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1993年1月六级试题

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  Part I              Listening Comprehension        (20 minutes)

  Section A

  1. A) It was misleading.                   B) It was rather boring.

  C) It was enjoyable.                    D) It was just ~ so.

  2. A) Pop music.                         B) Classical music.

  C) Folk music.                          D) All kinds of music.

  3. A) He must change at Jacksonville.      B) He has to change at Albany.

  c) He is still not sure how to get there.  D) He will fly directly to his destination.

  4. A) It's on time.                       B) It's crowded.

  C) It' s empty.                       D) It' s late.

  5. A) Unusual.       B) Serious.       C) Enthusiastic.       D) Threatening.

  6. A) Her name is on the top of the list.

  B) She is expecting a job interview.

  C) She will be the last to be interviewed.

  D) She must fix a date for the job interview.

  7. A) The husband hasn't told the truth.

  B) The wife is annoyed at her husband's complaint.

  C) The husband is not usually so observant.

  D) The wife is going to the hairdresser's.

  8. A) The professor didn't give the lesson.

  B) The students miss their professor very much.

  C) A new course will begin next Monday.

  D) Some homework was assigned to the students.

  9. A) She rejected their request.

  B) She accepted their request.

  C) She agreed to consider their request.

  D) She asked them to come with the others.

  10. A) At work.                      B) At the meeting.

  C) Back at home.                  D) Away from home.

  Section B

  Passage One

  Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  11. A) Cheap clothes.                   B) Expensive clothes.

  C) Informal clothes.                D) Fashionable clothes.

  12. A) They enjoy loud music.          B) They enjoy modern dances.

  C) They want to have children.    D) They seldom lose their temper.

  13. A) Her twin sister often brings friends home and this annoys the speaker.

  B) The speaker likes to keep things near while her twin sister doesn' t.

  C) They can't agree on the kind of furniture.

  D) They can't agree on the color of the room.

  Questions 14 to 17 are based on the passage,you have just heard.

  14. A) In the second semester.          B) In the first semester.

  C) In the fourth semester.           D) In the third semester.

  15. A) She is ill.                      B) She is too old.

  C) Her husband wants her to.       D) Her husband is ill.

  16. A) His girl friend.                  B) His mother.

  C) His father.                     D) His teacher.

  17. A) He has decided to continue his studies.

  B) He has still to take a part time job.

  C) He has decided to give up his job.

  D) He has still to make a decision.

  Passage Three

  Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  18. A) A couple of years.               B) A couple of weeks.

  C) Twenty years.                   D) Five years.

  19. A) David had been selling cars.      B) David had taught business.

  C) David had become a salesman.    D) David had made a lot of money.

  20. A) Rich people are not happy.

  B) Being rich is not always a good thing.

  C) Being rich is the best thing in the world.

  D) Rich people are usually with their families.

  Part II              Reading Comprehension        (35 minutes)

  Passage One

  Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

  Protests at the use of animals in research have taken on a new and fearful character in

  Britain with the attempted murder of two British scientists by the terrorist technique of the pre

  - planted car- bomb.

  The research community will rightly be alarmed at these developments, which have two

  objectives: to arouse public attention and to frighten people working in research with animals.

  The first need is that everything should be done to identify those responsible for the crimes and

  to put them on trial. The Detence Research Society has taken the practical step of offering a re-

  ward of $10,000 for information leading to those responsible, but past experience is not encouraging. People are unlikely to be tempted by such offers. The professional police will similarly be contronted by the usual problem of finding a needle in a haystack.

  That is why the intellectual (知识分子) community in Britain and elsewhere must act

  more vigorously in its own detence. There are several steps that can be taken of which the chief

  one is to demand of all the organizations that exist with the declared objectives of safeguarding

  the interests of animals that they should declare clearly where they stand on violence towards

  people. And it will not be enough for the chairmen and chairwomen of these organizations to utter placatory(安抚的) statements on behalf of all their members. These people should also undertake that it will be a test of continuing membership in their organizations that members and

  would -be members should declare that they will take no part in acts of violence against human

  beings. Even such undertakings would not be fully effective; people, after all, can lie. But at least

  they would distinguish the organizations entitled to a continuing voice in the dialogue with the

  research community about the rights of animals in research from the organizations that deserve

  no say.

  21. The words "these developments" ( Para. 2. Line 1)most probably refer to

  A) the acts of violence against scientists

  B) the use of animals in research

  C) the techniques of planting bombs in cars

  D) the establishment of new animal protection organizations

  22. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

  A) The police abandoned their efforts to find the criminals.

  B) The terrorists escaped with the help of their organizations.

  C) The attempted murder caused grave anxiety among British scientists.

  D) People sympathized with the animal protectors in spite of their extremist acts.

  23. The author' s purpose in writing this article is to demand that animal - protecting organiations

  A) declare their objectives clearly

  B) give up the use of violence

  C) continue the dialogue with the scientific community

  D) help to find those responsible for the attempted murder

  24. In the author's opinion,

  A) since people can lie, the problem about the rights of scientists can't be solved

  B) animal - protecting organiations should be held responsible for acts of violence against

  scientists

  C) animal protecting organizations should be declared illegal

  D) the scientists should take effective measures to protect themselves.

  25. What does the word "they" (Para. 3. Line 6)refer to?

  A) The animal - protecting organizations.

  B) The organiations that will talk with the research community.

  C) Those who support the use of animals in research.

  D) Those who support the animal - protecting organizations.

  Passage Two

  Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

  The earlier type of suburb, which was most dependent on the railroad, had a special advantage that could be fully appreciated only after it had disappeared. These suburbs, spread out along a railroad line, were discontinuous and properly spaced; and without the aid of legislation

  (法规) they were limited in population as well as area: for the biggest rarely held as many as

  ten thousand people, and under five thousand was more usual. In 1950, for example. Bronxville,

  New York, a typical upper - class suburb, had 6,778 people, while Riverside, Illinois, founded as

  early as 1869, had only 9,153.

  The size and scale of the suburb, that of a neighborhood unit, was not entirely the result of

  its open planning, which favored low densities. Being served by a railroad line, with station stops

  from three to five miles apart, there was a natural limit to the spread of any particular community. Houses had to be sited "within easy walking distance of the railroad station, "as some old residents would point out; and only those wealthy enough to afford a horse and carriage dared to

  penetrate farther into the open country.

  Through its spaced station stops, the railroad suburb was at first kept from spreading or

  excessively increasing in numbers, for a natural greenbelt, often still under cultivation as market

  gardens, remained between the suburbs and increased the available recreation area. Occasionally,

  in a few happy areas like Westchester, between 1915 and 1935 a parkway, like the Bronx River

  parkway, accompanied by a continuous strip of park for pedestrian (散步的人) use, not yet

  overrun by a constant stream of urban traffic, added to the perfection of the whole suburban

  pattern. Whatever one might say of the social disadvantages, this was in many ways a perfect

  physical environment. But it lasted less than a generation.

  26. What was the special advantage of the old type of suburb?

  A) Its nearness to the railroad.

  B) The vastness of its open space.

  C) Its small size in area and population.

  D) The high racial status of its residents.

  27. The size of the old suburb was limited because

  A) people wanted to live near a railroad station

  B) it was originally planned by railroad companies

  C) there was a law governing the size of the suburb

  D) local inhabitants didn't like to live out in the country

  28. "Happy areas" (Para. 3, Line 4) were areas where

  A) life was enjoyed by everyone

  B) more roads were built to bypass the heavy traffic

  C) a greenbelt was available solely for recreation

  D) people could have lots of fun

  29. It is evident that the writer

  A) finds urban life uncomfortable

  B) prefers life in the countryside

  C) feels disappointed in the changes of suburbs

  D) advocates the idea of returning to nature

  30. The topic discussed in the passage is  ……

  A) the size and scale of suburban neighborhood units

  B) the advantage of old- type suburbs

  C) the location of railroad stations

  D) the concept of the suburban pattern

  Passage Three

  Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:

  Recent stories in the newspapers and magazines suggest that teaching and research contradict each other, that research plays too prominent a part in academic promotions, and that teaching is badly underemphasized. There is an element of truth in these statements, but they also ignore deeper and more important relationships.

  Research experience is an essential element of hiring and promotion at a research university because it is the emphasis on research that distinguishes such a university from an arts college. Some professors, however, neglect teaching for research, and that presents a problem.

  Most research universities reward outstanding teaching, but the greatest recognition is usually given for achievements in research. Part of the reason is the difficulty of judging teaching. A highly responsible and tough professor is usually appreciated by top students who want to be

  challenged, but disliked by those whose records are less impressive. The mild professor gets

  overall ratings that are usually high, but there is a sense of disappointment on the part of the

  best students, exactly those for whom the system should present the greatest challenges. Thus,

  a university trying to promote professors primarily on the basis of teaching qualities would have

  to confront this confusion.

  As modern science moves faster, two forces are exerted on professors: one is the time need-

  ed to keep up with the profession; the other is the time needed to teach. The training of new

  scientists requires outstanding teaching at the research university as well as the arts college. Al-

  though scientists are usually "made" in the elementary schools, scientists can be "lost" by poor

  teaching at the college and graduate school levels. The solution is not to separate teaching and

  research, but to recognize that the combination is difficult but vital. The title of professor should

  be given only to those who profess, and it is perhaps time for universities to reserve it for those

  willing to be an earnest part of the community of scholars. Professors unwilling to teach can be.

  Called "distinguished research investigators", or something else.

  The pace of modern science makes it increasingly difficult to be a great researcher and a

  great teacher. Yet many are described in just those terms. Those who say we can separate teaching and research simply do not understand the system, but those who say the problem will disappear are not fulfilling their responsibilities.

  31. What idea does the author want to convey in the first paragraph'.?

  A) It is wrong to overestimate the importance of teaching.

  B) Teaching and research are contradictory to each other.

  C) Research can never be emphasized too much.

  D) The relationship between teaching and research should not be simplified.

  32. In academic promotions research universities still attach more importance to research partly

  because

  A) research improves the quality of teaching

  B) students who want to be challenged appreciate research professors

  C) it is difficult to evaluate teaching quality objectively

  D) professors with achievements in research are usually responsible and tough

  33. According to the fourth paragraph, which of the following will the author probably agree

  with?

  A) Distinguished professors at research universities should concentrate on research only.

  B) The separation of teaching from research can lower the quality of future scientists.

  C) It is of utmost importance to improve teaching in elementary schools in order to train

  new scientists.                            ~

  D) The rapid development of modern science makes it impossible to combine teaching with

  research.

  34. The title of professor should be given only to those who, first and foremost, do __

  A) teaching                        B) scientific research

  C) field work                       D) investigation

  35. The phrase "the problem" ( Para. 5, Line 4) refers to

  A) raising the status of teaching

  B) the combination of teaching with research

  C) the separation of teaching from research

  D) improving the status of research

  Passage Four

  Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:

  I have had just about enough of being treated like a second - class citizen, simply because I

  happened to be that put - upon member of society - a customer. The more I go into shops and

  hotels, banks and post offices, rail- way stations, airports and the like, the more I'm convinced

  that things are being run solely to suit the firm, the system, or the union. There seems to be a

  new motto(座右铭) for the so- called 'service' organisation- Staff Before Service.

  How often, for example, have you queued for what seems like hours at the Post Office or

  the supermarket because there weren't enough staff on duty at all the service counters? Surely

  in these days of high unemployment it must be possible to increase counter staff. Yet supermarkets, hinting darkly at higher prices, claim that bringing all their cash registers into operation at any time would increase expenses. And the Post Office says cannot expect all their service counters to be occupied 'at times when demand is low'.

  It's the same with hotels. Because waiters and kitch staff must finish when it suits them,

  dining rooms close earlier or menu choice is diminished. As for us guests(and how the meaning

  of that word has been cut away little by little), we just have to put up with it. There' s also the

  nonsense of so many friendly hotel night porters having been gradually withdrawn from service

  in the interests of ' efficiency' (i. e. profits) and replaced by coin - eating machines which sup-

  ply everything from beer to medicine, not to mention the creeping threat of the teamaking set in

  your room: a kettle with teabags, milk bags and lump sugar. Who wants to wake up to a raw

  teabag? I don' t, especially when I am paying for 'service'.

  Can it be discontinued, this gradual worsening of service, this growing attitude that the

  customer is always a nuisance? I eagerly hope so because it' s a happening, sadly, in all walks of

  life.

  Our only hope is to hammer our irritation whenever and wherever we can and, if all else

  fails, restore that other, older saying- Take Our Custom(买卖) Elsewhere.

  36. The author feels that nowadays customers are

  A) not worthy of special treatment

  B) not provided with proper service

  C) considered to be inferior members of society

  D) regarded as privileged

  37. In the author' s opinion, the quality of service is changing because

  A) the staff are less considerate than their employers

  B) customers are becoming more demanding

  C) customers are unwilling to pay extra money

  D) more consideration is given to the staff than customers

  38. According to the author, long queues at counters are caused by

  A) the diminishing supply of good staff

  B) lack of cooperation among staff

  C) inefficient staff

  D) detiherate understaffing

  39. The disappearance of old- style hotel porters can be attributed to the fact that

  A) self- service provides a cheaper alternative

  B) the personal touch is less appreciated nowadays

  C) machines are more reliable than human beings

  D) few people are willing to do this type of work

  40. The author's final solution to the problem discussed in the passage is

  A) to put up with whatever service is provided

  B) to make strong complaints wherever necessary

  C) to fully utilize all kinds of coin- eating machines

  D) to go where good service is available

  Part III             Vocabulary and Structure        (20 minutes)

  41. When Mohammed, a friend of mine from the Middle East, first went to the United Kingdom to

  attend the university,   _______with women in the same class.

  A) he'd never before studied         B) he would never before study

  C) he couldn't before study         D) he hasn't before studied

  42. America will never again have as a nation the spirit of adventure as it _______ before the

  West was settled.

  A) did            B) has            C) was                 D) would

  43. The cars were _______ because it was impossible to go any further in the fog.

  A) sacrificed      B) transported    C) removed           D) abandoned

  44. The new designs of the Christmas stamps are always waited for with keen _______

  A) irritation      B) anucipation    C) reception           D) prediction

  45. Buck Helm, a retired salesman, survived          alive for 90 hours in his car.

  A) burying       B) having buried  C) being buried       D) to be buried

  46. We have had to raise our prices because of the increase in the cost of _______  materials.

  A) raw           B) rough         C) original            D) primitive

  47. Indeed, almost every scientist now finds it impossible to read all the works relevant to his

  own subject, _______ extensively outside of it.

  A) much less to read                B) much more to read

  C) much less reading                D) still more reading

  48. It is up to the Government to tackle the air pollution problem and   _______ measures in

  line with the council's suggestions.

  A) set about      B) work out      C) fill up              D) bring over

  49. All that day my father was in          as he had lost his wallet.

  A) great anxiety  B) ill humour     C) ambition           D) hospitality

  50. We preferred to postpone the meeting   _______  it without the presence of our president.

  A) to holding                    B) than to hold

  C) rather than held                 D) rather than hold

  51. Many people, if not most, _______ literary taste as an elegant accomplishment, by acquiring which they will complete themselves, and make themselves finally fit as members of a

  correct society.

  A) look into      B) look down     C) look in             D) look on

  52. What a good listener is able to do is to process what he hears on the basis of the context _______

  A) it occurs in                      B) occured in it

  C) occurring in it                    D) it occurring in

  53. The car accident was _______ to the driver's violation of the traffic regulations.

  A) assigned      B) contributed    C) attributed         D) transferred

  54. She is a very  _______  student. She' s always talking about travelling to outer space.

  A) imaginary     B) imagining     C) imaginable         D) imaginative

  55. His lectures on Roman history would do credit _______a real expert.

  A) in           B) of           C) to                D) with

  56. My grandpa gave me a watch, which is made of gold, _______ I keep to this day.

  A) and thus      B) and which     C) so                 D) and

  57. I have devoted four weekends to writing papers and now I feel I          a rest.

  A) conceive       B) preserve       C) deserve            D) receive

  58. I found myself  _______ to the spot where the experiment was being performed whenever

  I had some time to spare.

  A) draw          B) drawing       C)drew               D) drawn

  59. The construction of a 5 - million- ton iron and steel works is now under. _______

  A) consideration  B) contribution   C) continuation        D) conclusion

  60. Mary found it difficult to          Jim's father when he disapproved of their marriage.

  A) stand for      B) stand up to    C) stand by          D) stand out

  61. President Banda's background as a doctor has given him into the medical problems that face

  the country.

  A) a view        B) a vision       C) a sight            D) an insight

  62. I wish _______  to Stockholm when I was in Sweden. I hear it's a beautiful city.

  A) I went        B) I have gone   C) I had gone         D) having gone

  63. He  _______ his job in order to engage in full - time writing.

  A) upheld        B) resigned from  C) undertook          D) took over

  64. The West is traditionally the land of the pioneers and the cowboys, where ___ could

  be easily made in cattle or land.

  A) fortunes       B) property       C) opportunities       D) treasure

  65. I didn't send out my application form last week, but I _______

  A) had to        B) would do      C) should have        D) might have to

  66. Vostok is close to the coldest spot in the world, where an _______ minus 128.6 F was

  recorded in 1983.

  A) unreliable     B) incredible     C) extra              D) impossible

  67. It is human nature to think back to a Golden Age __ one's country was strong and

  respected.

  A) unless         B) provided      C) as                 D) when

  68. I don' t mind a bit if you bring your friends in for a drink but it is rather too much when

  sixteen people arrive _______ for dinner.

  A) unusually     B) excessively    C) unexpectedly       D) consequently

  69. Faced with all the difficulties, the girl  _______ her mother for comfort.

  A) turned over   B) turned from   C) turned up          D) turned to

  70. David is the __ holder of the world 5. 000 meter world record, but there is no guarantee

  that he will in the Olympic Games.

  A) prevailing     B) predominant   C) current            D) decisive

  Part IV                  Error Correction            ( 15 minutes)

  When  you  board  a  plane,  a  machine  may  soo  be

  scanning   more  than  your  bags - it  may  be  studying

  your   face.    A   computer   comes   onto   the   market       71.

  recently   which   promises   to   be   able   to   recognize       72.

  faces at a glance from a video camera.

  The  system,  known  as  PARES,  has  many  possible       73.

  use     in     different     fields     but     the     most       74.

  prominent     is    like    to    be    monitoring    crowds

  at   airports   for   known   terrorists.    Such   a   task

  is   far   from   the   capabilities   of   a   conventional

  image     processor,     which     is     too     quick     to       75.

  be    of    practical    use.     Moreover,     it    is    too

  easily  confused,   if  image  of  a  face  in  its  memory       76.

  is    only    a    frontal    view.    For    example,    they       77.

  might    not    recognize    that    same    face    when

  presenting with a side view of the face.                                78.

  PARES relies in the new technology of neural(神经的)       79.

  networks.     Like     the     brain,     it     has     many

  interconnected     memory      "cells",      which     work

  simultaneously     rather     than     in     sequence     and

  thus    greatly    speed    up    the    computation.    And

  like    the    brain,    the    neural    network    can    be

  trained     to     concentrate     on     essentials     while

  ignoring    of    inessential    matters - it    can    "learn"       80.

  what' s    important    and    what    isn' t.     But    the

  training    is    boring:    and    operator    must    patiently

  correct the computer's mistakes.

  Part V                     Writing                (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the title: Motorcycles And City Traffic. You should base your composition on the following

  outline ( (given in Chinese ):

  1.近年来中国城市中的摩托车

  2.摩托车的优点和缺点

  3.你对我国城市中摩托车发展前景的看法

  You must write your composition in no less than 120 words on the Composition

  Sheet and remember to write it in readable hand - writing.

  Motorcycles And City Traffic

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