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1993年1月四级真题及答案

2006-04-28 13:14   我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |

  Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)

  Section A

  1. (A) Go over the list. (C) List everything her friend needs.

  (B) Do some shopping. (D) Go for an outing.

  2. (A) The man did most of the talking.

  (B) The man and the woman robbed the bank.

  (C) The woman was wearing a black sweater.

  (D) The man and the woman had dark hair.

  3. (A) The traffic. (C) Their health.

  (B) The weather. (D) Their time-table.

  4. (A) John missed a test. (C) John has stolen a car.

  (B) John has kept his job. (D) John was called a thief.

  5. (A) To buy Frank a new car. (C) To help Frank sell his car.

  (B) To drive Frank's car. (D) To help Frank repair his car.

  6. (A) English. (C) Education.

  (B) English and Education. (D) Neither English nor Education.

  7. (A) As big as she expected. (C) Not as big as she expected.

  (B) Much bigger than she expected. (D) So small that she is not satisfied.

  8. (A) The rent is too high. (C) He doesn't want to live in the suburbs.

  (B) He can't afford the high taxes. (D) It's too far away from his office.

  9. (A) No. He has to finish his homework. (C) Yes. He'll go after he finished his homework.

  (B) No. He doesn't like going to the club. (D) Yes. He'll write his paper after he returns.

  10. (A) Because Maria doesn't like football. (C) Because he didn't have the time.

  (B) Because Maria fell ill. (D) Because he can't stand football.

  Section B

  Passage One

  Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  11. (A) His friend bought them for him. (C) He booked them quite a while ago.

  (B) He bought them himself. (D) He got them free of charge.

  12. (A) Her husband was taking her out to the theater.

  (B) Her husband had got her a job in his office.

  (C) Her husband was going to buy her some nice gifts.

  (D) Her husband had found his lost money.

  13. (A) He had lost the tickets for the theater. (C) He had left his briefcase at home.

  (B) He had lost his briefcase. (D) He had left the ticket in the office.

  Passage Two

  Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  14. (A) Lack of electricity. (C) Lack of clean water.

  (B) Shortage of books. (D) Shortage of experts.

  15. (A) A system which trains doctors.

  (B) A group of experts who can provide professional advice.

  (C) A computer program which can provide professional advice.

  (D) A system which trains computer experts.

  16. (A) It is not easy to see the shortage of experts in the villages.

  (B) Many doctors and engineers are sent to the villages to make up for the shortage of experts.

  (C) Expert medical systems are widely used in developing countries.

  (D) Expert systems are owned by wealthy farmers and businessmen.

  Passage Three

  Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  17. (A) To learn Spanish. (C) To see the ancient art.

  (B) To tour the city. (D) To visit friends.

  18. (A) By taxi. (C) By subway.

  (B) By bus. (D) By foot.

  19. (A) He got lost. (C) He lost his map.

  (B) A taxi was faster. (D) The policeman advised him to.

  1. (A) He was greatly disappointed.

  (B) He was pleased to get there finally.

  (C) He was pleased with his knowledge of Spanish.

  (D) He was at a loss about what to do.

  Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

  Passage One

  Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

  With fifteen years Britain and other nations should be well on with the building of huge industrial complexes for the recycling of waste. The word rubbish could lose its meaning because everything which goes into the dumps (垃圾堆) would be made into something useful. Even the most dangerous and unpleasant wastes would provide energy if nothing else.

  The latest project is to take a city of around half a million inhabitants and discover exactly what raw materials go into it and what go out. The aim is to find out how much of these raw materials could be provided if a plant for recycling waste were built just outside the city. This plant would recycle not only metal such as steel, lead and copper, but also paper and rubber as well.

  Another new project is being set up to discover the best ways of sorting and separating the rubbish. When this project is complete, the rubbish will be processed like this: First, it will pass through sharp metal bas which will tear open the plastic bags in which rubbish is usually packed; then it will pass through a powerful fan to separate the lightest elements from the heavy solids; after that grounders and rollers will break up everything that can be broken. Finally, the rubbish will pass under magnets (磁铁) , which will remove the bits of iron and steel; the rubber and plastic will then be sorted out in the final stage.

  The first full-scale giant recycling plants are perhaps fifteen years away. Indeed, with the growing cost of transporting rubbish to more distant dumps, some big cities will be forced to build their own recycling plants before long.

  21. The phrase "be well on with ……" (Para.1, Line 1) most probably means _____.

  (A) have completed what was started (C) have achieved a great deal in

  (B) get ready to start (D) put an end to

  22. What is NOT mentioned as a part of the recycling process described in Paragraph 3?

  (A) Breaking up whatever is breakable.

  (B) Sharpening metal bars.

  (C) Separating light elements from the heavy ones.

  (D) Sorting out small pieces of metal.

  23. What's the main reason for big cities to build their own recycling plants?

  (A) To deal with wastes in better way.

  (B) To protect the environment from pollution.

  (C) To get raw materials locally.

  (D) To get big profits from those plants.

  24. The first full-scale huge recycling plants ______.

  (A) began to operate fifteen years ago

  (B) will probably take less than fifteen years to build

  (C) will be built fifteen years later

  (D) will probably be in operation in fifteen years

  25. The passage is mainly about ______.

  (A) a cheap way to get energy (C) new ways of recycling wastes

  (B) the location of recycling plants (D) the probably of city environment

  Passage Two

  Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

  By 1970, according to a World Wildlife Fund report, only about 4,500 tigers survived throughout the world-half of them in India. Mr. Foresters, who followed and counted tiger footprints, estimated that in May 1972 only about 1,800 tigers existed in India. Project Tiger Supported by W.W.F. was immediately launched. Nine tiger reserves were created, with armed guards protecting them.

  The project provided opportunities for researchers from India and abroad to study tigers in the reserves and gather previously unavailable information about their habits. Studies show that a male tiger may control a hunting territory of between 10 and 20 sq. kms. depending on its age, size and strength. The territory of male includes the smaller territories of three or four tigressess. A tiger marks the boundaries of its territories by spraying urine (尿) and other bodily liquids on bushes. But it tries to avoid territorial fights, being guided by the distinctive body smell of other tigers. Tigers fight to death only when a tigress is defending her young, or when a tiger is guarding a tigress from the attentions of other males.

  The popular image of the tiger is that of a merciless and unconquerable hunter. But studies show that it catches only one of 20 victims (牺牲品) it tries to attack.

  Fears have recently developed that Project Tiger has been too successful. It has enabled the tiger population to double (by mid-80 S), but India's human population has also grown out of control. Currently it is 750 million and likely to be 900 million by the end of the century. Land problem is becoming serious and many rural people feel bitter about the fact that some rich forests are reserved for tigers. A growing number of attacks by tigers on man has added to the hostility (敌意).

  26. The ultimate aim of Project Tiger is to _____.

  (A) study the growth rate of tigers (C) promote the breeding of young tigers

  (B) protect tigers from being killed (D) analyze the behavioral patterns of tigers

  27. Studies have shown that ______.

  (A) a tigress never attacks until attacked

  (B) the tigress is not as fierce as the tigers

  (C) a tiger usually fights another tiger to defend its own territory

  (D) the tiger is not an efficient hunter as is commonly described

  28. According to the passage, a tiger's territory _____.

  (A) remains unchanged (C) expands as the tiger grows up

  (B) is often defended by tigresses (D) is the cause of most fights

  29. Some people are afraid that Project Tiger _____.

  (A) has been carried too far (C) has failed to achieve its goal

  (B) has not received enough attention (D) is not worth the money spent on it

  30. The author seems _____.

  (A) to be enthusiastic about Project Tiger

  (B) to have a matter-of-fact attitude towards Project Tiger

  (C) to have a hostile attitude towards Project Tiger

  (D) to be satisfied with Project Tiger

  Passage Three

  Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

  In only two decades Asian Americans have become the fastest-growing U.S. minority (少数民族). As their children began moving up through the nation's schools, it became clear that a new class of academic achievers was emerging. Their achievements are reflected in the nation's best universities, where mathematics, science and engineering departments have taken on a decidedly Asian character. This special liking for mathematics and science is partly explained by the fact that Asian-American students who began their educations abroad arrived in the U.S. with a solid grounding in mathematics but little or no knowledge of English. They are also influenced by the promise of a good job after college. Asians feel there will be less unfair treatment in areas like mathematics and science because they will be judged more objectively. And the return on the investment in education is more immediate in something like engineering than with an arts degree.

  Most Asian-American students owe their success to the influence of parents who are determined that their children take full advantage of what the American educational system has to offer. An effective measure of parental attention is homework. Asian parents spend more time with their children than American parents do, and it helps. Many researchers also believe there is something in Asian Culture that breeds success, such ideals that stress family values and emphasize education.

  Both explanations for academic success worry Asian Americans because of fears that they feed a typical racial (种族的) image. Many can remember when Chinese, Japanese and Filipino immigrants (移民) were the victims of social isolation. Indeed, it was not until 1952 that laws were laid down giving all Asian immigrants the right to citizenship.

  31. While making tremendous achievements at college, Asian-American students ______.

  (A) feel they are mistreated because of limited knowledge of English

  (B) are afraid that their academic successes bear a strong Asian character

  (C) still worry about unfair treatment in society

  (D) generally feel it a shame to have to depend on their parents

  32. What are the major factors that determine the success of Asian Americans?

  (A) A solid foundation in basic mathematics and Asian Americans?

  (B) Hard work and intelligence.

  (C) Parental help and a limited knowledge of English.

  (D) Asian culture and the American educational system.

  33. Few Asian-American students major in human sciences mainly because ______.

  (A) their English is not good enough

  (B) they are afraid they might meet with unfair judgement in these areas

  (C) there is a wide difference between Asian and Western cultures

  (D) they know little about American cultures and Western cultures

  34. Why do the two "explanations" (Para. 3, Line 1) worry Asian Americans?

  (A) They are afraid that they would again be isolated from American society in general.

  (B) People would think that Asian students rely on their parents for success.

  (C) Asian American would be a threat to other minorities.

  (D) American academic achievements have taken on too strong an Asian character.

  35. The author's tone in this passage is _____.

  (A) sympathetic (B) doubtful (C) critical (D) objective

  Passage Four

  Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.

  Like fine food, good writing is something we approach with pleasure and enjoy from the first taste to the last. And good writers, good cooks, do not suddenly appear full-blown. Quite the contrary, just as the cook has to undergo an intensive training, mastering the skills of his trade, the writer must sit at his desk and devote long hours to achieving a style in his writing, whatever its purpose-schoolwork, matters of business, or purely social communication. You may be sure that the more painstaking the effort, the more effective the writing, and the more rewarding.

  There are still some remote places in the world where you might find a public scribe to do your business or social writing for you, for a fee. There are a few managers who are lucky enough to have the service of that rate kind of secretary who can take care of all sorts of letter writing with no more than a quick note to work from. But for most of us, if there is any writing to be done, we have to do it ourselves.

  We have to write school papers, business papers or home papers. We are constantly called on to put words to paper. It would be difficult to count the number of such words, messages, letters, and reports put into the mails or delivered by hand, but the daily figure must be enormous. What is more, everyone who writes expects, or at least hopes. We want whatever we write to be read, from first word to last, not just thrown into some "letters-to-be-read" file (档案) or into a wastepaper basket. This is the reason we bend our efforts toward learning and practicing the skill of interesting, effective writing.

  36. In this passage, good writing is compared to fine food because _____.

  (A) both writers and cooks have to work long hours every day

  (B) both are essential to life

  (C) both writers and cooks can earn a good living

  (D) both are enjoyable

  37. A public "scribe" (Para 2, Line 1) is _____.

  (A) a secretary who does your business or social writing

  (B) a machine that does writing for you

  (C) a public school where writing is taught

  (D) a person who ears a living by writing for others

  38. According to the passage, some managers don't have to do any letter writing because _____.

  (A) they rely on quick notes (C) they have a computer to do it

  (B) they have excellent secretaries (D) they prefer making phone calls

  39. According to the author, if your letter is thrown into some "letter-to-be-read" file, ______.

  (A) it will receive immediate attention (C) it is likely to be neglected

  (B) it will be dealt with by the secretary (D) it is meant to be delivered soon

  40. The purpose of the author in writing this passage is _____.

  (A) to explain and persuade (C) to interest and entertain

  (B) to comment and criticize (D) to argue and demonstrate

  Part III Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)

  41. If you smoke in a non-smoking section people _____.

  (A) have objected (B) objected (C) must object (D) will object

  42. There was a _____ drop in support for the Union in the 1974 election.

  (A) delicate (B) distinct (C) distant (D) downward

  43. The computer works very fast, _____ data at the speed of light.

  (A) having handled (B) handing (C) handled (D) hands

  44. Through out his life, Henry Moore _____ an interest in encouraging art in the city of Leeds.

  (A) contained (B) secured (C) reserved (D) maintained

  45. They claim that _____ 1,000 factories closed down during the economic crisis.

  (A) sufficiently (B) approximately (C) considerably (D) properly

  46. If you happen to _____ my lost papers while you're looking for your book, please let me know at once by telephone.

  (A) come across (B) come up (C) come to (D) properly

  47. Her fluency in English gives her an advantage _____ other girls for the job.

  (A) above (B) over (C) than (D) with

  48. It is _____ impossible to find a good educational computer program in this part of the country.

  (A) barely (B) hardly (C) merely (D) nearly

  49. What he told us about the affair simply doesn't make any _____.

  (A) sense (B) idea (C) meaning (D) significance

  50. As a mother, she is too _____ towards her daughter, she should let her see more of the world.

  (A) hopeful (B) protective (C) modest (D) confident

  51. "Doesn't he know that it is not _____?" "Yes, he does."

  (A) truth (B) some truth (C) the truth (D) any truth

  52. That tree looked as if it _____ for a long time.

  (A) hasn't watered (B) didn't water (C) hadn't been watered (D) wasn't watered

  53. Hitler set out to conquer all of Europe in the belief that the Germans were the master _____.

  (A) race (B) human (C) blood (D) brains

  54. Ever since Picasso's painting went on exhibit, there _____ large crowds at the museum every day.

  (A) is (B) has been (C) have been (D) are being

  55. Don't forget to walk the dog while I am away, _____.

  (A) can you (B) shall you (C) do you (D) will you

  56. It is a pity that we should stay at home when we have ______ weather.

  (A) so fine (B) such a fine (C) such fine (D) so fine a

  57. There were beautiful clothes _____ in the shop windows.

  (A) spread (B) displayed (C) exposed (D) located

  58. Mr. Smith advised us to withdraw ______.

  (A) so that to get not involved (C) so as not to get involved

  (B) so as to get not involved (D) so that not to get involved

  59. _____ in a seemingly endless war, the general was forced to evaluate the situation again.

  (A) Since the loss of 50,000 soldiers (C) Having lost over 50,000 soldiers

  (B) Because of 50,000 soldiers having lost (D) 50,000 soldiers were lost

  60. Knowing something as a whole is far from knowing all its _____.

  (A) instance (B) character (C) items (D) details

  61. ____ for your laziness, you could have finished the assignment by now.

  (A) Had it not been (B) It were not (C) Weren't it (D) Had not it been

  62. The minister had his secretaries ____ a press conference.

  (A) arrange (B) to arrange (C) arranging (D) arranged

  63. She left the reception early because she ____ get up early the next morning.

  (A) needed (B) might (C) used to (D) had to

  64. Let's not wait any longer, he might not ____ at all.

  (A) turn over (B) turn up (C) used to (D) turn down

  65. Anne couldn't concentrate ____ what she was doing while her family were watching TV.

  (A) to (B) on (C) for (D) in

  66. My wife said in her letter that she would appreciate ____ from you sometime.

  (A) to have heard (B) to hear (C) having heard (D) hearing

  67.____ men have learned much from the behavior of animals in badly new.

  (A) That (B) Those (C) What (D) Whether

  68. It's necessary ____ the dictionary immediately.

  (A) that he will return (C) that he return

  (B) that he returned (D) that he has to return

  69. Franklin's ability to learn from observations and experience ____ greatly to his success in

  public life.

  (A) contributed (B) owed (C) attached (D) related

  70. The manager assured the customer that his complaint would be seen ____ immediately.

  (A) to (B) at (C) on (D) with

  Part IV Cloze (15 minutes)

  Customs officers at a London airport yesterday found 500,000 pounds worth of drugs which were being smuggled (走私) into Britain in boxes marked "Urgent Medical Supplies." The 71 might have suspected for some time 72 drugs were being brought into the country in this way. The 73 is believed to be the work of a 74 international group. Four men were arrested at 75 airport and help for questioning, 76 it is unlikely that they are the organizers. In 77 they declared that they were 78 of what the boxes contained and 79 acted in good faith in bringing 80 into Britain. This is the third time 81 six months that attempts have been made to smuggle 82 goods through Customs by declaring them to 83 medical supplies. They are frequently 84 in special containers and a 85 is given that they may be 86 if they are not handled with care. " 87 are determined to put a 88 to this practice, " said one of the Customs officers today. " 89 is no way these people are going to get away 90 this any longer. We have the full co-operation of the international police who are as anxious as we are to track down the main source of supply."

  71. (A) authorities (B) commanders (C) leaders (D) directors

  72. (A) what (B) that (C) although (D) when

  73. (A) operation (B) behavior (C) movement (D) development

  74. (A) well-constructed (B) well-designed (C) well-composed (D) well-organized

  75. (A) an (B) some (C) the (D) one

  76. (A) but (B) so (C) because (D) as

  77. (A) turn (B) return (C) case (D) fact

  78. (A) unconscious (B) unaware (C) unfamiliar (D) unknown

  79. (A) were (B) had (C) have (D) being

  80. (A) all (B) it (C) them (D) such

  81. (A) of (B) for (C) by (D) in

  82. (A) immoral (B) criminal (C) illegal (D) irregular

  83. (A) get (B) be (C) become (D) sell

  84. (A) parked (B) picked (C) passed (D) packed

  85. (A) warning (B) note (C) symbol (D) signature

  86. (A) harmed (B) injured (C) damaged (D) hurt

  87. (A) Some (B) We (C) They (D) Those

  88. (A) stop (B) hold (C) stay (D) step

  89. (A) It (B) This (C) There (D) That

  90. (A) off (B) in (C) for (D) with

  Part V Writing (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Positive

  and Negative Aspects of Sport. You should write no less than 100 words and you

  should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

  1. 运动的积极因素;

  2. 运动的消极因素;

  3. 你的体会

  93.1

  Part I 1-20 题

  1. C 2. A 3. D 4. C 5. C 6. A 7. A 8. D 9. A 10. D

  11. D 12. C 13. A 14. A 15. B 16. C 17. C 18. B 19. B 20. D

  Part II——Part IV 21——90 题

  21. B 22. B 23. A 24. C 25. C 26. B 27. D 28. C 29. A 30. B

  31. C 32. D 33. B 34. A 35. D 36. D 37. D 38. B 39. C 40. A

  41. D 42. B 43. B 44. D 45. B 46. A 47. B 48. D 49. A 50. B

  51. C 52. C 53. A 54. C 55. D 56. C 57. B 58. C 59. C 60. D

  61. A 62. A 63. D 64. B 65. B 66. D 67. A 68. C 69. A 70. A

  71. A 72. B 73. A 74. D 75. C 76. A 77. D 78. B 79. B 80. C

  81. D 82. C 83. B 84. D 85. A 86. C 87. B 88. A 89. C 90. D

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因为四六级改革了,心里没有底。所以,我跟同学一起报了外语教育网的六级课程,有老师的讲解和答疑,感觉比自学效果好很多,希望成绩出来后我会很happy!
学员 yopdm:
今年学习了外语教育网四级真题精讲课程,于兴武老师讲得很好。个人认为真题对于考试还是有很大帮助的,虽然翻译的题型改变了,但是总体的难度不是很大,感觉考得不错。顺便说一句,今天下午的火车,晚上我就能到家了,在这儿提前祝大家春节快乐!

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