Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a line through the centre.
You will hear:
You will read:
A) At the office.
B) In the waiting room.
C) At the airport.
D) In a restaurant.
From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This is most likely to have taken place at the office. There fore, A) "At the office" is the best answer. You should choose [A] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.
Sample Answer [A][B][C][D]
A) She paid ￥40.00 for the coat.
B) Her husband presented it to her as a gift.
C) She bought the coat on her fortieth birthday.
D) Her friend sent it to her as a birthday gift.
A) To keep his old car and get a new one.
B) To leave it in the garage to be repaired.
C) To sell his car for a new one.
D) To get his car repaired later.
A) Husband and wife
B) Father and daughter.
C) Doctor and patient.
D) Teacher and student.
A) The man went to the concert, but the woman didn't.
B) The woman went to the concert, but the man didn't.
C) The speakers did not go to the concert.
D) Both speakers went to the concert.
A) An English textbook.
B) A Chinese textbook.
C) A chemistry hook.
D) A history book.
A) The woman goes to school during the day and works at night.
B) The woman has to work to support herself.
C) The woman's classes are not difficult.
D) The woman studies at night.
A) She feels that he won't accept anything.
B) She's sure he already has a pocket calculator.
C) She thinks he has almost everything he wants.
D) She's afraid he wants more than she can afford.
A) Tom survived the accident.
B) Tom was killed in the accident.
C) Someone saved Tom's life.
D) It did little damage to Tom's car.
A) The train is crowded.
B) The train is late.
C) The train is empty.
D) The train is on time.
A) No, all the rooms are taken.
B) Yes, there is a double room.
C) Yes, there are some spare rooms.
D) Yes, there is a single room.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
A) Her husband had got a higher position.
B) Her husband had lost his job.
C) She wanted to have a cleaner house.
D) She wanted to move to New York.
A) His telephone went out of order.
B) The buyers had to leave soon.
C) He began to work at 8 a.m.
D) He had made an appointment with her for 8 a.m.
A) To return the shoes to the store.
B) To pay the manager a visit.
C) To buy more of the 12-dollar shoes.
D) To complain about the price of the shoes.
A) 12 dollars
B) 20 dollars
C) Less than 12 dollars
D) More than 12 dollars
Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.
A) Short and cool.
B) Long and cool.
C) Long and hot.
D) Short and hot.
A) Because the price was too high.
B) Because Alaska has an extremely cold winter.
C) Because they thought Alaska was a useless land.
D) Because the climatic difference there is too great.
A) No, only a few became rich.
B) No, none became rich.
C) No, very few people had actually found gold.
D) Yes, hundreds of thousands of people became rich.
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
A) She was driving along a country road.
B) She was lying near a lonely road, trembling.
C) She was lying in a hospital bed.
D) She was telling an astonishing story to a doctor.
A) She fainted due to the effects of some drug.
B) She was stopped by a policeman and treated rudely.
C) She was attacked by robbers.
D) She was stopped and forced to enter a flying saucer.
A) The women made up an astonishing story.
B) The women had intended to leave her hushand without a word.
C) The women had been taken over a thousand miles away from her home.
D) The women had been dishonest to her husband.
Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
The aim of the teacher is to get his pupils as quickly as possible over the period in which each printed symbol is looked at for its shape, and arrive at the stage when the pupil looks at words and phrases, for their meaning, almost without noticing the shapes of the separate letters.
When a good reader is at work he does not look at letters, nor even at words, one by one however quickly; he takes in the meaning of two, three, or four words at a time, in a single moment. Watch carefully the eyes of a person who is reading, and it will be seen that they do not travel smoothly along the lines of print, but they move by jumps separated by very short stops. The eyes of a very good reader move quickly, taking long jumps and making very short halts (停顿); the eyes of a poor reader move more slowly, taking only short jumps and stopping longer at each halt. Sometimes, when he meets a difficulty, he even goes backwards to see again what has already been looked at once.
The teacher's task is therefore clear: it is to train his pupils to take in several words at a glance (one eye-jump' ) and to remove the necessity for going backwards to read something a second time.
This shows at once that letter-by-letter, or syllable-by-syllable, or word-by-word reading, with the finger pointing to the word, carefully fixing each one in turn, is wrong. It is wrong because such a method ties the pupil's eyes down to a very short jump, and the aim is to train for the long jump. Moreover, a very short jump is too short to provide any meaning or sense; and it will be found that having struggled with three or four words separately, the pupil has to look at them again, all together and in one group, in order to get the meaning of the whole phrase.
21. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the first paragraph?
A) Pupils should be trained to reach quickly the stage of reading without having to concontrate on the separate symbols.
B) Pupils should look at each printed symbol for its meaning as well as for its shape.
C) Teachers should help their pupils avoid looking at the shape of the printed symbols.
D) Teachers should tell their pupils the different stages of their study.
22. In a single moment, a good reader picks up ______.
A) several words
B) several phrases
C) several sentences
D) several lines
23. Teachers encourage the use of dictionaries so that ______.
A) students will be able to express their ideas more freely
B) teachers will have less trouble in correcting mistakes
C) students will have more confidence in writing
D) students will learn to be independent of teachers
24. The writer seems to think that the teacher' s judgement on that sensitive piece of writing is ______.
25. The major point discussed in the passage is ______.
A) the importance of developing writing skills
B) the complexities of spelling
C) the correct way of marking compositions
D) the relationship between spelling and the content of a composition
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
A breakthrough (突破) in the provision of energy from the sun for the European Economic Community (EEC) could be brought forward by up to two decades, if a modest increase could be provided in the EEC' s research effort in this field, according to the senior EEC scientists engaged in experiments in solar energy at EEC's scientific laboratories at Ispra, near Milan.
The senior West German scientist in charge of the Community's solar energy programme, Mr. Joachim Gretz, told journalists that at present levels of research spending it was most unlikely that solar energy would provide as much as three per cent of the Community's energy requirements even after the year 2000. But he said that with a modest increase in the present< sums, devoted by the EEC to this work it was possible that the breakthrough could be achieved by the end of the next decade.
Mr. Gretz calculates that if solar energy only provided three per cent of the EEC's needs, this could still produce a saving of about a billion pounds in the present bill for imported energy each year. And he believes that with the possibility of utilizing more advanced technology in this field it might be possible to satisfy a much bigger share of the Community's future energy needs.
At present the EEC spends about $ 2.6 millions a year on solar research at Ispra, one of the EEC's official joint research centres, and another $ 3 millions a year in indirect research with universities and other independent bodies.
26. The phrase "be brought forward" (Line 2, Para. 1) most probably means ______.
A) be expected
B) be completed
C) be advanced
D) be introduced
27. Some scientists believe that a breakthrough in the use of solar energy depends on ______.
A) sufficient funding
B) further experiments
C) advanced technology
D) well-equipped laboratories
28. According to Mr. Gretz, the present sum of money will enable the scientists to provide ______.
A) more than 3 ~,6 of the EEC's needs after the year 2000
B) only 3 % of the EEC's needs before the year 2000
C) less than 3 % of the EEC's needs before the year 2000
D) 3 % of the EEC's needs after the year 2000
29. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A) The EEC spends one billion pounds on imported energy each year.
B) At the present level of research spending, it is difficult to make any significant progress in the provision of energy from the sun.
C) The desired breakthrough could be obtained by the end of the next decade if investment were increased.
D) The total yearly spending of the EEC on solar energy research amounted to almost 6 million.
30. The application of advanced technology to research in solar energy ______.
A) would lead to a big increase in research funding
B) would make it unnecessary to import oil
C) would make it possible to meet the future energy needs of the EEC
D) would provide a much greater proportion of the Community's future energy needs
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
Just seven years ago, the Jarvik-7 artificial heart was being cheered as the model of human creativeness. The sight of Barney Clark - alive and conscious after trading his diseased heart for a metal-and-plastic pump - convinced the press, the public and many doctors that the future had arrived. It hadn't. After monitoring production of the Jarvik-7, and reviewing its effects on the 150 or so patients (most of whom got the device as a temporary measure) the U. S. Food and Drug Administration concluded that the machine was doing more to endanger lives than to save them. Last week the agency cancelled its earlier approval, effectively banning (禁止) the device.
The recall may hurt Symbion Inc., maker of the Jarvik-7, but it won' t end the request for an artificial heart. One problem with the banned model is that the tubes connecting it to an external power source created a passage for infection. Inventors are now working on new devices that would be fully placed, along with a tiny power pack, in the patient's chest. The first sample products aren't expected for another 10 or 20 years: But some people are already worrying that they' 11 work - and that America' s overextended health-care programs will lose a precious $ 2.5 billion to $ 5 billion a year providing them for a relatively few dying patients. If such expenditures (开支) cut into funding for more basic care, the net effect could actually be a decline in the nation's health.
31. According to the passage the Jarvik-7 artificial heart proved to be ______.
A) a technical failure
B) a technical wonder
C) a good life-saver
D) an effective means to treat heart disease
32. From the passage we know that Symbion Inc ______.
A) has been banned by the government from producing artificial hearts
B) will review the effects of artificial hearts before designing new models
C) may continue to work on new models of reliable artificial hearts
D) can make new models of artificial hearts available on the market in 10 to 20 years
33. The new models of artificial hearts are expected ______.
A) to have a working life of 10 or 20 years
B) to be set fully in the patient's chest
C) to be equipped with an external power source
D) to create a new passage for infection
34. The word "them" in Line 7, Para. 2 refers to ______.
A) doctors who treat heart diseases
B) makers of artificial hearts
C) America's health-care programs
D) new models of artificial hearts
35. Some people feel that ______.
A) artificial hearts are seldom effective
B) the country should not spend so much money on artificial hearts
C) the country is not spending enough money on artificial hearts
D) America's health-care programs are not doing enough for the nation's health
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
A raped means of long-distance transportation became a necessity for the United States as settlement (新拓居地) spread ever farther westward. The early trains were impractical curiosities, and for a long time the railroad companies met with troublesome mechanical problems. The most serious ones were the construction of rails able to bear the load, and the development of a safe, effective stopping system. Once these were solved, the railroad was established as the best means of land transportation. By 1860 there were thousands of miles of railroads crossing the eastern mountain ranges and reaching westward to the Mississippi. There were also regional southern and western lines.
The high point in railroad building came with the construction of the first transcontinental system. In 1862 Congress authorized two western railroad companies to build lines from Nebraska westward and from California eastward to a meeting point, so as to complete a transcontinental crossing linking the Atlantic seaboard with the Pacific. The Government helped the railroads generously with money and land. Actual work on this project began four years later. The Central Pacific Company, starting from California, used Chinese labor, while the Union Pacific employed crews of Irish laborers. The two groups worked at remarkable speed, each trying to cover a greater distance than the other. In 1869 they met at a place called Promontory in what is now the state of Utah. Many visitors came there for the great occasion. There were joyous celebrations all over the country, with parades and the ringing of church bells to honor the great achievement.
The railroad was very important in encouraging westward movement. It also helped build up industry and farming by moving raw materials and by distributing products rapidly to distant markets. In linking towns and people to one another it helped unify the United States.
36. The major problems with America's railroad system in the mid 19th century lay in ______.
A) poor quality rails and unreliable stopping systems
B) lack of financial support for development
C) limited railroad lines
D) lack of a transcontinental railroad
37. The building of the first transcontinental system ______.
A) brought about a rapid growth of industry and farming in the west
B) attracted many visitors to the construction sites
C) attracted laborers from Europe
D) encouraged people to travel all over the county
38. The best title for this passage would be ______.
A) Settlements Spread Westward
B) The Coast-to-Coast Railroad: A Vital Link
C) American Railroad History
D) The Importance of Trains in the American Economy
39. The construction of the transcontinental railroad took ______.
A) 9 years
B) 7 years
C) 4 years
D) 3 years
40. What most likely made people think' about a transcontinental railroad?
A) The possibility of government support for such a task.
B) The need to explore Utah.
C) The need to connect the east coast with the west.
D) The need to del, clop the railroad industry in the west
Part III Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four Choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer sheet with a single time through the centre.
41. We had a party last month, and it was a lot of fun, so let's have ______ one this month.
C) the other
42. It was difficult to guess what her ______ to the news would be.
43. I decided to go to the library as soon as I ______.
A) finish what I did
B) finished what I did
C) would finish what I was doing
D) finished what I was doing
44. There were some ______ flowers on the table.
45. We are interested in the weather because it ______ us so directly- what we wear, what we do, and even how we feel.
46. Will all those ______ the proposal raise their hands?
A) in relation to
B) in contrast to
C) in excess of
D) in favor of
47. Children are very curious ______.
A) at heart
B) in person
C) on purpose
D) by nature
48. The match was cancelled because most of the members ______ a match without a standard court.
A) objected to having
B) were objected to have
C) objected to have
D) were objected to having
49. The teacher doesn't permit ______ in class.
B) to smoke
D) to have a smoke
50. I like watching TV ______ to the cinema.
A) more than to go
B) than going
C) more than going
D) rather than to go
51. I appreciate ______ to your home.
A) to be invited
B) to have invited
C) having invited
D) being invited
52. I hope my teacher will take my recent illness into ______ when judging my examination.
53. You ______ all those calculations! We have a computer to do that sort of thing.
A) needn't have done
B) must not have done
C) shouldn't have done
D) can not have clone
54. Important people don't often have much free time as their work ______ all their time.
A) takes away
B) takes over
C) takes up
D) takes in
55. When I was very young, I was terribly frightened of school, but I soon ______ it.
A) got off
B) got across
C) got away
D) got over
56. Many people complain of the rapid ______ of modern life.
57. San Francisco is usually cool in the summer, but Los Angeles ______.
A) is rarely
B) rarely is
C) hardly is
D) is scarcely
58. The speaker, ______ for her splendid speeches, was warmly received by the audience.
A) having known
B) being known
59. American women were ______ the right to vote until 1920 after many years of hard struggle.
60. I couldn't find ______, and so I took this one.
A) a large enough coat
B) an enough large coat
C) a large coat enough
D) a coat enough large
61. I always ______ what I have said.
A) get to
B) hold to
C) lead to
D) see to
62. No sooner had we reached the top of the hill ______ we all sat down to rest.
63. Evidence came up ______ specific speech sounds are recognized by babies as young as 6 months old.
64. He moved away from his parents, and missed them ______ enjoy the exciting life in New York.
A) too much to
B) enough to
C) very much to
D) much so as to
65. He was ______ of having asked such a silly question.
66. The last time we had a family reunion was ______ my brother' s wedding ceremony four years ago.
67. What ______ would happen if the director knew you felt that way?
A) do you suppose
B) you suppose
C) will you suppose
D) you would suppose
68. ______ the advances of science, the discomforts of old age will no doubt always be with LIS.
A) As for
69. How close parents are to their children ______ a strong influence on the character of the children.
D) to have
70. He ______ when the bus came to a sudden stop.
A) was almost hurt
B) was hurt himself
C) was to hurt himself
D) was hurting himself
Part IV Close ( 15 minutes )
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked (A), (B), (C) and (D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Geography is the study of the relationship between people and the land. Geographers (地理学家) compare and contrast ___71___ places on the earth. But they also ___72___ beyond the individual places and consider the earth as a ___73___ The word geography ___74___ from two Greek words, ge, the Greek word for "earth" and graphein, ___75___ means "to write." The English word geography means "to describe the earth." ___76___ geography books focus on a small area ___77___ a town or city. Others deal with a state, a region, a nation, or an ___78___ continent. Many geography books deal with the whole earth. Another ___79___ to divide the study of ___80___ is to distinguish between physical geography and cultural geography. The former focuses on the natural world; the ___81___ starts with human beings and ___82___ how human beings and their environment act ___83___ each other. But when geography is considered as a single subject, ___84___ branch can neglect the other. A geographer might be described ___85___ one who observes, records, and explains the ___86___ between places. If all places ___87___ alike, there would be little need for geographers. We know, however, ___88___ no two places are exactly the same. Geography, ___89___, is a point of view, a special way of ___90___ at places.
Part V Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition of no less than 100 words on Changes in People's Diet. Study the following table carefully and your composition must be based on the information given in the table. Write three paragraphs to:
1, state the changes in people's diet (饮食) in the past five years;
2, give possible reasons for the changes
3, draw your own conclusions.
4, you should quote as few figures as possible.
Food Year 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Grain 49% 47% 46.5% 45% 45%
Milk 10% 11% 11% 12% 13%
Meet 17% 20% 22.5% 23% 21%
Fruit and vegetables 24% 22% 20% 20% 21%
Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Part I Listening Comprehension
1.B) Her husband presented it to her as a gift
2.C) To sell his car for a new one
3.C) Doctor and patient
4.C) The speakers did not go to the concert
5.D) A history book
6.D) The woman studies at night
7.C) She thinks he has almost everything he wants
8.A) Tom survived the accident
9.B) The train is late
10.A) No, all the rooms are taken
11.A) Her husband had got a higher position
12.B) The buyers had to leave soon
13.D) To complain about the price of the shoes
14.B) 20 dollars
15 B) Long and cool
16.C) Because they thought Alaska was a useless land
17.A) No, only a few became rich
18.D) She was telling an astonishing story to a doctor
19.A) She fainted due to the effects of some drug
20.D) The women had been dishonest to her husband
Part II Reading Comprehension
21.B) Pupils should look at each printed symbol for its meaning as well as for its shape
22.D) several lines
23.A) students will be able to express their ideas more freely
25 D) the relationship between spelling and the content of a composition
26.C) be advanced
27.A) sufficient funding
28.C) less than 3 % of the EEC's needs before the year 2000
29.A) The EEC spends one billion pounds on imported energy each year
30.D) would provide a much greater proportion of the Community's future energy needs
31.A) a technical failure
32.C) may continue to work on new models of reliable artificial hearts
33.B) to be set fully in the patient's chest
34.D) new models of artificial hearts
35.B) the country should not spend so much money on artificial hearts
36.A) poor quality rails and unreliable stopping systems
37.A) brought about a rapid growth of industry and farming in the west
38.B) The Coast-to-Coast Railroad: A Vital Link
39.D) 3 years
40.C) The need to connect the east coast with the west
Part III Vocabulary and Structure
43.D) finished what I was doing
46.D) in favor of
47.D) by nature
48.A) objected to having
50.C) more than going
51.D) being invited
53.A) needn't have done
54.C) takes up
55.D) got over
57.B) rarely is
60.A) a large enough coat
61.B) hold to
64.A) too much to
67.A) do you suppose
70.A) was almost hurt
Part IV Close
Part V Writing(略)
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