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迎奥运:全民英语教程第8课

2006-04-07 14:37
  Unit 9 Time and Dates 时间和日期

Brief Introduction 简介

在现代人眼里,时间就是金钱,时间甚至比金钱还宝贵。我们日常生活中,工作中都不免要提到时间。这里我们给出关于时间和日期的常见英语表达。

Basic Expressions 基本句型表达】

Telling the time 时间的说法

It’s just three o’clock.

正好三点。

It’s about three o’clock.

大约三点左右。

It’s 8:00 a.m. (p.m.)

上午(晚上)8点。

It’s three fifteen.

三点十五分。

It’s a quarter past three.

三点一刻。

It’s half past three.

三点半。

It’s a quarter to four.

四点差一刻。

It’s exactly twenty minutes and ten seconds past three o’clock.

正好是三点二十分十秒。

My watch keeps good time.

我的表走得准。

My watch is two minutes fast/slow.

我的表快(慢)两分。

I have 7:30, but my watch is a little fast.

我的表是七点半,但是它快了一点。

My watch says seven ten.

我的表是七点十分。

My watch gains/loses ten minutes a day.

我的表一天快十分钟。

My watch is not going.

我的表停了。

It has run down. I must wind it.

它不走了,我该上弦了。

I forgot to wind my watch last night.

昨天晚上我的表忘了上弦了。

Sorry, but I don’t carry a watch.

对不起,我没带表。

I forgot to bring my watch today.

今天忘了带表。

Asking about the time 询问时间的方法

What time is it?

现在几点?

What’s the time?

现在几点?

Do you have the time?

(你的表)现在几点?

What time do you have?

(你的表)现在几点?

What time does your watch say?

(你的表)现在几点?

Please tell me the time.

现在几点呢?

May I ask you the time?

现在几点呢?

Could you tell me the time?

你能告诉我现在几点吗?

What is the correct time?

正确时间几点?

Do you have the right time?

正确时间是几点?

What time will it be over?

它什么时候结束?

How long do you think it’ll take?

你想那要花多少时间?

What time do you want me to be there?

你要我几点到那里?

Hurrying the time 赶时间

We’re behind schedule.

我们进度落后了。

I’m in a (big) hurry.

我时间很紧。

Please hurry up! The time is running short.

请赶快!时间不够了。

Don’t be long.

别太久了。

Don’t be long making up/doing your hair/getting dressed up.

别化妆(做头发做、穿衣服别穿)太久了。

What’s holding you up?

什么事使你耽搁了?

What’s keeping you?

什么事使你耽搁了?

Get a move on.

赶快。

There’s no time to lose.

没有时间可以浪费了。

What’s taking you so long?

什么事耽搁你那么久?

Don’t rush me. I won’t be long.

别催我,我不会太久的。

Give me a minute to change. It won’t take long.

给我一分钟换衣服,不会太久的。

I’ll be ready in a few minutes.

再过几分钟我就好了。

Wait a minute. I’m not properly dressed.

等一下,我还没有穿好。

What’s the hurry/rush?

急什么?

Take it easy. We don’t have to rush.

别紧张,我们不急。

Take your time, Bill.

慢慢来,比尔。

There’s no hurry.

不急。

Don’t rush into anything.

都不急。

You seem to have lead your pants.

你动作似乎很慢。

Get the lead out!

动作快点!

Don’t hurry. You are mistaken about the time.

别急,你弄错时间了。

Telling dates 日期的说法

August fifteenth

815

August the fifteenth

815

the fifteenth of August

815

two thousand and two

2002

nineteen ninty-eight

1998

nineteen eighties

1980年代

the twenty-first century

21世纪

the third century B.C.

公元前3世纪

Asking about dates 询问日期的方法

What date is it?

今天几号?

What is the date today?

今天几号?

What is today’s date?

今天几号?

What day of the month is it today?

今天几号?

What day of the week is it today?

今天星期几?

What day is today?

今天星期几?

What month is this?

这个月是几月?

What year is this?

今年是几年?

What date is your birthday?

你的生日是什么时候?

When is your birthday?

你的生日是什么时候?

What’s the date of your birth?

你的生日是什么时候?

What’s the date of Mr. Park’s wedding?

派克先生的婚礼是哪一天?

What’s the occasion? Today is your birthday.

是什么大日子?今天是你的生日。

What holiday is it today?

今天是什么节日?

What special day is it today?

今天是什么特别的日子?

Conversations会话】

Dialogue 1

A: What is the correct time, please?

请问现在标准时间几点?

B: It’s exactly twelve minutes past seven.

现在是七点十二分。

A: When will the lecture begin?

讲座什么时候开始?

B: It’ll begin at nine o’clock sharp.

正九点开始。

Dialogue 2

A: Could you tell me the right time, please?

你能告诉我准确的时间吗?

B: Well, my watch says five past two, but it’s no use relying on it, because it has been gaining and losing these last few days.

啊,我的表是两点过五分,但是靠不住,因为最近几天这表不是快就是慢。

A: You’ll have to get it fixed.

你还是去修理一下吧。

B: Yes, I will.

是,我要去修了。

Dialogue 3

A: What time is it, Tom?

汤姆,现在几点了?

B: Just a minute. It’s ten to nine by my watch.

等一等,我的表是九点差十分。

A: Is it? I had no idea it was so late. I must be off now.

是吗?没想到这么晚了。我该走了。

B: What’s the hurry?

忙什么?

A: I must catch the nine-thirty train.

我必须赶九点半的火车。

B: You’ve plenty of time yet. The railway station is very close. It won’t take more than twenty minutes to get there.

时间很富裕。火车站很近,用不了二十分钟就可以到那里。

Dialogue 4

A: What date is it today?

今天是几号?

B: Today is December 23, 2002.

今天是20021223

A: Oh, the day after tomorrow is Christmas.

哦,后天是圣诞节。

B: Merry Christmas to you!

预祝你圣诞快乐!

A: You too!

你也圣诞快乐!

Key Words and Notes 关键词和注释】

1. a.m. 上午; p.m. 下午。

2. quarter 四分之一,一刻钟

3. half n. 一半,半点钟

4. keep good time (表)走得准

5. two minutes fast 快两分钟;five minutes slow 慢五分钟

6. My watch says seven ten. 这里的says是系动词,相当于is

7. lose a minute a day 每天慢一分钟;gain a minute a day 每天快一分钟。

8. wind v. 上发条

9. schedule n. 时间表,进度

10. in a hurry 匆忙

11. hurry up (使)赶快

12. make up 弥补,化妆

13. do one’s hair 做头发

14. get dressed up 穿衣服

15. hold up 阻碍,耽搁

16. What’s the hurry? = What’s the rush? 意为“急什么?”,是常用句型。

17. take it easy 别紧张

18. have lead in one’s pants 裤子里有铅块;(喻)行动缓慢

19. B.C. 意为“公元前”,是before Christ 之略;“公元后”则为A.D.

20. wedding n. 婚礼

21. occation n. 场合

22. sharp ad. 正好

23. rely on 依赖

24. Happy Christmas to you! 祝你圣诞快乐!

Alternative Exercises 替换练习】

1. What time is it?

What’s the time

Could you tell me the time, please?

现在什么时间?

请问你能告诉我现在什么时间吗?

2. It’s just seven o’clock.

seven o’clock sharp

exactly seven o’clock

precisely seven o’clock

just seven

现在正好7点钟。

3. What’s the hurry?

the rush

急什么?

4. Today is August fifteenth.

August the fifteenth

the fifteenth of August

今天是八月十五日。

  Unit 10 Making Telephone Calls打电话

Brief Introduction 简介

电话在人们生活中占有重要的地位。现在中国城市的电话普及率已经超过百分之九十,电话分为市内电话(local call),长途电话(long-distance call)和国际电话(overseas call)三种。现在越来越多的事务可以通过电话解决,包括做生意,订机票,订旅馆等等。

Basic Expressions 基本句型表达】

Giving a phone call 打电话

Can I make a phone call?

我可以打个电话吗?

I want to make a long-distance call.

我想打个长途电话。

Is this John?

是约翰吗?(美国用法)

Is that John?

是约翰吗?(英国用法)

Is Dr. Johnson in, please?

请问约翰逊博士在吗

Hello. May I speak to Mr. Green?

喂,可以找格林先生听电话吗?

May I have Mr. Green, please?

请找格林先生听电话好吗?

May I talk to Mr. Green, please?

请找格林先生听电话好吗?

I’d like to speak to Mr. Green.

我想请格林先生听电话。

Would you tell Mr. Green that I called?

你能告诉格林先生我打过电话来吗?

When do you expect him back?

你知道他什么时候回来吗?

Would you call back tomorrow?

你明天可以回电话吗?

There's something wrong with the phone.

电话有一些故障。

I tried to call you, but the line was busy.

我试着给你打电话,但老占线。

I couldn't get through.

我打不通。

Extension 109, please.

请接109号分机。

I have to hang up now.

我现在得挂断了。

I’ll call again later.

我待会儿再打来。

I must have dialed a wrong number.

我一定是打错了。

Make this a collect call.

这通电话由受话人付费。

I’ll pay for it here.

由我来付。

Answering a phone call 接电话

Hello, who’s speaking, please?

喂,请问是哪位?

May I ask who’s calling?

请问是哪位?

May I ask who’s on the line?

请问是哪位?

May I ask who am I speaking to?

请问是哪位?

Where are you calling from?

你从哪里打来电话?

Speaking.

我就是。

This is Tom speaking.

我就是汤姆。

Hello, Oriental Hotel.

您好,这里是东方旅馆。

Oriental Hotel, may I help you?

这里是东方旅馆,我能为你效劳吗?

Could you speak a little louder?

请大声点好吗?

Would you speak up, please?

请大声点好吗?

Sorry, wrong number.

对不起,打错了。

Sorry, you’ve got a wrong number.

对不起,你打错了。

Will it be collect or charged to you?

这个电话是对方付费还是你付费?

I’m expecting a call on this phone.

我正在等一通电话。

Whether the person you want is available or not 要找的人在或不在

Mr. Smith has been waiting for your call.

史密斯先生一直在等你的电话。

We have no Peter here.

我们这里没有彼得。

We have two Peters here.

我们这里有两位彼得。

There is no one at this office by that name.

这个办公室没有人叫这个名字。

This is not Mr. Sun’s office.

这里不是孙先生的办公室。

Hold on, please.

请稍等。

Hold the line, please.

请别挂上电话。

Don’t hang up, please.

请别挂断。

Just a minute, please.

请稍等。

Please hold. I’ll see if he’s in.

请稍等。我看他在不在。

Please hold. I’ll tell him you’re calling.

请稍等。我告诉他你打来电话。

Mr. Stewart is calling, Mr. Li.

李先生,史图尔特先生打来电话。

There’s a phone call for you, Mr. Li.

李先生,有个电话找你。

Mr. Li, do you wish to talk to him?

李先生,你要跟他说话吗?

Mr. Li, you are wanted on the phone.

李先生,你的电话。

Mr. Li, a long-distance call for you.

李先生,你的长途。

He’s not in.

他不在。

He’s not available now.

他现在没空。

No, he’s out at the moment.

不,他现在出去了。

At the moment, he’s out of office.

现在他不在办公室。

At the moment, he’s in a meeting.

现在他在开会。

At the moment, he’s busy.

他现在很忙。

Leaving a massage 留言

May I take a message for him?

你要留言给他吗?

Would you like to leave a message?

你要留言吗?

Do you have a message?

你要留言吗?

Do you wish to leave a message?

你要留言吗?

I’ll be sure he gets the message.

我一定会转告他。

I’ll be sure he receives the message.

我一定会转告他。

Would you like to leave your name?

你要留下你的名字吗?

Would you like to leave your company’s name?

你要留下你的公司名称吗

Would you like to leave your number?

你要留下你的电话号码吗?

Does he have your telephone number?

他有你的电话号码吗?

Conversations会话】

Dialogue 1

A: Hello. Can I speak to Alice, please?

喂,请找爱丽思接电话好吗?

B: Hold on, please.

请稍等。

A: Thank you.

谢谢你。

B: Sorry, but she's out.

抱歉,她出去了。

A: Would you tell her Tom Gray called?

你能告诉她汤姆·格雷打过电话来吗?

B: I'd be glad to.

我会的。

Dialogue 2

A: Hello, Oriental Hotel.

喂,这里是东方旅馆。

B: I’d like to speak to Michael Baker, please.

请找迈克尔·贝克接电话。

A: I’m sorry, Mr. Baker is not in. May I take a message?

对不起,贝克先生不在。需要留言吗?

B: Yes. Tell him Mr. Cook called and ask him to return my call as soon as he gets back.

好吧。告诉他库克先生打来电话,让他回来后就给我回电话。

A: All right, Mr. Cook. I’ll have Mr. Baker call you back as soon as he gets here.

好的,库克先生。我会让贝克先生一回来就给你回电话。

Dialogue 3

A: Hello. May I speak to Mary, please?

喂,请找一下玛丽?

B: Speaking. Who’s calling, please?

我就是。请问哪位?

A: Hi, Mary. This is Tom.

你好,玛丽。我是汤姆。

B: Oh, hi, Tom. How’ve you been?

哦,你好,汤姆。你还好吗?

A: Just fine. I say. Aren’t you busy tomorrow evening?

一切都好。我说。明天晚上你不忙吧?

B: Let me see. Uh-huh…no, I guess I’ll be free.

让我想想。啊哈——不,我想我有空。

A: Well, uh…why not dine out together and go to the movies?

嗯,可以出去一起吃饭然后看电影吗?

B: Sounds like a good idea.

好主意。

A: Okay. I’ll pick you up at 6:00.

好的。我会在6点钟接你。

B: Thank you for inviting me. See you then. Bye, Tom.

谢谢你约请我。那时再见吧。拜拜,汤姆。

A: Bye now.

拜拜。

Key Words and Notes 关键词和注释】

1. make a phone call 打电话

2. a long-distance call 长途电话

3. 在英国英语中,打电话的时候,自己这边是this,对方是that。但在美国英语中,区分就没那么严格,常常也用this指对方。

4. May I speak to …, please? 意为“请找接电话好吗?”,是最常用的句子。更加地道,灵活的用法有“May I have …, please?”,意思完全一样。

5. call back 回电话

6. The line was busy. 电话占线。

7. get through 打通(电话)

8. extension n. 分机

9. hang up 挂断(电话)

10. a collect call 由受话人付费的电话

11. Who’s speaking, please? 意为“请问是哪位?”,是接电话最常用的句子之一。意思相同的还有“May I ask who’s speaking?”。

12. Speaking. = This is … speaking. 意为“我就是”。用于对方希望接电话到的人恰好就是自己的时候。

13. hold on 继续,不挂断

14. just a minute 请稍等

15. available a. 可用的,有空的

16. at the moment 此刻

17. loud ad. 高声地

18. message n. 消息,留言

19. be sure 保证

20. dine out 外出吃饭

21. Sounds a good idea. 好主意。

22. pick up sb. (用车)接某人

Alternative Exercises 替换练习】

1. This is Tom. Is that Mary?

Is this Mary

May I speak to Mary

May I have Mary

I’d like to speak to Mary

我是汤姆,是玛丽吗

请找一下玛丽好吗

2. Who’s speaking, please?

May I ask who’s speaking

May I ask who’s calling

May I ask who’s on the line

请问是哪位?

3. Hold on, please.

Hold the line

Please hold

Don’t hang up

Just a minute

请稍等。

4. He’s not available at the moment.

He’s not in

He’s out

He’s in a meeting

现在不在

出去了

在开会

5. Would you like to leave a message?

May I take a message for him

Do you have a message

Do you wish to leave a message

Would you like to leave your name

  你要留言吗?
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