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迎奥运:全民英语教程第9课

2006-04-07 14:41
  Unit 11 Making Suggestions 建议

Brief Introduction 简介

在语言交际中,为达到使别人做事的目的,可以使用直接命令的方式,也可以通过建议,劝告,说服,请求等间接的表达方式来完成同样的功能。由于各种社会文化规范对交际的约束及出于礼貌原则,间接表达方式是更好,更有效的方式。

Basic Expressions 基本句型表达】

Suggesting a course of action 建议做事

I suggest/propose/recommend you buy this dictionary.

我建议/推荐你买这本词典。

I advice you to give up smoking.

我建议你戒烟。

I recommend that you go on a diet.

我看你应该节食。

It might be a good idea to mail the letter first class.

一级邮递这封信倒是个好主意。

It might be a good idea to celebrate Christmas with friends.

与朋友共度圣诞节倒是个好主意。

I suppose we might buy a pretty gift for her birthday.

我想我们应该给她买一件精致小巧的生日礼物。

Have you ever thought of seeing a doctor?

你是否想过看医生?

If I were you, I would apply for a better-paying job.

如果我是你,我会申请一份薪水较高的工作。

You’d better leave it as it is.

你最好听其自然。

Why don’t you put an ad in our paper?

你为什么不在我们报上登个广告?

What about a picnic?

去野餐怎么样?

How about having a drink?

喝一杯怎么样?

If you want my advice, I don’t think you should go.

你要征求我的意见的话,我认为你不应该去。

If you don’t like it, I wish you would say so.

如果你不喜欢,我希望你就这么说。

My feeling is that you ought to stay home tonight.

我感觉你今天晚上应该呆在家里。

It’s none of my business, but I think you ought to work even harder.

这与我无关,但我认为你应该更加努力地工作。

I’ve always tried not to interfere in your affairs.

我总是尽量不干涉你的事情。

It’s only a suggestion, and you can do what you please.

这只是一个建议,你可以按自己的想法去做。

You’ll be in trouble if you’re not careful.

你要是不当心,会惹麻烦的。

Don’t ask for trouble.

别自找麻烦。

That’s how I see it.

我是这么认为的。

You’ve got to learn to control yourself.

你得学会自我控制。

Let’s go to a Sichuan Restaurant to have a big meal.

让我们去川菜馆大吃一顿吧。

Responding negatively 否定的回答

No, don’t bother.

不,不必费心了。

I’m afraid I don’t agree.

我恐怕不同意。

I’m against it.

我反对。

No, I don’t think so.

不,我不这么认为。

I don’t think it will do.

我认为不行。

I don’t think it is very practical.

我认为这很不实际。

No, really. I’m not in a mood for it.

真的不行,我现在没那个情绪。

I’d love to, but I must do my homework.

我很想这么做,但是我必须做我的家庭作业。

I can’t say I agree with you.

我不能说同意你的意见。

I couldn’t agree with you less.

我极不同意你的看法。

I don’t quite agree with you.

我不十分同意你的意见。

Responding positively 肯定的回答

I couldn’t agree more.

我非常同意。

You are right.

你是对的。

I think you are right.

我觉得你是对的。

I have no objections.

我没意见。

I think so too.

我也这样想。

That would be very nice.

那太好了。

That’s a fine idea.

真是个好主意。

That’s a good idea.

真是个好主意。

There is no doubt about it.

那是毫无疑问的。

I’d love to.

好的。

All right.

行。

Good.

好。

Asking for advice 寻求忠告

Could you give me some advice about my studies?

你能就我的学习提点建议吗?

Could you give me some advice about how to fill in the form?

你能就如何填这张表提点建议吗?

Would it be a good idea to go abroad for further study?

到国外深造是个好主意吗?

Would it be a good idea to go on a tour to Bangkok?

到曼谷旅游是个好主意吗?

Do you think it is worth applying for the credit card?

你认为申请信用卡值得吗?

Do you think I should buy the traveller’s check?

你认为我应该买旅行支票吗?

Conversations会话】

Dialogue 1

A: Don’t you think it might be a good idea to hold the party outside?

你不认为在室外举行聚会是个好主意吗?

B: I don’t think so.

我不这么认为。

A: How about going to a concert?

去听音乐会如何?

B: That suits me fine.

这对我正合适。

Dialogue 2

A: Do you think I should join the basketball team, Mary?

玛丽,你认为我应该参加篮球队吗?

B: Why not? If I were you, I certainly would.

为什么不呢?如果我是你,一定参加。

A: But I’m afraid it’ll take up too much of my time.

可是,这恐怕要占去我太多的时间。

B: As the saying goes: Work while you work, play while play. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy, you know?

俗话说:工作时工作,娱乐时娱乐。只工作不娱乐,聪明的孩子也会变得笨拙,你知道吗?

A: Hmm, you’re right.

嗯,你说得对。

Dialogue 3

A: Hello, Elizabeth. How are you?

你好,伊丽莎白。近来好吗?

B: Fine, thanks.

很好,谢谢。

A: Are you sure you’re all right? You look a bit worried today. Is anything wrong?

你肯定没事?你今天看上去有点着急,是不是出了什么事?

B: Well, yes, there is something wrong actually. Perhaps you can give me some advice.

嗯,的确出了点事,或许你能给我提些建议。

A: Of course, if I can.

当然,只要我能办到。

B: Well, last night when I returned from the theatre, I found that I’d lost my wallet.

嗯,昨晚我从剧院回来后,发现我的钱包丢了。

A: Oh dear! That’s terrible! What was in your wallet?

哎呀,那就太糟了!钱包里都有些什么?

B: Well, some money, of course, my visa, all my identity cards and some photos.

唉,当然有些钱,还有我的签证和所有证明身份的证件以及一些照片。

A: Well, if I were you, I’d go to the police station straight away and report it.

嗯,如果我是你,我就直接去公安局报案。

B: Yes, I’ve already done that, and they said they’d look for it. But we’re leaving soon and I need my visa and identity cards badly.

是啊,我已这样做了,他们说他们会找的。但是我们马上就要离开这里了,我急需签证和所有身份证明。

A: Oh dear! What a pity! Are you sure you lost the wallet in the theatre?

唉,真遗憾!你肯定是把钱包丢在剧院了吗?

B: Yes, quite sure.

是的,肯定如此。

A: I think you should put an advertisement in the China Daily, saying when and where you lost it.

我想你应该在《中国日报》上登则启事,说明遗失钱包的时间与地点。

B: But that takes too long.

不过那太费时间。

A: Wait a minute! My uncle lives in Beijing and he lives very close to the theatre. I’ll telephone him and ask him to go there to inquire about it. You’d better have breakfast now and I’ll meet you later.

等一下,我想起来了!我的叔叔就在北京,而且住的地方离剧院很近。我可以打电话给他请他去剧院打听一下。你现在最好去吃早饭,过一会我来找你。

B: Oh, thank you. I hope he finds it.

啊,谢谢。我希望他能找到。

Key Words and Notes 关键词和注释】

1. propose vt. 建议

2. recommend vt. 推荐

3. give up smoking 戒烟

4. go on a diet 节食

5. first class 一等,头等

6. celebrate v. 庆祝

7. suppose vt. 认为,猜想

8. see a doctor 看医生,看病

9. If I were you, I would … 意为“如果我是你,我将”,是虚拟语气。

10. apply for 申请

11. leave it as it is 听其自然

12. beforehand ad. 预先

13. ad = advertisement 广告

14. picnic n. 野餐

15. have a drink 喝一杯(酒,饮料等)

16. ought to 应该

17. It’s none of my business. 这与我无关。

18. interfere in 干涉,干预

19. bother v. 打扰

20. be against 反对

21. mood n. 心情,情绪

22. objection n. 异议

23. There is no doubt about it. 意为“那是毫无疑问的”,是常用句型。

24. fill in a form 填表

25. go abroad 出国

27. credit card 信用卡

28. check n. 支票

29. hold the party 举行聚会(宴会)

30. go to a concert 去音乐会

31. suit v. 适合

32. take up 占用

33. as the saying goes 俗话说

34. visa n. 签证

35. identity card 身份证

36. police station 警察局,公安局

37. What a pity! 意为“真遗憾!”,是常用的感叹句。

38. China Daily 中国日报

Alternative Exercises 替换练习】

1. I suggest you buy this dictionary.

propose you

recommend you

advice you to

我建议你买这本词典。

2. It might be a good idea to celebrate Christmas with friends.

to mail the letter first class

to ask the policeman for directions

to do some outdoor sports

if you got a part-time job

if you spent more time on study

和朋友一起庆祝圣诞节是个好主意。

按第一类邮件投递这封邮件

找警察问方向

做些户外运动

如果你有个兼职

如果你在学习上花更多时间

3. If I were you, I would accept the invitation.

drive slower

avoid quarrelling with him

如果我是你,我会接受这个邀请

慢一点驾驶

避免和他吵架

4. You’d better turn the light on.

change your plan

leave it as it is

你最好开灯

改变你的计划

顺其自然

5. How about a picnic?

a game of tennis

having a drink

去野餐怎么样?

来一局网球比赛

来一杯

6. Could you give me some advice about my studies?

how to fill in the form

你能给我的学习提点建议吗

怎样填表

  Unit 12 Asking for Help请求帮助

Brief Introduction 简介

我们每个人都有需要别人帮助的时候,除了在紧急情况下的呼救“Help!”,都要礼貌,委婉的向他人请求。当你预期别人会拒绝你的请求时,你更应该注意请求的形式以避免尴尬。当然,如果别人向你请求帮忙时,应该力所能及的提供帮助,别人也会对你感激在心,正如一句名言所说,“A friend in need is a friend indeed.(患难朋友才是真正的朋友。)”

Basic Expressions 基本句型表达】

Asking for help 请求帮助

Help!

救命!

Excuse me.

打扰一下。

I wonder if you could help me.

不知你可不可以帮助我。

Would you please open the door for me?

请你帮忙开个门好吗?

May I ask you a question?

我可以问个问题吗?

Please give me a hand.

请帮我个忙。

Would/Could you do me a favor?

能请你帮个忙吗?

Would you help me remove the refrigerator?

能帮忙移一下冰箱吗?

Get me my coat, please.

请帮我拿下外套。

Make me a cup of coffee, will you?

给我冲杯咖啡,好吗?

Could you tell me where I can find these books?

你能告诉我在哪里可以找到这些书吗?

Would you mind closing the window for me?

你能帮我关一下窗吗?

Response 回答

Yes, of course.

当然可以。

Certainly.

当然可以。

No problem.

没问题。

With pleasure.

非常乐意。

I’d love to.

非常乐意。

I’d like to help in some way if I can.

只要我能做的,我很愿意帮忙。

Not at all.

当然不介意。

I’m sorry I can’t.

对不起,我不能。

I’m afraid I can’t.

我恐怕不能。

I'm sorry. I'm engaged now.

对不起,我现在正忙着。

I’d like to, but I’m afraid I don’t have the time.

我很乐意,但我恐怕没有时间。

I'm glad to, but I'm afraid I don't have the time.

我很乐意,但我恐怕没有时间。

Sorry, I need it myself.

对不起,我自己也需要它。

Offering help 主动提供帮助

May I help you?

我能帮助你吗?

Can I help you?

我能帮助你吗?

May (Can) I do anything for you?

我能为您效劳吗?

Is there anything I can do for you?

我能为您效劳吗?

Can I do anything to help you?

我能为您效劳吗?

What can I do for you?

有什么需要帮忙的吗?

Would you like me to call a taxi for you?

要不要我帮您叫一辆出租车?

Conversations会话】

Dialogue 1

A: Would you mind doing something for me?

你不介意帮我做点事吗?

B: I would if I could.

没问题,只要我办得到。

A: Will you please explain the meaning of this word?

请你为我解释一下这个字的意思好吗?

B: Yes, with pleasure.

好的,很乐意。

Dialogue 2

A: Could you come and spend the weekend with us?

你能来跟我们一起共度周末吗?

B: Oh, I’m afraid I can’t. I’ve had a date already.

啊,恐怕不行。我已经有约在先了。

A: That’s too bad!

真是可惜!

B: Maybe some other time.

下次好啦。

Dialogue 3

A: Excuse me; could you lend me some of your records?

打扰一下,请问您能借给我一些你的磁带吗?

B: Until when?

到什么时候?

A: Until Monday or Tuesday of next week.

到下周一或周二。

B: No problem.

没问题。

Dialogue 4

A: I was wondering if you'd let me stay here for a few days.

不知道你是否能让我在这里呆几天。

B: It really depends on when and how long.

这取决于什么时候和多长时间。

A: Until next weekend, if that's OK.

如果可以的话,呆到下周末。

B: Let me think it over, and I'll let you know later.

让我考虑一下,一会告诉你知道。

Key Words and Notes 关键词和注释】

1. Help! 意为“救命!”,应用于求助的各种紧急场合。

2. Excuse me. 是请求帮助时常用的开场白。

3. I wonder if you could help me. 意为“我不知你能不能帮助我。”,是常用句型。

4. Would you please …? 请你好吗?

5. give sb. a hand 帮某人一个忙

6. do sb. a favor 帮某人一个忙

7. have a date 有一个约会

8. What a pity! 真可惜!多遗憾!

9. fill in the form 填表

10. make a cup of coffee 冲杯咖啡

11. Would you mind …? 你介意吗?

12. engaged a. 忙碌的

13. depend on 依赖于,取决于

14. weekend n. 周末

15. think over 仔细考虑

Alternative Exercises 替换练习】

1. Would you please lend me your bike?

Could you please lend me your bike?

I wonder if you could lend me your bike

May I borrow your bike

请问您可以借给我自行车吗?

2. Yes, of course.

Certainly

No problem

Sure

当然可以。

3. Would you mind changing places with me?

my coming with you

my borrowing your car

opening the window

你会介意我和你换位子吗?

我跟在你后面

我借你的汽车

我开窗

4. May I help you?

Can I help you

Can I do anything for you

What can I do for you

我可以帮助你吗?

  Unit 13 Likes and Dislikes喜欢和厌恶

Brief Introduction 简介

每个人都有自己喜欢和厌恶的事物。高尚,健康的情趣与爱好既能陶冶人的情操,促进身心健康,也是现代社会文明人的标志。中国古时崇尚琴棋书画,现代人则对体育情有独钟。除此之外,西方发动国家的居民还对观光旅游乐此不疲。在本节我们将学习如何表达自己的喜爱和厌恶。

Basic Expressions 基本句型表达】

Asking if somebody likes (doing) something 询问某人是否喜欢(做)某事

Are you interested in detective stories?

你对侦探小说感兴趣吗?

Does boxing interest you?

你对拳击感兴趣吗?

What are your interests?

你有什么爱好?

Is music your chief interest?

音乐是你的主要爱好吗?

Are you keen on disco?

你热衷于迪斯科吗?

Do you enjoy Beijing opera?

你喜欢京剧吗?

Do you like meeting people?

你喜欢与人交往吗?

Do you enjoy painting?

你喜欢画画吗?

Do you go for jazz?

你喜欢爵士乐吗?

Are you fond of movies?

你喜欢看电影吗?

Are you a film goer?

你是影迷吗?

Are you a party goer?

你热衷于聚会吗?

Does boxing appeal to you?

拳击对你有吸引力吗?

Stating one’s likes or dislikes 陈述喜欢或厌恶

I’m interested in meeting VIPs.

我对与名人交往感兴趣。

Figure skating interests me a great deal.

花样滑冰使我很感兴趣。

My chief interest is writing novels.

我的主要爱好是写小说。

I’m keen on classical music.

我热衷于古典音乐。

I really enjoy attending parties.

我确实喜欢参加聚会。

I like fishing.

我喜欢钓鱼。

I’m really fond of collecting rare books.

我特别喜欢收藏珍本图书。

I really go for oysters.

我特爱吃牡蛎。

I’m a football fan.

我是足球迷。

I’m crazy about skating.

我迷恋滑冰。

I’m mad about skating.

我迷恋滑冰。

I’m wild about skating.

我迷恋滑冰。

I have a passion for Shakespeare’s works.

我酷爱莎士比亚的作品。

I have a liking for Beethoven’s symphonies.

我喜欢贝多芬的交响乐。

She doesn’t like anything I do or say.

我的一言一行,她都不喜欢。

I didn’t like the taste of the medicine, but I took it anyway.

我不喜欢这种药的味道,但不管怎么说我还是吃了。

I don’t care much for tomato.

我不太喜欢西红柿。

Frankly, I think it’s terrible.

坦率地说,我认为这太糟糕了。

To tell the truth, they made me sick.

说实话,一见到他们我就讨厌。

I hate going to the theatre.

我讨厌看戏。

Conversations会话】

Dialogue 1

A: There’s going to be a volleyball match between Economy Department and Foreign Languages Department this afternoon. Are any of you keen on volleyball?

今天下午经济系要与外语系进行一场排球赛。有人愿意看排球赛吗?

B: Sorry, I’m not a volleyball fan. I’d rather play football. How about you, Mr. Wang? Are you interested in volleyball?

对不起,我不是排球迷。我倒愿意踢足球。你呢,王先生?你对排球感兴趣吗?

C: I’m afraid not. My favorite sport is running. I don’t care for ball games.

恐怕也不喜欢。我最喜欢的运动是跑步。我不喜欢球类运动。

Dialogue 2

A: I’m sorry, Sam. I don’t want to go to the folk concert.

对不起,山姆,我不想去听民间音乐会。

B: How about going to the theatre?

去看戏怎么样?

A: I don’t like going to the theatre.

我不喜欢看戏。

B: Well, what do you like doing?

那你愿意干什么呢?

A: Travelling, swimming, going to the cinema. And you?

旅行,游泳,看电影,你呢?

B: I like painting, sailing, watching football and talking to you.

我喜欢绘画,帆船运动,看足球赛,再就是和你聊天。

A: I like talking to you, too.

我也喜欢和你聊天。

B: Do you want to go to an exhibition? There is one at the Xinghai Exhibition Hall tomorrow.

你愿意去看展览吗?明天在星海会展中心有一个新展览。

A: That’s a good idea.

好主意。

Dialogue 3

A: May I take your order now?

你们可以点菜了吗?

B: Yes, I think we’re ready to order. Elizabeth, what would you like to have?

行,我想我们可以点菜了。伊丽莎白,你想来点什么?

C: I haven’t made up my mind yet. You order first, Donald.

我还没决定呢。唐纳德,你先点吧。

B: All right. I’ll start with chicken soup. Then I want a steak, medium rare. I’ll have a baked potato, green beans and an egg salad. I’ll order dessert later.

好的。我先来个鸡汤,然后要一份牛排,嫩一点。要一份烤土豆片,青豆和一份鸡蛋色拉。待会儿我再要点甜食。

A: Yes, sir. And you, miss? What would you like to have?

好的,先生。你呢,小姐?你想吃点什么?

C: I can’t decide. I don’t see anything I really like.

我拿不定主意。我没看到什么我真喜欢的菜。

A: There are over thirty dishes to select from, miss.

小姐,这儿有三十多种菜供您选择呢。

B: There ought to be something you like, Elizabeth.

伊丽莎白,这儿一定有你喜欢的。

C: Well, I guess so. But I only see food that I don’t like. I don’t care for chicken and I can’t stand fish. Do you have any oysters?

大概有吧。可我看到的尽是些我不喜欢的菜。我不喜欢吃鸡肉,鱼也不合我的口味。有牡蛎吗?

A: No, miss. I’m afraid not. How about some other seafood?

没有,小姐。恐怕没有。别的海鲜怎么样?

C: Oysters are the only seafood I like. I dislike the rest.

海鲜中我只喜欢牡蛎,其它的都不喜欢。

B: I wish I could think of something for you.

真希望我能为你想出什么菜来。

A: May I suggest cream of tomato soup, steak with mushroom gravy, asparagus, and buttered cauliflower. For dessert—strawberry pie with ice cream?

我给您推荐几个菜吧:奶油西红柿汤,蘑菇汁牛排,芦笋,黄油黄牙菜。至于甜食,冰激凌草莓馅饼您看怎么样?

C: No, that isn’t my ideal of a good meal. I’ll have a hamburger. That’s my favorite dish. I have it every day.

不行。那不是我理想的一顿美餐。我来一个汉堡包。我最喜欢吃汉堡包,每天都吃。

Key Words and Notes 关键词和注释】

1. detective n. 侦探

2. boxing n. 拳击

3. chief a. 主要的,首席的

4. be keen on 喜爱

5. disco n. 迪斯科舞

6. opera n. 歌剧

7. fancy vt. 爱好

8. go for 喜欢,追求

9. jazz n. 爵士乐

10. be fond of 喜爱

11. feature film 故事片

12. goer n. 常去之人

13. rock and roll 摇滚乐

14. grab v. 夺取;吸引

15. appeal to 引起的兴趣

16. be interested in 感兴趣

17. VIP = very important person 重要人物

18. pop songs 流行歌曲

19. rare a. 珍稀的

20. oyster n. 牡蛎

21. fan n. 迷,爱好者

22. be crazy about = be mad about = be wild about 疯狂,热衷于

23. passion n. 激情 have a passion for 非常喜爱

24. have a fancy for 爱好,爱上

25. care for 喜欢

26. frankly ad. 坦白地,真诚地

27. to tell the truth 说实话

28. make sb. sick 让某人厌恶

29. hate vt. 憎恨,讨厌

30. theatre n. 戏院,戏剧

31. Economy Department 经济系

32. Foreign Languages Department 外语系

33. folk a. 民间的

34. exhibition n. 展览

35. take one’s order 点菜

36. make up one’s mind 决定,下决心

37. chicker soup 鸡汤

38. steak n. 牛排

39. baked potato 烤土豆片

40. green beans 绿豆

41. egg salad 鸡蛋色拉

42. dessert n. 甜食

43. stand vt. 忍受

44. seafood n. 海味

45. mushroom n. 蘑菇

46. gravy n. 肉汁

47. asparagus n. 芦笋

48. buttered a. 涂黄油的

49. cauliflower n. 黄牙菜

50. ice cream 冰激凌

51. ideal n. 理想

52. hamburger n. 汉堡包

Alternative Exercises 替换练习】

1. Are you interested in detective novels?

Are you keen on detective novels

Are you fond of detective novels

Do you like detective novels

Does detective novels interest you

Does detective novels appeal to you

Does detective novels grab you

你对侦探小说感兴趣吗?

2. I’m keen on classical music.

I’m crazy about

I’m interested in

我对古典音乐着迷。

3. I don’t like potato.

I don’t care for

I hate

我不喜欢马铃薯。

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