appropriately completes that sentence.

  1.The Minister accuesed the farmers of the potato shortage in order to force prices up.

  A. depleting B. expecting C. exploiting D. misapplying E. misappropriating

  2.The stories about his wealth are quite; he is not particularly well off

  A. unproveked B. incredulous C. unfounded D. irrational E. undeserving

  3.I don't really know how to the problem.

  A. tackle b. cope C set in D draw E efface

  4. Don't forget to well. it's very cold outside.

  A. dress up B wrap up C huddle up Dclose up E roll up

  5.The overcrowded living conditiobns a heavy strain on the family.

  A. set B put C forced D pressed E drew

  6.The wind has now from south to west.

  A. ranged B veered C whirled D exchanged E transferred

  7. The man crept noiselessly up the stairs, but on the landing the floorboards.

  A. cracked B crunched C moaned D creaked E groaned

  8. He had deceived a great many people but she him at once.

  A. saw into B asw round C saw through D looked through E looked into

  9. Since 1945 the rivalry in military strength ebtween the world's great powers has produced a balanced peace.

  A. presently B precociously C previously D deviosly E precariously

  10. The team's couch insisted on a program of training before the big match.

  A. hars B. rigorous C. positive D. severe E. searching

  11.I tried to a hint but you didn't notice

  A. nod B. drop C. suggest D. let E. warn

  12. The human voice often sounds on the telephone.

  A. twisted B. irregular C. distored D. reformed E. deformed

  13.What you say is true,but you could have it more tactfully.

  A. talded B. phrased C. ohzerved D. informed E. remarked

  14.The police are the suburbs for the missing car.

  A.seeking B. combing C.looking D. socking E. investigating

  15.The climbers their greatest ambition by reaching the summit of the mountain.

  A. obtained B. sustained C. maintained D. retained E. realized

  16.Despite the Swiss watchmakers' predictions, micro-chip watches have not turned out to be.

  A. a stab in the back B. a mine days' wonder C. a shot in the dark D. a port in a storm

  E. a storm in a teacup

  17.Councilor A brahams a resolution in favor of accepting the offer

  A. moved B. proposed C. put D. made E. took

  18.The motion was carried,with only protest from the opposition.

  A.an enthusiastc B. a tender C.an encouraging D. a slack E. a feeble

  19. The policy was directed towards unemployment

  A.sparing B. declining C.shrinking D. relieving E. battering

  20.The manifest to is a for the town's future.

  A. white paper B. green belt C. blue film D. gree lilgt E. Bluprint

  II. Indicate, by a symbol a, b or c, etc., thether the underlined verbs in the sentedces below express a, an activity, b. process that someone or something can undergo, c, a bodily sensation that someone experiences, d. a transitional event, e. a series of momentary acts, f. inert percaption or cognition, or g. a relationship.(5%)

  1.I think this meat has gone bad. 2. I can't walk any farther. My leg is hurting badly. 3. Does this rule apply to everyone who applies for this post?4.Tell me if it tastes too sweet. 5. I'm getting tired. Would you get me a chair?

  III.Make a compound word (with byphen if necessary )according to each defimition, using the word given as the first part of the compound(6%)

  1.beart a. sincere, deeply felt b. causing deep grief or distress c. suffering deeply from grief.

  2. Head a. forward motion, progres b. self- willed, obstinate c. place from which(e.g. porlice or army ) operations are controlled

  3.self a. selfish, never thinking of the interest of others b. obviously true, needing no proof c. convinced of one's own goodness

  4. stand a. unfriendly. distant in manner b. stoppage c. thing or person to be used or called on if necessary.

  IV.Explain the difference in the meaning or use of the words in italics in the pairs or groups of sentences.(4%)

  1. a. I'll teach you to play tennis. b. I'll teach you to steal my apples.

  2. a. He enjoyed a good education b. He enjoyed his lessons at school.

  3. a. After an exhausting search, they found the missing children. b. After an exhaustive search, they found the missing children.

  4. a. Undoubtedly, that is the best method to adopt. b. No doubt, that is the best method to adopt.

  V. Replace the words in italics by an adjective ending in –ible or –able, making any peccessary changes in word order(5)%

  1. Many people are easily influenced by flattery.(……to )

  2. Adolescents ofetn go through a phase when they are completely lackig in any sense of responsibility.

  3. A good ear for muances is absolutely necessary if one wishes to speak a foreign language perfectly.

  4. Being impatient is opposed in nature or character with being a good teacher.

  VI. Show the difference in meaning between the seitences in pairs, by explaiming(the relevant part of )each sentence.(4%)

  1.a. Why don't you try to hire a television set? b. Why don't you try hiring a television set?

  2.a. The shop will let me know when the goods are in stock b. The shop will let me know when the goods will be in stock

  3.a. She drinks tea with breakfast, as is customary in England. b. She drinks tea with breakfast, as it is customary in England.

  4.a. There was no reason for him to think such a thing. b. There was, for him,no reason for him thinking such a thing.

  VII.Combine each group of sentences to form one compex sentence. you may make any necessary changes in the disposition of material and in the wording, but must mot change the sense of the original. If there are any suggested skeleton structures in brackets, you may use them as possible approaches to the synthesis(8%)

  1.The English queue up for public trasport. They do so in an orderly way. Visitors from the continent are surprised at this. They innocently join the front of the queue. They do this when they first arrive in England. Angry glares are given them. They cannot understand this.(Visitors…at the…in which…, and they …when, on first …, they innocently…)

  2.The Pilgrim Fathers were a group of English Puritans, They first spent some years in exile in Holland. They did this to escape religious persecution, they later sailed to America in the Mayflower, They established a colony at Plymiuth in Massachusetts.

  3.A man may be pronounced guilty only by twelve of his fellow citivens. They must be left free to make their decision. They must be left to do so without influence from the judge. He may, however, direct them as to points of law. This is the jury system. It is an outstanding characteristic of British judicial procedurd(An outsanding…is …, under which a man…)

  4.No one was watching. The thief first made sure of. His climbed up a drainpipe. He climbed up to a window on the first floor. He succeeded in entering the house through the window. He was not observed.(Having first…, the thief…to a first-floor…, through which…unobserved.)

  VIII. Punctuate the following and capitalize some letters if necessary.(5%)

  1.A lawyer by training when forced by events to be a soldier he proved himself a great soldier

  2.Whatever he had to do he did well naturally

  3.For most of my life childhood boyhood and more we lived in the country

  4.He wants independence he wants color in his life he dreams of achievements mone of which seems possible in the village his reading and he is an avid reader seems bardly relevant to his actual life.

  5.Manuel Silva the oldest fisherman in Vera Cruz was photographed on the newspapers.

  IX. For each of the sentences below., write a new sentence as similar as possible in meaning to the original sentence, but using the word given in capital letters; this word must not be altered in any way.(15%)

  1.I have a strong preference for chidless tenants.

  RATHER

  2.He asked her whether she was agreeable to the change.

  ASSENT

  3.He didn't care about the area, but it was the price that was more significant.

  INDIFFERENT

  4. She stressed the importance of keeping the family together.

  EMPHASIS

  5.Seven hundred people occupy this tenement buiding.

  HOUSES

  6.The community centre is used for many different activities.

  TAKES

  7.Old buildings are sometimes requisitioned by the Council and renovated.

  TAKES

  8.Motorists are jamming the streets as they slow down to see the wall paintings.

  HOLD-UPS

  9.The pictures show the frustrations of urban society.

  PORTRAYED

  10.Old communities were broken up and dispersed to the suburbs, the protesters complain.

  DISPERSAL

  11.Rehousing drives did not always consider human nature.

  ACCOUNT

  12.The Council should have appreciated peoples' real needs.

  MIND

  13.The authorities discourage pubs.

  FROWN

  14.The difference between a Swedish housing eatate and a British one is the apparent lack of poverty.

  COUNTERPART

  15.Many people think that half the teenagers on the housing estate are heroin addicts.

  WIDELY

  X. Fill each of the numbered blanks in the following passage with one suitable word.(5%)

  Men live in society not (1)they are men, but because they are animals. The social way

  (2)life is a stage in the evolution of life prior (3)the appearance of the human race. (4)is distincitive about man is (5)he has developed social organisation far (6)than any other animal species, so that (7)is a giant step in complexity between the (8)elaborate non-human society and the most elementary society of men. Human society shares characteristice (9)aniaml societies: it is formed by (10)given population of individuals, all (11)to the same species, it shows an interpal as (12)tasks, (13)a hierarchical structure. Individuals interact as (14)of the same species, and possess

  (15)common language which (16)them apart from other species. The level of population

  (17 )perpetuated by (18)of biological reproduction and by constant struggle with (19)environment. Similarities like these become conspicuous when human social orgaisation is compared with (20)of other primates.

  XI. Idntify the figure(s) of speech used in each of the following sentences(3%)

  1.I see also the dull. drilled, docile, brutish masses of the Hun soldiery plodding on like a swarm of crawling locusts.(Winston S. Churchill)

  2.We are creating a nation once again vibrant, robust and alive. But there are many mountains yet to climb.(Ronald Reagan)

  3.Without the assistance of that Divine Being who ever attended him, I cannot succeed, With that assistance. I cannot fail(Abraham Lincoln)

  4.Shap words may occasionally be spoken by umguarded or ignorant tongues. (Edward John Phelps)

  XII.Read the following passage and then complete each statement by choosingA, B,C or D.(10%)

  One of the most authoritative voices speaking to us today is of course the voice of the advertisers. Its strident clamour dominates our lives. It shouts at us form the television screen and the radio loudspeakers; waves to us from every page of the newspaper; plucks at our sleeves on the esclator; signals to us from the roadside billboards all day and flashes messages to us in coloured lights all night. It has forced on us a whole new concception of the successful man as a man no less than20% of whose mail consists of announcements of giant carpet sales.

  Advetising has been among England's biggest growth industries since the war, in terms of the ratio of money earnings to demonstrable achievement. Why all this fantastic expenditure?

  Perhaps the answer is that advetising saves the manufacturers from having to think about the customer. At the stage of desiging and developing a product, there is quite enough to think about without worring over whether anybody will want to buy is. The designer is busy enough without adding customer-appeal to all his other problens of man –hours and machine tolerances and stress factors.So they just go ahead and make the thing and leave it to the advertiser to find eleven ways of making it appeal to purchasers after they have finished it, by pretending that it confers status, or attracts love, or signifies manliness. If the advertising a gency can do this authoritatively enough, the manufacturer is in clover.

  Other manufacturers find advertising saves them changing their product. And manufacturers hate change. The ideal product is one which goes on unchanged for ever. If, therefore, for one reason or another, some alteration seems called for –how much better to change the image, the pachker or the pitch made by the product, rather than go to all the inconvenience of chaning the product itself.

  The advertising man has to combine. The great skill required of all, is the skill of getting people to believe in and contribute money to something which can never be logically proved. At the Bar, an essential ability is that of presenting the most persuasive case you can to a jury of ordinary people,wih emotioal appeals masquerading as logical exposition; a case you do not necessarily have to believe in Medicine, any doctor will confirm that a large part of his job is not clinial treatment but faith healing. His apparently scientific approach enables his patients to believe right, just as advertising does- “ Run down? You need…” “No one will dance with you ? Adab of *****will make you popular.”

  Advertising men use statistice rather like a drunk uses a lamp –post –for support rater than illumination. They will dress anyone up in a white coat to appear like an unimpeachable authority or, failing that, they will even be happy with the announcement, “As used by 90% of the actors who play doctors on television” Their engaging quality is that they enjoy having their latest ruses uncovered almost as much as anyone else.

  1.According to the passage modern advertising is “authoritative” because of the way it

  A. influences our image of the kind of person we ought to be liKe

  B. interferes with the privacy of home life.

  C. continually forces us into buying things.

  D. distracts us no matter where we travel.

  2.The forms of advertising mentioned in the first paragraph would have least impact

  A. in the rush hours

  B. during working hours.

  C. before working hours.

  D. after wouking hours.

  3.The form of advertising which has best succeeded in conferring personal status on the individual makes use of

  A. coloured lights all night.

  B. roadside billboards.

  C. the postal service

  D. the wall space beside escalators.

  4.Advertisers are appreciated by manufacturers because they

  A. advise them on ways of giving a product customer-appeal.

  B. accept responsibility for giving a product customer-appeal.

  C. advise them on the best time to go ahead with production

  D. consult them during the design and development stages.

  5.According to the passage customers are attracted to a product because it appears to

  A. have a sufficiently attractive design.

  B. offer good value for money.

  C. fulfil the manufacturer's claims.

  D. satisfy their personal needs.

  6.The passage tells us that some manufacturers, instead of changing their product, would prefer to change its

  A. production cost

  B. quality.

  C. market value

  D. appeal

  7.The advertising man is said to share with the Chruch, the bar, and Medicine, the ability to

  A. conivnce people of the truth.

  B. win people's confidence.

  C. accept people's prejudices.

  D. exploit people's fears.

  8.According to the text, doctors are most successful when they are

  A. authoriattive

  B. logical.

  C. emotional

  D. scientific.

  9.Advertising men dress people up in white coats because

  A. it makes their advertisements more conspicuous.

  B. it makes their advertisements more conspicing.

  C. the majority of Tvdoctors are dressed up in white coats.

  D. it makes the actors take the job seriously

  10. The advertisers' attitude is based on the hope that consumers

  A. know deep down what they really want.

  B. are interested in what is being designed

  C. are indifferent to what is being advertised.

  D. are uncritical and easily influenced.

  XIII. Read the following passage and then fulfill the requireaents which follow.

  Even the social scientist who is occupied with the study of what are called institutions must draw his ultimate data(with one important exceptioned below)from the experience of the senses. Suppose, for instance, that he is engaed on a study of the role of trade unions is contempoary England. The abstract conception ' trade union' is simply a shorthand for certain types of behavior by certain people, of which we can only be aware by sensory perception, It means men sitting in a room and making certain sounds in the conduct of a 'trade union meeting', or handing over to other persons tangible objects (money ) as their subscriptions to the union, Anyone who have in their turn heard or seen records of such observations made by others).Even such comments on a union meeting as that it was ' orderly' or ' peaceful' are fundamentally statements about its physical properties; an orderly meeting is presumably one in which people do not make noises by banging upon the table or speaking very loudly

  This dependence of social studies upon sense perception is certainly a wholesome reminder of the fundamental homogeneity of the original data of science. For knoledge of the external world, whether of things of people, we continually come back to our five sense in the end. Nevertheless, if a great mass of data relevant to social science is sensory, we have, I thinks, also to admit an important collection that is not –namely the whole body of primary mental or psychological experience, Perception of mental pleasure and pain appears to have the same universality as sensory experience. At all levels of culture, sensations of simple happiness and unhappiness are as general as are the experiences of seeing and hearing. It is of course true that no person can experience the feelings of anyone other than himself;but equally no one can see with another's eyes or hear with another's ears. The grounds for belidf in the sense experiences of other people and the grounds for belief our conviction that other people experience emotion from the fact that they say so, and fromanalogies between their behavior and our own: we derive our conviction hat they see and hear from exactly tha same evidence.

  The irresistibility of psychological experience is perhaps slightly more disputable. If one's eyes are open and one loods in certain quarter one cannot help seeing Is it equally true that one cannot help a feeling of pleasure or pain or shock or excitement? Essentially, I should asy that it is. But it is clear that primitive emotional reations can be inhibited:one can, for example contrive not to be deressed by an event Nevertheless, if we stand back from all philsophical niceties and ask ourselves whether psychological sensation ought to be omitted from the data of the social sciences on the ground that it is doubtfully ' primitive, there cannot, I think, be much doubt about the answer, We must conchude with Bertrand Russell ' that there is knowledge of private data, and there the similaritise or the differences, in this matter or the differences, in this matter or universality-plus-irresistibility, between psycholoical and sensory experience are the more impressive, we are surely bound to come down on the side of the similarities.Certainly social studies which consistently ignored human feelings would be worse than laughable.

  1.Explain:

  a. the logical relation between the first sentence of the passage and the rest of paragraph1

  b. the logical relation of paragraph 2to paragrph1.

  c. the lpgical relation of paragraph 3to paragrph1 and 2

  d. the type of prose this passage is classified as.

  2.outline this passage.

  3.Summarize it in about 200words.

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